THE INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPHAn introductory paragraph has 2 parts:1) GENERAL STAMENTS2) THESIS STATEMENT
GENERAL STAMENTS• introduce the general topic of the essay.• capture the reader’s interest.THESIS STATEMENT• states the specific topic.• may list subtopics or subdivisions of the main topic or subtopics.• may indicate the pattern organization of the essay.• is normally the last sentence in the introductory paragraph
The functions of the thesis statement is to be informative and direct. This means it’s not normally very exciting.
THESIS STATEMENTWhy Should Your Essay Contain a Thesis Statement?• to better organize and develop your argument• to provide your reader with a “guide” to your argument (distilling them into a sentence or two)
• Sometimes a thesis statement lists the subtopics that will be discussed in the body.Because the Internet is filled with tremendous marketing potential, companies should exploit this potential by using Web pages that offer both advertising and customer support.
Thesis Statements Pitfalls• The thesis is too generalLasers are very useful. (too general)Lasers have several applications in industry and medicine.• The thesis makes a simple announcement.I am going to write about sports injuries. (announcement)Avoid sports injuries by taking a few simple precautions.
• The thesis states an obvious fact.The Internet is a communication superhighway. (obvious fact)The explosion of the Internet has had both positive and negative consequences.
THE CONCLUDING PARAGRAPHThis is the final paragraph in an essay. It signals the end of the essay. It reminds your reader of your main points It leaves your reader with your final thoughts on the topic.
Some basic principles you can follow to writean effective conclusion:The conclusion should follow logically fromthe body of the essay.The conclusion must summarize the wholeessay, not just one or two major points.The conclusion should not raise any newpoints but must be related to the thesisstatement or body of the essay.