Introduction to GardenPlanning and DesignSession 4 – Design Grids, Theme andLayout Drawings. Materials – HardLandscaping.
Learning objectives Creating the outline design Explain the use of a design grid in beginning agarden design. Describe how to draw a concept or theme design Material choices - hard and soft landscaping Choices in hard landscaping - suiting materials tostyle, budget, maintenance considerations,texture, line and form. State three hard landscaping materials andrelate these to particular garden styles. Identify three maintenance issues one foreach of the materials named above Identify budget considerations for eachmaterial
Group Discussion – ‘mood board’ anddesign ideas exercise How did you go about finding ideas? How are you storing and organisingthem? Why did you choose theimages/ideas/objects that you did? Is there a theme at this stage or didyou just go for interesting stuff? How can you use this process to findnew ideas, rather than just confirmingexisting tastes/attitudes?
Design Grids A guide not handcuffs! But a usefultrick to help keep design in scale andproportion to the house and, therefore,people. On tracing paper over the scale plan.Draw horizontal and vertical lines fromhouse corners, then add lines fromcorners of windows, doors etc. Addsight lines in another colour. Choose a subdividing line to create agrid – it does not have to be regular(but this may be better) nor in squares!
Theme drawings Theme drawings are those based on strongshapes that divide the grid into differentareas. Use the grid to place the shapes. Circular, rectangular, square themes –aligned with the house or at an angle. Start to locate use and circulation spaces inthe areas you identified in the appraisalprocess Scale up the grid for use away from thehouse in large gardens, scale it down toplan smaller, intimate spaces close to thehouse.
Design grids – use to create themes Place another sheet of tracing paper overthe grid and begin to draw use andcirculation spaces in – strong shapes workbest (squares, rectangles, circles). Create several of each type of shape –looking for balance between the usespaces and the planting etc spaces. Angle the grid for diagonal use – 45degrees. Just outlines at this stage – looking for asatisfying theme to work further.
Design Grids – layout plan Choose the theme plan that you like best.Secure over your scale plan. Take another sheet of tracing paper andsecure over the top. Add the grid lines in fine pencil and thetheme lines in pencil, adjusting them forscale and use. Once you are happy then inkthe theme lines in. Allocate uses and note materials andfeatures. This brings in style and designchoices. Then draw the master plan – transferring allthe scale and design information (not thegrid lines) to a final large sheet of tracingpaper. Add the North point and plan block.
Materials -Hard Landscaping Refers to everything in the gardendesign that is not living. A wide range of choices of varyingcost, difficulty of construction,maintenance requirements andappearance. The choice will be partly dictated bythe style of the design – roughstone in a cottage garden forexample.
Design principles - reminder Scale/proportion Balance Rhythm Line and shape Colour Texture Simplicity Styles?
Hard landscaping – horizontalsurfacesMaterial Benefits LimitationsWooden decking Can be painted orstained to any colour.Cheap. Relatively easyto install.Not for heavy loads.Can become slipperyin damp. Short life.Regular maintenancePaving slabs orstoneHard wearing, littlemaintenance. Widevariety of sizes andcolours. Can bear loads.Requires skill to lay.Does not suit irregularshapes well. Stone isexpensiveConcrete Very hard wearing, canbe coloured or textured.Relatively cheap.Can look ratherindustrial. Largeareas will need expertinstallation.Pavers Can be matched to thehouse bricks. Variety ofpatterns possible inbonds.Not easy to lay well.Expensive.
Hard landscaping - verticals Vertical elements in design provideinterest. Focal points. ‘Borrowedviews’ They break up the design – providinga ‘journey’ and dividing use areas fromeach other. If hard landscaping they providepermanent structure and features They can provide shelter and privacyin overlooked sites
Hard landscaping - verticalsMaterial Benefits LimitationsWood – fencepanelsPainted or stained. Definegarden boundaries; providesecurity. windbreaks forproductive areas. DIYpossible. Cheap.Require regularmaintenance.Limited life span.Brick - wall Bricks come in a variety ofcolours and textures. Verylong lasting. CreatemicroclimatesRequire expertconstruction.Expensive.Metal – e.g.pergolasCan be painted, createinteresting detailed shapesnot possible with wood etc.Expensive, requireregular maintenance.Large structuresneed expert fitting.Stone Natural appearance, link tolocation.Most expensive,stone walls need amason to build.
Learning outcomes Creating the outline design Explain the use of a design grid in beginning agarden design. Describe how to draw a concept or theme design Material choices - hard and soft landscaping Choices in hard landscaping - suiting materials tostyle, budget, maintenance considerations, texture,line and form. State three hard landscaping materials andrelate these to particular garden styles. Identify three maintenance issues one foreach of the materials named above Identify budget considerations for eachmaterial