Between the centuries XI and XIII, there was a
artistic style very similar to the Roman art, and
it’s called Romanesque.
The religion and the church were very
important in the medieval society, and all the
artistics manifestations were religious.
In the Roman art, the architecture, was very
important, and all the paintings and sculptures
were use to decorate religious buildings.
The churches were built with
stones, and this is the
reason, that there are
a lot of munuments
The principal elements
of a Romansque church
At the begining, the plant had
only one arm (basilica plant),
and very soon, they made a
new arm called transept, that
formed a Latin cross.
The place where the two arms
cross, is called cruise, and it
was cover it for the dome.
The head of the church, called apse,
was semicircular, and sometimes,
the lateral naves, were longer, and
the ambulatory sorround it.
For give more strong to the buildings, they made
barrel vaults, and they support big and thick walls,
The stone vaults were very heavy, so the walls that
have to hold them, were very broad, and for reinforce
it, they made the buttress.
In the churches, there were some holes, and the
windows were long. The inside of the church were
Also, the made bells tower on the outside, and
Paintings and Roman sculptures
The roman style decorate the inside and
outside the churches
with a religious
character. In the
medieval world, the
mayority of people
were illiterate, and
they learnt with this
decorate. The paintings
and sculptures were
very important in this
Fresh and tables
Romanesque paintings had a great explosive
force, but there were
They used fresh paintings
on the wall, and then, they
put on gypsum for paint
better. The paintings didn’t
have depth or volume.
The tables were also
paintings: they put on some
gypsum, and then, they
put that on the altars.
The miniatures were
The roman sculptures were very dependent with
the architecture, and they had
the same shape of the surface
where they were sculpted.
The capitals of the columns,
inside or outside the cloisters,
were very important. The
religious carvings, were very
important too. They had
colours that looked very
They put that on the altars
of churches or monasteries.
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