Monarch larva monitoring project powerpoint of goals and roles

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  • NWS Cooperative Observing Program: The COOP was formally created in 1890 under the Organic Act. Its mission is two-fold: to measure long-term climate changes using daily maximum and minimum temperatures, snowfall, and 24-hour precipitation totals, and to provide observational meteorological data in near real-time to support forecast, warning and other public service programs of the NWS. More than 11,000 volunteers take observations on farms, in urban and suburban areas, National Parks, seashores, and mountaintops. National Audubon Society’s Christmas Bird Count: Up until the turn of the century, people commonly engaged in a holiday tradition known as the Christmas "Side Hunt": They would choose sides and go afield with their guns; whoever brought in the biggest pile of feathered quarry won. On Christmas Day 1900, ornithologist Frank Chapman, an early officer in the then budding Audubon Society, called for an end to the slaughter. He suggested that, rather than shooting birds, people count them instead. So began the Christmas Bird Count. The program has grown from the 27 participants in 1900 to more than 50,000. This is the longest running database in ornithology, representing over a century of unbroken data on trends of early-winter bird populations across the Americas. Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s FeederWatch: This program began in Ontario in 1976. Ten years later it was expanded to include sites throughout North America through a partnership with Cornell’s Lab of Ornithology. Since then, more than 15,000 people have participated from every state in the US and most Canadian provinces. The goal is to track broadscale movement and long-term trends of winter birds in North America. Participants monitor bird feeders from November to March, and this program is supported by a $15 fee per participant. An optional activity for participants is the House Finch Disease Survey, which tracks the spread of infectious diseases (such as mycoplasmal conjunctivitis ) in a wildlife population.
  • Insect Migration Association: In 1937, F. A. Urquhart began marking monarchs with wing tags to study migration, and from 1952 to 1976 more than 3,000 volunteers in this Association participated in the study. Fourth of July Butterfly Count: Under sponsorship of the North American Butterfly Association, volunteers report all butterflies observed at sites within a 15-mile diameter count circle in a one-day period. In 2001, 474 counts were held in 48 U.S states, 5 Canadian provinces and 1 Mexican state. These reports provide information about the geographical distribution and relative population sizes of the species counted. Comparisons of the results across years can be used to monitor changes in butterfly populations and study the effects of weather and habitat change on North American butterflies. Monarch Watch: Initiated as a research project in 1991, Monarch Watch coordinates a tagging program to study the fall monarch migration. In 2000, they distributed 192,000 tags to more than 100,000 students in 39 states and 3 Canadian provinces who tagged and studied over 76,000 Monarchs. Journey North: Over 9,500 schools, representing more than 460,000 students, are participating in the Spring, 2003 Journey North Program. These students are from all 50 U.S. States and 7 Canadian Provinces. The journeys of a dozen migratory species are tracked each spring. MLMP: Monarchs in the Classroom: Founded in 1991, MITC provides a wide variety of materials and professional development opportunities for teachers throughout the US. Classroom teachers and scientists work together to share their expertise with the K-12 community and combine real science with techniques that work for teachers and students. Texas Monarch Watch: Volunteers throughout Texas record daily the presence and abundance of monarchs in their areas. Monarch Alert: This is a study of patterns of fall migration, wintering activity, and spring dispersal by monarch butterflies in western North America. Migratory Pollinators Project: In the fall of 1998, the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum launched a five-year effort to monitor four migratory pollinator species along the nectar corridors of western Mexico and the southwestern United States. The effort has initially focused on white-winged doves, lesser long-nosed bats, rufous hummingbirds, and monarch butterflies.
  • Monarch larva monitoring project powerpoint of goals and roles

    1. 1. Monarch Larva Monitoring Project Goals and Roles
    2. 2. “ A Cooperative Effort to Generate and Share Ecological Knowledge” <ul><li>Citizen Science : </li></ul><ul><li>involves the public in organized scientific research </li></ul><ul><li>is often used in conservation, applied ecology and natural resource management </li></ul><ul><li>is an important tool in basic ecological research </li></ul>
    3. 3. Examples of Citizen Science Projects <ul><li>NWS Cooperative Observing Program includes 11,500 volunteer observation stations </li></ul><ul><li>National Audubon Society’s Christmas Bird Count </li></ul><ul><li>Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s FeederWatch, House Finch Disease Survey, etc. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Monarch Citizen Science <ul><li>Insect Migration Association (1952) </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth of July Butterfly Count (1970’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Monarch Watch </li></ul><ul><li>Journey North </li></ul><ul><li>MLMP </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchs in the Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Texas Monarch Watch </li></ul><ul><li>California Monarch Alert </li></ul><ul><li>Migratory Pollinators Project </li></ul>
    5. 5. Why Monarchs? <ul><li>Scientific reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Migration and annual variability in pathways and strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad geographic distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practical reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of observation and identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amenability to experimental research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public recognition and iconic status </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Monarch Larva Monitoring Project <ul><li>Network of volunteers tracking immature monarch abundances in the US and Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Began in 1994 with UM lab group </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen involvement in 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Differs from most other Citizen Science projects in amount of time required and basic research focus </li></ul>
    7. 7. Outreach/Dissemination Goal #1 <ul><li>Understand local ecosystems and basic ecological principles </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the scientific process </li></ul><ul><li>Understand policy and conservation applications of ecological data </li></ul>Increased scientific literacy
    8. 8. Outreach/Dissemination Goal #2 <ul><li>Exhibit for participating nature centers </li></ul><ul><li>Website </li></ul><ul><li>Annual newsletter conveying project findings, background information, links to other projects, etc. </li></ul>Dissemination to participants and community
    9. 9. Outreach/Dissemination Goal #3 <ul><li>MLMP and extended research </li></ul><ul><li>Education for non-volunteer audience: data utilization, project findings </li></ul>Research/science education program for nature centers
    10. 10. Outreach/Dissemination Goal #4 <ul><li>K-12 Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in MLMP via school/teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Via ISE (visits to nature centers, summer involvement) </li></ul><ul><li>Data/curriculum utilization </li></ul>Link formal education community, ISE and scientists
    11. 11. Project Activities Goal #1 <ul><li>Provide baseline data on monarch </li></ul><ul><li>population biology for educators, </li></ul><ul><li>scientists, policy makers, and the public </li></ul><ul><li>Basic distribution and abundance data </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal and spatial comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of various monarch habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Effects of environmental perturbations </li></ul><ul><li>Population dynamics (e.g. predation, timing of mortality) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Project Activities Goal #2 <ul><li>Provide trainer and volunteer support </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage and facilitate communication </li></ul><ul><li>Retain volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminate findings </li></ul><ul><li>Make data collection and entry easy and meaningful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-line tutorial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data sheets and directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assuring quality data </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. University of Minnesota <ul><li>Training, Resources, Protocol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide training materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide hands-on practice with monitoring and larva ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directions for training and recruiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project communication and support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newsletter, website, networking (naturalists and volunteers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature center and site displays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online support and field questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data analysis and dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>
    14. 14. Nature Centers <ul><li>Conduct monitoring workshops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration, recruitment, logistics, materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide training for a variety of volunteer types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help volunteers develop implementation plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Facilitate on-site monitoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up schedule, maintain data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oversee data input </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow-up and support: maintain excitement and involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Display </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporation into other program activities </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Volunteers <ul><li>Conduct weekly monitoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per plant monarch density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site description, milkweed density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optional weather, plant condition and parasitism data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data input </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online data forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data validation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For children, students, community, etc. </li></ul></ul>

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