ACADEMIC WRITINGSUPPORTING DETAILS AND OUTSIDE SOURCES Mgs. Paúl González T.
SUPPORTING DETAILS: FACTS, QUOTATIONS, AND STATISTICSAcademic writing normally requires that yousupport your ideas and opinions with facts,statistics, quotations, and similar kinds ofinformation. It is possible for you to get thesekinds of supporting details from outsidesources such as books, magazines,newspapers, web sites, personal interviews,and others.
USING OUTSIDE SOURCESWhere can we find specific supporting detailsto support our ideas? Personal experience Gather quotations and statistics by performing an experiment, taking a survey, or interviewing people In the library On the Internet
There are three ways to insert outsideinformation into your own writing: 1.We can quote it 2. We can summarize it 3. We can paraphrase it
PLAGIARISM• It is using someone else’s words or ideas as if they were our own, and it is a serious offense.• When we use information from an outside source without acknowledging that source, we are guilty of plagiarism.• One way to avoid plagiarism is to always put quotation marks around words that you copy exactly.• We are guilty of plagiarism if we fail to cite the source of outside information even if we are paraphrasing
Citing a source means to tell where you got the information.Citing a source is a two-step process: Insert a short reference in parentheses at the end or at the beginning of each piece of borrowed information. This short reference is called an in-text citation. She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.
Prepare a list describing all our sources completely. This list can be titled “References” or “Works Cited” and appears as the last page of your paper.Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
QUOTATIONSA quotation can be a sentence, severalsentences or a short paragraph.Quotations from reliable and knowledgeablesources are good supporting details. There are two kinds of quotations
Direct: We copy another person’s exactwords and enclose them in quotationmarks.Satzke states that:"Plagiarism is the theft of someone elses words."(2001, p 17)Indirect: We report what other person saidwithout using quotation marks.Satzke (2001) points out that plagiarism is a formof theft.
If we want to introduce borrowed information we can use the phraseaccording to or a reporting verb such as: assert declare maintain report claim insist mention say write suggest state
STATISTICS They are good supporting details whichcan be used with the previously mentionedreporting verbs when citing.