History of Writing


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History of Writing

  1. 1. <ul><li>HISTORY OF WRITING </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>JOY OF READING </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The very first artistic painting (as well as </li></ul><ul><li>the very earliest writing) was in the form </li></ul><ul><li>of naturalistic paintings of animals and people, in protected places like caves </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In Harappa-Mohenjodaro cultures (3300 - 2000 BC), seals were used in ancient times for trade. They would be made on ceramics or the clay tags used to seal the rope around bundles of goods. The language and meaning of seals from the Harappa-Mohenjodaro civilization are not really understood </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A Sumerian tablet in it's original envelope. </li></ul><ul><li>The outer seal shows a seated god being approached by a worshipper. The impression was made by rolling the seal on the wet clay. The face of the seal was cut from semi-precious stone. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A receipt for a sale of goods in clay </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Pictograms, or drawings representing actual things, were the basis for cuneiform writing </li></ul><ul><li>Cuneiform was written on clay tablets, and then baked hard in a kiln </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerians created cuneiform script over 5000 years ago. It was the world's first written language. The last known cuneiform inscription was written in 75 AD </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>http://www.upennmuseum.com/cuneiform.cgi </li></ul><ul><li>“ Write Like a Babylonian </li></ul><ul><li>See your monogram in cuneiform, </li></ul><ul><li>the way an ancient Babylonian </li></ul><ul><li>might have written it” </li></ul><ul><li>For C.Sri Vidya Rajagopalan , </li></ul><ul><li>the monogram in cuneiform is </li></ul><ul><li>as shown in the left </li></ul>
  8. 8. Egyptian tomb hieroglyphic texts
  9. 9. <ul><li>Drawings of ancient Egyptian writing tools, were found in in the tomb of Mereuka at Saqqara, dated around 2330BC </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Example of Egyptian Papyrus - dated  1200BC. On display at the Bath Postal Museum. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The Rosetta stone (British Museum) : a convincing example of the advantages of marking up texts </li></ul><ul><li>In the hieroglyphic (upper) part of the Rosetta stone was the name of Ptolemy ,which is easily identified in the Greek text in the lower part of the stone. The middle part is written in demotic </li></ul><ul><li>Successful decipherment of hieroglyphs was done by J.F. Champollion (1790 – 1832) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Ashoka’s stone Inscription </li></ul><ul><li>Ramnad-Sivaganga Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Stone Inscription Stone Inscription </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>These five copper plates strung in a copper ring (dated 10th century) were issued by the Chola king Uththama Chola of Kachhippedu (Kanchipuram), which referred to certain dues to be paid to the temple of Vishnu there. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Palm-leaf inscriptions are made on palm leaf with stylus. All of our Sangam Tamil literature were in this form. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>A Tamil palm leaf </li></ul><ul><li>palm leaves fastened </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Miniature painting </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The Gutenberg Bible was printed by Johann Gutenberg,in germany. The print run started on February 23, 1455. Its production marked the beginning of the mass production of books in the West. </li></ul><ul><li>A complete copy comprises 1282 pages; most were bound in two volumes. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Gutenberg Bible (Paper) (Vellum) </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Printing Press - Old and New </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.          (Richard Steele)         </li></ul><ul><li>Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few are to be chewed and digested.         (Francis Bacon) </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>“Students who score higher on tests tend to come from schools which have more library resource staff and more books, periodicals and videos, and where involvement in cooperative program planning and teaching are more prominent.”        Keith Curry Lance, et. al. The Impact of School Library Media Centers on Academic Achievement .    </li></ul>