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UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
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UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)

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Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja …

Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
Carrera: Inglés
Docente: Lic. Paola Alexandra Cabrera Solano
Ciclo: Primero
Bimestre: Segundo

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    • 1. ESCUELA : INGLÉS PROFESOR: COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II MGS. PAOLA A. CABRERA SOLANO BIMESTRE : SEGUNDO Octubre 2011-Febrero 2012
    • 2. SECOND TERM UNIT SEVEN: THERE IS / THERE ARE; PRONOUNS; QUESTIONS WITH HOW MANY UNIT EIGHT: REVIEW AND CONTRAST; VERBS AND PRONOUNS UNIT NINE: THE FUTURE UNIT TEN: NOUNS, QUANTIFIERS, AND PRONOUNS The Past of B e
    • 3. UNIT ELEVEN: MODALS: PERMISSION / REQUESTS; DESIRES; OFFERS; ADVICE; NECESSITY UNIT TWELVE: COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES; ADVERBS
    • 4. UNIT VII: THERE IS / THERE ARE; PRONOUNS; QUESTIONS WITH HOW MANY <ul><li>There is / There are; Is there ….? Are there…? </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples… </li></ul><ul><li>We use there is or there’s to state facts about a person or thing. </li></ul><ul><li>We use there are to talk about people or things. </li></ul><ul><li>There isn’t … there aren’t. </li></ul><ul><li>We use any with yes/no questions about plural nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a woman at the department. </li></ul><ul><li>There are six tables there. </li></ul><ul><li>There aren’t any gyms near our house. </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any stores in this city? </li></ul>
    • 5. <ul><li>SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS; DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECTS </li></ul><ul><li>S </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES … </li></ul><ul><li>A pronoun replaces a noun. A subject pronoun replaces a noun in subject position. </li></ul><ul><li>An object pronoun replaces a noun in subject position. </li></ul><ul><li>A direct object answers the question “whom” or “what”. </li></ul><ul><li>An indirect object answers the question “to whom” or “to what”. </li></ul><ul><li>William works / He works </li></ul><ul><li>Susan called Paul </li></ul><ul><li>Susan called him </li></ul><ul><li>DO IO </li></ul><ul><li>She gave the CD to her. </li></ul><ul><li>IO DO </li></ul><ul><li>She gave her the CD. </li></ul><ul><li>DO IO </li></ul><ul><li>She gave it to her. </li></ul>
    • 6. <ul><li>Count and Non –Count Nouns; Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative Statements – Negative Statements </li></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT: Some, any, a few, a litle: Review page 242. </li></ul>Count nouns : Nouns that we can count Non-count nouns: Nouns that we cannot count Singular Count Nouns: a , an, one (bag) Plural Count Nouns: five, some, a few, a lot of, many (pencil, book) Non – Count Nouns: a little, some, a lot of (motivation, salt)
    • 7. <ul><li>The Simple Present and Present Progressive; Adverbs and Expressions of Frequency </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES … </li></ul><ul><li>Simple present: to tell about habits, customs, regular occurrences, routines, or facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Present progressive: to tell or ask about an action that is happening right now or these days. </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs of frequency </li></ul><ul><li>Expressions of frequency </li></ul><ul><li>I go to the park. </li></ul><ul><li>Does he like fruits? </li></ul><ul><li>I’m listening pop music right now. </li></ul><ul><li>Is he watching a movie? </li></ul><ul><li>How often do you go to the gym? </li></ul><ul><li>They always walk. </li></ul>
    • 8. UNIT VIII: REVIEW AND CONTRAST; VERBS AND PRONOUNS ADVERBS AND EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCY Every day Twice Three times Several times Once in a while
    • 9. Pages 267, and 268 Gerunds Infinitives Simple Past
    • 10. Non – action verbs Some examples…. <ul><li>We like the beach. </li></ul><ul><li>I prefer milk instead of coffee. </li></ul><ul><li>This car costs a lot of money. </li></ul><ul><li>I am very tired now. </li></ul>
    • 11. UNIT IX: THE FUTURE <ul><li>There are different ways to express the future: </li></ul><ul><li>Be + going to + the base form of the verb: I’m going to study English tomorrow. </li></ul>
    • 12. <ul><li>Be going to … </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES … </li></ul><ul><li>Facts about the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Make predictions. </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Probably. </li></ul><ul><li>Future Time markers. </li></ul><ul><li>The present progressive + a future time marker. </li></ul><ul><li>The congress is going to be in Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>There is going to be a change in the climate. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m going to travel tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m travelling next week. </li></ul>
    • 13. <ul><li>WILL FOR THE FUTURE; FUTURE TIME MARKERS </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><li>Nouns are names of people, places, and things that will take place in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>We use contractions of will with pronouns in speaking and informal writing. </li></ul><ul><li>The grammar class will begin next month. </li></ul><ul><li>Will they be there? </li></ul><ul><li>He’s going to take this course. </li></ul><ul><li>Not: He’s going to takes a course. </li></ul>
    • 14. We use “Will” to …… Pages 311 - 313
    • 15. <ul><li>WILL / MAY / MIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES …. </li></ul><ul><li>USE: </li></ul><ul><li>Will for predictions. </li></ul><ul><li>Will to make a promise or give assurance. </li></ul><ul><li>Will to ask for or offer something. </li></ul><ul><li>Won’t is the contaction of Will + not </li></ul><ul><li>REVIEW: MAY AND MIGHT PAGE 321 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2050 there will be more mega-cities. </li></ul><ul><li>I ’ll be back tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Will you help me? </li></ul><ul><li>I won’t be at the birthday party next week. </li></ul><ul><li>May is a little more possible than might </li></ul>
    • 16. <ul><li>NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><li>Some and any refer to an amount. </li></ul><ul><li>Some in affirmative </li></ul><ul><li>Any in negative </li></ul><ul><li>Any or some can be used with plural count-nouns and non-count nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>To count non-count nouns we use containers . </li></ul><ul><li>He bought some calendars. </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t buy any books. </li></ul><ul><li>Did you buy any milk? </li></ul><ul><li>She drank two glasses of water. </li></ul>UNIT X: NOUNS
    • 17. <ul><li>TOO MANY / TOO MUCH </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES … </li></ul><ul><li>Too many and too much mean more than the right amount. </li></ul><ul><li>Too many before plural count- nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Too much before non-count nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Too few is the opposite of too many. </li></ul><ul><li>Too little is the opposite of too much. </li></ul><ul><li>Too many people registered for that course. </li></ul><ul><li>It costs too much money. </li></ul><ul><li>There were too few chairs. </li></ul><ul><li>There was too little time. </li></ul>
    • 18. <ul><li>POSSESIVES </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES … </li></ul><ul><li>A possessive adjective shows belonging. </li></ul><ul><li>A possessive pronoun replaces a possessive adjective and a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>A noun never follows a possessive pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>The verb that follows a possessive pronoun agrees with the noun it replaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Possessive Adjective: </li></ul><ul><li>My, Your, His, Her, Our, </li></ul><ul><li>Their, and Its. </li></ul><ul><li>My name is Paola. </li></ul><ul><li>His car is red. </li></ul><ul><li>Possessive pronoun: </li></ul><ul><li>Mine, Yours, His, Hers, Ours, and Theirs </li></ul><ul><li>Your car is blue. </li></ul><ul><li>Mine is black. </li></ul>
    • 19. <ul><li>MODALS </li></ul><ul><li>SOME EXAMPLES … </li></ul><ul><li>Can or May for Permission. </li></ul><ul><li>May is more formal than can . </li></ul><ul><li>There is not contraction for may not. </li></ul><ul><li>Can or May + the base form of the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Requests: Would you.., Could you…, Can you.. </li></ul><ul><li>May / Can I go to the party? </li></ul><ul><li>You can’t drive a truck on this road. </li></ul><ul><li>Would you please help me carry these books? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you go with me? </li></ul>UNIT XI: MODALS: PERMISSION / REQUESTS; DESIRES; OFFERS; ADVICE; NECESSITY
    • 20. MODALS + BASE FORM OF THE VERB Should <ul><ul><li>To give advice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To talk about what is right to do. </li></ul></ul>Should not <ul><ul><li>Negative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shouldn’t = contraction (speaking and informal writing </li></ul></ul>Ought to <ul><ul><li>Means the same as should </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is not usually used in questions or negatives. We use should instead. (Use Maybe or I think.. before) </li></ul></ul>
    • 21. <ul><ul><li>To talk about things that are necessary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We usually use have to in speaking and informal writing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have to is different from the verb have. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To talk about things that are necessary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must is stronger than have to. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The past of must and have to is had to . </li></ul></ul>Had better <ul><ul><li>To give advice ( present or future) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is stronger than should. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is followed by the base form of the verb. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ d better in speaking and informal writing. (Had does not refer to the past </li></ul></ul>Have to Don’t have to Must / Mustn’t
    • 22. UNIT XII: UNIT TWELVE: COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES; ADVERBS <ul><li>COMPARISONS </li></ul><ul><li>We use the comparative form of an adjective + than to compare people, places, or things. </li></ul>
    • 23. <ul><li>COMPARISONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good – Better </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad – Worse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Far - Farther </li></ul></ul>Good, bad, and far (Irregular adjectives) <ul><ul><li>Use the object pronoun after than. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the subject pronoun after than </li></ul></ul>Object pronoun (Informal) Subject pronoun (formal) <ul><ul><li>To show how people, places, or things are alike. He is as tall as Mike (Not….) </li></ul></ul>as + adjective + as <ul><ul><li>For things that are alike . </li></ul></ul>the same as
    • 24. <ul><li>Adverbs of manner describe action verbs. They say how or in what manner something happens. </li></ul><ul><li>They usually come at the end of the sentence . (Slowly, well, fast, carefully, fluently,) Review pages 423 and 424. </li></ul><ul><li>Enough means sufficient - Too means more than necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>We use Much to make comparisons stronger - He’s much younger than me. </li></ul>
    • 25. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>FOR YOUR </li></ul><ul><li>ATTENTION </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail: pacabrera@utpl.edu.ec </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD LUCK! </li></ul>
    • 26.  

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