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exports of marine products

  1. 1. of Submitted by
  2. 2. India is a very large country with an EEZ of 2 million km2, a continental shelf of some 500 000 km2, and ranks as the world’s fourth-largest fish producer, after China, Peru and Japan. Marine capture fisheries contribute less than half of the national fish production (48.7 percent in 2000), the remainder coming from inland fisheries, inland aquaculture and brackishwater aquaculture. This situation changed with the development of technology/modernization; dried products gave way to canned and frozen items. The product shift also resulted in market shift. More sophisticated and affluent markets like Aquaculture has become the mainstay of seafood exports, accounting for 90 per cent of current shrimp exports. The aquaculture harvest in 2011 had been very good, including Japan, USA, Europe and Australia, became our important buyers.
  3. 3. The lack of an overarching and coherent policy for coastal and deep-sea capture fisheries contributes to the weak structure of the sector. The current legal framework is dated, production oriented, and fails to provide a clear mandate and a framework for responsible fisheries management. A new legal framework is required to define the objectives of marine resource management for the national and state administrations. Employment, increased production, welfare of fishermen and increased export earnings are the main aims pursued by the Government in its recent five year plans. Efforts aimed at fisheries focus on infrastructure enhancement (ports and post harvest facilities) and modernisation of the fleet implemented through direct investments and subsidy schemes. Much less effort is aimed at resource appraisal, management and conservation of the resources. No single Ministry is responsible for managing the fisheries sector.
  4. 4.  To improve the percentage of marine products exports reach in future at least 5% of total exports.  To improve the exports value also rise the Indian economy To focus on exports while having good resource in marine products to utilize  To give more job opportunities in Marine industry.  To be create new legal framework is required to define the objectives of marine resource management for the national and state administrations. Efforts aimed at fisheries focus on infrastructure enhancement (ports and post harvest facilities) and modernisation of the fleet implemented through direct investments and subsidy schemes.  To be modernising with increased mechanisation, but traditional small-scale craft stall remain responsible for these large catches. The east coast sector is modernising at a slower pace. Offshore fishing, or deep sea fishing, is still very much under-utilized in India.
  5. 5.  To find the overall performance of MPEDA in international trade.  To analysis product wise export of MPEDA in international trade.  To Identify country wise export of MPEDA in international trade.  To find the export performance in forthcoming years using Trend analysis.  To implement the other strategies, requirements, suggestions for marine products exporters make it a success.  1. The finding of the study is applicable only to Marine products of over all india’s international trade.  2. Data has restricted only to MPEDA  3. It is restricted to 10years only.  4. Data collected will show only the approximate value not accurate value.
  6. 6. In this project using only Secondary Data. It is an integral part of any research study as it provides information on variables, which plays a major part in the actual research. The source of secondary data includes.Various books, journals, magazines, newspapers & Pamlets. Internet ( Email, Commerce websites) The sampling size is estimated to be 10 years. (8 major items & 16 major exporting countries) The period of the study is 3 months The study has been carried out in MPEDA’s export performance in india’s marine exports.
  7. 7. The Marine Products Export Development Authority Acts as a coordinating agency with different Central and State Government establishments engaged in marine products and allied activities. The role envisaged for the MPEDA under the statute is comprehensive - covering fisheries of all kinds, increasing exports, specifying standards, processing, marketing, extension and training in various aspects of the industry. The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) was constituted in 1972 under the Marine Products Export Development Authority Act
  8. 8.  Conservation and management of fishery resources and development of offshore fishing.  Registration of exporters and processing plants.  Regulations of marine products export.  Laying down standards and specifications.  Acting as an agency for extension of relief as per directions from Government.  Helping the industry in relation to market intelligence, export promotion, and import of essential items.  Imparting training in different aspects of the marine products industry, with special reference to quality control, processing and marketing.  Promotion of commercial shrimp farming.  Promotion of joint ventures in aquaculture, production, processing and marketing of value added seafood.
  9. 9. 2004 6% 2005 7% 2006 7% 2007 8% 2008 7% 2009 7% 2010 10% 2011 12% 2012 17% 2013 19% % of exports /10years exports 2.08% 1.72% 1.54% 1.40% 1.06% 0.84% 1.17% 1.04% 1.13% 1.15% 0.00% 0.50% 1.00% 1.50% 2.00% 2.50% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 % OF MARINE EXPORTS/TOTAL COMMODITY 0.00 2,000.00 4,000.00 6,000.00 8,000.00 10,000.00 12,000.00 14,000.00 16,000.00 18,000.00 20,000.00 6,105.63 6,469.22 7,035.91 8,001.04 6,926.67 7,066.37 9,899.98 11,917.11 16,584.71 18,841.20 MARINE PRODUCTS EXPORTS –(2004-2013) Rs in crores 17073.82 18941.66 20922.38 23015.01 25276.30 0.00 5000.00 10000.00 15000.00 20000.00 25000.00 30000.00 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 FUTURE MARINE PRODUCTS EXPORTS (value in crores) COMPOUND ANNUAL GROWTH RATE - (2004-2013) MARINE PRODUCTS EXPORTS 11.93% INDIA’S TOTAL EXPORTs 10.19%
  10. 10. 2004 8% 2005 8% 2006 8% 2007 9% 2008 7% 2009 7%2010 8% 2011 11% 2012 16% 2013 18% FROZEN SHRIMP 2004 3% 2005 4% 2006 6% 2007 8% 2008 7% 2009 10% 2010 11% 2011 15% 2012 18% 2013 18% FROZEN FISH 2004 5% 2005 6% 2006 6% 2007 9% 2008 9% 2009 9% 2010 11% 2011 13% 2012 16% 2013 16% FROZEN CUTTLE FISH 2004 5% 2005 6% 2006 8% 2007 8% 2008 6% 2009 9% 2010 8% 2011 14% 2012 17% 2013 19% FROZEN SQUID
  11. 11. 2004 3% 2005 3% 2006 4% 2007 6% 2008 6% 2009 10% 2010 13% 2011 12% 2012 17% 2013 26% CHILLED ITEMS 2004 4% 2005 5% 2006 6% 2007 8% 2008 9% 2009 11% 2010 10% 2011 12% 2012 17% 2013 18% OTHERS 2004 5% 2005 5% 2006 6% 2007 6% 2008 7% 2009 10% 2010 13% 2011 14% 2012 15% 2013 19% LIVE ITEMS 2004 3% 2005 3% 2006 3% 2007 4% 2008 6% 2009 9% 2010 21%2011 21% 2012 12% 2013 18% DRIED ITEM
  12. 12. 2004 8% 2005 8% 2006 8% 2007 9% 2008 8% 2009 9% 2010 9% 2011 12% 2012 15% 2013 14% JAPAN 2004 9% 2005 8% 2006 9% 2007 7% 2008 6% 2009 6%2010 6% 2011 11% 2012 16% 2013 22% USA 2004 6% 2005 6% 2006 7% 2007 9% 2008 8% 2009 11%2010 15% 2011 16% 2012 10% 2013 12% CHINA 2004 11% 2005 7% 2006 6% 2007 5% 2008 7% 2009 8% 2010 11% 2011 10% 2012 16% 2013 19% UMITED ARAB EMIRATES 2004 7% 2005 6% 2006 7% 2007 6% 2008 8% 2009 6% 2010 14% 2011 11% 2012 17% 2013 18% SINGAPORE
  13. 13. 2004 3% 2005 3% 2006 4% 2007 4% 2008 5% 2009 6% 2010 24% 2011 19% 2012 15% 2013 17% HONG KONG 2004 8% 2005 7% 2006 9% 2007 8% 2008 10% 2009 10% 2010 11% 2011 10% 2012 13% 2013 14% U K 2004 5% 2005 5% 2006 7% 2007 7% 2008 8% 2009 11% 2010 13% 2011 12% 2012 15% 2013 17% GERMANY 2004 2% 2005 2% 2006 7% 2007 9% 2008 10% 2009 12% 2010 9% 2011 12% 2012 16% 2013 21% BELGIUM 2004 4% 2005 5% 2006 6% 2007 8% 2008 9% 2009 11% 2010 10% 2011 12% 2012 17% 2013 18% ITALY
  14. 14. 2004 11.4% 2005 9.0% 2006 1.3% 2007 0.4% 2008 1.6% 2009 0.3% 2010 16.5% 2011 11.3% 2012 14.8% 2013 33.3% BANGLADESH 2004 6% 2005 10% 2006 3% 2007 4% 2008 3% 2009 3% 2010 20%2011 15% 2012 17% 2013 19% NETHERLAND 2004 5% 2005 6% 2006 5% 2007 4% 2008 7% 2009 8% 2010 21% 2011 13% 2012 15% 2013 16% SRI LANKA 2004 0.13% 2005 0.35% 2006 0.93% 2007 0.56% 2008 0.28% 2009 0.16% 2010 8.06% 2011 19.49% 2012 26.04% 2013 43.99% SAUDI ARABIA 2004 3% 2005 5% 2006 3% 2007 1% 2008 9% 2009 2% 2010 6% 2011 16% 2012 25% 2013 30% INDONESIA 2004 3% 2005 6% 2006 9% 2007 7% 2008 11% 2009 7% 2010 13% 2011 16% 2012 14% 2013 14% KOREA
  15. 15. 5.17% 1.20% 5.49% -12.53% -4.11% 10.65% 36.72% 42.97% 18.73% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 FROZEN SHRIMP 0.00% 22.32% 31.54% 45.48% -10.29% 32.14% 18.00% 29.11% 25.16% 0.39% FROZEN FISH 8.93% 15.85% 45.20% -6.68% 2.27% 21.39% 19.56% 21.92% 0.56% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 FROZEN CUTTLE FISH 27.98% 20.59% -1.25% -28.14% 54.83% -1.54% 62.31% 21.53% 12.20% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 FROZEN SQUID -16.93% 9.54% 38.17% 41.34% 62.53% 133.18% -2.67% -41.08% 45.72% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 DRIED ITEM -0.69% 21.61% 3.80% 7.83% 43.33% 40.55% 2.16% 8.76% 28.00% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 LIVE ITEMS 6.41% 19.70% 43.82% 0.68% 84.02% 21.69% -2.63% 38.78% 50.27% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CHILLED ITEMS 22.18% 20.82% 17.36% 15.27% 25.48% -7.45% 20.72% 36.58% 5.21% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 OTHERS
  16. 16. 3.33% -3.87% 17.08% -9.29% 0.52% 4.50% 30.54% 27.16% -6.59% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 JAPAN -7.49% 5.34% -17.78% -24.55% 0.45% -0.88% 96.57% 49.60% 35.23% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 USA 2.48% 22.53% 36.20% -12.74% 28.41% 38.14% 10.44% -36.33% 14.74% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CHINA -36.40% -18.93% -7.22% 36.16% 16.39% 33.42% -7.04% 56.30% 15.00% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 UMITED ARAB EMIRATES -7.09% 4.84% -13.24% 33.02% -14.00% 110.45% -16.27% 44.46% 11.57% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 SINGAPORE -16.27% 19.45% 13.90% 22.45% 20.07% 311.57% -19.83% -22.06% 11.94% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 HONG KONG -6.81% 26.96% -10.08% 23.44% -4.27% 10.32% -6.88% 32.51% 4.93% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 UK 1.47% 32.19% 12.66% 13.46% 35.42% 19.82% -10.54% 29.95% 12.33% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 GERMANY
  17. 17. -14.73% 216.07% 38.03% 13.85% 20.13% -31.65% 44.62% 27.85% 35.97% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 BELGIUM 6.12% 11.02% -0.72% 7.05% 26.72% 97.54% -86.85% 842.00% 15.51% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 ITALY -20.51% -85.33% -66.25% 249.47% -77.86% 4677.55% -31.92% 31.71% 124.19% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 BANGLADESH 63.76% -65.48% 18.51% -29.31% 15.71% 514.21% -26.90% 19.07% 8.20% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 NETHERLAND 24.46% -12.63% -13.16% 46.21% 19.50% 163.85% -36.55% 15.63% 4.83% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 SRI LANKA 177.36% 163.95% -39.95% -50.64% -40.87% 4830.88% 141.63% 33.65% 68.91% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 SAUDI ARABIA 54.30% -33.41% -79.88% 1173.82% -83.56% 317.01% 171.79% 57.78% 18.44% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 INDONESIA 77.44% 51.96% -17.65% 54.90% -33.37% 72.47% 20.81% -8.65% -2.96% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 KOREA
  18. 18. 620.7 759.3 998.7 1,452.9 1,303.4 1,722.3 2,032.3 2,623.9 3,284.1 3,296.9 3,544.2 3,921.1 4,290.8 4,661.5 5,082.1 0.00 5000.00 10000.00 FROZEN FISH 435.2 474.0 549.1 797.4 744.1 761.0 923.8 1,104.6 1,346.7 1,354.3 1,434.2 1,557.9 1,674.8 1,786.3 1,933.5 0.00 1000.00 2000.00 3000.00 FROZEN CUTTLE FISH 372.9 477.3 575.5 568.3 408.4 632.3 622.6 1,010.6 1,228.2 1,378.1 1,289.6 1,419.9 1,569.1 1,741.3 1,914.2 0.00 1000.00 2000.00 3000.00 FROZEN SQUID 51.1 50.7 61.7 64.1 69.1 99.0 139.1 142.2 154.6 197.9 193.1 215.4 237.0 259.1 279.1 0.00 100.00 200.00 300.00 LIVE ITEMS 145.7 121.0 132.6 183.2 258.9 420.7 981.1 954.9 562.6 819.9 985.6 1,113.4 1,229.6 1,329.3 1,409.1 0.00 500.00 1000.00 1500.00 DRIED ITEM 64.0 68.1 81.6 117.3 118.1 217.3 264.5 257.5 357.4 537.1 465.1 529.3 593.6 656.5 719.8 0.00 500.00 1000.00 CHILLED ITEMS 389.2 475.6 574.6 674.3 777.3 975.3 902.6 1,089.7 1,488.2 1,565.8 1,595.8 1,743.7 1,893.4 2,044.9 2,195.6 0.00 1000.00 2000.00 3000.00 OTHERS 4,013.1 4,220.7 4,271.5 4,506.1 3,941.6 3,779.8 4,182.4 5,718.1 8,175.3 9,706.4 8,085.5 8,888.9 9,797.5 10,771.9 11,830.2 0.00 5000.00 10000.00 15000.00 FROZEN SHRIMP
  19. 19. 1,682.1 1,556.1 1,639.2 1,347.8 1,016.9 1,021.6 1,012.5 1,990.3 2,977.5 4,026.5 2,887.2 3,272.6 3,698.2 4,201.8 4,691.8 0.00 2000.00 4000.00 6000.00 USA 676.5 693.3 849.4 1,157.0 1,009.6 1,296.4 1,790.9 1,977.8 1,259.2 1,444.9 1,839.1 1,944.8 2,019.7 2,082.9 2,175.2 0.00 1000.00 2000.00 3000.00 CHINA 325.1 206.8 167.6 155.5 211.8 246.5 328.9 305.7 477.8 549.5 469.6 545.8 611.2 669.9 719.1 0 200 400 600 800 UMITED ARAB EMIRATES 93.2 86.6 90.8 78.8 104.8 90.1 189.7 158.8 229.5 256.0 241.9 271.7 301.7 332.4 358.2 0 100 200 300 400 SINGAPORE 109.5 91.7 109.6 124.8 152.8 183.5 755.1 605.3 471.8 528.1 674.1 764.2 847.9 925.0 987.7 0 500 1000 1500 HONG KONG 278.3 259.4 329.3 296.1 365.6 350.0 386.1 359.5 476.3 499.8 490.6 521.0 544.4 578.4 602.8 0 200 400 600 800 U K 53.9 54.7 72.3 81.4 92.4 125.1 149.9 134.1 174.3 195.8 202.1 221.7 239.5 258.0 275.1 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 GERMANY 1,163.7 1,202.5 1,156.0 1,353.4 1,227.6 1,234.0 1,289.6 1,683.4 2,140.7 1,999.6 1,996.5 2,142.0 2,300.6 2,447.6 2,629.7 0.00 1000.00 2000.00 3000.00 JAPAN
  20. 20. 89.3 76.1 240.5 332.0 378.0 454.1 310.4 448.9 573.9 780.3 726.9 795.9 846.5 913.1 990.5 0 500 1000 1500 BELGIUM 134.2 142.4 158.1 156.9 168.0 212.9 420.6 55.3 521.0 601.8 496.5 559.4 625.6 694.7 759.8 0 200 400 600 800 ITALY 48.3 38.4 5.6 1.9 6.6 1.5 70.2 47.8 63.0 141.2 89.7 110.2 133.5 152.5 169.7 0 100 200 BANGLADESH 80.8 132.3 45.7 54.1 38.3 44.3 271.9 198.7 236.6 256.0 260.3 295.3 346.2 383.5 417.8 0 200 400 600 NETHERLAND 17.1 21.2 18.5 16.1 23.5 28.1 74.2 47.1 54.5 57.1 66.2 73.4 81.4 88.3 93.1 0 50 100 SRI LANKA 0.5 1.5 3.9 2.3 1.1 0.7 33.5 81.0 108.3 182.9 137.2 164.5 193.8 224.7 254.8 0 100 200 300 200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018 SAUDI ARABIA 11.3 17.4 11.6 2.3 29.7 4.9 20.4 55.3 87.3 103.4 86.5 101.3 118.5 135.5 149.7 0 100 200 INDONESIA 27.2 48.2 73.3 60.3 93.5 62.3 107.4 129.8 118.5 115.0 139.4 146.7 155.1 166.9 174.5 0 50 100 150 200 KOREA
  21. 21. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% FROZEN SHRIMP FROZEN FISH FR CUTTLE FISH FR SQUID DRIED ITEM LIVE ITEMS CHILLED ITEMS OTHERS 9.23% 18.17% 12.02% 13.96% 18.86% 14.50% 23.70% 14.93% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% 80.00% 5.56% 9.12% 7.88% 5.39% 10.63% 17.03% 6.03% 13.77% 24.21% 16.19% 11.33% 12.23% 12.84% 79.39% 24.81% 15.52%
  22. 22. •India’s highest export performance increased to18841.20crores ( 19.06%) in 2013 on Total marine exports. •Indian overall products and Marine products exported from our country. In the year 2004 Total exports of marine products contri buted arround 2.08% on India’s Total export. but it was decreased to 0.84% in 2009 on Total exports. but it over all reveals the contri but ion was above 1% on all the year of marine products •In the year 2010 contribution of Marine products is arround 40.10% and in the year 2008 it was increased to - 13.43% due to lack of demands in foreign country. Overall it shows function in marine products •Marine products export to FROZEN SHRIMP at the value was increasing into highest level 9706.36 croress (18.48%) in the year of 2013. •Marine products export of FROZEN FISH at the was increasing into highest level 3296.86croress (18.22%). in the year of 2013 •Marine products export of FROZEN CUTTLE FISH at thewas Growing the highest export value in the year of 2013 is 1354.28croress (15.95%). •Marine products export of FROZEN SQUID at thewas increasing into highest leve 1378.08 croress (18.94%) . in the year of 2013 •Marine products export of DRIED ITEM at thewas increasing into highest level 819.90 croress (17.90%). in the year of 2013 •Marine products export to LIVE ITEMS at thewas increasing into highest level 197.89 croress (19.22%). in the year of 2013. •Marine products export of CHILLED ITEMS at the value was increasing into highest level 537.11 crores(25.78%). in the year of 2013 •Marine products export of OTHERS at the value was increasing into highest level 1565.78croress (17.57%). in the year of 2009
  23. 23. •Marine products export to JAPAN at the value was increasing into highest level 2140.67croress(14.81%). in the year of 2009 •Marine products export to USA was increasing into highest level 4026.48croress(22.04%). in the year of 2013 •Marine products export to CHINA was increasing into highest level 1977.81croress(16.27%). in the year of 2011 •Marine products export to U ARAB EMTS at the value was increasing into highest level 549.51croress (18.47%). in the year of 2009 •Marine products export to SINGAPORE at the value was increasing into highest level 256.01croress (18.57%). in the year of 2013 •Marine products export to U K at the value was increasing into highest level 499.8croress (13.88%). in the year of 2009 •Marine products export to GERMANY at the value was increasing into highest level 195.75croress (17.27%). in the year of 2009 •Marine products export to BELGIUM at the value was increasing into highest level 780croress (21.18%) in the year of 2009 •Marine products export to ITALY at the value was increasing into highest level 601croress. (23.41%) in the year of 2009 •Marine products export to BANGLADESH at the value was increasing into highest level (33.26%) 3779.80croress. in the year of 2013 •Marine products export to NETHERLAND at the value was increasing into highest level (18.85%) 256.03croress. in the year of 2009 •Marine products export to SRI LANKA at the value was increasing into highest level (15.97%) 57.08croress. in the year of 2013 •Marine products export to SAUDI ARAB at the value was increasing into highest level (43.99%) 182.9croress. in the year of 2013. •Marine products export to INDONESIA at the was increasing into highest level (30.10%) 03.36croress. in the year of 2013 •Marine products export to KOREA at the value was increasing into highest level 118.53croress (13.77). in the year of 2013. •Marine products export to HONG KONG at the value was increasing into highest level 755.06croress (24.11%). in the year of 2010
  24. 24. The marine board should take necessary steps to improve its foreign trade .Because the future trend of the board’s export is in partially decreasing trend. The board has to produce some more variety of marine products. The board should adopt some safety measures to avoid future losses. Multiple usages & multiple- ownership;  Poor understanding of requirements of users; The government and the industry has to clearly identify the problem and evolve a common strategy involving the government and the industry with cluster as focus.  Unlike marine sector, inland fisheries cannot claim a satisfactory status with regard to data collection; Preparation of policy papers and issuing guidelines based on latest information on zonal and regional basis Poor understanding of requirements of users; Lack of relevant and usable information; It is good to give more incentives to the employees; it will be helpful for increasing the production marine product. To avoid fluction in growth rate for seasonal,demand,production, market condition, tax rate problem ,preshipment problem should be avoided by improving storage facility Establishment and adoption of standardized or compatible data compilation methodologies and tools;
  25. 25. The marine products export fetches several crores of foreign country to our country and provides employment opportunities to our people. The production of the marine products must be increased to increase the exports into global level. So, our marine products can hike their share into global level in future. By, improving the exports of the marine products, it will yield the benefit to improve our economy. Based on the above study we can find that all the aspects related to this company’s products show a positive growth steadily. If marine export promotion council follows the strategy and policy suitable to its environment it can be able to secure a significant portion of the world market. The growth of exporter lies in the technical advancements, and maintenance of good will to beat the competitions, which is extruding now as well as in the future. This chapter explains the trend analysis for export statistics from the year 2014-2018. This projected trend will help the further enhancement of the company. Increasing and declining trend has been shown by different charts.

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