Motivation

6,263 views

Published on

This presentation covers the motivation topic relevant to management studies.The topics covered are:
(a)Motivation & types of motivation
(b)Theory of motivation - Maslow's hierarchy of needs

To watch this presentation in video format: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q12va9Fs1hg

The presentation is for education purpose only and the matter taken for making slides was from internet for completing class assignments.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,263
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
52
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Motivation

  1. 1. Made by:Vijay Dewani [i.c.m.t kota]
  2. 2.  Motivation is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. It can be considered a driving force; a psychological drive that compels or reinforces an action toward a desired goal. For example, hunger is a motivation that elicits a desire to eat.
  3. 3.  Motivation can be divided into 2 types: INTRINSIC MOTIVATION EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION
  4. 4.  Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure. Intrinsic motivation is based on taking pleasure in an activity rather than working towards an external reward.
  5. 5.  Extrinsic motivation refers to the performance of an activity in order to attain an outcome, which then contradicts intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation comes from outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards like money and grades, and threat of punishment. Competition is in general extrinsic because it encourages the performer to win and beat others, not simply to enjoy the intrinsic rewards of the activity.
  6. 6.  Maslow’s hierarchy of needs : Maslows hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation".
  7. 7.  Maslows hierarchy of needs is often portrayed in the shape of a pyramid with the largest, most fundamental levels of needs at the bottom and the need for self-actualization at the top. Maslows theory suggests that the most basic level of needs must be met before the individual will strongly desire (or focus motivation upon) the secondary or higher level needs.
  8. 8.  Physiological needs are the physical requirements for human survival. If these requirements are not met, the human body cannot function properly, and will ultimately fail. Clothing and shelter provide necessary protection , form the part of physiological needs.
  9. 9.  With their physical needs relatively satisfied, the individuals safety needs take precedence and dominate behavior. Safety and Security needs include: Personal security Financial security Health and well-being Safety net against accidents/illness and their adverse impacts.
  10. 10.  After physiological and safety needs are fulfilled, the third level of human needs is interpersonal and involves feelings of belongingness. According to Maslow, humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance among their social groups, regardless if these groups are large or small. For example, some large social groups may include clubs, co-workers, religious groups, professional organizations etc.
  11. 11.  All humans have a need to feel respected; this includes the need to have self-esteem and self-respect. Esteem presents the typical human desire to be accepted and valued by others.
  12. 12.  "What a man can be, he must be." This quotation forms the basis of the perceived need for self-actualization. This level of need refers to what a persons full potential is and the realization of that potential. Maslow describes this level as the desire to accomplish everything that one can, to become the most that one can be.

×