organisational behaviour- groups
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organisational behaviour- groups

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clear definition and group needs for an organisation culture

clear definition and group needs for an organisation culture

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    organisational behaviour- groups organisational behaviour- groups Presentation Transcript

    • By K. Vignesh 12PCC807
    •  The term group refers to two or more individuals who bear an explicit psychological relationship to one another.  In general, a number of people together at a given place and given time can be considered as a group.
    •  ‘A group is the largest set of two or more individuals who are jointly characterized by a network of relevant communications, a shared sense of collective identify and one or more shared dispositions with associated normative strength’. -By David Horton.
    • INTERACTION AMONG MEMBERS SHARED GOALS PEOPLE SEE THEMSELVES AS MEMBERS TWO OR MORE PEOPLE
    • Formal •Command •Task Informal •Interest •Friendship Primary & Secondary
    •  In formal group, the behaviors that one should engage in are stipulated by and directed towards organizational goals.  The six members making up an airline flight crew are an example of a formal group.  A group is a formal when it is purposely designed to accomplish an organisation objective or task.  It is created via a formal authority for some defined purpose.
    • Command group:  A command group is determined by the organisational chart.  It is composed of the subordinates who report directly to a given manager.  An elementary school principal and his/her 12 teacher form a command group, as do the director of postal audits and his five inspectors.
    • Task group:  Task groups, also organizationally determined, represent those working together to complete a job task.  However, a task group’s boundaries are not limited to its immediate hierarchical superior.  It can cross command relationships.
    • Counteraction group: It exists when members interact to resolve some type of conflict, usually through negotiation and compromise. A labor-management negotiating group is one example of a counteracting group. Coaching group: It exists when group members perform their jobs relatively independently in the short run.
    • For example, students enrolled in the same course may participate relatively independently of each other in class discussions but act interdependently with others in under taking a team project. Interacting groups: Interacting group refers to the dynamics of the team and the way individuals in the group interact with one another.
    •  Informal groups are the natural and spontaneous grouping of people whenever they work together over a period of time.  Whenever people interact and work together over a certain period of time, it’s very natural for them and it comes very spontaneously for them, that they form informal groups.
    • Interest group: Established to meet a mutual objective (a group formed to lobby management for more fringe benefits). Friendship group: Formed because members have something in common.
    •  A primary group is typically a small social group whose members share close, personal, enduring relationships.  These groups are marked by members' concern for one another, in shared activities and culture.  Examples include family, childhood friends, and highly influential social groups.
    •  People in a secondary group interact on a less personal level than in a primary group, and their relationships are temporary rather than long lasting.  Since secondary groups are established to perform functions, people’s roles are more interchangeable.  A secondary group is one you have chosen to be a part of. They are based on interests and activities.  Examples of these would be employment, vendor-to-client relationships, etc
    • Security power status Goal achievement
    • Perception approach: People who see themselves as part of group constitute a group. Teams are mature groups with a degree of member interdependence and motivation to achieve common goals. Teams start out as groups, but not all groups become teams. Organization approach: emphasizes group characteristics to define a group: an organized system of individual who are connected with one another.
    • Motivation approach: a group is a collection of individuals whose collective existence satisfies needs. Interaction approach: Two or more individuals interacting with each other in order to accomplish a common goal. This definition specifies three minimum requirements for a group to exist: I. Size—must be two or more individuals. II. Interaction—must be some form of exchange or communication. III. Purpose—must be trying to accomplish a goal.
    •  The group dynamics is that division of social psychology that investigates the formation and change in the structure and functions of the psychological grouping of people into self-directing wholes.
    • Group norms are a set of beliefs, feelings and attitudes commonly shared by group members. These are also referred to as rules & standards of behavior that apply to group members.  Norms serve three functions in groups: Predictive Control Rational. 1. As first, norms provide a basis for understanding behavior of others 2. Second, norms regulate the behavior of members. 3. Finally, some norms define relationships among roles.
    •  A characteristic feature of groups which is particularly important for the behaviour of their members is COHESIVENESS Extent to which the members are attracted to each other.  It is the degree to which members are attached to and motivated to remain a part of a group.
    • INTERACTION THREAT SIZE CO- OPERATION SHARED GOALS ATTITUDES & VALUES SOLVING PROBLEMS
    •  Decision making is the process of choosing a course of action among alternatives.  It is important to understand decision making process in the organizational behaviour because choice processes play a vital role in communication, motivation, leadership, and other aspects of individual, group and organizational interfaces.
    • DIGNOSE THE PROBLEM DEVELOP ALTERNATIVS EVALUATE ALTERNATIVES AND SELECT THE BEST ONE IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING
    • Its all clear means then its my time to ask you questions!