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Performance Metrics and Evaluation in Large Foundations Victor Kuo, PhD Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation November 10, 2007
Historical Overview Dobkin Hall, 2004 In Braverman et al. Fleishman, 2007 Frumkin, 2006 Evaluation has become ubiquitous in foundations. Future Performance Metrics Methodology History
Historical Overview Evaluation’s presence in philanthropy has a history marked by laws, formalized associations, and publications. Where do Performance Metrics fall? RESEARCH RESPONSIBILITY RETURNS 1996: Measuring Program Outcomes: A Practical Approach United Way 1993: Government Performance & Results Act 1998: Evaluation Handbook Kellogg Foundation 2002: Grantmakers for Effective Organizations 1973: Brim’s essay on evaluation Russell Sage Foundation 1969: Tax Reform Act 1986: American Evaluation Association 1974: MDRC Ford Foundation 2007: Critical Impact Awards Council of Foundations 1997: Performance Measurement in Public & Nonprofits New Directions for Evaluation AEA Future Performance Metrics Methodology History
Methodological Overview Evaluation methodologies also are varied. Where do performance metrics and social indicators fall? (Brown & Corbett, 1997) Future Performance Metrics Methodology History Monitoring Theory-Driven Quasi-Experiments Experiments
Methodological Overview Causal Descriptive Sampling Census Knowledge Improvement/ Formative Judgment/ Summative Future Performance Metrics Methodology History
Social Metrics There are some good examples of social metrics developed and used by foundations. Future Performance Metrics Methodology History Kids Count - 1990 Annie E. Casey Foundation Community Indicators Project - 2001 John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
Performance Metrics Dashboard Gates Education Program There are some emerging examples of performance metrics being developed by some foundations. Impact Framework Robert Wood Johnson Future Performance Metrics Methodology History Grantee Perception Report Center for Effective Philanthropy