Clauses iii

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Clauses iii

  1. 1. Syntax and Teaching Grammar Lesson Two Dr. Rosario María Burneo
  2. 2. Texto GuíaAN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH SYNTAX By Jim Miller
  3. 3. Unit 8: Clauses III Finite and Non-finite clauses Finite clausesThey have tensed verbs.Worked wrote ateVerbs agree in number and personwith the subject.They function as main clauses. We finished our project
  4. 4. Non-finite clausesNon-finite clausesVerbs appear in bare, or to-infinitive form. work To workThey function as subordinateclauses.The subject is usually understood,not overt Peter wants you to leave town
  5. 5. FinitenessIt is the condition of a clause as tensedor not tensed.Finite: tensed verb and auxiliary I want you to study more I don’t like potatoesNon-finite: untensed verb and noauxiliary.I want you to study more
  6. 6. Types of Non-finite clausePreposition + -ing verb: We look forward to seeing youInfinitive clause as object: He wanted to marry DorothyInfinitive clause in subject position:To live in a small town in quietFree participle clause: When visiting my town, I met my husband Reduced adverbial clause: While walking in the park, I saw a parrot -ing clause in subject positionTeaching Grammar to young children is difficult
  7. 7. Infinitive clause with a subject Peter wants you to leave townGerund clauses They saw a man opening the front doorVerb + infinitive clause: Louis can’t afford to pay a higher rent
  8. 8. God Bless you Thank you

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