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Part 2: BEAUTIFUL AND WONDERFUL BOTANY By An Admirer Of Nature
<ul><li>Giant Water Lily  Victoria cruziana </li></ul><ul><li>Deep water aquatic  </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves 4.5’ diameter w...
<ul><li>Victoria amazonica </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves 6’ diameter with a rim of 5” </li></ul><ul><li>Flower: one foot diamet...
<ul><li>Victoria amazonica  ( old name  Victoria regia ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrids:  V. amazonica  +  V. cruziana </li></u...
<ul><li>A young girl (allegedly Joseph Paxton's daughter) was demonstrating the strength of  V. amazonica   </li></ul>
<ul><li>10”  Cranesbill  Stork’s bill </li></ul><ul><li>Geranium robertianum  Erodium cicutarium </li></ul><ul><li>Family ...
<ul><li>Erodium ciconium </li></ul>
<ul><li>Erodium </li></ul><ul><li>cicutarium </li></ul>
<ul><li>One long &quot;beaked fruits&quot; that point up </li></ul><ul><li>into the air, is removed  from the plant  </li>...
<ul><li>The corkscrew shaped stamen falls  from the plant </li></ul><ul><li>is screwed into the soil by the changes in the...
<ul><li>Cranesbill seed lands on the ground and the sun shrinks the stem. As the stem shrinks corkscrew </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Puya raimondii  is the largest known bromeliad forming a rosette around 3 meters high and reaching 10 to 12 meters...
<ul><li>Puya raimandii </li></ul><ul><li>GENUS OF 170 SPECIES </li></ul><ul><li>TERRESTRIAL,  EVERGREEN </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>FAMILY:  BROMDIACEAE </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER:  POLES </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS :  LILIOPSIDA </li></ul><ul><li>DIVIS...
<ul><li>WATER HYACINTH   Eichhornia crassipes  </li></ul><ul><li>FLOATING AQUATIC PERENNIAL </li></ul><ul><li>THICK FLOATI...
<ul><li>Fastest growing plant in the world   </li></ul><ul><li>Long purple green roots hang down </li></ul><ul><li>12” und...
<ul><li>Eichhornia crassipes  </li></ul><ul><li>A weed with beautiful flower  </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduce asexually very q...
<ul><li>Some fish including tetras, </li></ul><ul><li>rainbow-fish, killifish can </li></ul><ul><li>use its root as spawni...
<ul><li>Department of Boating and Waterways, California maintains a program of control of aquatic weeds in the Sacramento-...
<ul><li>A population of Wolffia columbiana (A),  </li></ul><ul><li>W. globosa (B),  and W. borealis (C) in the  </li></ul>...
<ul><li>THE SMALLEST KNOWN FLOWERING PLANT </li></ul><ul><li>WOLFFIA </li></ul><ul><li>A wolffia plant is about 10 20   </...
<ul><li>(California and Pacific Northwest. )   </li></ul><ul><li>The world's smallest flowering plant also has one of the ...
<ul><li>Wolffia  arrhiza </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILY  : LEMNACEAE </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER   :   ARALES   </li></ul><ul><li>CL...
The Daffodils  Williams Wordsworth I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once...
Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never - ending line Along the margin of...
<ul><li>The waves beside them danced; but they Out - did the sparkling waves in glee. A poet could not be but gay. In such...
<ul><li>Narcissus odorus </li></ul><ul><li>For often when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon ...
<ul><li>'Cockermouth - Wordsworth Memorial' </li></ul><ul><li>This bronze bust of  the poet, unveiled on  7 April 1970, th...
<ul><li>J.W. Waterhouse,1903  Caravaggio,1598   Salvador Dali,1936   </li></ul><ul><li>ECHO and NARCISSUS  </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Son of the nymph Liriope  </li></ul><ul><li>and of the sacred river  </li></ul><ul><li>Kiphissos, Narcissus was  <...
<ul><li>Narcissus pseudonarcissus </li></ul><ul><li>Riverside, grassy slopes, damp woods & meadows </li></ul><ul><li>North...
<ul><li>This cloned  Narcissus odorus  originated as a hybrid of the wild Jonquil ( N. jonquilla ) with the Lent Lily ( N....
<ul><li>Narcissus species </li></ul>
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Part 2: Beauty Botany

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Transcript of "Part 2: Beauty Botany"

  1. 1. Part 2: BEAUTIFUL AND WONDERFUL BOTANY By An Admirer Of Nature
  2. 2. <ul><li>Giant Water Lily Victoria cruziana </li></ul><ul><li>Deep water aquatic </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves 4.5’ diameter with rim of 8” height </li></ul><ul><li>Outer side of the rim is greenish </li></ul><ul><li>In summer 4” (across) white flower with many petals – South America </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Victoria amazonica </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves 6’ diameter with a rim of 5” </li></ul><ul><li>Flower: one foot diameter, white initially, </li></ul><ul><li>dark pink later 20’ </li></ul><ul><li>Remains open a day or two </li></ul><ul><li>Sinks under water to ripen the seeds </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Victoria amazonica ( old name Victoria regia ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrids: V. amazonica + V. cruziana </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Nymphaeaceae South America </li></ul><ul><li>Order : Nymphaeales - Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Magnoliopsida </li></ul><ul><li>Division: Magnoliophyta </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A young girl (allegedly Joseph Paxton's daughter) was demonstrating the strength of V. amazonica </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>10” Cranesbill Stork’s bill </li></ul><ul><li>Geranium robertianum Erodium cicutarium </li></ul><ul><li>Family : Geraniaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Order : Geraniales </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) </li></ul><ul><li>Division : Magnoliophyta (Flowering plant) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Erodium ciconium </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Erodium </li></ul><ul><li>cicutarium </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>One long &quot;beaked fruits&quot; that point up </li></ul><ul><li>into the air, is removed from the plant </li></ul><ul><li>and the top is twisted between thumb </li></ul><ul><li>and forefinger. The seeds popped from </li></ul><ul><li>the main part and soon begins to gyrate </li></ul><ul><li>into spirals. When moisture is added </li></ul><ul><li>the seed will have more spirals. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The corkscrew shaped stamen falls from the plant </li></ul><ul><li>is screwed into the soil by the changes in the </li></ul><ul><li>atmosphere. Dry and Humid air unwind and </li></ul><ul><li>rewind the coils. Deep germination is achieved! </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Cranesbill seed lands on the ground and the sun shrinks the stem. As the stem shrinks corkscrew </li></ul><ul><li>action drives the seed underground. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Puya raimondii is the largest known bromeliad forming a rosette around 3 meters high and reaching 10 to 12 meters in flower.  Legend has it that the plant takes 150 years to flower. More recent estimates reduce the time for maturity to between 80 and 100 years. Puya raimondii grows in the Andes of Peru and Bolivia at around 4,000 meters, and is said to be threatened with extinction. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Puya raimandii </li></ul><ul><li>GENUS OF 170 SPECIES </li></ul><ul><li>TERRESTRIAL, EVERGREEN </li></ul><ul><li>PERENNIALS </li></ul><ul><li>80-90 YEARS TO PRODUCE A MASSIVE FLOWER SPIKE UP TO 10 METRES TALL </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER PRODUCING FEW SEEDS IT DIES </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>FAMILY: BROMDIACEAE </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER: POLES </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS : LILIOPSIDA </li></ul><ul><li>DIVISION: MAGNOLIOPHYTA </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>WATER HYACINTH Eichhornia crassipes </li></ul><ul><li>FLOATING AQUATIC PERENNIAL </li></ul><ul><li>THICK FLOATING STEM </li></ul><ul><li>BEARING ROSETTES OF ROUNDED </li></ul><ul><li>TO OVATE LEAVES ( 6” ACROSS) </li></ul><ul><li>INFLATED SHINY PALE GREEN STALKS </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Fastest growing plant in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Long purple green roots hang down </li></ul><ul><li>12” under water 18” </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILY : PONTEDERIACEAE 18” </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER : LILIALES </li></ul><ul><li>DIVISION : MAGNOLIOPHYTA (Flowering plant) </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS : LILIOPSIDA (Monocotyledons) </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Eichhornia crassipes </li></ul><ul><li>A weed with beautiful flower </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduce asexually very quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution filter: Nitrates, phosphates </li></ul><ul><li>Potassium, Toxic Wastes, Pesticides & </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Metals. </li></ul><ul><li>Bulb like structure contain air pockets </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Some fish including tetras, </li></ul><ul><li>rainbow-fish, killifish can </li></ul><ul><li>use its root as spawning </li></ul><ul><li>ground </li></ul><ul><li>Fish can survive there for a </li></ul><ul><li>short time since the plant grow rapidly cutting </li></ul><ul><li>off oxygen and suffocating the fish </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Department of Boating and Waterways, California maintains a program of control of aquatic weeds in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta to keep the channels open for navigation and commerce. The weeds grew to choke Delta waterways in the 1980s, interfering with irrigation, agriculture, recreation, and business there. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>A population of Wolffia columbiana (A), </li></ul><ul><li>W. globosa (B), and W. borealis (C) in the </li></ul><ul><li>San Dieguito River of San Diego County, </li></ul><ul><li>California. The smallest plants are </li></ul><ul><li>W. globosa, some of which are only </li></ul><ul><li>0.3 to 0.5 mm in diameter </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>THE SMALLEST KNOWN FLOWERING PLANT </li></ul><ul><li>WOLFFIA </li></ul><ul><li>A wolffia plant is about 10 20 </li></ul><ul><li>power larger than a water </li></ul><ul><li>molecule. The earth is about </li></ul><ul><li>10 20 power larger than a </li></ul><ul><li>wolffia plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Wolffia plants also produce </li></ul><ul><li>the world's smallest flower. </li></ul><ul><li>Two Wolffia angusta plants in </li></ul><ul><li>full bloom will fit inside a </li></ul><ul><li>small printed letter “o” in a </li></ul><ul><li>page of a book </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>(California and Pacific Northwest. ) </li></ul><ul><li>The world's smallest flowering plant also has one of the most rapid rates of vegetative reproduction. The Indian species, Wolffia microscopica, can produce a smaller daughter plant in its basal reproductive pouch by budding every 30-36 hours. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Wolffia arrhiza </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILY : LEMNACEAE </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER : ARALES </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS : LILIOPSIDA </li></ul><ul><li>DIVISION : </li></ul><ul><li>MAGNOLIOPHYTA </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Daffodils Williams Wordsworth I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
  25. 25. Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the milky way, They stretched in never - ending line Along the margin of a bay; Ten thousand saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
  26. 26. <ul><li>The waves beside them danced; but they Out - did the sparkling waves in glee. A poet could not be but gay. In such a jocund company; I gazed - and gazed - but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought; </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Narcissus odorus </li></ul><ul><li>For often when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>'Cockermouth - Wordsworth Memorial' </li></ul><ul><li>This bronze bust of the poet, unveiled on 7 April 1970, the bicentenary of poet’s birth, by his great-great </li></ul><ul><li>-grandson. </li></ul><ul><li>As part of the same celebrations, 27000 daffodils were planted on open spaces and approaches to the town. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>J.W. Waterhouse,1903 Caravaggio,1598 Salvador Dali,1936 </li></ul><ul><li>ECHO and NARCISSUS </li></ul><ul><li>Tiresias foretells the fate of Narcissus </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;He will live a long life if he never knows himself&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful, proud, aloof youth Bernard Lepicie 1771 </li></ul><ul><li>Rejects all lovers, incl. the nymph Echo, who wastes away </li></ul><ul><li>Falls in love with his own reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Dies of love for himself, turned into flower </li></ul><ul><li>Hence the term: &quot;Narcissism &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Nicolas Poussin 1628 </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Son of the nymph Liriope </li></ul><ul><li>and of the sacred river </li></ul><ul><li>Kiphissos, Narcissus was </li></ul><ul><li>punished by Nemesis and </li></ul><ul><li>then fell in love with his </li></ul><ul><li>reflection in a pool and </li></ul><ul><li>pined away, becoming the </li></ul><ul><li>flower that bears his name. </li></ul><ul><li>Echo, daughter of the Air and the Earth, a lovely nymph fell in love with Narcissus but lacked the power of speech and could only repeat the last syllables of what she heard (punishment made by Zeus’s wife, Juno) </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Narcissus pseudonarcissus </li></ul><ul><li>Riverside, grassy slopes, damp woods & meadows </li></ul><ul><li>Northwest Europe to North of England </li></ul><ul><li>Spain, Portugal & Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Family : Liliaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Order : Liliales 6 - 14” </li></ul><ul><li>Class : Liliopsida </li></ul><ul><li>Division :Magnoliophyta </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>This cloned Narcissus odorus originated as a hybrid of the wild Jonquil ( N. jonquilla ) with the Lent Lily ( N. pseudonarcissus ). Despite that it is a hybrid it is regarded as a botanical narcissus because it was discovered as a wildflower in the eastern Mediterranean region, where spontaneous crosses of wild daffodils & wild jonquils were first reported in 1595 & in 1601. </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Narcissus species </li></ul>
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