2009 Transcribing English Words

  • 1,930 views
Uploaded on

education English pronunciation phonics

education English pronunciation phonics

More in: Education , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,930
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
130
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Transcribing English words Victor GAO Faculty of Foreign Languages Zhejiang Education College Sept. 2009
  • 2. Are you all ears?
  • 3.  
  • 4. 英语口语与朗读涉及两个系统 韵律系统 超音位因素 英语语音 音位系统 句重音 句子节奏 句子语调 英语元音 英语辅音
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 5-9 号开口越来越小 1-5 号开口越来越大 : 1-4 号唇型越来越扁 6-9 号唇型越来越圆 1-4 号为前元音 English monophthongs 5-9 号为后元音 10-12 号为中元音
  • 9. front central back Closed Close-mid Open-mid Open spread The basic vowels chart rounded
  • 10. 舌前 舌中 舌后 The basic vowels chart 唇型越来越扁 唇型越来越圆 合口 半合 半开 全开 中央
  • 11. front central back Closed Close-mid Open-mid Open spread The basic vowels chart rounded
  • 12. Basics of successful reading Phonemic awareness Phonics vocabulary Reading fluency Comprehension Grammar Proficiency
  • 13. Phonemic Awareness
    • Phonics: The integration of sounds and symbols
    • Phonemic Awareness: being sensitive to the sounds and their written forms
    • If symbols are involved in letter reading, it is phonics! 在读英语时,看到字母就知道其发音。
  • 14. What is a syllable?
    • A syllable is a unit of sound composed of 
    • a central peak of sonority 响音峰 ( usually a vowel ), and
    • the consonants that cluster around this central peak.
    • a ge hi m a ke n e xt h u ge
  • 15. What is a syllable?
    • For example, the word hotel has two syllables: ho and tel .
    • The syllables are marked here as in ho / tel .
  • 16. Syllable Structure
    • The general structure of a syllable consists of the following segments:
    • Onset (obligatory in some languages, optional or even restricted in others)
    • Rhyme & Nucleus (obligatory in all languages)
    • Coda (optional in some languages, highly restricted or prohibited in others)
  • 17. Syllable structure Optional Closing segment of a syllable Coda Obligatory Central segment of a syllable Nucleus 核 Obligatory Core of a syllable, consisting of a nucleus and coda (see below) Rhyme Optional Initial segment of a syllable: Onset Optionality Description Parts
  • 18. are Central peak of sonority 响音峰
  • 19. t ar Onset sound
  • 20. st ar More onset sounds
  • 21. st ar t A coda
  • 22. st ar ts More codas
  • 23. Weak and Strong Syllables
    • One of the most noticeable features of English is that many syllables are weak.
    • I will discuss in a separate chapter how these weak syllables are pronounced and where they occur in English.
  • 24. Weak and Strong Syllables
    • We could describe them partly in terms of stress by saying, for example, that strong syllables are stressed and weak syllables unstressed. Example:
    • Example / ɪ g ‵ zɑː mpl /
  • 25. What is an open syllable?
    • In a stressed syllable, if there is only one vowel letter , followed by a consonant letter and a silent “e” , then this syllable is called an open syllable and that vowel letter is pronounced as the sound of the vowel letter itself.
    • Examples: m a k e , th o s e , n o, I
  • 26. 重读 开 音节
    • 在一个重读音节中,如果只有一个元音字母,后加一个辅音字母和一个尾音 e (哑音 e ),那么该音节就叫做重读开音节,其中的元音字母发字母本身的音。
    • 如 m a ke, th o se, n o, I
  • 27. What is a closed syllable?
    • In a stressed syllable, if there is only one vowel letter , followed by one or two consonant letters without a silent “e” , then this syllable is called a closed syllable and
    • that vowel letter is pronounced as the sound of the short vowel whose shape is similar to the vowel letter itself. l i ke
  • 28. What is a closed syllable?
    • In a stressed syllable, if there is only one vowel letter , followed by one or two consonant letters without a silent “e” , then this syllable is called a closed syllable
  • 29. What is a closed syllable?
    • And that vowel letter is pronounced as the sound of the short vowel whose shape is similar to the vowel letter itself. For example:
  • 30. Closed syllables
    • a e i o u
    • Examples: b i g ; b a ck
  • 31.
    • 在一个重读音节中,如果只有一个元音字母,后加一个或两个辅音字母,后面不跟有哑音 e ,那么该音节就叫做重读闭音节,其中的元音字母发与该字母形状相应的短元音。
    • a e i o u
    • 如 b i g ; b a ck
    重读 闭 音节
  • 32. Syllable types
    • A closed syllable: A closed syllable has one and only one vowel, and it ends in a consonant.
    • Examples include in , ask , truck , sock , stretch , twelfth , and on .
  • 33.
    • a can be pronounced as:
    – – a b a se Vowel letter a a Open
  • 34.
    • a can be pronounced as:
    – – a b a se a v a b a g v Open Closed Vowel letter a
  • 35.
    • a can be pronounced as:
    – – a b a se a v a b a g v a a go • • Open Closed Unstressed Vowel letter a
  • 36. Strong and weak forms
  • 37.
    • a can be pronounced as:
    – – a b a se a v a b a g v a a go • • Long vowel Short vowel Vowel No.12 Vowel letter a
  • 38.
    • e can be pronounced as:
    – – e e th e se Vowel letter e
  • 39.
    • e can be pronounced as:
    – – e e th e se e e e gg v v Vowel letter e
  • 40.
    • e can be pronounced as:
    – – e e th e se e v e e gg v e • marv e lous • Vowel letter e
  • 41.
    • i can be pronounced as:
    – – i i b i ke Vowel letter i
  • 42.
    • i can be pronounced as:
    – – i i b i ke v i b i g v Vowel letter i
  • 43.
    • i can be pronounced as:
    – – i i b i ke v i b i g v i • terr i ble • v Vowel letter i
  • 44.
    • o can be pronounced as:
    – – o o h o pe Vowel letter o
  • 45.
    • o can be pronounced as:
    – – o o h o pe o s o n Vowel letter o
  • 46.
    • o can be pronounced as:
    – – o o h o pe o s o n o v h o t v Vowel letter o
  • 47.
    • o can be pronounced as:
    – – o o h o pe • • o s o n o o v h o t v Vowel letter o t o day – ‵
  • 48.
    • u can be pronounced as:
    – – u u h u ge Vowel letter e
  • 49.
    • u can be pronounced as:
    – – u u h u ge u s u n Vowel letter e
  • 50.
    • u can be pronounced as:
    – – u u h u ge v v u s u n u p u t Vowel letter u
  • 51.
    • u can be pronounced as:
    – – u u h u ge v v • • u s u n u p u t u b u t Vowel letter u
  • 52.
    • u can be pronounced as:
    – – u u h u ge v v • • u s u n u p u t u b u t Vowel Letter e
  • 53. Phonemic Awareness
    • Phonics: The integration of sounds and symbols
    • Phonemic Awareness: being sensitive to the sounds and their written forms
    • If symbols are involved in letter reading, it is phonics ! 在读英语时,看到字母就知道其发音。
  • 54. Practice
    • phonics
    形音对照法
  • 55. Practice
    • phonics
  • 56. Practice
    • phonics
    ‵ v v
  • 57. Practice
    • syllables
    音节
  • 58. Practice
    • syllables
  • 59. Practice
    • syllables
    ‵ v •
  • 60. Practice
    • vowel
    元音
  • 61. Practice
    • vowel
  • 62. Practice
    • vowel
  • 63. Practice
    • monophthongs
    单元音
  • 64. Practice
    • monophthongs
  • 65. Practice
    • monophthongs
    ‵ v v •
  • 66. Practice
    • diphthongs
    双元音
  • 67. Practice
    • diphthongs
  • 68. Practice
    • diphthongs
    ‵ v v
  • 69. Practice
    • consonant
    辅音
  • 70. Practice
    • consonant
  • 71. Practice
    • consonant
    ‵ v • •
  • 72. Practice
    • bilabial
    双唇音
  • 73. Practice
    • bilabial
  • 74. Practice
    • bilabial
    ‵ – –
  • 75.
    • bilabial
  • 76. Practice
    • dental
    齿音
  • 77. Practice
    • dental
  • 78.
    • dental
  • 79. Practice
    • dental
    ‵ v •
  • 80. Practice
    • alveolar
    齿龈音
  • 81. Practice
    • alveolar
  • 82. Practice
    • alveolar
    ‵ v •
  • 83.
    • alveolar
  • 84. Practice
    • palatal
  • 85. Practice
    • palatal
  • 86.
    • palatal
  • 87. Practice
    • palatal
    ‵ v • •
  • 88. Practice
    • velum
    小舌
  • 89. Practice
    • velum
  • 90. Practice
    • velum
    ‵ • –
  • 91.
    • velar
  • 92. Practice
    • glottal
    声门的
  • 93. Practice
    • glottal
  • 94. Adam’s Apple
  • 95. Practice
    • glottal
    ‵ v •
  • 96. Practice
    • plosive
    爆破音
  • 97. Practice
    • plosive
  • 98. Practice
    • plosive
    ‵ v –
  • 99. Practice
    • fricative
    摩擦音
  • 100. Practice
    • fricative
  • 101. Practice
    • fricative
    ‵ v v •
  • 102. Practice
    • affricate
    破擦音
  • 103. Practice
    • affricate
  • 104. Practice
    • affricate
  • 105. Practice
    • affricate
    ‵ v v
  • 106. Practice
    • lateral
    舌侧音
  • 107. Practice
    • lateral
  • 108. Practice
    • lateral
  • 109. Practice
    • lateral
    ‵ v • •
  • 110. Practice
    • articulation
    ‵ 发音
  • 111. Practice
    • articulation
  • 112. Practice
    • articulation
    ‵ v – – ‵
  • 113. Practice
    • combination
    组合
  • 114. Practice
    • combination
  • 115. Practice
    • combination
    ‵ v – v ‵
  • 116. Practice
    • discipline
    纪律
  • 117. Practice
    • discipline
  • 118. Practice
    • discipline
    v ‵ v •
  • 119. Practice
    • passage
    短文
  • 120. Practice
    • passage
  • 121. Practice
    • passage
    v ‵
  • 122. Practice
    • Italy
  • 123. Practice
    • Italy
  • 124. Practice
    • Italy
    v ‵ • v
  • 125. Practice
    • Italian
  • 126. Practice
    • Italian
  • 127. Practice
    • Italian
    v ‵ • v v
  • 128. Practice
    • Italian
    v ‵ v
  • 129. Practice
    • simultaneous
    同时发生的
  • 130. Practice
    • simultaneous
  • 131. Practice
    • simultaneous
    ‵ v – –
  • 132. Practice
    • challenge
  • 133. Practice
    • challenge
    挑战
  • 134. Practice
    • challenge
    ‵ v •
  • 135. Basics of successful reading Phonemic awareness Phonics vocabulary Reading fluency Comprehension Grammar Proficiency