COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR IESCUELA: Ciencias de la Educación: Mención InglésBIMESTRE: SEGUNDONOMBRES: Mgs. Jhoana Elizabeth Paladines B. Octubre 2011-Febrero 2012
UNIT 6 Count nouns and Non Count NounsCount nouns: refer to separate things. It’s easy tocount.To form the plural of the most count nouns add s-es Pencil- pencils Book –books Box- Boxes Dish- DishesNon Count nouns: refer to things that are difficultto count. We use quantifiers to help us to count non-count nous.
UNIT 6 Can and Can’tCan is a modal.Can has different meanings, includingability, possibility, and request.Cannot/ Can’t is the negative form of CANI can swim ----AbilityShe can go to the supermaket ---PossibilityCan you open the door, please?--- Request
UNIT 6 Can and Can’t Affirmative Statements S+ can+ simple form of the verbI can play the piano.She can go to the cinema tonight. Negative StatementsS+ can’t/ cannot + simple form of the verbThey can’t watch TV.He can’t finish his project this night.
UNIT 7 The Simple Past Tense: Statements S +V-in past tense + Complement.They wrote a book.He lived in Peru.We went to the cinema.He arrived yesterday.They got married last month.It rained last week.I ate hamburger. Regular and Irregular Verbs
UNIT 7 The Simple Past Tense: Negative Statements S +did not/ didn’t+ V-in simple form+ Complement.They didn’t write a book.He did not live in Peru.We didn’t go to the cinema.He did not arrive yesterday.They didn’t got married last month.It did not rain last week.I didn’t eat a hamburger.
UNIT 7 The Simple Past Tense: Yes/No questions Did + S + verb in past tense+ complement?Did you sleep well?Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.Did she go to the doctor?Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t.Did they watch the movie?Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.Did he clean his room?Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.
UNIT 7 The Simple Past Tense: Wh-questionsWhere did you go?They went to the cinemaWhat did she buy?She bought a carWhen did they travel?They travelled on Monday.Why did he go to the dentist?He went to the dentist because he had toothache.
UNIT 8 How much/ How manyUse how much and how many to ask about quantity.How much.- with non count nounsHow many.- with count nounsHow much water does she need?How many apples did you buy? IMPORTANT: Sometimes it’s not necessary to repeat the noun after how much and how many.I need some money - How much do you need?
UNIT 8 There is/ There are There is – Singular COUNT AND NON COUNT NOUSThere is water in the glassThere is an appleThere is a chairThere isn’t an orange.There isn’t bread.There isn’t a restaurant near here.
UNIT 8 There is/ There are There are – Plural COUNT NOUSThere are two restaurantsThere are sweets in my bagsThere are some eggs in the refrigerator.There aren’t people in the concert.There aren’t any movies in the cinema.There aren’t shows for today.
UNIT 8 There is/ There areIs there any restaurant near here?Yes, there is / No, there isn’tAre there any bank in this town?Yes, there are / No, there aren’tIs there an empty chair in the class?Yes, there is / No there isn’tAre there shows tonight?Yes, there are / No there aren’t
UNIT 9 The Comparative Adjectives Use the comparative form of an adjective + than to compare two people, places or things.Long Hot Busy Good IntelligentLonger Hotter Busier Better More intelligentSmall Big Easy Bad ExpensiveSmaller Bigger Easier worse More expensiveTall Far Wonderfultaller Farther More wonderful 13
UNIT 9 The Comparative AdjectivesLuisa is younger than AlbertoLuisa is younger than he isLuisa is younger than heLuisa is younger than him.Which animal is faster?Which is faster, a giraffe or a lion? 14
UNIT 9 The Superlative Adjectives Use the superlative form of an adjective to compare three or more people, places or things.Long Hot Busy Good IntelligentLongest Hottest Busiest Best The most intelligentSmall Big Easy Bad ExpensiveSmallest Biggest Easiest Worst The most expensiveTall Far Wonderfultallest Farthest The most wonderful 15
UNIT 10 Be going toUse be going to + base form to: State facts about the future Make predictions Talk about plans
UNIT 10 Be going to: Statements Affirmative sentences Subject + be+ going to+ base form of verb She is going to go to Miami Negative sentencesSubject + be+ not+ going to+ base form of verb They are not going to buy a new house.
UNIT 10 Be going to: Yes/ No Questions YES/NO QUESTIONSBE + Subject + going to + base form of Verb? Is she going to read his new book? Affirmative answer: Yes, she is Negative answer: No she isn’t
UNIT 10 Be going to: Wh-Questions Wh – QUESTIONS Wh-word +be +subject + going to +Base form of Verb?Where are they going to study?In the library.When is she going to New York?Next weekend.What are you going to do tonight?Nothing.