Bipolar
contents
I. Description
II. Causes
III. Types of symptoms
IV. Symptoms
V. Prevention
VI. Treatment
What is bipolar disorder?
“Bipolar disorder is a mental
disorder characterized by extreme
shifts in mood, as well as
fluct...
 Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness.
 This is a serious mental illness that can destroy relation...
What are the causes?
“Genetics - some small twin
studies have indicated that there is
a "substantial genetic contribution"...
What are the causes?
“Biological traits - experts say that
patients with bipolar disorder often
have physical changes that...
What are the causes?
“Brain-chemical imbalance neurotransmitter imbalances play a
key role in many mood disorders,
includi...
What are the causes?
“Hormonal problems - hormonal
imbalances are thought to possibly
trigger or cause bipolar disorder.”
...
What are the causes?
“Environmental factors - abuse,
mental stress, a "significant loss", or
some other traumatic event ma...
What are the types of symptoms?
Mania Symptoms
Mania symptoms may include excessive happiness,
excitement, irritability, r...
What are the symptoms?

Mood swings (Manic and Depressive)
 A mood swing is characterized by high
levels of positivity fo...
What are the symptoms?

Euphoria (Manic)
 Sufferers experience a heightened level of
happiness and a sense of accomplishm...
What are the symptoms?

Rapid Speech (Manic)
 Patients will suddenly begin speaking
extremely quickly for long periods of...
What are the symptoms?

Racing Thoughts (Manic)
 Individuals will have a difficult time focusing
on one thing and will te...
What are the symptoms?

Irritation (Manic and Depressive)
 Sufferers are easily irritated by situations
they normally wou...
What are the symptoms?

Increased Physical Activity (Manic)
 When a person is experiencing a manic episode they
will ofte...
What are the symptoms?

Careless use of drugs and alcohol (Manic)

 Sometimes, people suffering from bipolar disorder
wil...
What are the symptoms?

Decreased need for sleep (Manic)
 As previously noted, manic episodes often involve
large bursts ...
What are the symptoms?

Missed Work (Manic and Depressive)
 A common symptom of bipolar disorder is the
inability to main...
What are the symptoms?

Fatigue (Depressive)
 Contrary to manic symptoms, individuals suffering
from a depressive episode...
What are the symptoms?

Chronic pain (Depressive)
 Individuals experiencing other symptoms on the list,
along with chroni...
What are the symptoms?

Sadness/Hopelessness (Depressive)
 Individuals will fall into a state of depression and will
have...
What are the symptoms?

Suicidal thoughts (Depressive)
 In extreme cases, they will develop suicidal thoughts
and act in ...
How to prevent bipolar Disorder?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Eat balanced diet
Exercise daily
Avoid extensive travel into oth...
What are the treatments?

Don’t skip meds
 Lithium is a commonly used drug, but it requires
monitoring with blood tests t...
What are the treatments?

Get the right amount of sleep

 Irregular sleep patterns can precipitate a manic or
depressive ...
What are the treatments?

Use therapy too
 Some patients, if their mood is stabilized, see a
psychiatrist only every mont...
What are the treatments?
Connect with others
 Try to strike a balance in your
social life. Overstimulation can
be
stressf...
What are the treatments?

Find support
 Let your family and friends know what you are going
through. They might be able t...
What are the treatments?
Steer clear of alcohol and
drugs
 Although you might feel
alcohol helps you cope with
depression...
What are the treatments?

Combat weight gain
 Studies show that regular exercise can help improve mood
whether or not you...
Thank you for listening!
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Bipolar

  1. 1. Bipolar
  2. 2. contents I. Description II. Causes III. Types of symptoms IV. Symptoms V. Prevention VI. Treatment
  3. 3. What is bipolar disorder? “Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by extreme shifts in mood, as well as fluctuations in energy and activity levels. During these abnormal shifts, the patient commonly finds it difficult to complete everyday tasks.” – Medical News Today, 2012
  4. 4.  Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness.  This is a serious mental illness that can destroy relationships, undermine career prospects, and seriously affect academic performance. Emotional shifts can become so overwhelming that individuals may choose suicide.  Bipolar disorder has nothing to do with the ups and downs we all experience sometimes; it is much more severe, debilitating and incapacitating. Fortunately, it is treatable, and with proper care and the right medication patients can perform well at work and academically and lead full, productive lives. – Medical News Today, 2012
  5. 5. What are the causes? “Genetics - some small twin studies have indicated that there is a "substantial genetic contribution" to bipolar disorder risk. People with a blood relative who has bipolar disorder have a higher risk of developing it themselves. Currently, scientists are trying to identify which genes are involved. “ – Medical News Today, 2012
  6. 6. What are the causes? “Biological traits - experts say that patients with bipolar disorder often have physical changes that occurred in their brains. Nobody is sure why the changes can lead to the disorder.“ – Medical News Today, 2012
  7. 7. What are the causes? “Brain-chemical imbalance neurotransmitter imbalances play a key role in many mood disorders, including bipolar disorder, as well as depression and other mental illnesses. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that facilitate the communication between neurons (brain cells).” – Medical News Today, 2012
  8. 8. What are the causes? “Hormonal problems - hormonal imbalances are thought to possibly trigger or cause bipolar disorder.” – Medical News Today, 2012
  9. 9. What are the causes? “Environmental factors - abuse, mental stress, a "significant loss", or some other traumatic event may contribute towards bipolar disorder risk. Traumatic events may include the death of a loved one, losing your job, the birth of a child, or moving house.” – Medical News Today, 2012
  10. 10. What are the types of symptoms? Mania Symptoms Mania symptoms may include excessive happiness, excitement, irritability, restlessness, increased energy, less need for sleep, racing thoughts, high sex drive, and a tendency to make grand and unattainable plans. Depression Symptoms Depression symptoms may include sadness, anxiety, irritability, loss of energy, uncontrollable crying, change in appetite causing weight loss or gain, increased need for sleep, difficulty making decisions, and thoughts of death or suicide. – WebMD
  11. 11. What are the symptoms? Mood swings (Manic and Depressive)  A mood swing is characterized by high levels of positivity followed by high levels of negativity and depression or vice versa. – Activebeat, 2013
  12. 12. What are the symptoms? Euphoria (Manic)  Sufferers experience a heightened level of happiness and a sense of accomplishment. – Activebeat, 2013
  13. 13. What are the symptoms? Rapid Speech (Manic)  Patients will suddenly begin speaking extremely quickly for long periods of time. – Activebeat, 2013
  14. 14. What are the symptoms? Racing Thoughts (Manic)  Individuals will have a difficult time focusing on one thing and will tend to overanalyze their thoughts. – Activebeat, 2013
  15. 15. What are the symptoms? Irritation (Manic and Depressive)  Sufferers are easily irritated by situations they normally wouldn’t be agitated with. – Activebeat, 2013
  16. 16. What are the symptoms? Increased Physical Activity (Manic)  When a person is experiencing a manic episode they will often have extremely high levels of energy. To help relieve the energy, sufferers often turn to physical activity. If someone suddenly feels the need to exercise excessively to exert energy, it may be an indication of a problem. – Activebeat, 2013
  17. 17. What are the symptoms? Careless use of drugs and alcohol (Manic)  Sometimes, people suffering from bipolar disorder will turn to drugs and alcohol. Careless use of these substances may be a warning sign of deeper issues. – Activebeat, 2013
  18. 18. What are the symptoms? Decreased need for sleep (Manic)  As previously noted, manic episodes often involve large bursts of energy and euphoria. These symptoms can make it incredibly difficult to sleep. An individual experiencing this symptom will require less sleep but won’t necessarily feel tired or exhausted. – Activebeat, 2013
  19. 19. What are the symptoms? Missed Work (Manic and Depressive)  A common symptom of bipolar disorder is the inability to maintain a schedule. For this reason, many bipolar sufferers will often miss work (or school or other commitments). – Activebeat, 2013
  20. 20. What are the symptoms? Fatigue (Depressive)  Contrary to manic symptoms, individuals suffering from a depressive episode will experience extreme tiredness and fatigue. Wanting to go to bed, staying in bed late and a lack of motivation throughout the day are all signs of bipolar disorder. – Activebeat, 2013
  21. 21. What are the symptoms? Chronic pain (Depressive)  Individuals experiencing other symptoms on the list, along with chronic pain with no known cause, may be suffering from bipolar disorder. This pain can present itself throughout many parts of the body including, but not limited to, severe headaches. – Activebeat, 2013
  22. 22. What are the symptoms? Sadness/Hopelessness (Depressive)  Individuals will fall into a state of depression and will have noticeably different symptoms than those related to a manic episode (where individuals experience a heightened sense of happiness and euphoria). – Activebeat, 2013
  23. 23. What are the symptoms? Suicidal thoughts (Depressive)  In extreme cases, they will develop suicidal thoughts and act in a suicidal manner. If these symptoms present themselves, seek medical or professional attention immediately. – Activebeat, 2013
  24. 24. How to prevent bipolar Disorder? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Eat balanced diet Exercise daily Avoid extensive travel into other time zones. Get approximately the same number of hours of sleep every night. Avoid alcohol and illegal drugs. Reduce stress at work and at home. Limit caffeine and nicotine during manic episodes. Seek treatment as soon as you notice symptoms of a depressive or manic episode coming on. – WedMD
  25. 25. What are the treatments? Don’t skip meds  Lithium is a commonly used drug, but it requires monitoring with blood tests to make sure the dose is correct, as higher levels can be toxic. – Health.com
  26. 26. What are the treatments? Get the right amount of sleep  Irregular sleep patterns can precipitate a manic or depressive episode. – Health.com
  27. 27. What are the treatments? Use therapy too  Some patients, if their mood is stabilized, see a psychiatrist only every month or two. But doctors recommend more regular therapy, typically cognitive behavioral therapy, which can help people get on a good schedule and understand and interpret events and thoughts. – Health.com
  28. 28. What are the treatments? Connect with others  Try to strike a balance in your social life. Overstimulation can be stressful and trigger problems, but so can isolation. – Health.com
  29. 29. What are the treatments? Find support  Let your family and friends know what you are going through. They might be able to understand your triggers and help you avoid them, or may be able to realize before you do that you’re entering a manic or depressive episode. – Health.com
  30. 30. What are the treatments? Steer clear of alcohol and drugs  Although you might feel alcohol helps you cope with depression, it may actually be contributing to sleep disturbances and mood changes. – Health.com
  31. 31. What are the treatments? Combat weight gain  Studies show that regular exercise can help improve mood whether or not you have bipolar disorder. And, a good meal plan can help you feel better and give you the nutrients you need. – WedMD
  32. 32. Thank you for listening!

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