2. DefinitionsDiabetes is a condition in which the body either does not produce enough, or doesnot properly respond to, insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas. Insulinenables cells to absorb sugar in order to turn it into energy.This causes sugar to accumulate in the blood, leading to various potentialcomplications.Many types of diabetes are recognized: The principal three are:Type 1: Results from the bodys failure to produce insulin. Persons with type 1diabetes take insulin injections.Type 2: Results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulinproperly, sometimes combined with absolute insulin deficiency.Gestational diabetes: Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before butwho have high blood sugar. It affects about 4% of all pregnant women
3. Pre-diabetesBefore people develop type 2diabetes, they almost always have"pre-diabetes" -- blood glucoselevels that are higher than normalbut not yet high enough to bediagnosed as diabetes.
4. Signs and symptomsThe classical symptoms: Frequent urination Increased thirst Increased hunger Weight loss despite normal or even increased eating FatigueBlurred vision is a commoncomplaint leading to a diabetesdiagnosis
5. Why does it happen?• Lifestyle Obesity is found in approximately 55% of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.• Medical conditions• Genetics Twins is close to 100%, and about 25% of those with the disease have a family history of diabetes
6. How does it happen?Type 1 Type 2
7. How do you confirm the diagnoses?Fasting Plasma Glucose Oral Glucose Tolerance
8. Risk Factors
9. How can we treat it? Diabetes once inflicted cannot be reversed, however it can be managed by:• Lifestyle modification: Exercise Weight reduction Healthy Eating Habits Smoking cessation
10. How can we treat it? Diabetes once inflicted cannot be reversed, however it can be managed by:• Medication: Oral medication Injection
11. How can we treat it?
12. Did you know? Every 10 seconds a person dies from diabetes-related causes. Every 10 seconds two people develop diabetes. On average, people with type 2 diabetes will die 5-10 years before people without diabetes, mostly due to cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death in diabetes, accounting for some 50% of all diabetes fatalities, and much disability. At least 50% of all people with diabetes are unaware of their condition. In some countries this figure may reach 80%. Up to 80% of type2 diabetes is preventable by adopting a healthy diet and increasing physical activity.
13. Did you know? Diabetes currently affects 246 million people worldwide and is expected to affect 380 million by 2025 United Arab Emirates is the world’s second highest rate of diabetes in the adult population with 19.5%. But did you know that the first country is Nauru One out of five people aged 20 to 79 already live with this disease, while a similar per cent of the population is at risk of developing it the current prevalence among UAE nationals aged 30 to 64 is 29 per cent, of which nearly half are undiagnosed and a further 24 per cent are at risk By 2025, at least a third of the UAE’s population, will be living with diabetes
14. Did you know? Diabetes treatment is costing the emirate of Abu Dhabi US$1 billion a year (Dh3.7bn) Research and statistics report on diabetes across the UAE suggest that the disease will cost an estimated Dh10 billion by year 2020 if the condition is not treated An average of Dh15,000 is currently spent on diabetes per person a year.
15. Green Crescent and DiabetesGreen Crescent Model for Diabetic Care: Designation of Centers of Excellence Complete assessment tools Access to latest evidence based treatment programs Special drugs programs State of the art monitoring systems Reminders and alerts Personal portable electronic medical records Personalized connectivity tools
16. Green Crescent and Diabetes• Sponsoring “know diabetes” campaign in UAE: more than 5,000 free diabetes checkups more than 45 corporate premises• Sponsoring the family health festival more than 10,000 free checkups• Sponsoring the diabetes tips on the radio