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CREATION-EVOLUTION CONTROVERSY
 

CREATION-EVOLUTION CONTROVERSY

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This is a slideshow (with notes) of the Creation-Evolution Controversy presented to Calvary Coastal Fellowship in Auckland. ...

This is a slideshow (with notes) of the Creation-Evolution Controversy presented to Calvary Coastal Fellowship in Auckland.

DISCLAIMER: Appropriate acknowledgement of copyright material has been made. However, information to rectify any oversight is welcomed.

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    CREATION-EVOLUTION CONTROVERSY CREATION-EVOLUTION CONTROVERSY Presentation Transcript

    • By Victor Meyer, PhD © National Geographic
    •   In short, science is the physical description of our world, which may or may not lead to beneficial technology. By formal definition (Collins English Dictionary), science is the systematic (testable and repeatable) study of the nature and behaviour of the material universe, based on observation, experiment and measurement, including the formulation of laws to describe these facts in general terms.
    •   Creationism is not science (Christian worldview) Evolutionism is not science (Secular worldview) Both are philosophical interpretations of the scientific findings.   Colossians 2:8 (King James Version) Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. Evolutionism = Naturalism
    • CREATION  The biblical account is the inerrant Word of God inspired by the Holy Spirit. EVOLUTION  Everything came into existence out of nothing through sheer chance effects. “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction [even of false science], for instruction in righteousness.” 2 Timothy 3:16, KJV
    •  The word evolution, in its simplest terms, means development, e.g. evolution of the car.  INORGANIC SCENARIO:  Chassis + engine/systems + body/trimmings = motorcar
    •     ORGANIC SCENARIO: Skeleton + muscles/organs + skin/hair = human being Clearly design is present! I praise you [LORD] because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well.  Psalm 139:14, NIVV
    • CREATIONIST THEISTIC EVOLUTIONIST EVOLUTIONIST God-centred view Compromised view Atheistic view And God said... And God used... And I say... Young earth Old earth Old earth Global flood Local flood No flood Thus, God is almighty Thus, God interferes Thus, God does not exist Theistic evolutionist = Progressive creationist Atheistic view = Humanistic view
    •     The blogger Lane Chaplin once said, If you're a follower of Christ, you'll defend His doctrine. 1 Peter 3:15 (New International Version 2010) But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect.
    •     Creationist Sure, microevolution is observable. But where is your evidence of ‘bears’ turning into whales and ‘cattle’ into dolphins!? LOL Evolutionist First, there is no such evidence and no such claim made by modern evolution. Evidence for “macroevolution” (and only creationists make such a distinction) exists in the fossil record. Without even getting into the fossil record, let me just ask you this. What mechanism do you propose that would prevent speciation, given your admission that microevolution occurs? Creationist Microevolution is speciation in action. So why would I present a mechanism against it? Point is, one kind of animal or life form hasn’t, doesn’t and cannot change into another kind. Systematics is not always clear on where the boundaries occur and the taxa can be quite arbitrarily assigned in this regard. As for the fossil record, it is poignant evidence of a catastrophic event/mass mortality that took place as a result of a global flood. That’s all. Evolutionist Speciation has been observed many times. Global flood? Nonsense.
    • Click picture for online video clip    Divine creation or not [Macro]evolution - fact or fiction Theistic evolution: old earth & local flood Possibility of limbs becoming vestigial but not forming fins, due to lack of information in Pakicetus DNA to code for fins. CREATIONIST THEISTIC EVOLUTIONIST EVOLUTIONIST God-centred view Compromised view Atheistic view And God said... And God used... And I say... Young earth Old earth Old earth Global flood Local flood No flood Thus, God is almighty Thus, God interferes Thus, God does not exist
    •    Divine creation or not [Macro]evolution - fact or fiction Theistic evolution: old earth & local flood If evolution (gradual and substantial change over time) is true, life is supposed to be functional only, for example:  Giraffes growing longer necks and legs to relieve feeding pressure/competition and browse available food higher up in trees;  Apes leaving their arboreal (tree-dwelling) lifestyles and becoming bipedal (i.e. walking upright) to exploit savanna niches. But evolution has no foresight!
    • © National Geographic
    • Homo erectus H. ergaster H. habilis Australopithecus africanus A. afarensis A. anamensis Ardipithecus ramidus Homo spp. – possibly pre-Flood humans NOT ‘ape-men’ © J.M. Clark
    • © National Geographic
    • Greta oto
    • Trichomonas Trichonympha Mutualistic symbionts: Flagellates in the termite gut © Wim van Egmond
    • Homology EVOLUTION: GOO TO YOU Microbes to Man (Prokaryotes to Eukaryotes) Homology = sameness Probability of life arising by chance = 0
    • Pongo pygmaeus Gorilla gorilla Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus ?* Homo sapiens Prob. Australopithecus afarensis * However, 6MY is not enough time to produce the differences between man and chimp. ? How would a common ancestor, which humans supposedly share with chimps, etc., look like? Slime-to-Sue evolution!
    • Sex chromosomes of humans are different to those of birds in terms of sex determination (in fact, quite the opposite). Yet, it is claimed that we share a distant common ancestor with birds!
    • © Pamela Gore
    • CREATIONIST THEISTIC EVOLUTIONIST EVOLUTIONIST God-centred view Compromised view Atheistic view And God said... And God used... And I say... Young earth Old earth Old earth Global flood Local flood No flood Thus, God is almighty Thus, God interferes Thus, God does not exist © Pamela Gore
    • Darwin, 1837
    • Darwin's friend, the biologist T.H. Huxley, wrote, "Evolution excludes creation and all other kinds of supernatural intervention." The geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky once wrote, "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution."
    • Darwin's friend, the biologist T.H. Huxley, wrote, "Evolution excludes creation and all other kinds of supernatural intervention." The geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky once wrote, "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution." Brown's Ken Miller said, "Despite the extraordinary diversity of life, all living organisms share a nearly identical set of essential genes, reflecting their evolutionary development from a common ancestor."
    • Darwin's friend, the biologist T.H. Huxley, wrote, "Evolution excludes creation and all other kinds of supernatural intervention." The geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky once wrote, "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution." What he should've said, "Despite the extraordinary diversity of life, all living organisms share a nearly identical set of essential genes, reflecting their supernatural creation from a common Creator ."
    • Part B CASE FOR DESIGN: The incredible ‘rete mirabile’ (localised buffering network of veins/arteries) in upper neck and unusually thick leg skin (g-suit) of giraffes prevent high blood pressure (double that of other ungulates) from bursting capillaries in brain © Zefa Picture Library when drinking and in legs when upright.
    • The Stoic philosophy The Epicurean philosophy “It was characteristic of Epicureans to emphasize chance, escape and the enjoyment of pleasure and of the Stoics to emphasize fatalism, submission and the endurance of pain.” – John Stott © Zefa Picture Library
    •    Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was observing the city full of idols. So he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles, and in the market place every day with those who happened to be present. And also some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers were conversing with him. Some were saying, "What would this idle babbler wish to say?" Others, "He seems to be a proclaimer of strange deities," - because he was preaching Jesus and the resurrection.
    •    Romans 9:20 (New International Version 2010) But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’” Remember, any design or engineering feat involves a trade-off between function and aesthetics.  www.Creation.com  www.ICR.org
    • Monarchs A larva hatches from egg within 3-12 days temp. dep.
    • Monarchs are holometabolous – meaning they undergo a complete metamorphosis...
    • Final larval stage/instars
    • After munching on milkweed or swan plant for about 2 weeks, it stops. Note its little claws or tarsi – 3 pairs.
    • Having found a suitable spot to pupate, it secretes a sticky substance from the posterior/distal end of its abdomen. Note 5 pairs of pseudopods – ‘false feet’.
    • Pupation to start: perfect ‘J’ of at-rest caterpillar left; on right, after almost a day (more or less), caterpillar chrysalises within minutes (effectively its last moult).
    • Fresh chrysalis (left); leaf-like appearance for camouflage (right).
    • Note the ‘glue’ attaching chrysalis to plant. Also note ‘golden’ thread and spots!
    • Chemical dismantling of caterpillar and rearrangement of pupa into adult take approx. 2 weeks.
    • The applicable pupal form is ‘pupa obtecta’ Scholtz & Holm, 1989
    • Translucent chrysalis splits open ventrally along a seam just behind butterfly’s head.
    • Haemolymph (insect blood) is pumped into the wings.
    • Sucking mouthparts consist of a coiled tongue or proboscis (siphoning tube). Note the split tongue like two ‘straws’ fused together (right).
    • Wings are still shrivelly.
    • Wings straightening out under tension.
    • Readying itself for first flight.
    • Danaus plexippus Adult monarch butterfly (male has scent glands); stage duration: 2-6 weeks / 6-8 months (4th gen. to migrate – not in NZ) Rapid transformation of monarch’s metamorphosis speaks of instantaneous creation as opposed to tardy evolution © Debbie Meyer
    • Species 1 Species 2 Species 1 Species 2 after Odum, 1971 Speciation/Microevolution/Low-level variation  A species is a group (taxon) of organisms capable of interbreeding.
    • Click picture for online video clip... Example of variation dubbed ‘proof of Darwinian evolution’ over millions of years! After all that hoo-hah, we still have salamanders!
    • Canis lupus
    • Canis lupus familiaris
    • Moa (extinct) A common ancestor could have gone into the ark with Noah!
    •    Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself, on the earth”; and it was so. And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. (Genesis 1:11-12, NKJV) So God created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. (Gen. 1:21) Of the birds after their kind, of animals after their kind, and of every creeping thing of the earth after its kind, two of every kind will come to you [Noah] to keep them alive. (Gen. 6:20)
    •  Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth grass, EVOLUTIONIST the herb that yields seed, CREATIONIST THEISTIC and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in EVOLUTIONIST itself, on the earth”; and it was so. And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, God-centred view Compromised view Atheistic that whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw viewit was good. (Genesis 1:11-12, NKJV) And God said...   And God used... And I say... So God created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with Young earth Old earth Old earth which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged Global flood Local God No flood bird according to its kind. Andfloodsaw that it was good. (Gen. 1:21) Thus, Thus, Thus, Of the birds after their kind, of animals after their kind, and of every God is almighty God interferes God does not exist creeping thing of the earth after its kind, two of every kind will come to you [Noah] to keep them alive. (Gen. 6:20)
    •    And Noah did according to all that the LORD commanded him. 6 Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters were on the earth. 7 So Noah, with his sons, his wife, and his sons’ wives, went into the ark because of the waters of the flood. 8 Of clean animals, of animals that are unclean, of birds, and of everything that creeps on the earth, 9 two by two they went into the ark to Noah, male and female, as God had commanded Noah. 10 And it came to pass after seven days that the waters of the flood were on the earth. 11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 12 And the rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights. 13 On the very same day Noah and Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them, entered the ark— 14 they and every beast after its kind, all cattle after their kind, every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, every bird of every sort. 15 And they went into the ark to Noah, two by two, of all flesh in which is the breath of life. 16 So those that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded him; and the LORD shut him in. 5
    • Life-size replica (c. 1:2 scale) of Noah’s ark in Holland (built to the specifications of Genesis 6).
    •     Genesis 7:17-19 (King James Version) And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered.
    • CREATIONIST Genesis 7:17-19THEISTIC (King James EVOLUTIONIST EVOLUTIONIST Version)  And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and God-centred view Compromised view the ark, and the waters increased, and bare up Atheistic view it was lift up above the earth. And God said... And God used... And I say...  And the waters prevailed, and were increased Young earth Old earth greatly upon the Old earth earth; and the ark went upon the face flood Global of the waters. Local flood No flood  And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the Thus, Thus, Thus, earth; and all high hills, God is almighty theGod interferesthat were under the God does not exist whole heaven, were covered. 
    • “With regards to an apparent stratification of various life forms, it is also possible that the dinosaurs and ‘more primitive’ creatures could have sunk or been buried in reverse proportion to their buoyancy, i.e. denser life forms, such as reptiles and amphibians sank before less dense mammalian life forms. Alternatively, as the fountains of the deep broke open and etched the crack through which they exploded wider and wider, the copious water movement and movement of soils could have ‘sloshed’ back and forth over certain areas, leaving stratified sediment. This might explain the general stratification of various life forms in sedimentary rocks, but it does not exclude the possibility that a horse and dinosaur could be buried together by some other means. Footprints of horses and people have been discovered next to those of dinosaurs. Evolutionary scientists have a hard time explaining this evidence.” – Walter T. Brown
    •  Many erect fossil trees in Nova Scotia were found “throughout 2,500 feet of geologic strata, penetrating 20 geologic horizons. These trees had to have been buried faster than it took them to decay. This implies that the entire formation was deposited in less than a few years.” – D. Russell Humphreys  © Richard Milton Fossil tree at Natural History Museum excavated from Carboniferous rocks near Edinburgh. Yet uniformitarian science advocates that layers were deposited over millions of years.
    • Click picture for online video clip... The half-life of a radioisotope is the time required for half the atoms in a given sample to undergo radioactive/nuclear decay. Organisms living prior to the Flood would have absorbed little or no C-14 during their lives since there was little or no C-14 in the air that they breathed. Thus using current dating methods, pre-flood organisms would give the appearance of being much older than a few thousand years. BiblePlus.org Accuracy depends upon assumptions concerning the past intensity of cosmic radiation (Oxford Science Dictionary).
    • The earth is quite old – several thousand years! BiblePlus.org  Some sources suggest creation year to be 4004 BC (Ussher & Lightfoot).
    •  In Genesis, the word ‘day’ (yôm) has certain grammatical contexts, any of which alone point strongly to 24hr days (Sarfati, 2004):  with a numeric  with evening and morning  associated with night   Exodus (Sh’mot) 20:11 (Stern's Complete Jewish Bible) For in six days, ADONAI made heaven and earth, the sea and everything in them; but on the seventh day He rested. This is why ADONAI blessed the day, Shabbat, and separated it for Himself.
    • Fall into sin • ‘Big Bang’ Point of collapse! Entropy = tendency of a system to run down. Best fit is assumed linear – trend remains downward. Evolutionary thinking is contrary to fundamental/first principles. Although new traits can be gained, new information cannot. Cosmological models, e.g. Big Bang -> Big Crunch, are in need of revision. In general, earth will yield its produce with difficulty (Gen. 3 curses)... There are limits to change (Dr Rob Carter, pers. comm.) – too much tweaking of a complex system leads to its collapse, thus long-term evolution is impossible. Meyer, 2010
    • CREATIONIST THEISTIC EVOLUTIONIST EVOLUTIONIST God-centred view Compromised view Atheistic view And God said... And God used... And I say... ‘Young’ earth Old earth Old earth Global flood* Local flood* No flood* Thus, God is almighty Thus, God interferes Thus, God does not exist * Noahic I have shown that the earth is reasonably young. Yôm does not mean age! Considering the stark pre-Flood and post-Flood differences, which invalidate any radioisotope dating beyond c.4500yrs, the earth is certainly not billions of years old.
    •     2 Corinthians 10:5 (New International Version 2010) We demolish arguments and every pretension that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ. Acts 17:11 (New International Version 2010) Now the Berean Jews were of more noble character than those in Thessalonica, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true. The meticulous and accurate recordkeeping of the Jewish people (verbal/written information passed down; rote memorisation) is made clear in the saying: To what shall we liken a disciple? He's like a cistern that loses not a single drop. AMEN
    • ‫השהה ו בשלווה לחשוב כי‬ Παύση και ήρεμα σκεφτείτε ότι 1 Corinthians 1:22-24 (King James Version) For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. Romans 1:20 (Amplified Bible) For ever since the creation of the world His invisible nature and attributes, that is, His eternal power and divinity, have been made intelligible and clearly discernible in and through the things that have been made (His handiworks). So [men] are without excuse [altogether without any defense or justification]. Romans 6:23 (Amplified Bible) For the wages which sin pays is death, but the [bountiful] free gift of God is eternal life through (in union with) Jesus Christ our Lord. Romans 10:13 (Amplified Bible) For everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord [invoking Him as Lord] will be saved. John 1:12 (Amplified Bible) But to as many as did receive and welcome Him, He gave the authority (power, privilege, right) to become the children of God, that is, to those who believe in (adhere to, trust in, and rely on) His name. Isaiah 55:6 (New International Version 2010) Seek the LORD while He may be found; call on Him while He is near.
    •  IMAGES ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦  BiblePlus.org Clarke Scholtz & Erik Holm (Univ. of Pretoria) Craig Millar (Univ. of Auckland) Debbie Meyer E.P. Odum (Univ. of Georgia, USA) Google Images Helen Mora (Liggins Inst.) J.M. Clark Zefa Picture Library (UK) National Geographic Pamela Gore Richard Milton The Truth Project Wim van Egmond VIDEOS/VLOGS ◦ YouTube