RHS Year 1 week 1
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RHS Year 1 week 1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. RHS Level 2 Certificate Year 1 Week 1 Introduction, Plant taxonomy and classification
  • 2. Housekeeping
    • Register
    • Student information sheets – please complete and return next week
    • Personal Learning Plan – what is it and how is it used?
    • Fire drill and fire exits
  • 3. Welcome to the Course
    • Vikki Sargent – tutor
    • Course covers 2 years
    • Equivalent to a GCSE but much broader in scope
    • Teaching methods – some talking from me, student discussion, group exercises and some practical exercises. Supplemented by the on-line Moodle site for more information, student discussion forum and self marking quizzes.
  • 4. What’s in this year
    • Plant names and taxonomy
    • Basic plant botany and physiology
    • Plant propagation
    • Environmental and safety issues in gardening
    • Outdoor food production – vegetables and fruit
    • Introduction to garden planning and design
  • 5. Icebreaker
    • Speed dating – talk to as many people as possible and ask the questions on the sheet.
  • 6. Learning objectives
    • Demonstrate a knowledge of the classification and taxonomic hierarchy of seed bearing plants
    • State the major divisions found in the plant kingdom.
    • Identify the basic differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms.
    • Describe differences between the monocotyledon and dicotyledon divisions of the angiosperms, including the external features of root type, leaf shape and venation, and internal differences in the distribution of vascular bundles.
  • 7. Plant classification – why?
    • Need a common ‘language’ and structure to enable clear discussion and identification.
    • Classification is based on physical structure
    • Understanding classification allows identification of plants and prediction of various characteristics, including whether cross breeding is possible.
  • 8. Main divisions of plant family
    • Seed producing plants are the focus of this course (Superdivision: spermatophyta); ferns, mosses and horsetails have their own divisions (fungi and algae are not in the plant family at all).
    • Spermatophyta is divided into two Phyla (singular: Phylum): Coniferophyta (all conifers) and Angiospermophyta (all other seed producing flowering plants).
  • 9. Gymnosperms and angiosperms Xylem tracheids Xylem vessels Resinous Non-resinous Mostly perennial shrubs or trees; often dry habitats. All life cycles and habitats Mostly evergreen Evergreen or deciduous Usually wind pollinated Many insect pollinated Cones; naked seed Flowers; seed in ovary Gymnosperms Angiosperms
  • 10. Monocotyledons and dicotyledons
    • A ‘cotyledon’ is a seed leaf; the first leaf produced by a plant. Monocots have one seed leaf, dicots have two.
    • Dicots have broad leaves with veins in a network, branching roots, regular arrangements of vascular tissue and are insect pollinated.
    • Monocots have narrow leaves with parallel veins, fibrous roots that grow from a single root plate, scattered vascular bundles and are usually (not always) wind pollinated.
  • 11. Which is which?
  • 12. Monocot or dicot?
  • 13. Learning outcomes
    • Demonstrate a knowledge of the classification and taxonomic hierarchy of seed bearing plants
    • State the major divisions found in the plant kingdom.
    • Identify the basic differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms.
    • Describe differences between the monocotyledon and dicotyledon divisions of the angiosperms, including the external features of root type, leaf shape and venation, and internal differences in the distribution of vascular bundles.