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Govnet.Ppt Govnet.Ppt Presentation Transcript

  • Living with Open Source Presented by: Bill Welty, CIO California Air Resources Board
  • Open Source: Disclaimer
    • Open Source software may not be suitable for all applications or organizations, but...
  • Open Source: California’s Recommendation
    • “ For potential immediate savings, departments should take an inventory of software purchases and software renewals in the Fiscal Year 2004-2005 and implement open source alternatives where feasible.
    • “ ... it is recommended that state departments actively research and evaluate open source code alternatives prior to considering use of the traditional procurement model for software.”
      • Governor’s 2004 California Performance Review ,
      • State Operations #10.
  • CPR REPORT: Franchise Tax Board
    • Virtual Network Computing (VNC) (5,699 clients)
      • Savings: $330,000
    • CygWin: used to replace X-windows features of Exceed.
      • Savings: $74,000
    • 7-Zip Project:
      • Estimated savings: $15,000.
      • Eliminated three other products from use.
  • CPR Report: Franchise Tax Board
      • Extra (by Attachmate), a terminal service product
        • Leveraging open source alternatives in bid, FTB saved $148,000.
  • CPR Report: California Transportation Dept.
    • Project for identity and password management:
      • Savings: $300,000 by going with Linux operating system .
  • Living with Open Source
    • The California Air Resources Board has found Open Source software to be reliable, secure, cost effective, and offers ARB greater control over its applications and data.
    • How did we get from There to Here?
  • Today’s Agenda
    • Introduction
    • The California Air Resources Board
    • Anecdotes: Living with Open Source
    • CARB and Open Source Today
    • Observations
    • Conclusions
    • Questions
  • Introduction
    • Chief Information Officer, California Air Resources Board
    • 20 years of IT management experience
      • Department of Health Services
      • Office of the State Controller
    • Certified Information Systems Auditor
  • The California Air Resources Board
    • Goal: provide safe, clean air to all Californians
    • One of six environmental organizations within Cal/EPA
    • State agency responsible for monitoring and regulating air quality
      • 1,000 employees
      • Budget: $110 million (2004)
  • The California Air Resources Board
    • A state environmental regulatory agency
    • Key program areas:
      • Air Quality Monitoring, Modelling and Forecasting
      • Climate Change
      • Community Health
      • Consumer Products
      • Enforcement
      • Environmental Research
      • Mobile Source Emissions
  • The California Air Resources Board
    • Technology Forcing
      • Electric and Fuel Cell (hydrogen powered) vehicles
      • Low emission vehicles
      • Reformulated gasoline's and cleaner diesel fuels
      • Bovine area source emissions
  • The California Air Resources Board
    • Management Structure
      • Board comprised of 11 members, serve at pleasure of governor.
      • Day-to-day operations directed by an Executive Officer, appointed by the Board.
      • Three deputy EO’s manage nine divisions and offices.
  • The California Air Resources Board
    • CARB’s IT Program
      • The Office of Information Services (OIS) reports directly to a deputy EO,
      • CIO is a member of Executive Staff
      • Conservative IT program
      • High level executive visibility
      • Serve highly technical clientele
      • Innovation encouraged
  • The California Air Resources Board
      • OIS Organization
        • Staff: 43 positions, divided into four sections
        • Systems Development Section (2)
        • Backoffice Systems Services Section
        • Network Computing Services Section
        • Internet Systems Management Section
  • The California Air Resources Board
      • OIS Services:
        • Applications development
        • GIS support
        • Networking: WAN with three geographic locations
        • Web services: Intranet, Internet
        • SANs file management and print sharing (3 systems)
  • The California Air Resources Board
      • OIS Services, continued:
        • Telecommunications: wired, wireless, telephones
        • Webcasting, from any location
        • Video conferencing
        • Desktop computer support services
        • Office services: email, calendaring.
        • Computer Room and Data Center services
        • HelpDesk
  • Who’s Offering Open Source?
  • Who’s Offering Open Source? Gates Allen
  • What is Open Source Software?
    • “ Free” as in Air
    • “ Free” as in Freedom
    • Governed by flexible GNU GPL licensing, generally:
      • Users are free to use the program for any purpose.
      • Users are free to examine the source code to see how it works.
      • Users are free to distribute the program to others.
      • Users are free to improve the program
    • Governing organizations
      • Free Software Foundation
      • Open Systems Initiative
      • Each product has sponsoring organization
  • What is Open Source Software?
    • Examples:
  • What is Open Source Software?
    • Open Source Apps for Windows
      • Source: http://theopencd.sunsite.dk
      • Software:
        • OpenOffice: full featured office program (like MS Office)
        • PDFCreator: create PDF files
        • GIMP: graphics software
        • Firefox: browser
        • Thunderbird: email client
        • 7-ZIP: file compression software
        • Battle for Wesnoth: game
  • CARB History with Open Source
    • 1990’s...
      • 1991: Implemented Ethernet Infrastructure
      • 1992: Connected to Internet
        • Provided AQ modellers access to San Diego SuperComputer to run airshed models
        • Implemented Internet E-mail
        • Early Internet “Search Engines”: Gopher, Archie, Veronica.
  • CARB History with Open Source
      • 1994: Web services initiated
        • NT 3.5.1, Windows Web-site 1
          • Cost: $250
      • 1995 : Migration to open source
        • Linux v1.0
          • Cost: $50
        • Other open source products in distribution:
          • List serv: majordomo
          • Anon. FTP server
          • Network DNS
          • Search engine: Swish-e
  • Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
    • Migration
    • Cost
    • Performance
  • Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
    • Project initiated: 1994
      • Servers: HP/UX; Sun/Solaris
      • Oracle PL/SQL
      • Oracle Developer suite
    • Web Apps Explored: 1995
      • Oracle Web Application Server
  • Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
    • Proprietary web server problems :
      • Stability
      • Performance
      • Costs
      • Inoperable with other apps
  • Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
    • Replacement solution :
      • Data base: Oracle
      • Operating system: Linux
      • Web Server: Apache
      • Scripting: PHP
  • Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
    • Replacement solution, continued:
      • Migration smooth, transparent to users
      • Products easy to integrate
      • No security issues
      • Performance improved
      • Costs were nominal
  • Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
  • Open Source and CARB Today
    • Status: 2005
      • 59% applications run on Linux.
      • 87% web apps run Apache.
      • 54% apps requiring a data base use an open source product
      • 83% of languages used are non-proprietary.
  • Open Source and CARB Today
    • Examples:
      • AQMIS
      • Carl Moyer
      • ARB’s Intranet, Internet services (web, list serve, web forum)
      • Clustering for airshed modelling
  • Open Source and CARB Today
    • Estimated costs avoided :
      • Operating systems
        • Windows Server 2003: $340,000
      • Data base licenses:
        • CPU licenses: $160,000
        • Annual maintenance: $ 40,000
  • Open Source and CARB Today
    • Summary: living with open source:
      • Control over source code and data
      • Choice
      • Implementation schedules
      • Cost savings
      • Systems design
  • Open Source and CARB Today
    • Summary: living with open source:
      • Systems reliability
      • Inexpensive redundancy
      • Security
      • Impact on hardware (Green effect)
  • Observations
    • OS Trends: Apache WEB services
  • Observations
    • OS Trends: Growth of Linux Servers
      • Projected growth in installations:
        • 24% increase by 2005
        • 33% increase by 2007
      • Projected sales:
        • $11 billion 2004
        • $35 billion by 2008
  • Observations
    • OS Trends: Growth of Linux Servers
      • Red Hat employs 200 Linux programmers
        • Profits to triple to $53 million in 2004
        • Revenues to surge 56%, to $195 million
      • IBM employs 600 Linux programmers
        • Recently invested $100 million in Linux development
  • Observations
    • OS Trends: Support
      • More than 1.1 million developers in North America now working on open source projects.
      • Online Resources:
        • Linux: http://www.linux.org
            • http:// www.kernel.org
        • PHP http:// www.php.net
        • MySQL http:// www.mysql.org
        • Apache http:// www.apache.org
        • Other Applications: http://www.sourceforge.org
  • Observations
    • General Concerns:
      • Usual Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt
      • Licensing wars: SCO vs IBM
      • Reliability
      • Technical support
      • Training
      • Longevity
      • Compatibility
      • Not Commercial
  • Observations
    • Notable Users:
      • Internet
      • Google
      • Amazon
      • Yahoo
      • Pentagon
      • Boeing
      • E*Trade
      • E-Bay
      • Goldman Sachs
      • Morgan Stanley HP
      • IBM
      • Oracle
      • NASA
      • EU
      • All Governments, worldwide
  • Observations
    • Notable Service Providers:
      • Make money installing free software
        • Nearly all application development companies
        • Oracle
        • IBM
        • HP
        • Computer Science Corporation
        • Novell
  • Conclusions
    • Living with Open Source?
      • Exciting
      • Empowering
      • Cost effective
      • Highly productive
    • CARB Experience: “ From There to Here….”:
    • Open Source has been evolutionary, not revolutionary
    • CARB Strategy: “From Here to There….”:
    • Standardize on OS: one application at a time…
  • Questions?/References
    • References:
      • CARB Open Source Portal: http://www.arb.ca.gov/oss/oss.htm
      • CARB Open Source Listserv:
      • http://www.arb.ca. gov/listserv/oss.htm
      • CARB’s History with Open Source
    • http://www.arb.ca.gov/oss/arb.htm
      • California Performance Review
      • http://www.cpr.ca.gov
      • “ Why Open Source/Look At the Numbers”
      • http://www.dwheeler.com/oss_fs_why.html
  •