Modernism Ppt

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This ppt shows the detailed account of the 20th cent. literary trends.

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Modernism Ppt

  1. 1. Modernism Prepared by; Vijay Mangukiya
  2. 2. What is Modernism? <ul><li>According to M.H.Abrams ; </li></ul><ul><li>“ The term ‘Modernism’ is widely used to </li></ul><ul><li>identify new and distinctive features in </li></ul><ul><li>the subjects, forms, concepts and style of </li></ul><ul><li>literature and other art in the early decades </li></ul><ul><li>of the present century.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Background of Modernism: <ul><li>Critics- society could not move forward in its present form. </li></ul><ul><li>Progress of history and civilization was questioned. </li></ul><ul><li>A series of movements………….. </li></ul><ul><li>Prominent thinkers and precursors: </li></ul><ul><li>Nietzsche Marx Freud Darwin Frazer </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Beginning of Modernism <ul><li>Charles Baudelaire Gustave Flaubert </li></ul><ul><li>According to A.C.Ward </li></ul><ul><li>“ Everything was held to be open to question. </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of artistic craftsmanship…began </li></ul><ul><li>to change fundamentally.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. The High Modernism: <ul><li>1922 </li></ul><ul><li>1880s 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>T.S. Eliot James Joyce Virginia Woolf </li></ul>
  6. 6. The social Background of Modernism: <ul><li>The end of rural England. </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectualism. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The Invasion of Psychology. </li></ul><ul><li>Marxist influence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Literary Trends of Modern Period: <ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>An Age of Innovation. </li></ul><ul><li>An age of Disillusionment. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trends…… (cont.) <ul><li>Anti-realism. </li></ul><ul><li>The Language of Everyday Life. </li></ul><ul><li>The Humanitarian Spirit. </li></ul><ul><li>The romantic Note. </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolism. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Prominent modern poets: <ul><li>Robert Bridges John Mansfield W.B. Yeats Rupert Brook </li></ul><ul><li>T.S. Eliot W.H. Auden Stephen Spender Dylan Thomas </li></ul>
  10. 10. Modern Novel: <ul><li>Its immense variety and complexity. </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Portrayal of Contemporary Life. </li></ul><ul><li>Its Pessimistic tone. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Treatment of sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Its Incomplete sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Stream of consciousness technique. </li></ul><ul><li>Its seriousness. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prominent Modern Novelists: <ul><li>H.G. Wells Joseph Conrad D.H. Lawrence </li></ul><ul><li>Aldous Huxley James Joyce Virginia Woolf </li></ul>
  12. 12. Modern Dramas: <ul><li>Naturalistic Prose Drama, dealing with predicament and problems of the generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Signs of the rebirth of poetic drama. </li></ul><ul><li>Celtic revival. </li></ul><ul><li>Abbey Theatre, Dublin. </li></ul><ul><li>T.S. Eliot’s practice and theory. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Prominent Modern Dramatists: <ul><li>T.S. Eliot Galsworthy </li></ul><ul><li>W.B. Yeats Sean O‘Casey </li></ul>
  14. 14. Literary Criticism of Modern Period: <ul><li>New discoveries in Psychology, anthropology, sociology, Economics have brought revolution in critical methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Two dimensions in criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Critics- distinguished University Professors. </li></ul><ul><li>After World War-l, traditional ideas of criticism were broken. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything was sought to be explained in psychological terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong opposition of biographical, historical, sociological, comparative approach of conventional criticism. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Prominent Critical Theories: <ul><li>Semiotics. </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistics in Literary Criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Formalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective Correlativity. </li></ul><ul><li>New Criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Language of Paradox. </li></ul><ul><li>Archetypal Criticism. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thanks a lot.

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