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    Television violence Television violence Document Transcript

    • TELEVISION VIOLENCE: ITS IMPACT TO CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR IN BRGY. LIGAYA, GABALDON, NUEVA ECIJA __________________ An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to the Faculty of College of Education Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija _________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of BACHELOR OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION _________________ March 2010
    • Chapter I THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING INTRODUCTION The impact of television violence on youth behavior has been an issues for many years. Television stations and their executives tend to deny television’s contribution to children’s behavior. In this research study we, the researchers will use various examples to demonstrate the impact television had had only children’s violence. This will be accomplished by discussing and researching the problems associated with television viewing identifying violence on television, portraying the effects of television violence on younger people, and revealing the ways to reduce violence on television. This paper explores these topics by using multiple statistics, by incorporating the views of several public officials, parents some authors, and through our own views as well. In 1939, at the World’s fair, Television first came into our lives. In 1938, author E.B. White told Harpers Magazines: he believe that television is going to be the test of the modern world and in this new opportunity to see beyond the range of his own vision, he shall discover either a new and unbearable disturbance of the general peace or a saving radiance in the sky. He shall stand or fall by television, of that he was sure” (Murray, I 1995). Television has become standard in many home. In 1949 only two percent of homes had a television. Today, the opposite is true; only two percent of homes do not have a television set. (Andreasen, 1990)
    • Television is used to inform, entertain, and educate the public. Children make up a large part of television viewers. Before, Children watches an average of three to four hours of television daily but unfortunately today, many children are left home alone after school, thus their television viewing is not restricted. In view of the above statements, the researchers will find out what are the effects of the television violence to Children’s behavior in Barangay Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This study aimed to determine the Impact of Television Violence to Children’s Behavior in Brgy. Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija. Specifically, it sought to answer the following questions: 1. How may the profile of the respondents be described in terms of: a. Sex b. Age c. Civil Status d. Occupation e. Number of siblings 2. What are the factors that affect children’s behavior in connection to television violence? 3. How do these factors affect the children’s behavior? 4. What are the suggestions of the researchers to solve these factors that affect the children’s behavior in connection to violence in television shows?
    • CONXEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Nicholas Johnson, a commentator said “Television is one of the most powerful forces man has ever unleashed upon himself. The quality of human life may depend enormously upon our effects to comprehend and control that force”. How true today nothing has dramatized the speed reach and international scope of modern communications more than TV. In addiction, it has become a strong instructional device in education. Communication satellites now permit the beaming of programs to thousands of T.V. stations broadcasting in more than 130 countries to millions of household sets in all over the world. Edward Whetmore cited four possible gratification derived from watching T.V. namely vicarious experience for example, desire to experience behind a heroine or hero, the beautiful and ugly, the dangerous or horrible, but under the controlled situation. Escape the need to be distracted from the realities of life, desire to believe in miracles or return to the past. Social Emphathy need to share, suffering / mistakes of others to inform, to see authority figures exalted or reflected. Spiritual or Moral upliftment need to identify with a deity or divine plan, need to see order imposed on the world, desire to see evil punished and virtue restored or rewarded.
    • RESEARCH PARADIGM Input Process 1,Profileofthe respondents be describe in terms of: Sex Age Civil Status Occupation Number of siblings 2. factors that affect children’s behavior in connection to television violence 3. Effects to behaviour Questionnaire Output Effective measures and right approach to the childrens with regards to television’s violence Checklist Interviews children’s HYPOTHESIS 1. That the television violence has no significant effects to children’s behavior 2. That the profile of the respondents-parents has no any significance to the effects of the television violence to their children’s behavior
    • SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY This study delimited to the impact of television violence to the children’s behavior of Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija AU 2009-2010. Subject of the Study are the parents of children in Barangay Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija. The respondents are 30 belonging at the age bracket of 25 to 40. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY To the researchers. This study will make the researchers realize how this violence on television can affect children’s behavior. To the teacher. So that they can impact to the parents of their students the unpleasant effects and changes on the behavior of their children because it is their duty and responsibility as a second parents of their pupils outside their home. To the parents. To make them realized that they were very much responsible to what their children see on their television set. To the authorities. They have to define operational guidelines that seek to challenge producers towards meeting standards of excellence so that the violators can be arrested. To the MTRCB or Movie, Television Review and Classification Board. So that they should be scrutinized and if possible cut as a wake up call for the board to institution reforms in its classification standards, to examine its processes so that explicit prurience in the television is prohibited, and to rectify the process that has allowed the culture of sex and violence that the industry is wittingly and unwittingly promoting.
    • DEFINITION OF TERMS The following terminologies were defined to provide further clarity to the study: ADDICTION. It refers to habitual performance of an action. DEFENSITIZATION. Less of sensitivity and feelings. EFFECT. It is something that is produce by an agent or it is also a cause. FACTOR. One of several elements of causes their produce a result. MEAN. A place where nobody can manage and control. SYNDROME. Characteristic pattern of signs and symptoms of a disease. TELEVISION. A system of sending and receiving pictures and sound by means of electronic signals transmitted through wires and optical fibers or by electromagnetic radiations. VIOLENCE. A great forms of feelings, conduct, passions, and desecration.
    • Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES FOREIGN LITERATURE John P. Murray, Ph.D. is a professor and the director of the school of Family Studies and Human Services at Kansas State University. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and recent president of its Division of Child Youth and Family Services Dr. Murray’s interest in television and society is reflected in nearly 30 years of research, teaching and public policy concerning children, youth and families. In the late 1960’s and early 70’s Dr. Murray served as Research Coordinator for the Surgeon General’s Scientific Advisory Committee on Television and Social Behavior at the National Institute of Mental Health resulting in the first surgeon Generals report on Television violence in 1972. Subsequently, he taught in the school of behavioral Sciences at Macquarie University in Sydney where he conducted research on the effects of the introduction of television in the Australian “outback”. His concern about the impact of television has continued during appointments at the University in Sydney where he conducted research on the effects of the introduction of television in the Australian, the boys Town Center for the Study of Youth Development, and Kansas State University. Over the years, Dr. Murray has produced 10 books and more than 80 articles on children’s television, including a 1980 reference book. Television and youth 25 years of Research and Controversy, and 1992 American psychological Association Report, Big World small screen – The Role of Television in American Society.
    • STUDIES (Murray, 1973, 1980, 1994, Paik and Comstack 1999) There is a wide range of studies, similar in scope to the Huston-Stein project, that addresses the short term effects of viewing violence. However, one of the longer terms studies indeed, one of the longest term studies – is the work of Leonard Eron (1982, Eron and Slaby, 1995) who in 1963, began his study by assessing the development of aggression in third grades, eight years olds, in a small upstate New York. In the course of the study, he asked children to report on their television viewing and other things they liked to do as well as their ratings of the aggression of other children, he interviewed teachers and asked them to indicate who in the classroom was more aggressive or less aggressive and he obtained information from parents about children’s television viewing and the parent’s home discipline and family values. He conducted that study when these youngsters were eight years old and wrote report about the aggressive behavior of the eight year olds, nothing to passing that there was a relationship with between children’s level of aggressive behavior and their television viewing. Children who reported, or parents reported, that the youngsters preferred and often, viewed more violent programs were more likely to be the ones nominated by their peers and teachers as more aggressive in school. He followed up on these youngsters 10 years later. When they were 18 years old, and again found a relationship between tv viewing and aggression. However the most interesting and strongest, relationship was between early television viewing at age 8 and aggressive behavior at age 18. He concluded that theres were some long term effects of early television viewing on later aggression behavior.
    • That there is sufficient evidence to convince some researchers that there is a long term effect of early violence viewing on later aggressive behavior. LOCAL LITERATURE According to Esther G. Esteban “The most dominant controversial or all mass media is television”, already in the early 1950 when only a few households owned a set, concerned child psychologists and educators fore saw the educational potential of television, they also warned of the adverse effects which might be caused by prolonged and uncontrolled viewing. Forty years later, research confirms advantages and hazards to the child’s total development. The medium of television need not be a teacher of violence, it can function as a friend in family life and advocate of education in values since through it the spirit is infused. It helps unite men and contributes to their development when television is placed at the service of men. LOCAL STUDIES Rep. Heherson T. Alvarez concluded to his study that the coarse, vulgar and decadent images to movies and televisions are impacting on the consciousness of the young, discombobulating their ethical precepts under the guise of artistic experimentation and freedom of expression. He also added that even allowing for a very wide latitude for artistic expression, the blatant scenes of frontal nudity, masturbations and copulation are patently meant to arouse animal passions rather than raise the finer sensibilities of the viewers. (1995)
    • Chapter III METHODOLOGY This chapter presents the methods of research, the instruct and the procedure used in gathering data, the sources of data, the sampling design and the statistical treatment used in interpreting the data. METHOD OF RESEARCH The present study used the descriptive method of research which was the most appropriate method for this kind of study descriptive method is a study in which a body of data is collected, recorded, tallied, organized presented analyzed and interpreted. Samples and Sampling Procedure Prior to the data gathering process, permission to conduct the study with the respondents will be secured from the Dean, College of Education, Gabaldon campus, NEUST such permission is necessary in order to establish rapport and cooperation with the adviser and the researchers.. The respondents will be 30 parents who are residing at Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija Simple random sampling is to be used in determining the sample. The data to be used in this study will be gathered from the responses of the selected respondents. RESEARCH INSTRUMENT The data used in this study will be collected through the use of the questionnairechecklist and interview.
    • Questionnaire. Is a fact finding survey and with adequate interpretation is fitted in gathering data regarding the prevailing conditions. This instrument will be used to gather data from the respondent concerning their profile the factors that affect the pupils / children’s behavior how these factors affect the pupil / children behaviors and what are the ways they could be affected. DATA GATHERING PROCEDURE Description Questionnaire will be used as the research instrument in collecting data needed in this study. It is a paper pencil approach where participants will be asked to answer as set of printed data questions. Data and information will be based on demographic profile Questionnaire is used as the research instrument in collecting data needed in this study. According to Barrientos-Tan(2005), questionnaire is the most frequently used research instrument to gather needed data from the respondent pertinent to the purpose of the study. It is a paper pencil approach where participants will be asked to answer a set of printed data questions. The questionnaire will be divided into two parts. The first part pertains to the personal profile of the respondents namely, age, gender, civil status, occupation, number of siblings and ,the second part of the questionnaire was about the impact of television violence to children’s behavior. The questionnaire will be answered through checkmark(/) then it will be tabulated to determine the profile of the respondents and the impact of television violence to children’s behavior.
    • The questions will be formulated and will be arranged in such a way that the logical sequence of each questions is to be considered. STATISTICAL TREATMENT OF DATA Simple statistical data like frequency count percentage tanking and weighted mean were you to be used in analyzing and interpreting the data to be gathered. The formula used were the following: P = F/N x 100 Where P = Percentage F = Frequency N = Total number of respondents WM = TWF / N WM = Weighted Mean WEIGHTED MEAN Where: TWF = Total Weighted Frequency N Total Number of Respondents. = In interpreting the data, the numerical equivalent to be used are:: Scale Numerical Equivalent Verbal Interpretation 5 4 3 2 1 4.5 – above 3.5 -4.49 2,5-3.49 1.5-2.49 l.5 below Strongly agree Agree Moderately agree Disagree Strongly disagree Rank 1 2 3 4 5
    • Chapter IV PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA The data gathered and organized are shown and reflected on the various tables presented in this particular chapter. The questionnaires distributed to the respondents were composed of two parts, the first part contains the Profile of the Respondents, the Second part contains the Impact of Television Violence to children’s behavior. The table are: (1) Sex Profile of the Respondents (2) Age Bracket (3) Civil Status (4) Occupation Profile (5) Number of Siblings Profile for the First Part and the other one containing Table (6) Televisions Shows give more violence (7) Factors Affect Children’s Behavior (8) Effects of these Factors to Children’s Violence (9) Suggestions of Parents to Prevent Behavioral Problems of Children. A. PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE 1 Sex Profile Sex Male Female Total Frequency 5 % 17% R 2 25 30 83% 100% 1
    • Table 1 reflects that the sex profile of the respondents showed that in male there were only 5 respondents or 17% ranked 2 and in Female there were 83% which has 25 respondents. The data showed that majority of the respondents were females or mothers of the children who are the subject matter of the study. It implied that mother were always concerned about the behavior of their children than their father. TABLE 2 Age Bracket Age Bracket Below 25 Frequency 2 % 7% R 4.5 25-29 9 30% 2 30-34 10 33% 1 35-39 7 23% 3 40 above Total 2 30 7% 100% 4.5 Table 2 reflects that the age bracket of below 25 years old has 2 respondents or 7%, ranked 4.5; 25-29 has 9 or 30% ranked 2; age bracket 30-34 has 10 respondents or 33% ranked 1; age bracket35-39 has 7 or 23% ranked 5 age bracket below 25 is the same with age bracket above 40 which has 2 or 7% also.
    • The data showed that most of the respondents – parents from Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija are under the age bracket of 30-34, 25-29 and 35-39. These age bracket showed that the parents with matured age are really aware to their children’s behavior. TABLE 3 Civil Status Profile Civil Status Single Frequency 5 % 16% R 2 Married 23 77% 1 Widow 2 7% 3 Others Total 0 30 100% Table 3 reflects that out of 30 respondents only 5 or 16% were single; ranked 2. 23 or 77% were married ranked 1; 2 or 7% ranked 3 were widow. The data showed that majority of the respondents were married, they have their husband who will be their equally shared responsible to care their children to motivate to have good behavior towards television violence.
    • TABLE 4 Occupation Profile Occupation Employee Frequency 10 % 33% R 2 Laborer 5 16% 3 Self-employed 3 10% 4 Housekeeper Total 12 30 41% 100% 1 Table 4 reflects that out of 30 respondents 10 or 33% were employees; ranked 2. 5 or 16% were laborer ranked 3 or 10% were self employed ranked 4 and 12 or 41% were only a housekeeper. This data showed that majority of the respondents were only a plain housewives or a housekeeper. In this regards they can always monitor their children’s behavior especially during the after watching Television wherein too much violence can be seen.
    • TABLE 5 Number of Siblings Profile Nos. of Siblings 1-3 Frequency 7 % 23% R 3 4-6 11 37% 2 7-9 12 41% 1 0 30 0 100% 0 10 and above Total Table 5 reflects the number of siblings of the respondents, the table shows that in 1-3 siblings there were 7 or 23% ranked 3; 4-6 got 11 or 37% ranked 2; 7-9 has 12 or 41% ranked 1. Table 5 implied that majority of the respondents belongs to a big family. Perhaps because they were not aware of family planning procedures.
    • B. IMPACT OF TELEVISION VIOLENCE TO CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR TABLE 6 Television Shows Give More Violence Television Show a) Spouse Abuse Total b) Child abuse and rape W 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 Total c) Murder 5 4 3 2 1 Total d) Aggravated assault Total e) Cruel parents to their children Total 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 F 6 7 13 4 0 30 13 7 5 5 0 30 10 9 6 5 0 30 15 5 7 3 0 30 20 8 2 0 0 30 % 20% 23% 43% 13% 0 100% 43% 23% 17% 17% 0 100% 33% 30% 20% 17% 0 100% 50% 16% 23% 10% 0 100% 67% 27% 7% 0 0 100% WF 30 28 39 8 105 65 28 15 10 0 118 50 36 18 10 0 114 75 20 21 6 0 122 100 32 6 0 0 138 WM VI R 3.5 A 5 3.9 A 3 3.8 A 4 4.0 A 2 4.6 SA 1 ANALYSIS: Table 6 reflects the televisions shows which give more violence agreed by the respondents in view of its weighted mean of 4.6 ranked one (1) is item (e) or television show e) cruel parents to their children, this agreement is a clear proof that this show on television was really gives violence for the respondents.
    • In the same manner, item or television show d) aggravated assault was also agreed by the respondents in the light of its mean of 4.0 ranked 2 this agreement is a sound implication that the above television show gives more violence. Another television show give violence is that reflected in item b) or television show b) of the table it is the child abuse and rape which obtained a weighted mean of 3.9 which is agreed, ranked 3, this agreement is again another TV shows give violence for the respondents. Murder, a television show viewing someone was killed and get one’s life show violence in view of its weighted mean of 3.8 which agreed upon by the respondents ranked 4; Television show or item a) in the above table gives also violence which agreed by the respondents with the weighted mean of 3.5 ranked 5. The agreement of the respondents above indicates that all the televisions shows given show of violence to the viewers especially to the children.
    • TABLE 7 Factors that affect Children’s Behavior Television Show a) How often they watch TV Total b) The age and personality of children Total c) Whether they watch alone or with adults Total d) The parents talk with them about what they see on TV Total e) The kind of TV programs they watch Total W 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 F 7 8 9 11 0 30 6 8 10 6 0 30 13 10 7 0 0 % 23% 27% 30% 37% 0 100% 20% 27% 33% 20% 0 100% 43% 33% 23% 0 0 WF 35 32 27 22 0 116 30 32 30 12 0 114 65 40 21 0 0 30 15 9 7 0 0 30 21 9 0 0 0 30 100% 50% 30% 20% 0 0 100% 70% 30% 0 0 0 100% 126 75 36 18 0 0 129 105 36 0 0 0 141 WM VI R 3.8 A 4.5 3.8 A 4.5 4.2 A 3 4.3 A 2 4.7 SA 1 ANALYSIS: Table 7 presents the factors affect the children’s behavior Ranked 1 is Factor e) of the table which reflects that the kind of TV programs they watch, since their perception a weighted mean of 4.7, it could be implied that it was strongly agreed by the respondents which ranked it to 1. This agreement strongly implied that the kind of TV programs affect their children’s behavior.
    • Ranked 2 is factor d) of the table which expresses the parents talk with theme about what they see on TV with its weighted mean of 4.3 it was agreed by the respondents, ranked 2. This agreement is also implied acceptance that it is considered a factor affects their children behavior whether their children become violent or not. Factor c) of the table which states that whether they (their children) watch alone or with adults was agreed by the respondents as evidenced by the weighted mean of 4.2 ranked 3. It could be seen in the above data that the agreement of the respondents implied that factors really affects children’s behavior. Another factors that affect children’s behavior are factor a) and b) which states that the children’s affected in through how often they watch TV and factor b) considered the age and personality of the children with both have a weighted mean of 3.8 and ranked 4.5 equally. They were agreed by the respondents, ranked 4.5 shows through their weighted mean of 3.8 that the last two factors really affected children’s behavior.
    • TABLE 8 Effects of the factors to children’s Behavior Children’s Behavior a) Children may become violent Total b) They gradually accept violence as the way to solve problems Total c) They imitate the violence they observe Total d) They identify themselves with a certain characters as victims or victimize Total W 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 F 7 8 10 5 0 30 6 5 11 8 0 30 10 8 7 5 0 30 6 7 3 2 12 30 % 23% 27% 33% 6 0 100% 20% 16% 37% 27% 0 100% 33% 27% 23% 15% 0 100% 20% 23% 10% 7% 40% 100% WF 35 32 30 6 0 103 30 20 33 16 0 99 50 32 21 10 0 113 30 28 9 4 12 93 WM VI R 3.4 MA 2 3.3 MA 3 3.78 A 1 3.1 MA 4 ANALYSIS: There were some effects to children’s behavior the given factors in the previous table. (Table 7). Table 8 shows the effects of the factors previously analyzed and interpreted to children’s behavior. Effect c) of the Table identifies the effects to children’s behavior they imitate the violence they observe with a weighted mean of 3.7 which verbally interpreted it as agree ranked 1. The data implied that something violently done on TV programs may imitate the child’s viewer.
    • Effect a) children may become violent with it’s weighted mean of 3.4 ranked 2 which also one of the bad effects of viewing Televisions shows with full of violence, this could be agreed by the respondents as effects to children behavior, ranked 2. Effect b) They gradually accept violence as the way to solve problem is one of the respondent’s agreed upon effect of TV violence to their children’s behavior and with is weighted mean of 3.3 verbally interpreted as Moderately agreed by the respondents, ranked 3. The last effect of the factors to children’s behavior states that d) they identify themselves with a certain characters as victims or victimize with a weighted mean of Moderately agree ranked 4. This implied that in TV violence not all children are affected in the same way, but there is much more evidences that TV violence can be harmful to young viewers and it really shows that it has an impact on youth behavior.
    • TABLE 9 Suggestions 4 Parents Suggestions a) All parents must impose restriction on the amount and types of programs their children watch as they grow older. Total b) Parents must continue to impose some regulations to children since adolescents who have restrictions are more likely to endorse the stereotype portrayed on TV Total c) Maintaining warm and close relationship between parents and their children. Total d) Encourage children to express their opinions and analyze television contents Total W 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 F 21 9 0 0 0 30 20 10 0 0 0 % 70% 30% 0 0 0 100% 67% 33% 0 0 0 WF 105 36 0 0 0 141 100 40 0 0 0 30 25 5 0 0 0 30 12 9 9 0 0 30 100% 83% 17% 0 0 0 100% 40% 30% 30% 0 0 100% 140 125 20 0 0 0 145 60 36 27 0 0 123 WM VI R 4.7 SA 2.5 4.7 SA 2.5 4.8 SA 1 4.1 4 4 ANALYSIS: Suggestion c) on the table refers to Maintaining warm and close relationship between parents and their children with its weighted mean of 4.8 could be inferred that it was strongly agreed by the respondents, ranked 1. With the above agreement, it is implied that having a close relationship between parents and children is a big help for favorable behavior of their children this means that parents have a big role to become his children a better person. Suggestion a) all parents must impost restriction o the amount and types of programs their children watch as they grow older and suggestion b) parents must continue to improve some regulations to children since adolescents who have restrictions
    • are more likely to endorse since adolescents who have restrictions are more likely to endorse the stereotype portrayed on TV have both weighted mean of 4.7 ranked 2.5 verbally interpreted as Strongly Agree. Suggestion d) Encourage children to express their opinions and analyze television contents with a weighted mean of 4.1 verbally interpreted as Agree. The above agreement implied that in a world in which violent television is pervasive and children are susceptible to its effects, parents are the best mediators of their children’s viewing. It also implied that there are numbers of ways parents can limit their children’s exposure to violence. Restricting the amount and types of programs children watch is probably the most effective and common means of mediation for children of all ages. However, there are also strategies that are specifically appropriate for children at different ages.
    • Chapter 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION This chapter presents the brief summary, conclusion and the recommendations offered. SUMMARY This study death with “Television Violence: It’s Impact to Children’s Behavior in Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija. The research used the descriptive method of research and the tool employed were questionnaire checklist augmented by formal interview of selected parents in Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija. The 30 parents in the barangay were utilized to answer the questionnaire especially designed for this study the problem to be investigated were as follows: 1. How may the profile of the respondents be described in terms of: a. Sex b. Age c. Civil Status d. Occupation e. Number of siblings 2. What are the factors that affect children’s behavior in connection to television violence? 3. How these factors affect the children’s behavior?
    • 4. What are the suggestions of the researchers to solve the effects if not totally eradicate to the children’s behavior in connection to violence in television shows? SUMMARY OF FINDINGS The following are the summary of findings of the study based on the sequence of specific problems posed under the statement of the problems in chapter 1. THE PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS Sex. Twenty five or 83 percent of the respondents were females and only five or 17 percent were males. Age. Ten or 33 percent of the respondents were at the age range of 30 to 34 years which is the highest number and 2 or 7 percent was at the age range of below 25 and 40 above years which is the least in number. Civil Status. Twenty three or 77 percent of the respondents were married, 5 or 16% were single and only 2 or 7% were widow. Occupation. Twelve or 41 percent of the respondents were housekeeper which is the highest number and three or only ten percent were self employed which is the least number. Number of Siblings. Twelve or forty one percent of the respondents have their children of 7 to 9 which is the highest number and seven or twenty three percent of the respondents have one to three children only which is the least number.
    • Television Shows give more violence. The only Strongly Agree finding is the following: Cruel parents to their children with a weighted mean of 4.5 The Agree findings according to rank are the following: Aggravated assault with a weighted mean of 4.0; child abuse and rape with a weighted mean of 3.9; Murder with a weighted mean of 3.8 and spouse abuse which has a weighted mean of 3.5. Factors Affects Children’s Behavior The single Strongly agreed finding is the following: The kind of TV programs they watch which has a weighted mean of 4.7. The agreed findings according to ranks are the following: The parents talk with them about what they see on TV with a weighted mean of 4.3; whether they watch alone or with adults with a weighted mean of 4.2; How often they watch TV with a weight a weighted mean of 3.8 and the age and personality of children which has also a weighted mean of 3.8 Effect of the Factors to Children’s Behavior The Agreed finding is only one which is: They imitate the violence they observe which has a weighted mean of 3.78. The Moderately Agree findings according to rank are the following:
    • Children may become violent with a weighted mean of 3.4; They gradually accept violence as the way to solve problems has a weighted mean of 3.3; They identify themselves with a certain characters as victims or victimizers with a weighted mean of 3.1. Suggestions for Parents The strongly agreed findings according to rank are the following: Maintaining warm and close relationship between parents and their children with a weighted mean of 4.8; all parents must impose restriction on the amount and types of programs their children watch as they grow and parents must continue to impose some regulations to children since adolescents who have restrictions are more likely to endorse the stereo type portrayed on TV have both weighted mean of 2.5. The only agreed findings of the is: Encourage children to express their opinions and analyze television contents with a weighted mean of 4.1. CONCLUSIONS In the light of foregoing summary of findings, the following conclusions were arrived at: In terms of the profile of the respondents, most of them were females and only very few were males; were at the age range of 10 or 33 percent which is the highest number, was at the age range of below 25 and above 40 is the least number, more of the respondents were married, most of them also were unemployed and only a housekeeper in this regard parents – respondents can have their enough time to monitor the behavior
    • of their children everyday, majority of the respondents have seven to 9 children and require necessary attentions to supervise in their everyday activities. As regards to television shows which give more violence it was found that the television shows which gives more violence is where when the characters are cruel parents to their children which were strongly agreed by the respondents the aggravated assault, child abuse, murder and spouse abuse were also agreed by the respondents that can give violence and have effects to children’s behavior. In factors affect children’s behavior, the main factor is the kind of TV programs they watch, parental influence on a child’s viewing may determine how affected they are by violence parents who are not concerned about the effects of television will allow their children to actively watch whatever programme they want, this allows them to be more susceptible to violence as they many well choose violent programs and consequently encourage their own violent behavior. As regards to the effects of the factors given previously it is therefore concluded that the greatest effect of these to children behavior’s is they imitate the violence they observe. Children are great imitator a certain author said, it means that children who are watchers of a great deal of television are likely to commit violent crimes today or in the later in life. With regards to suggestions for parents, the respondents agreed strongly is maintaining warm and close relationship between parents and their children. Whereas children are highly in influence by their viewing habits as they establish their own viewing patterns.
    • RECOMMENDATIONS In the light of the foregoing summary of findings and conclusions of this study, the following recommendations were offered: 1. The parents must have their plans for their children’s future, as much as they can do something to have enough children or less children for they can give more attentions supervisions to their everyday activities. 2. One highly influential action parents can take, then is to examine and regulate their own viewing behavior. They must be restricted to the type and kind of TV shows their children watching. 3. It must be wise for parents to prevent their children from being exposed to content that portrayals actions that might lead children to harm themselves or others. 4. For Television industry – They must avoid the use of violence in programming for children, since violence is not necessary to attract their attention and has been shown to increase their level of aggression. 5. There is not much point in using television violence to teach children about the negative aspects or consequences of violence, since their ability to comprehend these concepts from television portrayals is extremely limited.
    • SAMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE Name (Optional) Instruction: Below are items on the profile of the respondents. Please put a check ( / ) mark on the blank provided before each item that is applicable to you. A. Profile of the Respondents a) Sex Male Female b) Age Below 25 25 – 29 30 – 34 35 – 39 40 c) Civil Status single married widow others (specify) d) Occupation employee laborer self employed Plain Housewife / Housekeeper e) Number of siblings 1-3 4-6 7-9 10 above B. IMPACT OF TELEVISION VIOLENCE TO CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR Direction: Below are items on the various questions that shows the impact of television violence to children’s behavior in Brgy. Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija with regards to respondent’s experience. Please encircle any of the number provided at the right end of item to best express your honest opinion by using the following codes: Category Weight Strongly Agree 5 Agree 4 Moderately Agree 3 Disagree 2 Strongly Disagree 1 1) What television shows can give more violence? a. Spouse abuse 5 4 3 2 1 b. Child abuse and rape 5 4 3 2 1
    • c. aggravated assault 5 4 3 2 1 d. cruel parents to their children 5 4 3 2 1 2) What factors affect children’s behavior in connection to television violence? a. How often they watch TV 5 4 3 2 1 b. The age and personality of children 5 4 3 2 1 c. Whether they watch alone or with adults 5 4 3 2 1 d. The parents talk with them about what 5 4 3 2 1 they see on TV e. The kind of TV programs they watch 5 4 3 2 1 3) What are the effects of these factors to the children’s behavior a. Children may become violent 5 4 3 2 1 b. They gradually accept violence as the 5 4 3 2 1 way to solve problems c. They imitate the violence they observe 5 4 3 2 1 on TV d. They identify themselves with a certain 5 4 3 2 1 characters as victims or victimize 4.) What are the suggestions for the parents to prevent these behavioral problems of children? a. All parents must impose restriction on 5 4 3 2 1 the amount and types of programs their children watch as they grow older b. Parents, must continue to impose some 5 4 3 2 1 regulations to children, since adolescents who have restrictions are more likely to endorse the stereo type portrayed on TV c. Maintaining warm and close relationship 5 4 3 2 1 between parents and their children. d. Encourage children to express their 5 4 3 2 1 opinions and analyze television contents.
    • TELEVISION VIOLENCE: IT’S IMPACT TO CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the College of Education Wesleyan University-Philippines In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Bachelor of Elementary Education By: Arlene M. Fernando Mary Ann DC Perez Cliff Richard Rigat
    • TELEVISION VIOLENCE: IT’S IMPACT TO CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR GRADING SHEET ARLENE M. FERNANDO MARY ANN DC PEREZ CLIFF RICHARD RIGAT PANEL OF EXAMINERS ____________________________ Chairman DR. CORAZON T. CLETO Dean, College of Education
    • WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY-PHILIPPINES COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Cabanatuan City APPROVAL SHEET This undergraduate thesis entitled “TELEVISION VIOLENCE: IT’S IMPACT TO CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR”, prepared and submitted by Arlene M. Fernando, Mary Ann DC Perez and Cliff Richard Rigat, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of BACHELOR OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION, has been reviewed and recommended for oral examination. PROF. MARIETTA V. REYES Adviser Approved and signed by the Committee on Oral Examination _____________________ Chairman _____________________ Member _____________________ Member Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Elementary Education. DR. CORAZON T. CLETO Dean, College of Education
    • LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1 SEX PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE 2 AGE BRACKET OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE 3 CIVIL STATUS PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE 4 OCCUPATION PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE 5 NUMBER OF SIBLINGS PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE 6 TELEVISION SHOWS GIVE MORE VIOLENCE TABLE 7 FACTORS THAT AFFECT CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR TABLE 8 EFFECTS OF THE FACTORS TO CHILDRENS’ BEHAVIOR TABLE 9 SUGGESTIONS OF THE RESEARCHERS TO THE PARENTS
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Approval Sheet Grading Sheet Acknowledgement Dedication Thesis Abstract Table of Contents List of Tables CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction Statement of the Problem Significance of the Study Theoretical Framework Conceptual Paradigm Scope and Delimitation of the Study Definition of Terms II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURES AND STUDIES Foreign Literature and Studies Studies Local Literature and Studies
    • Literature Studies Justification of the Study III METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF DATA Method of Research Instrument for Gathering Data Sources of Data Statistical Treatment of Data IV PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA Profile of the Respondents Impact of Television Violence to Children’s Behavior Television Shows Give More Violence Factors Affect Children’s Behavior Effect of the Factors to Children’s Behavior Suggestions for Parents V SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Summary Summary of Findings Conclusions
    • Recommendations BIBLIOGRAPHY LETTER TO THE BARANGAY CAPTAIN QUESTIONNAIRE-CHECKLIST CURRICULUM VITAE
    • CONCEPTUAL PARADIGM INPUT Watching TV programs PROCESS Parents should guide their OUTPUT Spiritual and moral Which is a modern commu Children about the type upliftment among children nication And kind of tv shows the Children should watch espe Cially those that are educational, Parents talk with the Bonding of parents and children about what they children violence amongf See on t.v. children will be avoided
    • DEDICATION This simple research is humbly dedicated to all the people who contributed so much and helped us accomplished this work. To our beloved parents, brothers, sisters, friends and love ones, for their immeasurable support and for serving as strong force behind all our endeavors and give us inspiration to make this study possible. And especially to the College of Education, our dear professors, to our Dean Dr. Corazon T. Cleto, who molded us for what we are now. And most of all, to our Dear God, who guided us in our everyday struggle. The Researchers Arlene M. Fernando Mary Ann DC Perez Cliff Richard Rigat
    • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The researchers extend their sincere gratitude and great appreciation to the following for their invaluable assistance of contribution for the completion of this study. Their dear parents, families and friends who have been assisting them throughout with their love, guidance and financial support that made it possible for them to finish their research paper. To their adviser Prof. Marietta V. Reyes, who guided them all throughout their research and patiently edited their research work, and to the lady having an initial of v.a.s. for her patiently computerized their work. To the parents-respondents of children in Barangay Brgy., Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija, for their whole hearted cooperation in giving the data needed for the study. Above all, the researchers give praise and thanks to the Almighty God, who has been giving them the right direction, providing them with good health and vigor and all understanding. To you all, thank you very much. The researchers
    • Republic of the Philippines COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION Region III THESIS ABSTRACT RESEARCH TITLE : BAHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT OF OUT-OFSCHOOL-YOUTH IN BARANGAY ADUAS NORTE CABANATUAN CITY AND ITS IMPLICATION TO EDUCATION RESEARCHERS : AIMEE P. ASIROT MAYBELLE P. BAJET FAMILYN T. GAMIT THESIS ADVISER : PROF. CECILIA V. LUCENA SCHOOL : WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY-PHILIPPINES CABANATUAN CITY DEGREE : BACHELOR OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION DATE OF DEFENSE : OCTOBER 2005
    • 1. How may the profile of the respondents be described in terms of: a. Sex b. Age c. Civil Status d. Occupation e. Number of siblings 2. What are the factors that affect children’s behavior in connection to television violence? 3. How these factors affect the children’s behavior? 4. What are the suggestions of the researchers to solve the effects if not totally eradicate to the children’s behavior in connection to violence in television shows? SUMMARY OF FINDINGS The following are the summary of findings of the study based on the sequence of specific problems posed under the statement of the problems in chapter 1. THE PROFILE OF THE RESPONDENTS Sex. Twenty five or 83 percent of the respondents were females and only five or 17 percent were males. Age. Ten or 33 percent of the respondents were at the age range of 30 to 34 years which is the highest number and 2 or 7 percent was at the age range of below 25 and 40 above years which is the least in number.
    • Civil Status. Twenty three or 77 percent of the respondents were married, 5 or 16% were single and only 2 or 7% were widow. Occupation. Twelve or 41 percent of the respondents were housekeeper which is the highest number and three or only ten percent were self employed which is the least number. Number of Siblings. Twelve or forty one percent of the respondents have their children of 7 to 9 which is the highest number and seven or twenty three percent of the respondents have one to three children only which is the least number. Television Shows give more violence. The only Strongly Agree finding is the following: Cruel parents to their children with a weighted mean of 4.5 The Agree findings according to rank are the following: Aggravated assault with a weighted mean of 4.0; child abuse and rape with a weighted mean of 3.9; Murder with a weighted mean of 3.8 and spouse abuse which has a weighted mean of 3.5. Factors Affects Children’s Behavior The single Strongly agreed finding is the following: The kind of TV programs they watch which has a weighted mean of 4.7. The agreed findings according to ranks are the following: The parents talk with them about what they see on TV with a weighted mean of 4.3; whether they watch alone or with adults with a weighted mean of 4.2; How often
    • they watch TV with a weight a weighted mean of 3.8 and the age and personality of children which has also a weighted mean of 3.8 Effect of the Factors to Children’s Behavior The Agreed finding is only one which is: They imitate the violence they observe which has a weighted mean of 3.78. The Moderately Agree findings according to rank are the following: Children may become violent with a weighted mean of 3.4; They gradually accept violence as the way to solve problems has a weighted mean of 3.3; They identify themselves with a certain characters as victims or victimizers with a weighted mean of 3.1. Suggestions for Parents The strongly agreed findings according to rank are the following: Maintaining warm and close relationship between parents and their children with a weighted mean of 4.8; all parents must impose restriction on the amount and types of programs their children watch as they grow and parents must continue to impose some regulations to children since adolescents who have restrictions are more likely to endorse the stereo type portrayed on TV have both weighted mean of 2.5. The only agreed findings of the is: Encourage children to express their opinions and analyze television contents with a weighted mean of 4.1.
    • CONCLUSIONS In the light of foregoing summary of findings, the following conclusions were arrived at: In terms of the profile of the respondents, most of them were females and only very few were males; were at the age range of 10 or 33 percent which is the highest number, was at the age range of below 25 and above 40 is the least number, more of the respondents were married, most of them also were unemployed and only a housekeeper in this regard parents – respondents can have their enough time to monitor the behavior of their children everyday, majority of the respondents have seven to 9 children and require necessary attentions to supervise in their everyday activities. As regards to television shows which give more violence it was found that the television shows which gives more violence is where when the characters are cruel parents to their children which were strongly agreed by the respondents the aggravated assault, child abuse, murder and spouse abuse were also agreed by the respondents that can give violence and have effects to children’s behavior. In factors affect children’s behavior, the main factor is the kind of TV programs they watch, parental influence on a child’s viewing may determine how affected they are by violence parents who are not concerned about the effects of television will allow their children to actively watch whatever programme they want, this allows them to be more susceptible to violence as they many well choose violent programs and consequently encourage their own violent behavior.
    • As regards to the effects of the factors given previously it is therefore concluded that the greatest effect of these to children behavior’s is they imitate the violence they observe. Children are great imitator a certain author said, it means that children who are watchers of a great deal of television are likely to commit violent crimes today or in the later in life. With regards to suggestions for parents, the respondents agreed strongly is maintaining warm and close relationship between parents and their children. Whereas children are highly in influence by their viewing habits as they establish their own viewing patterns. RECOMMENDATIONS In the light of the foregoing summary of findings and conclusions of this study, the following recommendations were offered: 1. The parents must have their plans for their children’s future, as much as they can do something to have enough children or less children for they can give more attentions supervisions to their everyday activities. 2. One highly influential action parents can take, then is to examine and regulate their own viewing behavior. They must be restricted to the type and kind of TV shows their children watching. 3. It must be wise for parents to prevent their children from being exposed to content that portrayals actions that might lead children to harm themselves or others. 4. For Television industry – They must avoid the use of violence in programming for children, since violence is not necessary to attract their attention and has been shown to increase their level of aggression.
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY Calderon, Jose F. Method of Research and Thesis Writing Quezon City: National Book Store, Inc. l993 Treece, Eleanor and M James W. Treece Jr. Element of Research St. Louis C.V. Mosby Book Co., l982 Vockell, Edward L. Educational Research , New York McMillan Publishing House, Inc. l972 Bandura A. D. Ross and A Ross (l96l) Transmission of Aggression Through Immitation of Aggressive Models Journal of Abnormal And Social Psychology 63:575-82 Alvarez Heherson T. (rep.) N=ll6 House of Representative Batasan Hills, Quezon City Muray John P. Ph.D. (l960-70) Child giftedness and its role in the parentalMediation of television viewing Roeper Review, 9,2l7-220 Esteban, Esther G. (l950) From here to eternity :Children’s Acquisition Of understanding of projective size on Television, Human Communication Research 15,463-48l.
    • CURRICULUM VITAE I. PERSONAL DATA Name: Arlene M. Fernando Nickname: Arlene Sex: Female Age: 27 B-day: April 15, 1978 Address: Brgy. Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija Name of Parents: Mr. Romualdo V. Fernando Sr. Mrs. Gloria M. Fernando II. Educational Attainment Elementary: Brgy. Elementary Secondary: Brgy. High School College: Wesleyan University-Philippines Course: Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEED)
    • CURRICULUM VITAE I. PERSONAL DATA Name: Cliff Richard S. Rigat Cell. No.: 044-880-9689 / 0916-8698940 Sex: Male Civil Status: Single Age: 19 B-day: November 17, 1984 Address: San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija Name of Parents: Eduardo Rigat Foreman / Construction Emily Rigat Housekeeper II. Educational Attainment Elementary: Tomas Earnshaw Elementary School Punta, Sta. Mesa Manila 1997 Secondary: Elpidio Quirino High School Sta. Mesa, Manila 2001 College: Wesleyan University-Philippines Mabini Extension, Cabanatuan City Course: Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEED)
    • CURRICULUM VITAE I. PERSONAL DATA Name: Mary Ann Dela Cruz Perez Nickname: Mean Sex: Female Age: 22 B-day: November 22, 1983 Address: San Juan Ligaya, Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija Name of Parents: Mr. Emiliano C. Perez Mrs. Hermana B. Dela Cruz Perez II. Educational Attainment Elementary: Brgy. Elementary Secondary: Saint Christopher Rural High School College: Wesleyan University-Philippines Course: Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEED)