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Wind power generation presentation by vikas gupta

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presenting a light knowledge about wind power geneator

presenting a light knowledge about wind power geneator

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  • 1. Presented By:- VIKAS GUPTA EN – 6(B) 1113321121 INDUCTION GENERATOR FOR WIND POWER GENERATION
  • 2. OUTLINEOUTLINE Introduction History Wind turbines Working Controlling Advantages of variable speed generation Formula used Why induction generator?
  • 3. INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy present in the wind into mechanical energy by means of producing torque. Large scale wind power projects are an attractive alternative to conventional capacity expansion. In the present scenario , most wind turbine manufacturers now equip power generating units by induction generators. They are operated either at fixed speed or variable speed. • Generators driven by fixed speed turbines can directly be connected to grid. • Variable speed generators need a power electronic converter interface for interconnection with the grid. Variable speed generation is preferred over fixed speed generation. Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy present in the wind into mechanical energy by means of producing torque. Large scale wind power projects are an attractive alternative to conventional capacity expansion. In the present scenario , most wind turbine manufacturers now equip power generating units by induction generators. They are operated either at fixed speed or variable speed. • Generators driven by fixed speed turbines can directly be connected to grid. • Variable speed generators need a power electronic converter interface for interconnection with the grid. Variable speed generation is preferred over fixed speed generation.
  • 4. HISTORY In 200 B.C.E., inIn 200 B.C.E., in ancient Persia, earliestancient Persia, earliest windmills were usedwindmills were used to grind grains.to grind grains. These early devices consisted of one or more vertically-mounted wooden beams, on the bottom of which was a grindstone, attached to a rotating shaft that turned with the wind.
  • 5. The first automatically operated wind turbine was built in Cleveland in 1887 by Charles F. Brush. It was 60 feet tall, weighed 4 tons and powered a 12 kW generator.
  • 6. WIND TURBINE  A wind turbine is a device that converts kinetic energy from  the wind into electrical power.  Aerodynamic modeling is used to determine the optimum  tower height, control systems, number of blades and blade  shape.  A quantitative  measure of  the wind power available at any  location is called Wind Power Density(WPD).  Wind turbines are generally classified depending on their axis of rotation as:  Horizontal axis type and,  Vertical axis type.
  • 7. TYPES OF WIND TURBINE Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Vertical Axis Wind Turbine
  • 8. PARTS OF WIND TURBINE
  • 9. WIND POWER DEVELOPED BY THE WIND TURBINEWIND POWER DEVELOPED BY THE WIND TURBINE IS GIVEN BY :IS GIVEN BY :                             POWER= (0.5×Cp×A×ρ×V³)                                                   where, Cp: Power coefficient A: Area swept by rotor blades ρ: Air density V: Velocity of wind(in mph)   
  • 10. VARIABLE SPEED WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMVARIABLE SPEED WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM In variable speed systems, the turbines rotor absorbs the mechanical power fluctuations by changing its speed. So the output power curve is smoother which greatly enhances the quality of power. However ,since variable speed operation produces a variable frequency voltage, a power electronic converter must be used to connect to the constant frequency grid. It can be achieved by using: WECS with Squirrel cage induction generator. WECS with Wound rotor induction generator. WECS with Doubly-fed induction generator.
  • 11. WECS with Squirrel cage induction generatorWECS with Squirrel cage induction generator In this set up the stator of the squirrel cage induction generator will be connected to the grid by the means of back to back connected power electronic converter bridges. Since the power converter has to convert all the stator power, the converter size depends on the stator power rating. ADVANTAGE:ADVANTAGE: Ability to make the best use of available wind power. It eliminates the need for a capacitor bank. DISADVANTAGE:DISADVANTAGE: Cost of power converter is high.Cost of power converter is high.
  • 12. WECS with Wound rotor induction generatorWECS with Wound rotor induction generator The power converter size in the earlier system can be reduced by using it on the rotor side of a wound rotor induction generator. The power converter is now connected between the rotor and grid , so it needs to carry only the slip power. ADVANTAGES:ADVANTAGES: For utility scale wind power generation it outweighs squirrel cage machine.
  • 13. WECS with DFIGWECS with DFIG Double-fed induction machines can be operated as a generator as well as a motor in both sub-synchronous and super-synchronous speeds, thus giving four possible operating modes. Only the two generating modes at sub-synchronous and super-synchronous speeds are of interest for wind power generation.
  • 14. BACK TO BACK CONNECTED POWER CONVERTER BRIDGESBACK TO BACK CONNECTED POWER CONVERTER BRIDGES Two power converter bridges connected back-to-back by means of a dc link can accommodate the bidirectional rotor power flow in a DFIG. The purpose of the grid side converter is to maintain the dc link voltage constant. It has control over the active and reactive power transfer between the rotor and the grid. The rotor side converter is responsible for control of the flux, and thus, the stator’s active and reactive powers . ADVANTAGES:ADVANTAGES: Less cost of AC-AC converter. Improved system efficiency.
  • 15. CONTROLLINGCONTROLLING Induction generator control:Induction generator control: Cage rotor induction generators can be made to operate over a wider speed range by pole changing or pole amplitude modulation(PAM) of the main winding. A Wound rotor induction generator can be controlled by varying the slip energy of the rotor circuit using following methods : rotor resistance control , cascading etc. Transmission control:Transmission control: By using silicon controlled rectifier(SCR) device ,i.e. by applying delayed trigger pulses. Load control:Load control: Using switched load resistors stepwise; load approximation can be made.
  • 16. WHY INDUCTION GENERATOR?WHY INDUCTION GENERATOR? Simple and robust construction.Simple and robust construction. Can run independently.Can run independently. Inexpensive.Inexpensive. Minimal maintenance.Minimal maintenance. Inherent overload protection.Inherent overload protection. At high speed, reduces size and weight of machine,At high speed, reduces size and weight of machine, and filter components.and filter components.