Manufacturing
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Manufacturing

on

  • 8,583 views

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

Statistics

Views

Total Views
8,583
Views on SlideShare
8,486
Embed Views
97

Actions

Likes
5
Downloads
936
Comments
2

6 Embeds 97

http://luyenkim.wordpress.com 67
http://www.slideshare.net 13
http://www.scoop.it 11
http://www.e-presentations.us 3
https://etc204.wikispaces.com 2
http://192.168.6.52 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Manufacturing Manufacturing Presentation Transcript

  • Manufacturing Automation MAE 464-564
  • Course requirements
    • Lecture classes
      • Mid term and final exam
    • Laboratory exercise
      • Robotics
      • PLC Two projects
      • CNC Programing
    • One research oriented paper for Grad. students
  • Announcements
    • Interactive class - Unique opportunities
    • Discussions - One topic every two weeks
      • Respond to it actively
    • Resources and sites
      • Research projects and Other organizations
    • http://wings.buffalo.edu/academic/department/eng/mae/460-564/
  • Manufacturing
    • Changing raw material finish product
    • Flow of material, energy, information
    • Proceses that added value
    • Conceptual design into a real product
  • What is manufacturing?
    • Conversion of raw material to end product
    • Adding value
    • Improvisation, innovation, solving problem,
    • Process of Man, material and machine o get a product
    • Time to market
    • Processes
    • Supply chain
    • Need or want
    • Customer sastisfaction
  • What is Manufacturing
  • What is manufacturing
    • Process
    • Conversion of raw materials
    • Concept – product
    • Design realization
    • Sequential process
    • Control processes- feedback systems
    • Manufacturing Mass –custom- mid size –
    • Quality control –
    • Efficiency prductivity-
    • Safety –
    • Cost – revenue –
  • What is Manufacturing
    • Workflow
    • Assembly
    • Processes raw material
    • Product design
    • Quality control
    • Stacking/packaging
    • Inventory control – JIT
    • Production planning
    • R& D
    • Volume manufacturing
    • Market survey
  • What is Manufacturing?
    • Mass production
    • Prodction of a product
    • Design/improve product
    • Converting a concept in to product
    • Raw material into prodcut
    • Complex assemblies and methods
    • Creatino BOM
    • Quallity
    • Best process for …..
    • Best practises for ..
    • Ergonomics of manufacturing
    • Low cost, lead time and quality
  • Manufacturing
    • A series of interrelated activities and operations involving design, material selection, planning, production, quality assurance, management, and marketing of discrete consumer and durable goods.
    • Manufacturing is a Systematic process of converting raw materials to its value added form
    • Robots
    • Production line
    • Least human intervention
    • Conveyors
    • AGVs, MH
    • Timely process
    • Control of processes –
    • Repetitive processes
    • Computers – Quality, motions, engineering,
    • Feedback and adaptive systems imrove
    • Cell, FMS, DNC, lines,
    • Efficiency, optimization, cost, effectiveness
    • Customization vs mass production.
  • What processes are manufacturing
    • Metal cutting
    • Shapping
    • Turning/milling/drilling
    • Molding
    • Forging, extrusion, casting, HT
    • Rapid Prototyping
    • Welding
    • Grinding
    • EDMs
    • Rolling
    • Broaching
    • Punching, stamping
    • Brazing
    • Hydroforming, waterjet cutting, explosive forming
    • ECM – PCB,
    • Induction,
    • Painting, polishing
    • Rubber forming, plastic
    • Casting
    • Ceramics, polymers
  • What process contribute to Manufacturing?
    • Machining
      • CNC
      • Turn, grijdin,millin
      • Welding, brazing,
      • Stamping, forging, sheet metal
      • Extrusion,
      • Molding – plastic, glass
      • Casting
      • Drawing
      • Braoching etc
      • Surface finishing
      • EDM, ECM, Ultrasonic m/c
      • LBM, Waterjet, EBM
    • Processing
      • HT, - Anneal,,
      • Coating –
      • Joining, Assembling
      • riveting, welding, adhesives, fastners,
      • Etching,
      • Rapid protityping,
      • Quality – CMM, prfileing, SQC,
      • Inspecion—NDT,
      • Rubber, polymer, ceramics,
  • What process contribute to Manufacturing?
    • Casting , plastic
    • Forging/forming/etxrusion
    • Milling
    • Drilling
    • Boring/metalcutting
    • Welding – joining process
    • Assembly
    • HT treatment
    • Chemical – plating and coating
    • ECM – special puropse
    • EDM – Electro discharge maching – wire cutting,
    • Sheet metal forming
    • Tool and die making
    • Powder metal.
    • Sintering
    • Finishing – deburring, grinding, polishing, painting, coating
    • Composite manufacturing – carbon , metal matrix
    • Rapid prototypeing
    • Drawing, rendering, planning
    • Water jet – Laser, EBM,
  • What processes are considered manufacturing ?
    • CNC machining
    • Molding, casting,
    • Forging, Rolling,
    • Turning/milling,shaping, grinding, Boring,
    • EDM, LBM, Air jest, waterjet
    • Assembling putting prodcut
    • Fabrication welding, riveting, plumbing
    • Plastics plymers, glass, production
    • Rapid Prototypes
    • HT, Electroplating
    • Inspection and quality
  • Types of manufacturing
    • Process (continuous) type
      • steel, glass, chemical, semi-conductors
      • High degree of automation
    • Part discrete type
      • individual parts are made
      • Quite often complex assembly is required
      • Mechanical, electromechanical and electronic
  • What are the elements of Mfg. Automation?
  • Software or systems?
  • Manufacturing Automation
    • Manufacturing with little or no intervention
    • Robotics
    • Reducing human error
    • Agv – Automated material handling
    • Improve prcision in higher volume
    • CNC machines
    • Transfer lines
    • FMS – Flexible manufacturing – Cellular sys
    • PLCs
    • Computer vision –
    • Assembly process –
    • Software
      • Plc
      • CAM
      • Inventory control
      • PPC
      • Machine control soft = Post processors
      • Quality control and measurment – CMM
      • Communcation – between PLC, between machines, plants, control centers
  • Manufacturing Automation?
    • CNC
    • Robots
    • Conveyor – MH
    • AGV –
    • SQC,
    • USM,
    • FMS,
    • Storage and retraival
    • Production – line – assembly line
    • Controllers,
    • CELLS
    • Auto gauging – CMMs
    • Auto tool changers
    • Packaging,
    • Flexibility of automation,
    • JIT, Kanban, Agile, Lean mnaufacturing, Six Sigma,
    • Kaizan,
    • Software – CADm-CAM
    • PDM,
    • PPC, MRP I, II
    • ERP
  • Manufacturing Automation?
    • Transfer of parts
    • Automation in hazardous env.
    • Robot
    • CNC machines milling, edm, lathes, dril, etc etc
    • Pipe bending machines,
    • Presses, forging , stamong presses, forming,
    • CAD-CAM
    • Automted machines CAM
    • PLC s
    • Conveyors
    • CMM, automated measurements sensors, inspection
    • Finishing processes,
    • Deburring, polishing
    • PPC, MRP II, inventory control,
    • Packging etc
    • Web retailing, Supply chain etc I2
  • What types of Mfg. Automation?
    • Moving assembly line
    • Robotics
    • Tools which aid some process
    • AGVs
    • Storage and retreival
    • CAD-CAM
    • Maintenance
    • Conveyors
    • CNC machines
    • Routing
    • PLCs
    • Scheduling, production
    • Lay-out of plants
    • Production planning
    • Sequencing, lead-time of process
    • Inventory
    • Tool magement
    • MRP
  • Manufacturing Automation
    • Organized and Systematic method of increasing the productivity and reducing the product development cycle.
  • Well Defined Enterprise PEOPLE PROCESSES TOOLS TECHNOLOGIES BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY
    • Understanding
    • Components
    • Interfaces
    • Integration
    • Good Business
    • Design
    SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS Finance Marketing Human Resources Design Manufacturing Information Systems Logistics / Support Etc.
  • History of Automation
    • When did automation start ?
      • CAM based machines were used in 1930 and 40s
      • Multiple head turning and milling
      • Flow line assembly with several repetitive machines
      • Electronic controller
      • PLCs and computer
      • CNC machines, CAD, FMA cellular systems.
  • Competitive Advantage Proper Strategy Formulation
      • Understand customer desires
      • Internal rapid response mechanisms
      • Faster and cost effective products
    Manufacturing Perspective
    • 1970’s - Cost focused
    • 1980’s - Quality first
    • 1990’s - Delivery performance, customization, and environmental issues
    • 2000’s - Information and Knowledge integration
  • Design for Manufacturing
    • (Verb) The process of creating a specification for construction of a part which involves synthesis, analysis, and optimization.
    • (Noun) The resulting specification and includes geometry, topology, tolerances, material, and other parameters necessary for manufacturing the part.
  • Highly Agile Product Automation Missing Link Design Automation CAD Manufacturing Automation CAM Design for: Manufacturing Assembly Automation Inspection Manufacturing Processes: to allow easy design
  • Made to order? Customer Specs. Planning Design Manufacturing Software Information Automation Hardware Automation
  • Enterprise Level Automation
    • Hardware
    • Automation
    • PLCs
    • Robots
    • CNC
    • AGVs
    • Soft
    • Automation
    • GT-based
    • CAPP
    • Features
    • FMS
    • Information
    • based
    • Automation
    • Web
    • Message
    • PMI
    • ERP
  • Types of Automation
    • Fixed and Hard Automation
      • CAM, levers
      • Where is it used ?
      • High volume, High reliability, High production rates, High initial investment
    • Flexible Automation
      • Programmable automation, Low production rates, medium quantity and varied production batches.
  • Key elements
    • In the year 2001, this may include:
      • Automated hardware
      • Efficient algorithms and methods
      • CA “X” - CAM CAD CAPP CAI
      • Open and closed architecture
      • Information technology
      • Virtual enterprises
      • Internet and WEB
      • 3D printing
  • Philosophies of automation
    • Concept A
      • Machines which are completely automated should be used in production
    • Concept B
      • Machines with limited automation, intelligence and capabilities aided by human intelligence
        • Use machines for what it does the best
        • Use human to ease the complexities
  • Robotics
    • How can robot help ?
    • What level of intelligence ?
    • Theory behind programming
      • Lead through, CAD based, Interactive VR
      • Telerobotics
    • Where ?
      • Routine tasks
      • Environment not safe for humans to work
  • Features and Geometry
    • Cognitive foundation
    • Features in engineering
      • Forms
      • Tolerance
      • Assembly
    • Feature based automation
      • Automatic development of CNC programming
      • Automatic Assembly design
  • Product development
    • CAD-CAM
    • Geometric modeling
    • Solid modeling
      • CSG, B-Rep, Parametric modeling, NURB
    • Design - FEM
    • Integration - Manufacturing
  • Information
    • Product Management Information
    • Enterprise Resource Planning
    • MRP II
    • Web based Databases etc.
  • Topics to be covered
    • Theory of Automation: PLC, Concept of Assembly languages
    • Robotics - Definitions, design, applications in manufacturing, programming, planning, sensors, vision etc
    • CAD-M interface and automation issues
    • Reverse Engineering - Modeling from data
  • Key challenges
    • Globalization and virtual enterprises
    • One of a Kind production (OKP) as opposed to mass production
    • Co-existence of various hardware and software systems
      • Protocol, networks, standards
    • Integration of vast knowledge base - information overload ?
    • Making the manufacturing ready for internet
  • Contd.
    • Rapid prototyping - different applications.
    • AI techniques in manufacturing
    • Virtual environments - hardware, software, concepts in manufacturing
    • Web centric engineering and its application in manufacturing
  • Next class
    • Next class we will start PLCs
    • Read section 6.8 of the text book