Marvels & Mysteries of Our Animal World - Part 1

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Marvels & Mysteries of Our Animal World - Part 1

  1. 1. Marvels & Mysteries of Our Animal World part 1 By An Admirer Of Nature
  2. 2. <ul><li>Dedicated To Father Of Zoology </li></ul><ul><li>He lived in the 4 th century BC </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander,the great,provided 1000 workers for the study of animals </li></ul><ul><li>Treatises by him: </li></ul><ul><li>History , Parts , Movements , </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotion and Reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Of Animals </li></ul>Who am I ?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Recorded the feeding habits of Angler-fishes </li></ul><ul><li>First to make dissection of animals </li></ul><ul><li>Studied 540 kinds of animals- a task without microscopes and reference books </li></ul>?
  4. 4. ARISTOTLE “Father Of Zoology”
  5. 5. DARWIN & RUSSEL WALLACE AD 1823 “ ORIGIN OF SPECIES” AD 1913 AD 1809 AD 1882 HUXLEY : Introduced the term “ BIOGENESIS” AD 1825 AD 1895 LAMARCK : Introduced the term “BIOLOGY” Invertebrate classes first introduced AD 1744 AD 1829 JOHN RAY : Published “ORNITHOLOGY” and “HISTORY OF FISHES” AD 1628 AD 1705 ALBERTUS MAGNUS : Aristotle’s work enlarged AD 1193 AD 1280 ARISTOTLE : History, Parts, Movements, Locomotion & Reproduction Of Animals BC 384 BC 322
  6. 6. History Of Classification Of Life Binomial Nomenclature – “ SYSTEMA NATURAE” 10 TH Edition (1758) Animals into 6 Classes: Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, Fishes, Insects & Worms LINNAEUS 1707 1778 “ NATURAL HISTORY” ROMAN PLINY THE ELDER 23 – 79 AD Followed Aristotle THEOPHRASTUS 372 – 287 BC Red Blood: Mammals,Birds,Reptiles,Fish Colourless Blood: Squids,Shellfish Crayfish,and Insects. ARISTOTLE 384 322 BC
  7. 7. Geographical Distribution Of Animals in 1857. PL SCLATER 1829-1913 Heredity Principle MENDEL 1822 - 1884 “ PHILOSOPHIE ZOOLOGIQUE” On Evolution in 1809 LAMARCK 1744 - 1829 “ HISTOIRE NATURELLE” First Treatise On Animal Geography in 1777 BUFFON 1707 - 1788
  8. 8. Extensively revised … .. 1981 Edition of International Code Of Zoological Nomenclature 1958 International Congress On Zoology organized a commission for naming animals 1898 Geographical Distribution Of Animals RUSSEL WALLACE 1823 - 1913 Origin of Species By Means Of Natural Selection in 1859 CHARLES DARVIN 1809 - 1882
  9. 9. Zoology Development Chronologically Gave the word “Species” a practical limitation JOHN RAY 1628-1694 Anatomical discoveries with microscope MALPIGHI 1628-1694 Blood Circulation HARVEY 1578 – 1657 A D Rough classification of animals ARISTOTLE 384 – 322 BC
  10. 10. Discovery of animal cell Foundation of Embryology and Physiology SCHWANN 1810-1882 Comparative anatomy and Paleontology CUVIER 1769-1832 Theory of evolution Lamarckism LAMARCK 1744-1829 Binomial system of Nomenclature LINNAEUS 1707-1778
  11. 11. Heredity Principle MENDEL 1822-1884 Supported the theory of Evolution HUXLEY 1825-1895 Supported the theory of Evolution WALLACE 1823-1913 Theory of Evolution Origin of species by means of natural selection DARWIN 1809-1882
  12. 12. Aristotle presenting his text to Alexander <ul><li>Darwin in his translation of Aristotle’s Parts of Animals remarked “I have a high notion of Aristotle’s merits. Linnaeus and Cuvier have been my two Gods, though in very different ways, but they were mere schoolboys to old Aristotle” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Anglerfishes seem to eat anything that is available <ul><li>Encyclopedia of the Animal World (Bay books, Sydney, 1972), volume 1, page 68: </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is interesting to note that Aristotle who well merits the title of Father of Zoology recorded this curious feeding habit over 2000 years ago” </li></ul>
  14. 14. ARISTOTLE S HARVEY K N JOHN RAY L U C CUVIER I E E R W D A SCHWANN A R WALLACE N N M HUXLEY A E N A D M I L L ZOOLOGY MANSION BY GREAT MASTERS
  15. 15. <ul><li>ANIMALS FAR IN THE SKY </li></ul><ul><li>S tars linked </li></ul><ul><li>together to </li></ul><ul><li>form shapes. </li></ul><ul><li>Constellations </li></ul><ul><li>named after </li></ul><ul><li>animals, Gods </li></ul><ul><li>and heroes. </li></ul><ul><li>(GC Eimmart) </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>(Escher mosaic) </li></ul><ul><li>2 Million different kinds of animals </li></ul><ul><li>Zoology now enables animals to be not only studied but appreciated, and often loved, with a sense of wonder and delight </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>TAXONOMY </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition, description, nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>and classification of living organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>Linnaen System: Seven Groups </li></ul><ul><li>KINGDOM : ANIMALIA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYLUM : CHORDATA </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS : MAMMALIA </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER : CARNIVORA </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILY : FELIDAE </li></ul><ul><li>GENUS : FELIS </li></ul><ul><li>SPECIES : TIGRIS </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>KINGDOM - ANIMALIA </li></ul><ul><li>PHYLUM - CHORDATA </li></ul><ul><li>SUB PHYLUM - VERTEBRATA </li></ul><ul><li>SUPER CLASS - TETRAPODA </li></ul><ul><li>CLASS - MAMMALIA </li></ul><ul><li>SUB CLASS - THERIA </li></ul><ul><li>INTER CLASS - EUTHERIA </li></ul><ul><li>ORDER - PRIMATA </li></ul><ul><li>SUB ORDER - ANTHROPOIDEA </li></ul><ul><li>SUPER FAMILY - HOMINOIDEA </li></ul><ul><li>FAMILY - HOMINIDAE </li></ul><ul><li>SUB FAMILY - HOMINIDAE </li></ul><ul><li>GENUS – HOMO ; SPECIES - SAPIENS </li></ul>
  19. 19. BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE <ul><li>Naming with two names as Homo sapiens </li></ul><ul><li>Linnaes insisted Latinized taxonomic names He changed his name from karl von Linne </li></ul><ul><li>Latin was used by all scholars then </li></ul><ul><li>Being a dead language meaning is permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Command housecat is Felis domestica </li></ul><ul><li>A student forgot and with </li></ul><ul><li>presence of mind wrote in </li></ul><ul><li>the answer sheet a descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>one as Felis pussicatius </li></ul>

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