Refers to everything that is not living in the garden.
A wide range of choices of varying cost, difficulty of construction, maintenance requirements and appearance.
The choice will be partly dictated by the style of the design – so rough stone walls are more likely to be found in a cottage garden and polished steel in a formal, modern garden.
Hard landscaping – horizontal surfaces Mulch, soft surface for children’s play areas, paths Rough, can be any colour. Recycled materials. Rubber granules Can be load bearing depending on base. Used for paths and driveways. A range of different natural stone colours available. Rough visual texture. Gravel Can bear load depending on quality chosen and depth of base. Used for driveways (N.B: must now be porous), patios and paths Natural stone colours. Flat surface- but may have ridged or riven texture. Laid in formal grid, in mix of different sizes or ‘crazy paving’ Paving slabs or stone Not for heavy loads. Entertaining space or seating areas. Grooved decking is less likely to become slippery. Can be painted or stained to any colour. Wooden decking Function Appearance Material
Hard landscaping - barriers As above. Colour will depend on source. Can be smooth and squared or rough. Stone As above but also to divide the garden and to make raised planting areas and retaining walls. Bricks come in a variety of colours and many colours are local to an area (Cambridgeshire White). Surface may be textured or smooth. Brick - wall Define garden boundaries; provide security. If semi-permeable may provide windbreaks for productive areas. Depends on variety chosen, can be vertical or horizontal strips of wood. Painted or stained to any colour Wood – fence panels Function Appearance Material