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UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)
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UTPL-COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II-II-BIMESTRE-(OCTUBRE 2011-FEBRERO 2012)

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Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja …

Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
Carrera: Inglés
Docente: Lic. Paola Alexandra Cabrera Solano
Ciclo: Primero
Bimestre: Segundo

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    • 1. ESCUELA : INGLÉS PROFESOR: COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II MGS. PAOLA A. CABRERA SOLANO BIMESTRE : SEGUNDO Octubre 2011-Febrero 2012
    • 2. SECOND TERM UNIT SEVEN: THERE IS / THERE ARE; PRONOUNS; QUESTIONS WITH HOW MANY UNIT EIGHT: REVIEW AND CONTRAST; VERBS AND PRONOUNS UNIT NINE: THE FUTURE UNIT TEN: NOUNS, QUANTIFIERS, AND PRONOUNS The Past of B e
    • 3. UNIT ELEVEN: MODALS: PERMISSION / REQUESTS; DESIRES; OFFERS; ADVICE; NECESSITY UNIT TWELVE: COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES; ADVERBS
    • 4. UNIT VII: THERE IS / THERE ARE; PRONOUNS; QUESTIONS WITH HOW MANY
      • There is / There are; Is there ….? Are there…?
      • Some examples…
      • We use there is or there’s to state facts about a person or thing.
      • We use there are to talk about people or things.
      • There isn’t … there aren’t.
      • We use any with yes/no questions about plural nouns.
      • There is a woman at the department.
      • There are six tables there.
      • There aren’t any gyms near our house.
      • Are there any stores in this city?
    • 5.
      • SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS; DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECTS
      • S
      • SOME EXAMPLES …
      • A pronoun replaces a noun. A subject pronoun replaces a noun in subject position.
      • An object pronoun replaces a noun in subject position.
      • A direct object answers the question “whom” or “what”.
      • An indirect object answers the question “to whom” or “to what”.
      • William works / He works
      • Susan called Paul
      • Susan called him
      • DO IO
      • She gave the CD to her.
      • IO DO
      • She gave her the CD.
      • DO IO
      • She gave it to her.
    • 6.
      • Count and Non –Count Nouns; Articles
      • Affirmative Statements – Negative Statements
      • IMPORTANT: Some, any, a few, a litle: Review page 242.
      Count nouns : Nouns that we can count Non-count nouns: Nouns that we cannot count Singular Count Nouns: a , an, one (bag) Plural Count Nouns: five, some, a few, a lot of, many (pencil, book) Non – Count Nouns: a little, some, a lot of (motivation, salt)
    • 7.
      • The Simple Present and Present Progressive; Adverbs and Expressions of Frequency
      • SOME EXAMPLES …
      • Simple present: to tell about habits, customs, regular occurrences, routines, or facts.
      • Present progressive: to tell or ask about an action that is happening right now or these days.
      • Adverbs of frequency
      • Expressions of frequency
      • I go to the park.
      • Does he like fruits?
      • I’m listening pop music right now.
      • Is he watching a movie?
      • How often do you go to the gym?
      • They always walk.
    • 8. UNIT VIII: REVIEW AND CONTRAST; VERBS AND PRONOUNS ADVERBS AND EXPRESSIONS OF FREQUENCY Every day Twice Three times Several times Once in a while
    • 9. Pages 267, and 268 Gerunds Infinitives Simple Past
    • 10. Non – action verbs Some examples….
      • We like the beach.
      • I prefer milk instead of coffee.
      • This car costs a lot of money.
      • I am very tired now.
    • 11. UNIT IX: THE FUTURE
      • There are different ways to express the future:
      • Be + going to + the base form of the verb: I’m going to study English tomorrow.
    • 12.
      • Be going to …
      • SOME EXAMPLES …
      • Facts about the future.
      • Make predictions.
      • Talk about plans.
      • Probably.
      • Future Time markers.
      • The present progressive + a future time marker.
      • The congress is going to be in Florida.
      • There is going to be a change in the climate.
      • I’m going to travel tomorrow.
      • I’m travelling next week.
    • 13.
      • WILL FOR THE FUTURE; FUTURE TIME MARKERS
      • SOME EXAMPLES
      • Nouns are names of people, places, and things that will take place in the future.
      • We use contractions of will with pronouns in speaking and informal writing.
      • The grammar class will begin next month.
      • Will they be there?
      • He’s going to take this course.
      • Not: He’s going to takes a course.
    • 14. We use “Will” to …… Pages 311 - 313
    • 15.
      • WILL / MAY / MIGHT
      • SOME EXAMPLES ….
      • USE:
      • Will for predictions.
      • Will to make a promise or give assurance.
      • Will to ask for or offer something.
      • Won’t is the contaction of Will + not
      • REVIEW: MAY AND MIGHT PAGE 321
      • In 2050 there will be more mega-cities.
      • I ’ll be back tomorrow.
      • Will you help me?
      • I won’t be at the birthday party next week.
      • May is a little more possible than might
    • 16.
      • NOUNS
      • SOME EXAMPLES
      • Some and any refer to an amount.
      • Some in affirmative
      • Any in negative
      • Any or some can be used with plural count-nouns and non-count nouns.
      • To count non-count nouns we use containers .
      • He bought some calendars.
      • I didn’t buy any books.
      • Did you buy any milk?
      • She drank two glasses of water.
      UNIT X: NOUNS
    • 17.
      • TOO MANY / TOO MUCH
      • SOME EXAMPLES …
      • Too many and too much mean more than the right amount.
      • Too many before plural count- nouns
      • Too much before non-count nouns.
      • Too few is the opposite of too many.
      • Too little is the opposite of too much.
      • Too many people registered for that course.
      • It costs too much money.
      • There were too few chairs.
      • There was too little time.
    • 18.
      • POSSESIVES
      • SOME EXAMPLES …
      • A possessive adjective shows belonging.
      • A possessive pronoun replaces a possessive adjective and a noun.
      • A noun never follows a possessive pronoun.
      • The verb that follows a possessive pronoun agrees with the noun it replaces.
      • Possessive Adjective:
      • My, Your, His, Her, Our,
      • Their, and Its.
      • My name is Paola.
      • His car is red.
      • Possessive pronoun:
      • Mine, Yours, His, Hers, Ours, and Theirs
      • Your car is blue.
      • Mine is black.
    • 19.
      • MODALS
      • SOME EXAMPLES …
      • Can or May for Permission.
      • May is more formal than can .
      • There is not contraction for may not.
      • Can or May + the base form of the verb.
      • Requests: Would you.., Could you…, Can you..
      • May / Can I go to the party?
      • You can’t drive a truck on this road.
      • Would you please help me carry these books?
      • Can you go with me?
      UNIT XI: MODALS: PERMISSION / REQUESTS; DESIRES; OFFERS; ADVICE; NECESSITY
    • 20. MODALS + BASE FORM OF THE VERB Should
        • To give advice
        • To talk about what is right to do.
      Should not
        • Negative
        • Shouldn’t = contraction (speaking and informal writing
      Ought to
        • Means the same as should
        • It is not usually used in questions or negatives. We use should instead. (Use Maybe or I think.. before)
    • 21.
        • To talk about things that are necessary.
        • We usually use have to in speaking and informal writing.
        • Have to is different from the verb have.
        • To talk about things that are necessary.
        • Must is stronger than have to.
        • The past of must and have to is had to .
      Had better
        • To give advice ( present or future)
        • It is stronger than should.
        • It is followed by the base form of the verb.
        • ‘ d better in speaking and informal writing. (Had does not refer to the past
      Have to Don’t have to Must / Mustn’t
    • 22. UNIT XII: UNIT TWELVE: COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES; ADVERBS
      • COMPARISONS
      • We use the comparative form of an adjective + than to compare people, places, or things.
    • 23.
      • COMPARISONS
        • Good – Better
        • Bad – Worse
        • Far - Farther
      Good, bad, and far (Irregular adjectives)
        • Use the object pronoun after than.
        • Use the subject pronoun after than
      Object pronoun (Informal) Subject pronoun (formal)
        • To show how people, places, or things are alike. He is as tall as Mike (Not….)
      as + adjective + as
        • For things that are alike .
      the same as
    • 24.
      • Adverbs of manner describe action verbs. They say how or in what manner something happens.
      • They usually come at the end of the sentence . (Slowly, well, fast, carefully, fluently,) Review pages 423 and 424.
      • Enough means sufficient - Too means more than necessary.
      • We use Much to make comparisons stronger - He’s much younger than me.
    • 25.
      • THANK YOU
      • FOR YOUR
      • ATTENTION
      • e-mail: pacabrera@utpl.edu.ec
      • GOOD LUCK!
    • 26.