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  • Govnet.Ppt

    1. 1. Living with Open Source Presented by: Bill Welty, CIO California Air Resources Board
    2. 2. Open Source: Disclaimer <ul><li>Open Source software may not be suitable for all applications or organizations, but... </li></ul>
    3. 3. Open Source: California’s Recommendation <ul><li>“ For potential immediate savings, departments should take an inventory of software purchases and software renewals in the Fiscal Year 2004-2005 and implement open source alternatives where feasible. </li></ul><ul><li>“ ... it is recommended that state departments actively research and evaluate open source code alternatives prior to considering use of the traditional procurement model for software.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor’s 2004 California Performance Review , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Operations #10. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. CPR REPORT: Franchise Tax Board <ul><li>Virtual Network Computing (VNC) (5,699 clients) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings: $330,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CygWin: used to replace X-windows features of Exceed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings: $74,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>7-Zip Project: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated savings: $15,000. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminated three other products from use. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. CPR Report: Franchise Tax Board <ul><ul><li>Extra (by Attachmate), a terminal service product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leveraging open source alternatives in bid, FTB saved $148,000. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. CPR Report: California Transportation Dept. <ul><li>Project for identity and password management: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings: $300,000 by going with Linux operating system . </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Living with Open Source <ul><li>The California Air Resources Board has found Open Source software to be reliable, secure, cost effective, and offers ARB greater control over its applications and data. </li></ul><ul><li>How did we get from There to Here? </li></ul>
    8. 8. Today’s Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>The California Air Resources Board </li></ul><ul><li>Anecdotes: Living with Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>CARB and Open Source Today </li></ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
    9. 9. Introduction <ul><li>Chief Information Officer, California Air Resources Board </li></ul><ul><li>20 years of IT management experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Health Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Office of the State Controller </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Certified Information Systems Auditor </li></ul>
    10. 10. The California Air Resources Board <ul><li>Goal: provide safe, clean air to all Californians </li></ul><ul><li>One of six environmental organizations within Cal/EPA </li></ul><ul><li>State agency responsible for monitoring and regulating air quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,000 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget: $110 million (2004) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. The California Air Resources Board <ul><li>A state environmental regulatory agency </li></ul><ul><li>Key program areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Quality Monitoring, Modelling and Forecasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Source Emissions </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. The California Air Resources Board <ul><li>Technology Forcing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric and Fuel Cell (hydrogen powered) vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low emission vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformulated gasoline's and cleaner diesel fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bovine area source emissions </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. The California Air Resources Board <ul><li>Management Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Board comprised of 11 members, serve at pleasure of governor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Day-to-day operations directed by an Executive Officer, appointed by the Board. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three deputy EO’s manage nine divisions and offices. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. The California Air Resources Board <ul><li>CARB’s IT Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Office of Information Services (OIS) reports directly to a deputy EO, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CIO is a member of Executive Staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservative IT program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High level executive visibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve highly technical clientele </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation encouraged </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. The California Air Resources Board <ul><ul><li>OIS Organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Staff: 43 positions, divided into four sections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Development Section (2) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Backoffice Systems Services Section </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Network Computing Services Section </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Systems Management Section </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. The California Air Resources Board <ul><ul><li>OIS Services: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applications development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GIS support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Networking: WAN with three geographic locations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web services: Intranet, Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SANs file management and print sharing (3 systems) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. The California Air Resources Board <ul><ul><li>OIS Services, continued: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunications: wired, wireless, telephones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Webcasting, from any location </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video conferencing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop computer support services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Office services: email, calendaring. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Room and Data Center services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HelpDesk </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Who’s Offering Open Source?
    19. 19. Who’s Offering Open Source? Gates Allen
    20. 20. What is Open Source Software? <ul><li>“ Free” as in Air </li></ul><ul><li>“ Free” as in Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Governed by flexible GNU GPL licensing, generally: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users are free to use the program for any purpose. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users are free to examine the source code to see how it works. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users are free to distribute the program to others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users are free to improve the program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Governing organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Software Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Systems Initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each product has sponsoring organization </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. What is Open Source Software? <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>
    22. 22. What is Open Source Software? <ul><li>Open Source Apps for Windows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: http://theopencd.sunsite.dk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OpenOffice: full featured office program (like MS Office) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PDFCreator: create PDF files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GIMP: graphics software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firefox: browser </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thunderbird: email client </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7-ZIP: file compression software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Battle for Wesnoth: game </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. 23. CARB History with Open Source <ul><li>1990’s... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1991: Implemented Ethernet Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1992: Connected to Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provided AQ modellers access to San Diego SuperComputer to run airshed models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implemented Internet E-mail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Early Internet “Search Engines”: Gopher, Archie, Veronica. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. CARB History with Open Source <ul><ul><li>1994: Web services initiated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NT 3.5.1, Windows Web-site 1 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost: $250 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1995 : Migration to open source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linux v1.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost: $50 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other open source products in distribution: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>List serv: majordomo </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anon. FTP server </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Network DNS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search engine: Swish-e </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System <ul><li>Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul>
    26. 26. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System <ul><li>Project initiated: 1994 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Servers: HP/UX; Sun/Solaris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle PL/SQL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle Developer suite </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web Apps Explored: 1995 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle Web Application Server </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System <ul><li>Proprietary web server problems : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inoperable with other apps </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System <ul><li>Replacement solution : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data base: Oracle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating system: Linux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Server: Apache </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scripting: PHP </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System <ul><li>Replacement solution, continued: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration smooth, transparent to users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Products easy to integrate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No security issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance improved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs were nominal </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Case Study: Emissions Inventory System
    31. 31. Open Source and CARB Today <ul><li>Status: 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>59% applications run on Linux. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>87% web apps run Apache. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>54% apps requiring a data base use an open source product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>83% of languages used are non-proprietary. </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Open Source and CARB Today <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AQMIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carl Moyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARB’s Intranet, Internet services (web, list serve, web forum) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clustering for airshed modelling </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Open Source and CARB Today <ul><li>Estimated costs avoided : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windows Server 2003: $340,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data base licenses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CPU licenses: $160,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annual maintenance: $ 40,000 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Open Source and CARB Today <ul><li>Summary: living with open source: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control over source code and data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation schedules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems design </li></ul></ul>
    35. 35. Open Source and CARB Today <ul><li>Summary: living with open source: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive redundancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on hardware (Green effect) </li></ul></ul>
    36. 36. Observations <ul><li>OS Trends: Apache WEB services </li></ul>
    37. 37. Observations <ul><li>OS Trends: Growth of Linux Servers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Projected growth in installations: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>24% increase by 2005 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>33% increase by 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projected sales: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$11 billion 2004 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$35 billion by 2008 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    38. 38. Observations <ul><li>OS Trends: Growth of Linux Servers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red Hat employs 200 Linux programmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Profits to triple to $53 million in 2004 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revenues to surge 56%, to $195 million </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM employs 600 Linux programmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recently invested $100 million in Linux development </li></ul></ul></ul>
    39. 39. Observations <ul><li>OS Trends: Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 1.1 million developers in North America now working on open source projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Resources: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linux: http://www.linux.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.kernel.org </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PHP http:// www.php.net </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MySQL http:// www.mysql.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apache http:// www.apache.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other Applications: http://www.sourceforge.org </li></ul></ul></ul>
    40. 40. Observations <ul><li>General Concerns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usual Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing wars: SCO vs IBM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longevity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Commercial </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. Observations <ul><li>Notable Users: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pentagon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boeing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E*Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Bay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goldman Sachs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morgan Stanley HP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NASA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Governments, worldwide </li></ul></ul>
    42. 42. Observations <ul><li>Notable Service Providers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make money installing free software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly all application development companies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IBM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Science Corporation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Novell </li></ul></ul></ul>
    43. 43. Conclusions <ul><li>Living with Open Source? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exciting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empowering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly productive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CARB Experience: “ From There to Here….”: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source has been evolutionary, not revolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>CARB Strategy: “From Here to There….”: </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize on OS: one application at a time… </li></ul>
    44. 44. Questions?/References <ul><li>References: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CARB Open Source Portal: http://www.arb.ca.gov/oss/oss.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CARB Open Source Listserv: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.arb.ca. gov/listserv/oss.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CARB’s History with Open Source </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.arb.ca.gov/oss/arb.htm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California Performance Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.cpr.ca.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Why Open Source/Look At the Numbers” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.dwheeler.com/oss_fs_why.html </li></ul></ul>
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