Humans Try to Control Nature SOCIAL STUDIES UNIT 1 LESSON 2
OBJECTIVES <ul><li>List technological and artistic achievements of the Paleolithic Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the Neo...
MAIN IDEA <ul><li>ECONOMICS. The development of agriculture caused an increase in population and the growth of a settled w...
WHY IT MATTERS NOW <ul><li>New methods for obtaining food and the development of technology laid the foundations for moder...
TERMS AND NAMES <ul><li>nomad </li></ul><ul><li>hunter-gatherer </li></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>s...
LESSON 1  Human Origins in Africa <ul><li>Scientists Search for Human Origins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archeologists study ar...
Setting the Stage <ul><li>40,000 years ago humans became modern physically. </li></ul><ul><li>The way of life changed. </l...
Early advances in technology and art <ul><li>Ancestors spent all the time surviving. </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced humans in ...
Artistic Expression in Paleolithic Age <ul><li>Jewels </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>Cave paintings </li><...
The beginnings of agriculture <ul><li>Bands of 25 to 70 people. </li></ul><ul><li>Men hunted </li></ul><ul><li>Women gathe...
Causes of Agricultural Revolution <ul><li>Change in climate. </li></ul><ul><li>Longer growing seasons </li></ul><ul><li>Ri...
Early farming methods <ul><li>Slash-and-burn farming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting trees or grasses and burned them to cle...
<ul><li>Domestication of animals </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taming of animals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Horse...
Villages grow and prosper <ul><li>Farming develops in many places </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Catal Huyuk <ul><li>Meaning forked mound. </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile place in Turkey near Konya </li></ul><ul><li>8,000 yea...
HOMEWORK <ul><li>Write vocabulary meanings and answer questions of Assessment 2.  It comes at the end of the Lesson 2. </l...
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S.s. unit 1_lesson_2[1]

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S.s. unit 1_lesson_2[1]

  1. 1. Humans Try to Control Nature SOCIAL STUDIES UNIT 1 LESSON 2
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>List technological and artistic achievements of the Paleolithic Age. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the Neolithic Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the growth of villages. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MAIN IDEA <ul><li>ECONOMICS. The development of agriculture caused an increase in population and the growth of a settled way of life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHY IT MATTERS NOW <ul><li>New methods for obtaining food and the development of technology laid the foundations for modern civilization. </li></ul>
  5. 5. TERMS AND NAMES <ul><li>nomad </li></ul><ul><li>hunter-gatherer </li></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>slash-and-burn farming </li></ul><ul><li>domestication </li></ul>
  6. 6. LESSON 1 Human Origins in Africa <ul><li>Scientists Search for Human Origins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archeologists study artifacts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence found through archeological diggings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzing bones and artifacts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones reveal what people looked like, the food they ate, diseases and their age. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts are human-made objects such as tools and jewelry and give information about their work and their Gods. (culture) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Setting the Stage <ul><li>40,000 years ago humans became modern physically. </li></ul><ul><li>The way of life changed. </li></ul><ul><li>People developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artistic skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Early advances in technology and art <ul><li>Ancestors spent all the time surviving. </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced humans in cultural changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Old Stone Age were nomads. </li></ul><ul><li>Nomads searched for food. </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter-gatherers collected plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Cro-Magnons intented tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Early modern humans launched technology. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Artistic Expression in Paleolithic Age <ul><li>Jewels </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>Cave paintings </li></ul>
  10. 10. The beginnings of agriculture <ul><li>Bands of 25 to 70 people. </li></ul><ul><li>Men hunted </li></ul><ul><li>Women gathered fruits, seeds, and plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Revolution or agricultural revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from food-gathering to food-producing </li></ul>
  11. 11. Causes of Agricultural Revolution <ul><li>Change in climate. </li></ul><ul><li>Longer growing seasons </li></ul><ul><li>Rich supply of grain </li></ul><ul><li>Offered attractive alternative of steady source of food </li></ul>
  12. 12. Early farming methods <ul><li>Slash-and-burn farming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting trees or grasses and burned them to clear fields. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ashes = fertilizers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stayed for a couple of years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New trees grew back and repeat the process. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Domestication of animals </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taming of animals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Horses, dogs, goats, and pigs. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pastoral nomads domesticated sheep, goats, camels and other animals. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Agriculture in Jarmo </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zagros Mountains in northeastern Irak </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1950’s Jarmo’s archeological site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural settlement of 9,00 years ago. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pioneers of the new era of modern life </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Villages grow and prosper <ul><li>Farming develops in many places </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico and Central America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peru </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Catal Huyuk <ul><li>Meaning forked mound. </li></ul><ul><li>Fertile place in Turkey near Konya </li></ul><ul><li>8,000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>5 to 6 thousand people. </li></ul><ul><li>Rectangular shaped houses made of brick </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture, pottery and weaving. </li></ul><ul><li>Colorful wall painting </li></ul><ul><li>Religious shrines to mother goddess who controlled the supply of grain. </li></ul>
  16. 16. HOMEWORK <ul><li>Write vocabulary meanings and answer questions of Assessment 2. It comes at the end of the Lesson 2. </li></ul>

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