Adjective Clauses Adjective Clauses Use adjective clauses to identify or give additional information about nouns (people, places, or things). I used to live in Catamayo, which is in the south of Ecuador.Tom Hanks is an actorwho starred in ForrestGump.
Adjective Clauses Adjective ClausesAdjective clauses can also identify or describe indefinitepronouns such as one, someone, somebody, something,another, and other (s). An actress is someone who plays a role in a movie. The adjective clause directly follows the noun (or pronoun) it is identifying.
Adjective Clauses Adjective Clauses Sentences with adjective clauses can be seen as a combination of two sentences. Ricardo calls often. + He lives in Rome. =Ricardo, who lives in Rome, calls often.
Relative Pronouns Relative Pronouns Adjective clauses begin with relative pronouns. Subject relative pronouns can be who, that, which, and whose. I have a friend who/that has a castle. castleParis is a city which/that attracts alot of tourists.He is the student whose bookis on the shelf. shelf
Relative Pronouns Relative Pronouns Relative pronouns have the same form whether they refer to singular or plural nouns, or to males or females. That is the man who works for McDonalds. That is the woman who likes hamburgers.Those are the people who play soccer.
Verb form in Adjective Clauses Verb form in Adjective Clauses The verb in the adjective clause is singular if the subject relative pronoun refers to a singular noun. It is plural if it refers to a plural noun.Bob is my friend who lives in Mexico.Sue and Tom are my friends who live inMexico.
Kinds of Adjective Clauses Kinds of Adjective Clauses There are two kinds of adjective clauses, identifying and nonidentifying.I have a lot of good friends. My friend who lives in New Yorkvisits me often. The adjective clause is necessary to identify which friend.
Kinds of Adjective Clauses Kinds of Adjective Clauses A nonidentifying adjective clause is separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. Do not use commas with an identifying adjective clause.I have a lot of good friends.My best friend, who lives in New York, visits meoften. The friend has already been identified as the speaker’s best friend. The adjective clause gives additional information.
Bibliography• Fuchs, M. & Bonner, M., Focus on Grammar 4 Pearson Education , White Plains, NY 10606, 2006• http://www.myenglishteacher.net• Photo credit: Microsoft Office