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Obsessive compulsive disorder power point victoria young-1

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  • 1. Obsessive/Compulsive Disorder Victoria Young
  • 2. Obsessive/Compulsive Disorder: What is it?  According to the international OCD Foundation, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder of the brain and behavior. OCD causes severe anxiety in those affected. OCD involves both obsessions and compulsions that take a lot of time and get in the way of important activities the person values (IOCDF, 2012).
  • 3. How many people are affected with OCD?  About 1 in 100 adults or 2 to 3 million adults in the U.S. have OCD. This is the same amount of people that live in Houston, TX (OFCD, 2012).  At least 1 in 200 or 500,000 kids and teens have OCD. This is the same number as the kids who have diabetes (OFCD, 2012).
  • 4. Characteristics of OCD  Contamination Concerns: -Fear of dirt and germs or illness  Safety/Harm -being responsible for a fire  Unwanted acts of aggression - Unwanted impulse to harm a loved one  Unacceptable sexual or religious thoughts -sacrilegious images of Christ  Need for Symmetry or exactness
  • 5. OCD
  • 6. Causes of OCD  OCD involves communication between the front part of the brain and the deeper structures. These structures use serotonin, a chemical messenger (IOCDF, 2012).  Research also suggests that OCD runs in families. Studies also show that genes may have a greater effect on OCD in children than they do in OCD in adults (IOCDF, 2012).  PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections) is a proposed kind of OCD that occurs in childhood following the body's reaction to infection.
  • 7. Treatment for OCD  2 main types of treatment 1. Psychotherapy -CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) involves retaining your thought patterns and routines so that compulsive behaviors are no longer necessary (MFMER, 2013). -CBT: Exposure and response intervention- exposing you to your fears and teaching you how to cope 2. Medications Antidepressants are tried first because they can increase levels of serotonin that may be lacking in OCD (MFMER, 2013). Other medications include:  Clomipramine (Anafranil)  Fluvoxamine (Luvox)  Fluoxetine (Prozac)  Paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva)  Sertraline (Zoloft)
  • 8. How does it affect a Student  A study conducted to examine the ability of students with OCD to function in the 3 areas: home/family, school/academic, and social found that 90% of parents reported a significant problem in at least 1 domain; almost ½ of the parents and children reported at least 1 substantial problem in all 3 domains (Beyond OCD, 2013).  The 2 most common problems were concentrating on work and completing homework.  OCD students experience: -failure to concentrate on what the teacher says -mind drawn away from reading -inattentiveness due to worrying about other things -not able to understand key points the teacher makes -miss out on key instruction due to rituals they have to perform when taking bathroom breaks -avoid people and places that trigger rituals -drastic drop in grades -almost impossible to catch up on school work unless they learn to control their symptoms
  • 9. Service models for OCD  Peaceful Alternatives Counseling & Therapy (Shreveport, LA) -Utilizes structured assessments and a therapeutic approach to cope with life  Guerin Counseling, LLC (Shreveport, LA) -Uses a therapeutic approach, incorporates existential, humanistic, Jungian theory, and techniques from Tai Chi and related arts
  • 10. Other educational considerations Per Beyond OCD:  Peer Education- -Educational curricula designed for disability awareness (Kids on the Block) -Guest speakers -Documentaries -Appropriate books and other print
  • 11. Recommendations for Teachers -Per OCD Action:  Effective communication with parents: concerns notebook, OCD diary, or monitoring form will help  With parent permission, keep in contact with child’s therapist  Be patient  If the student becomes anxious allow them to take a break  Extend deadlines if OCD is causing a student to not meet the deadlines
  • 12. Resources  http://psychcentral.com/disorders/ocd/  http://school.ocdaction.org.uk/teachers/  http://therapists.psychologytoday.com/rms/state/Louis iana.html  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obsessive- compulsive-disorder/DS00189/DSECTION=treatments- and-drugs  http://www.ocdeducationstation.org/recognizing- ocd-at-school/how-ocd-affects-studies-and-grades  http://www.ocfoundation.org/causes.aspx