COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR III Future Time Clauses and Modals. Mgs. Paúl González T. 1
FUTURE TIME CLAUSES (unit 7) Remember that there are several ways to talk about the future. You can use be going to, will, the present progressive or the simple present. You can make predictions or guesses about the future.I think I will watch a movie tomorrow.
You can talk about future intentions or plans.I’m going to watch a movie tomorrow. NowPast Future movie 3
A sentence about the future can also have 2 clauses. The verb in the main clause is often in the future (will or be going to).He will look for a job when he graduates.He will look for a job main clausewhen he graduates time clause
The verb in the time clause is often in the simple present and can come at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.When he graduates, he will look for a job. graduatesWhen he graduates time clauseHe will look for a job main clause 5
Use a comma after the time clause when it comes at the beginning. Do not use a comma when it comes at the end. main clause time clause He’s going to work after he graduates. After he graduates, he’s going to work.
MODALS AND SIMILAR EXPRESSIONS Modals (CAN, COULD, MAY, SHOULD, OUGH TO, WOULD, WILL) can be used to express ability, permission, requests, advice, and suggestions. Other expressions can also be used; for example: BE ABLE TO, DO YOU MIND IF, HAD BETTER, HOW ABOUT, WHY DON’T We will focus on 1 use: permission. 7
PERMISSION: CAN, COULD, MAY, DO YOU MIND IF… (unit 12) Use the modals can, could and may to ask permission.Could I borrow your book? When you use could for permission, it is not the past.May I go to the bathroom, please? May is more formal than can and could.
Use can or may in answers. Don’t use could.A: Could I please use your cell phone?B: Yes, of course you can. (NOT Yes, you could.) canB: Sure. (in conversation: sure, certainly, go ahead)B: I’m sorry, but I need it. (refuse permission)
Use Do you mind if to ask permission when your action may annoy or inconvenience someone.A: Do you mind if I take this pencil?B: Not at all. OR No, I don’t. (It’s OK …)B: Yes, I do. (It’s not OK …)