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Govnet.Ppt

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Living with Open Source Presented by: Bill Welty, CIO California Air Resources Board
    • 2. Open Source: Disclaimer
      • Open Source software may not be suitable for all applications or organizations, but...
    • 3. Open Source: California’s Recommendation
      • “ For potential immediate savings, departments should take an inventory of software purchases and software renewals in the Fiscal Year 2004-2005 and implement open source alternatives where feasible.
      • “ ... it is recommended that state departments actively research and evaluate open source code alternatives prior to considering use of the traditional procurement model for software.”
        • Governor’s 2004 California Performance Review ,
        • State Operations #10.
    • 4. CPR REPORT: Franchise Tax Board
      • Virtual Network Computing (VNC) (5,699 clients)
        • Savings: $330,000
      • CygWin: used to replace X-windows features of Exceed.
        • Savings: $74,000
      • 7-Zip Project:
        • Estimated savings: $15,000.
        • Eliminated three other products from use.
    • 5. CPR Report: Franchise Tax Board
        • Extra (by Attachmate), a terminal service product
          • Leveraging open source alternatives in bid, FTB saved $148,000.
    • 6. CPR Report: California Transportation Dept.
      • Project for identity and password management:
        • Savings: $300,000 by going with Linux operating system .
    • 7. Living with Open Source
      • The California Air Resources Board has found Open Source software to be reliable, secure, cost effective, and offers ARB greater control over its applications and data.
      • How did we get from There to Here?
    • 8. Today’s Agenda
      • Introduction
      • The California Air Resources Board
      • Anecdotes: Living with Open Source
      • CARB and Open Source Today
      • Observations
      • Conclusions
      • Questions
    • 9. Introduction
      • Chief Information Officer, California Air Resources Board
      • 20 years of IT management experience
        • Department of Health Services
        • Office of the State Controller
      • Certified Information Systems Auditor
    • 10. The California Air Resources Board
      • Goal: provide safe, clean air to all Californians
      • One of six environmental organizations within Cal/EPA
      • State agency responsible for monitoring and regulating air quality
        • 1,000 employees
        • Budget: $110 million (2004)
    • 11. The California Air Resources Board
      • A state environmental regulatory agency
      • Key program areas:
        • Air Quality Monitoring, Modelling and Forecasting
        • Climate Change
        • Community Health
        • Consumer Products
        • Enforcement
        • Environmental Research
        • Mobile Source Emissions
    • 12. The California Air Resources Board
      • Technology Forcing
        • Electric and Fuel Cell (hydrogen powered) vehicles
        • Low emission vehicles
        • Reformulated gasoline's and cleaner diesel fuels
        • Bovine area source emissions
    • 13. The California Air Resources Board
      • Management Structure
        • Board comprised of 11 members, serve at pleasure of governor.
        • Day-to-day operations directed by an Executive Officer, appointed by the Board.
        • Three deputy EO’s manage nine divisions and offices.
    • 14. The California Air Resources Board
      • CARB’s IT Program
        • The Office of Information Services (OIS) reports directly to a deputy EO,
        • CIO is a member of Executive Staff
        • Conservative IT program
        • High level executive visibility
        • Serve highly technical clientele
        • Innovation encouraged
    • 15. The California Air Resources Board
        • OIS Organization
          • Staff: 43 positions, divided into four sections
          • Systems Development Section (2)
          • Backoffice Systems Services Section
          • Network Computing Services Section
          • Internet Systems Management Section
    • 16. The California Air Resources Board
        • OIS Services:
          • Applications development
          • GIS support
          • Networking: WAN with three geographic locations
          • Web services: Intranet, Internet
          • SANs file management and print sharing (3 systems)
    • 17. The California Air Resources Board
        • OIS Services, continued:
          • Telecommunications: wired, wireless, telephones
          • Webcasting, from any location
          • Video conferencing
          • Desktop computer support services
          • Office services: email, calendaring.
          • Computer Room and Data Center services
          • HelpDesk
    • 18. Who’s Offering Open Source?
    • 19. Who’s Offering Open Source? Gates Allen
    • 20. What is Open Source Software?
      • “ Free” as in Air
      • “ Free” as in Freedom
      • Governed by flexible GNU GPL licensing, generally:
        • Users are free to use the program for any purpose.
        • Users are free to examine the source code to see how it works.
        • Users are free to distribute the program to others.
        • Users are free to improve the program
      • Governing organizations
        • Free Software Foundation
        • Open Systems Initiative
        • Each product has sponsoring organization
    • 21. What is Open Source Software?
      • Examples:
    • 22. What is Open Source Software?
      • Open Source Apps for Windows
        • Source: http://theopencd.sunsite.dk
        • Software:
          • OpenOffice: full featured office program (like MS Office)
          • PDFCreator: create PDF files
          • GIMP: graphics software
          • Firefox: browser
          • Thunderbird: email client
          • 7-ZIP: file compression software
          • Battle for Wesnoth: game
    • 23. CARB History with Open Source
      • 1990’s...
        • 1991: Implemented Ethernet Infrastructure
        • 1992: Connected to Internet
          • Provided AQ modellers access to San Diego SuperComputer to run airshed models
          • Implemented Internet E-mail
          • Early Internet “Search Engines”: Gopher, Archie, Veronica.
    • 24. CARB History with Open Source
        • 1994: Web services initiated
          • NT 3.5.1, Windows Web-site 1
            • Cost: $250
        • 1995 : Migration to open source
          • Linux v1.0
            • Cost: $50
          • Other open source products in distribution:
            • List serv: majordomo
            • Anon. FTP server
            • Network DNS
            • Search engine: Swish-e
    • 25. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
      • Migration
      • Cost
      • Performance
    • 26. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
      • Project initiated: 1994
        • Servers: HP/UX; Sun/Solaris
        • Oracle PL/SQL
        • Oracle Developer suite
      • Web Apps Explored: 1995
        • Oracle Web Application Server
    • 27. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
      • Proprietary web server problems :
        • Stability
        • Performance
        • Costs
        • Inoperable with other apps
    • 28. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
      • Replacement solution :
        • Data base: Oracle
        • Operating system: Linux
        • Web Server: Apache
        • Scripting: PHP
    • 29. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
      • Replacement solution, continued:
        • Migration smooth, transparent to users
        • Products easy to integrate
        • No security issues
        • Performance improved
        • Costs were nominal
    • 30. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
    • 31. Open Source and CARB Today
      • Status: 2005
        • 59% applications run on Linux.
        • 87% web apps run Apache.
        • 54% apps requiring a data base use an open source product
        • 83% of languages used are non-proprietary.
    • 32. Open Source and CARB Today
      • Examples:
        • AQMIS
        • Carl Moyer
        • ARB’s Intranet, Internet services (web, list serve, web forum)
        • Clustering for airshed modelling
    • 33. Open Source and CARB Today
      • Estimated costs avoided :
        • Operating systems
          • Windows Server 2003: $340,000
        • Data base licenses:
          • CPU licenses: $160,000
          • Annual maintenance: $ 40,000
    • 34. Open Source and CARB Today
      • Summary: living with open source:
        • Control over source code and data
        • Choice
        • Implementation schedules
        • Cost savings
        • Systems design
    • 35. Open Source and CARB Today
      • Summary: living with open source:
        • Systems reliability
        • Inexpensive redundancy
        • Security
        • Impact on hardware (Green effect)
    • 36. Observations
      • OS Trends: Apache WEB services
    • 37. Observations
      • OS Trends: Growth of Linux Servers
        • Projected growth in installations:
          • 24% increase by 2005
          • 33% increase by 2007
        • Projected sales:
          • $11 billion 2004
          • $35 billion by 2008
    • 38. Observations
      • OS Trends: Growth of Linux Servers
        • Red Hat employs 200 Linux programmers
          • Profits to triple to $53 million in 2004
          • Revenues to surge 56%, to $195 million
        • IBM employs 600 Linux programmers
          • Recently invested $100 million in Linux development
    • 39. Observations
      • OS Trends: Support
        • More than 1.1 million developers in North America now working on open source projects.
        • Online Resources:
          • Linux: http://www.linux.org
              • http:// www.kernel.org
          • PHP http:// www.php.net
          • MySQL http:// www.mysql.org
          • Apache http:// www.apache.org
          • Other Applications: http://www.sourceforge.org
    • 40. Observations
      • General Concerns:
        • Usual Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt
        • Licensing wars: SCO vs IBM
        • Reliability
        • Technical support
        • Training
        • Longevity
        • Compatibility
        • Not Commercial
    • 41. Observations
      • Notable Users:
        • Internet
        • Google
        • Amazon
        • Yahoo
        • Pentagon
        • Boeing
        • E*Trade
        • E-Bay
        • Goldman Sachs
        • Morgan Stanley HP
        • IBM
        • Oracle
        • NASA
        • EU
        • All Governments, worldwide
    • 42. Observations
      • Notable Service Providers:
        • Make money installing free software
          • Nearly all application development companies
          • Oracle
          • IBM
          • HP
          • Computer Science Corporation
          • Novell
    • 43. Conclusions
      • Living with Open Source?
        • Exciting
        • Empowering
        • Cost effective
        • Highly productive
      • CARB Experience: “ From There to Here….”:
      • Open Source has been evolutionary, not revolutionary
      • CARB Strategy: “From Here to There….”:
      • Standardize on OS: one application at a time…
    • 44. Questions?/References
      • References:
        • CARB Open Source Portal: http://www.arb.ca.gov/oss/oss.htm
        • CARB Open Source Listserv:
        • http://www.arb.ca. gov/listserv/oss.htm
        • CARB’s History with Open Source
      • http://www.arb.ca.gov/oss/arb.htm
        • California Performance Review
        • http://www.cpr.ca.gov
        • “ Why Open Source/Look At the Numbers”
        • http://www.dwheeler.com/oss_fs_why.html
    • 45.  

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