Employment Labor Law

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Employment Labor Law

  1. 1. Employment Labor Law VidaVelasquez Winter 2009
  2. 2. Civil Rights Act 1866 <ul><ul><li>First legislation to prohibit discrimination among minorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ equal rights under the law…as is enjoyed by white citizens” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After Civil War </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Civil Rights Act 1967 <ul><ul><li>Most famous piece of employment legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title VII – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot discriminate based on: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>race, color, or religion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for hiring, promoting, demoting, or termination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required for all employers with 15 + employers. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Age Discrimination in Employment Act <ul><ul><li>The ADEA protects employees over the age of 40. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevents age discrimination in regards to hiring, promotions, demotions, wage disbursement, and terminations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required by employers with 20 or more employees (including part time employees) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Americans with Disabilities Act <ul><ul><li>The ADA protects mental and physical disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can perform the essential duties of the job? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then: reasonable accommodations are required. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required by all employers with 5 + employees </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Discrimination Charges <ul><li>Failure to follow employment laws could lead to pricey judgments against your company </li></ul>$$$$ $$$$ $$$$ $$$$ $$$$ $$$$
  7. 7. Dukes v. Wal-Mart <ul><ul><ul><li>Class action lawsuit. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wal-Mart: discrimination in promoting women into management positions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actively discriminated against women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expected judgment $20 billion </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Gonzalez v. Abercrombie & Fitch <ul><ul><ul><li>Class action against the retailer due to claims of racial discrimination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discriminated against minorities and women </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Judgment of $40 million </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institute a diversity plan. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Justified Discrimination? <ul><li>When is it okay to discriminate? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bona Fide Occupational Qualification <ul><ul><li>BFOC is a business necessity discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Job openings for specific jobs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clothing catalog for young female teens? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Young models for the shoot are a necessity. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot hire men, or older ladies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or a restaurant like Hooters - make money by attracting male customers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a necessity to provide a service by a certain type of young servers. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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