Client agency relationship
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Client agency relationship

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Advertising and Marketing Management

Advertising and Marketing Management

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  • 1. 1 ASSIGNMENT ON Client Agency Relationship Submitted by: )
  • 2. 2 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 3 2. Meaning 4 3. Definitions 5 4. Factors Contributing to Effective 6 Client Agency Relationship 5.Advertising Process 8 6.Departments9 7. Sources of income for 16 the advertising Agency 8. Reasons of Client Turnover 18 9. How Agencies get Clients20 10. How Can Client Agency 22 Relationship be improved? 11. Summary 23 12. Conclusion 24 13. References24
  • 3. 3 INTRODUCTION Client Agency Relationship Business relationships assume a prominent role in the strategy of leading firms, large and small. Successful business partnerships are built on trust, confidence, understanding, and mutual success. These relationships require a pro- active effort to sustain and are critical to future growth. From the point of view of agency, client turnover affects the image of agency .Its business is affected in a negative manner. The client is also affected when it switches over to other agency will take some time in understanding the inherent qualities of its product , level of competition , its competitor’s strategy , nature of its customers, etc. Client agency relationship can be issued under the following headings: (i) Principles of effective client agency relationship. (ii)Reasons of client turnover. (iii) How agencies get clients? (iv) How can client-agency relationship be improved? Client-agency relationships are one of the most complexes in the business environment, requiring a substantial level of collaboration to be effective.
  • 4. 4 Meaning Client-agency relationship means relationship between advertiser and ad-agency. Cordial relationship with full trust and confidence is must to get maximum from ad agency and agency can also work with free hand. Certain basic principles have been evolved by the experts of advertising management to have sound relations between the agency and the media that help client and media to have long ending business relations to reap the benefits of continuous relations. These are pointed as; 1). Agency and the Clients: Advertising agency is known for selling professional services to the clients. There cannot be any hard and fast rules for arriving at working agreement between the two because each DVERTISING agency and its clients are unique working under their own set of circumstances and conditions. a). Commitment: Every advertiser expects that the agency he engages refrains from accepting advertising work for his competitors. It is equally true that the advertiser shall not engage any other agency without the prior consent of the agency. b). Prior Approval: The advertising agency is to get the prior approval for all the advertising work on the basis of client feedback and for all the expenses connected with the advertising. It is of crucial importance because; it is a matter of money spending and commitment.
  • 5. 5 c).Payment: In accordance with the agency contract with the media, the client is to pay the agency at the media’s published rates and the agency, has the right to retain its commission allowed by the media. Any concession extended by the media is to be passed on to the client. d). Mutual Trust and Confidence: There should be an attitude of mutual confidence and trust. The agency should be allowed to participate in panning and there should be no interference in its executive. The company should have the freedom to contribute creative ideas to theagency and the later should accept them with due changes and considerations. Definitions According to the Bedford Group(2002) Agency relationship is one of the most complex forms of business assoc iations.They are in need of a good cooperation to be effective and achi eve sufficient outcomes for bothsides. Its hard headed, resultorined marrige intended to produce specific, measureable results. Agency Client Relationship are not just a mystique they can be very costly as well. .  The client agency relationship is the state of interaction between an organization and the public relations firm it hires to represent it.
  • 6. 6  The client agency relationship is a dynamic decision- making process in which the participants identify, evaluate, and choose appropriate communication strategies and alternatives.  It is a dynamic evaluation process, in which agency and client learn about each other’s strengths and weaknesses, preferences, and prejudices. The Benefits of Using an Advertising Agency Added Expertise Media Knowledge and Unbiased Advice Easier Administration Media Buying Quality Control Information Fending off the media And when things go wrong Cost Saving Time Saving Factors Contributing to Effective Client Agency Relationship 1).Not to Advertise for Immediate Competitive Unit: For better relationship in the long run, agency should not accept business from immediate competing rivals of clients. In turn, the clients
  • 7. 7 too are expected not to engage a second agency for handling part of advertising activities without the consent of first agency. 2).Prompt Payment: The client should pay the agency bills promptly, so that agency can make timely payment to media- owners and suppliers of advertisement material, professionals etc. The client should not except agency to finance their advertising programme. So client should pay bills of agency as well in time. 3).Passing Down Cash Discounts to Clients : If media gives any cash-discount for making payment within stipulated time then such discount should be passed down to client , provide the client pays the agency bills by due date. 4). Not to Blame Agency for Media–Lapses: The client should not blame agency for media-lapses related to ad-positioning. Here ad- scheduling refers to the time and date of issuing advertisement and Ad-positioning refers to the place in print media where ad is given. 5). Good Services: The advertising agency must provide good advertising and marketing services to its client. If ad-agency provides efficient services, at economic rates, at appropriate time, then it will help to improve agency-client relationship in the long run. 6). Written Agreement: All the terms and conditions between agency and client should be in writing so as to avoid any dispute in future. These terms can be with regard to fees, percentage of service charges, passing down of cash-discount received from media, due-date
  • 8. 8 for paying the bills, time to be taken for developing and preparing advertisement etc. 7). Frequent Contacts between Agency and Client: For maintaining smooth agency client relation, both the parties should interact with each other frequently. This will enable both the parties to understand the problem of each other and to develop understanding between advertiser and agency on various advertising decisions. Advertiser should review the agency’s working regarding its advertising regularly and systematically, rather than critising it at the end. Regular review and evaluation by client will lead to right course of action at right time. It will improve the coordination between top-executives of client and agency, and promote trust and confident in each other. These principles/factors contribute to healthy client agency relationship. Their absence will hamper the agency client relationship. Advertising Process When preparing our search proposal, we should take into account that the “lead-in” time needed to place an ad can vary anywhere from days to months depending on the publication. We should plan to have our ad approved and an estimate of the cost done at least one month prior to the date when we want the ad to be published.The advertising process for professional staff and faculty positions involves : 1. Writing an Ad 2. Getting Approval for the Text of the Ad 3. Estimating the Cost of the Ad
  • 9. 9 4. Placing Ads & Posting Announcements 5. Paying for Ads  Departments  Account Services / Account Management The major department in ad agencies is account services or account management. Account service employees work directly with clients and potential clients, soliciting business for the ad agency and determining what clients need and want the agency to do for them. They are also charged with understanding the client’s business situation and representing those needs within the agency, so that ads can be brought to bear on the correct problem. Account planner / Director The Account Planner is the main planning executive who works in partnership with the client on long-term account planning. He knows what is happening in the market place, the attitude of the consumer towards the client’s as well as the competitor’s brands. The account planner was originally employed to "represent the consumer" in the advertising i.e., find the best way to pitch the clients products to people by better understanding them, what they want and how to talk to them.
  • 10. 10 In many agencies, there is a dedicated media department and there are also some large and small agencies that exclusively handle media strategy and media buying. Account Supervisor A middle management position: he or she manages the account within a medium term perspective. This includes strategic planning, market analysis, competitive activity analysis, as well as recognizing and capitalizing on business building opportunities. Account executives Account executives represent their ad agency to their clients. They understand sales and advertising problems of the client and address the client’s need to the advertising approach. In advertising ‘The account’ is the client. The business of each client with the agency is referred to as an account. An ad agency handles assignments of a number of clients. The Account Executive motivates guides and coordinates the activities so that deadlines are met and the client’s expectations become a reality.  Creative department The creative department is the people who create the actual ads - form the core of an advertising agency. Modern advertising agencies usually form their copywriters and art directors into creative teams. Creative teams may be permanent partnerships or formed on a project-by-project basis. The art director and copywriter report to a creative
  • 11. 11 director, usually a creative employee with several years of experience. Although copywriters have the word "write" in their job title, and art directors have theword "art", one does not necessarily write the words and the other draw the pictures; they both generate creative ideas to represent the proposition (the advertisement or campaign's key message). Creative frequently work with outside design or production studios to develop and implement their ideas. Creative department consist of two key personnel i.e. art director and copywriters. These positions and ad agency is explained below Art Directors Art Directors in Advertising aren't necessarily the head of an Art Department although the title may suggest it. They typically work in teams with a copywriter. Together the team works on a concept and design for commercials, print advertisements, and any other advertising medium. The art director is mostly responsible for the visual look and feel of the creative product as well as the concept. The Art Director ensures that the end product has the same look and feel as the original concept. Copywriter A copywriter is a person who writes text, or copy, for clients. Most copywriters work in advertising or marketing, producing copy that's intended to persuade a reader to buy a product or service or otherwise take action. Copywriting involves providing words, which are read or heard in advertisements. This may include slogans or jingles or detailed text for catalogues, brochures, leaflets and journals. Copywriting also takes the form of script for television and film commercial advertisement.
  • 12. 12  Media Department Size and scale of the advertising is not important. What's in the mind is important. The big bucks are not being spent on production, they are being spent on broadcasting. The Media Department of an advertising agency is responsible for the planning and placement of advertising time and space. It is a function that in recent years has undergone considerable change. The proliferation of media forms and the escalating cost of media time have brought a new focus to the Agency Media Department. FUNCTIONS OF THE MEDIA DEPARTMENT Media Planning The Media Department is responsible for the preparation and the actual presentation of the media plan. This department recommends media and media vehicles that in the agency's opinion best fulfill the client's marketing and advertising objectives. The recommendations are based on a careful assessment of the client's strategic requirements and the subsequent matching against these of the various available media forms. In the process there is great reliance on research and the known strengths and weaknesses of various media.
  • 13. 13 Media Buying Once a media plan has been approved by a client, it must then be purchased. The procedures for this vary according to the medium under consideration. In print media, for example, most purchases are made on the basis of rate cards issued by various newspapers or magazines. In broadcast, however, negotiation is involved. The objective of this negotiation is quite simple - to achieve maximum media efficiencies in obtaining the most for the least, or, in other words, the most audience for the least amount of money. Media Estimating Every single purchase made by the Media Buyer must be recorded in advance of the actual running of the advertisement. This is to enable the agency to bill the client for monies spent on their behalf and to check the invoices submitted by the media. This document is called an estimate.  Marketing Research Department Marketing research is three things: 1. The identification of information needs (i.e. defining the problem) 2. The systematic gathering, recording, analyzing and interpreting of data about problems relating to the marketing of goods and services (i.e. providing a solution to the problem)
  • 14. 14 3. The analysis and evaluation of action taken on the basis of information (i.e. monitoring and modifying the initial solution). The single most important reason then for doing marketing research is to guide the marketer in the analysis, planning, implementation and control of marketing and communications programs to satisfy both customer needs and organizational goals. It does this by providing decision-makers with information necessary to choose between alternative courses of action.  Print Production Department Print Production, more than any other agency department, relies on graphic art technology to help give birth to an ad. If there are to be no complications in the ad's delivery to the printed page, then strict technical rules must be followed. What Print Production People Do? Print production people: Meet deadlines. Publications insist on strict deadlines and it's crucial that production pay strict heed to them. Use sophisticated technology. To ensure that those deadlines are met, the Production Manager must possess a solid working know- ledge of the latest graphic art technology. Co-ordinate and manage. The Print Production department's job is to ensure that print advertising is reproduced correctly whether
  • 15. 15 in colour or in black and white. This means exact attention to detail and it is up to the Production Manager to provide the specifications to suppliers. The advertising process for professional staff and faculty positions involves five basic steps: 1. Writing an Ad 2. Getting Approval for the Text of the Ad 3. Estimating the Cost of the Ad 4. Placing Ads & Posting Announcements 5. Paying for Ads
  • 16. 16  Sources of income for the advertising Agency Commissions from Media: • The traditional method of compensating agencies is through a commission system, where the agency receives a specified commission (usually 15 percent) from the media on any advertising time or space it purchase for its clients. The commission system had many advantage, including: • 1. Traditional and well understood. • 2. Simple and easy to operate. • 3. Inspite of its conceptual imperfections it worked well in most cases Fee Arrangement • Under the fee structure, the client and the ad agency negotiate a flat sum to be paid to the agency for all work done. The agency estimates the cost (including out of pocket expenses) of servicing the client who either accepts or negotiates for a lesser amount. Negotiations continue until an agreement is reached. • There are two basic types of fee arrangement systems. In the straight or fixed-fee method, the agency charges a basic monthly for all of its services and credits to the client and any media commissions earned. Agency and client agree on the specific work to be done and the amount the agency will pay for it. Cost plus agreement • The cost-plus system is generally used when the media billings are relatively low and a great deal of agency service is required by the client. This happens most often with industrial products, new product introductions etc. that require disproportionate amount
  • 17. 17 of agency help in preparing brochures, catalogues and other non- commissionable marketing activities. • Under a cost-plus system, the client agrees to pay the agency a fee based on the costs of its work plus some agreed-on profit margin (Often a percentage of total costs).This system requires that the agency keep detailed records of the costs it incurs in working on the clients account . Direct costs (personnel time and out-of-pocket expenses) plus an allocation for overhead and a markup for profits determine the amount the agency bills. Incentive-Based Compensation • Many clients these days are demanding more accountability from their agencies and tying agency compensation to performance through some type of incentive-based system. While there are many variations, the basic idea is that the agency’s ultimate compensation level will depend on how well it meets predetermined performance goals. These goals often include objective measures such as sales or market share as well as more subjective measures such as evaluations of the quality of the agency’s creative work. Companies using incentive-based systems determine agency compensation through media commissions, fees, bonuses, or some combination of these methods Percentage charges • Another way to compensate an agency is by adding a markup of percentage charges to various services the agency purchases from outside providers. These may include market research, artwork, printing, photography, and other services or material. Markups
  • 18. 18 usually range from 17.65 to 20 percent and are added to the clients overall bill. Since suppliers of these services do not allow the agency a commission, percentage charges cover administrative costs while allowing a reasonable profit for the agency’s efforts.  Reasons of Client Turnover Client turnover means clients changing their ad-agencies. A client does not approach an agency only because it produces creative stuff or it has media strength. The Client's turnover situation arises even when a thorough selection process has been used, and the various guidelines for liaison and coordination with the agency have been followed in the right spirit. Following are the reasons for client leaving the exiting ad-agencies: (i) Poor Quality of Services: If the client becomes dissatisfied with the quality of advertising or marketing services provided by the agency, then it may leave the existing agency and look for another agency which provides better services. (ii) Frequent Personnel Changes in Staff: Clients sometimes switches over to new agencies when the creative team of exiting agency or key employess of exiting agency moves out to another agency.
  • 19. 19 (iii) Lack of Coordination:sometimes, the company key officials anthe agency personnel find it very difficult to have the working report warranting a kind of compromise or give and take. If both the parties are adamant on their issues, the relations break down for the worst and the best of their interests. (iv) Dearth of Confidence:When the client loses the confidence of his agency in the delicate area, of say, competence, fairness in dealings, treatment and the like, causing tearing away of the relations. (v)Change for the sake of change: When change becomes the essence of life. Man goes on changing simply for the sake of change. According to such clients, change result better results. It may not always be the case. (vi)Non-availability of services: If the present agency cannot render the services required by the client, there is no escape from joining another that extends these much desired services. (vii) Personal Conflict: Sometimes client and agency perceive the ad- campaign in a drastically different manner. Persons working as top executives of client and agency may have conflict regarding any decision of advertising campaign like copy writing, copy designing, selection of models, selection of media, media scheduling etc. It may result in client leaving agency.
  • 20. 20 Sometimes agency may also leave any client’s account voluntarily because of: (i) Accepting the work of immediate competitive unit. (ii)Agency feels that client’s account is not profitable. (iii)Client unnecessarily interferes in the working of agency. (vi) Client does not make payment of bills, or makes unreasonable delays in payment.  HOW AGENCIES GET CLIENTS: To succeed, ad agencies need clients. New clients come from personal contact withtop management, referrals from satisfied clients, publicity on recent successfulcampaigns, trade advertising, direct mail, or by agency’s general reputations. A. Referrals. B. Presentations. C. Networking and community relations. D. Soliciting and advertising for new business.
  • 21. 21 With the growth in ad-agencies, competition for client’s account is increasing. The agencies must constantly search for new clients and should satisfy the existing clients to maintain them with the ad agency. Some of the ways to gain clients as follows: (i) Searching for new clients by written letters, making calls and visiting probable clients. (ii) Presenting information about itself, its experience, its experts, its previous work, marketing services offered for clients, names of popular brands developed by agency etc. This information can be in the form of a brochure or booklet for convincing new clients. (iii) Creating good image and reputation of the agency by providing efficient services. Agency that consistently develops excellent advertising campaigns, acquires favorable reputation among its clients. This helps the ad agency to search for more clients. (iv) Offering marketing services along with developing and designing ads.The clients can be attracted by providing specialized marketing services like sales promotion, public relations, market research, consumer research, publicity besides the conventional services of planning, developing, placing and evaluating ad (v)Obtaining new clients through referrals from existing clients.
  • 22. 22  How Can Client Agency Relationship be improved? The relationship between a client and its fundraising agency can be a critical factor indetermining the success of the client's fundraising work. A close relationship in whicheveryone feels part of the same team can not only help both parties to produce betterfundraising materials and get better results, but it can also make the whole process ofdeveloping the appeals more efficient and enjoyable! The ultimate aim of the team that is created by the client and agency working togetheris to raise as much money as possible, so that the charity can pursue its social aims. Each of the priorities below are important means towards this overall end: Understanding- both parties make the effort to understand how the other works. Trust- both parties trust each other and work to maintain that trust - including Communicating well, meeting deadlines and agreeing fair pricing. Flexibility- there is space in the relationship for both parties to suggest new ideas, Adjust things and improve things. Respect- both parties respect the views, competence and situation of the other,and communicate in a respectful way. Shared responsibility- in the best client/agency relationships, both parties will feel an equal sense of responsibility and commitment to the work they are producing.
  • 23. 23  Summary: Business relationships assume a prominent role in the strategy of leading firms, large and small. Client-agency relationships are one of the most complexes in the business environment, requiring a substantial level of collaboration to be effective. Client-agency relationship means relationship between advertiser and ad-agency. Cordial relationship with full trust and confidence is must to get maximum from ad agency and agency can also work with free hand. The major department in ad agencies is account services or account management Agency relationship is one of the most complex forms of business assoc iations.They are in need of a good cooperation to be effective and achi eve sufficient outcomes for bothsides. Client turnover means clients changing their ad-agencies. A client does not approach an agency only because it produces creative stuff or it has media strength. The ultimate aim of the team that is created by the client and agency working together is to raise as much money as possible, so that the charity can pursue its social aims.
  • 24. 24  Conclusion In today’s world which is fast moving & dynamic, people’s wants, need and desires are changing; it’s very important to know them and give them what they want. This is the main objective of advertising where ad agency plays major role in market research, making of creative, launching it in the market, taking the feedback of consumer and making any product famous and acceptable among consumers. Ad agencies are playing an important role in shaping present and future of not just selected brand but of entire company. References 1).Advertising And Sales Management, Dr. C.N.Sontakki 2). Advertising and Sales Management, Mukesh Trehan & Raju Trehan 3).Relationship Marketing: Theory & Practice, Francis Buttle 4).Google search