Identify and reinforce course goals and objectives throughout the course
Align activities, assignments and assessments with learning objectives
Carefully determine the sequence and pace of each module within the course
Avoid student disorientation
Select a “look and feel” appropriate to the content
Be consistent in organization of information
Design for Active & Effective Learning
Consider specific context
Understand needs, learning goals, and other characteristics of the learners
Clearly state desired learning outcomes
Consider nature of the content
Choose appropriate instructional strategies and technologies
Consider local learning environment
Qualities of Favorite Teachers
Powers of the Internet for Learning
“ The need for a new design in learning is there. … Schooling changed to take on elements of the industrial revolution (factory-line classes, assembly-line curriculum, and teacher-foremen) that worked for the needs of the industrial age. New designs are needed to create the "knowledge workers" who will define the information age.”
One of the Definitions of Learning
“ Learning exhibits itself as a change in behavior and the inference of learning is made by comparing what behavior was possible before…and what behavior can be exhibited after participation in the learning process.”
The Learning Experience
“ The core element of any teaching and learning experience is the existence of a problem to be solved or a task to be performed by the learner.”
Three Key Questions!
What do I want students to be able to do?
How will I know if they can do it?
How can I determine if they have learned what I intended?
Guiding Principles for Distance Teaching & Learning
Similarity between f2f and online learning environments
Multi-media converging to digital platforms enabling rich teaching & learning methods
Application of existing technologies are effective for various audiences & objectives
Online learning environments are appropriate for distance and f2f learners
Guiding Principle 1 The learning experience must have a clear purpose with clearly focused and measurable outcomes and objectives.
Clear Purpose & Focused Objectives
Nature of content
Measurable learning outcomes
Characteristics of the learner
Flexible and self-directing learning modules
Guiding Principle 2 The learner must be actively engaged.
Real life experiences
Learn by doing
Simulation and application
Guiding Principle 3 The learning environment makes appropriate use of a variety of media.
Rich Learning Environment
Engage multiple learning styles
Selection of variety of media
Nature of content
Access to technology
Local learning environment
Guiding Principle 4 Learning environments must include problem-based as well as knowledge-based learning.
Types of Learning
Guiding Principle 5 Learning experiences should support interaction and the development of communities of interest.
Communities of Interest
Enhanced learning outcomes
Guiding Principle 6 The practice of distance learning contributes to the larger social mission of education and training in a democratic society.