CSA Conference - 2010Sparing the Rod and nurturing the child : Caribbean Culture and                     violence against ...
“stupes, ..”    “Corporal punishment” as one of the    everyday experiences of violence for    Caribbean children?    Re...
“..the judicious use of corporal punishment ,                   not abuse..”Corporal punishment refers to the intentional ...
“yall want we get like america...”    Red Thread , Help & Shelter work in pilot schools         −   http://www.hands.org....
“.. a last resort in our schools..”    Parents, teachers and students are    overwhelmingly in favour of retaining CP   ...
“..culturally appropriate..”     There is also strong belief among parents, teachers and students that female    teachers...
“Towards a Culture of Peace and Civility”    Trinidad & Tobago         −     Minister Peraud-Bissessar, Prof Deosarran,  ...
“.. every time I get licks, I merit it..”    The issue of power – getting satisfaction    Licks bunnin and coolin    Wh...
“..It was good. I thought I could not learn more about parenting. I realize whatshould be done. I got a better view of chi...
“..workshop opened new ideas and methods on how I                      will do things..s•     “Very informative and I lear...
“Sparing the rod..”    Can we change?       –   Research hypotheses       –   Compare to Gender Based Violence and Domest...
“Nurturing the child..”    When will we change?     −   Peace building work     −   No imperial mandates    How will we ...
Thank you!    CSA 2010    Nalini Mohabir    Justin Springer    KP
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Sparing the Rod and Nurturing the Child : Caribbean culture and violence against children

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This is a presentation delivered at the Caribbean Studies Association Conference in 2010 (Barbados) around the issue of corporal punishment of children

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  • Judith did a defintion as well based on dictionary and encyclopaedia
  • Extracts from the report at http://www.hands.org.gy/cpreport
  • The extracts continue
  • Reflecting on Caribbean positions – I had found that in 1947 there was a motion in the national assembly or legislative assembly in Guyana to deal with corporal punishment
  • Quote from justin who told me this story over dinner last night
  • Overview of what our programme is
  • Feedback from the pickney project workshop participants
  • Saying the research should not be about how things are and how people agree, but that should be about why people think the way they do and how to move forward If we ask about domestic violence we would probably get some responses which indicate a level of tolerance..
  • Not asking for imperial mandates – eg using UNICEF people, or saying that our countires sign rights since it seems the average person dont really care. But linking private and publice violence
  • Kendra pitt told me that rage was okay place to start the discussion, do not be dispassionate because I walking around realising all the stuff going on and this is beingnot dealt with
  • Sparing the Rod and Nurturing the Child : Caribbean culture and violence against children

    1. 1. CSA Conference - 2010Sparing the Rod and nurturing the child : Caribbean Culture and violence against children Presenter : Vidyaratha Kissoon - Guyana
    2. 2. “stupes, ..” “Corporal punishment” as one of the everyday experiences of violence for Caribbean children? Reflecting on the work of Help & Shelter, Red Thread Can, when, how will we change?
    3. 3. “..the judicious use of corporal punishment , not abuse..”Corporal punishment refers to the intentional application of physical pain as a method of changing behavior. It includes a wide variety of methods such as hitting, slapping, spanking, whipping, flogging, ‘blowsing’, punching, kicking, pinching, shaking, choking, use of various objects (belts, sticks, whips, rulers, pins, or others), painful body postures, or prevention of urine or stool elimination. These acts are usually perpetrated by adults or older children against younger children.Help & Shelter Draft Child Protection Policy
    4. 4. “yall want we get like america...” Red Thread , Help & Shelter work in pilot schools − http://www.hands.org.gy/cpreport − UNICEF − Teachers, parents, students Help & Shelter Pickney Project − http://www.hands.org.gy/pickney − Everychild Guyana /Childlink − Faith based leaders, parents, teachers, nurses, police
    5. 5. “.. a last resort in our schools..” Parents, teachers and students are overwhelmingly in favour of retaining CP CP is not considered to be violence against children Urban areas are more flexible with respect to removing CP from schools There is strong belief among parents and students that younger teachers are more likely to resort to CP and to administer CP more often than older teachers
    6. 6. “..culturally appropriate..” There is also strong belief among parents, teachers and students that female teachers are more likely to resort to CP and to administer CP more often than male teachers There is incongruence between a belief that CP is an acceptable form of discipline and the negative feelings of sadness and guilt felt by parents and teachers when administering CP and by children when they are receiving CP. There is also incongruence between a belief that CP is an acceptable form of discipline and responses from teachers that indicate that they do not believe CP is the most effective form of discipline, or that it improves lasting behaviour change and pupil performance. Teachers also indicate that it causes physical and emotional harm. Teachers do not follow the Ministry’s disciplinary guidelines. They routinely administer CP in the classroom.
    7. 7. “Towards a Culture of Peace and Civility” Trinidad & Tobago − Minister Peraud-Bissessar, Prof Deosarran, Minister Manning, Merle Hodge, ? Barbados − Chief Education Officer, 2009 report Guyana − 1947, 2007 attempts − Universal Periodic Review recommendations − Not explicit in violence prevention projects
    8. 8. “.. every time I get licks, I merit it..” The issue of power – getting satisfaction Licks bunnin and coolin What about those who dont want licks? How valid is this view? “She used Caesar..I can still see him crying, washing the blood off, his shirt wet with his tears and I wanting to cry..”
    9. 9. “..It was good. I thought I could not learn more about parenting. I realize whatshould be done. I got a better view of children’s life. Most people think their way is the way. Also gave insight on treatment of children ..”  Self Esteem  The four-petal seven-shaper model of self  Early childhood development  Why children get licks and the real reason why children get licks  Alternative methods of discipline  Dos and Don’ts of parenting  Reinforcing the good things about Caribbean family life
    10. 10. “..workshop opened new ideas and methods on how I will do things..s• “Very informative and I learnt a lot. Parenting is not just giving birth.”• “I thought the only necessity was preaching until I come here. When I have my children I will know what to do”• “Good to hear each other’s situation; we opened, we shared, we felt comfortable. I did not know it all; how to deal with my children. We will take this back to our churches. We can be bold enough to speak to parents. Thank God I am here.”• “The timing was perfect to be informed us all of a new methodology of parenting. I will no longer drive fear in my children. Over these days I have stopped ‘shutting my daughter up’; I am giving her a chance to speak.”
    11. 11. “Sparing the rod..” Can we change? – Research hypotheses – Compare to Gender Based Violence and Domestic Violence work  Education/Awareness  Law  Religion  Culture  Individual education
    12. 12. “Nurturing the child..” When will we change? − Peace building work − No imperial mandates How will we change? − Policy of non-violent discipline in schools − Changing our laws − Promoting parenting education  with pre-parents  With parents  With children
    13. 13. Thank you! CSA 2010 Nalini Mohabir Justin Springer KP

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