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S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
S.s. unit 1 lesson 1
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S.s. unit 1 lesson 1

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  • 1. SOCIAL STUDIES 7TH GRADE Ms. Vicky Treviño Mondays and Wednesdays
  • 2. ROUTINES <ul><li>Bring the book. </li></ul><ul><li>Main idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Why it matters now. </li></ul><ul><li>Terms and names. </li></ul><ul><li>Read and make an outline. </li></ul>
  • 3. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Studying early human development </li></ul><ul><li>Understand early humans’ need to survive and how they met that need. </li></ul>
  • 4. MAIN IDEA <ul><li>Fossil evidence shows that earliest humans originated in Africa and spread across the globe. </li></ul>
  • 5. WHY IT MATTERS NOW <ul><li>The study of early human remains and artifacts help in understanding our place in human history. </li></ul>
  • 6. TERMS AND NAMES <ul><li>artifact </li></ul><ul><li>culture </li></ul><ul><li>hominid </li></ul><ul><li>Paleolithic Age </li></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Age </li></ul><ul><li>technology </li></ul><ul><li>Homo sapiens </li></ul>
  • 7. LESSON 1 Human Origins in Africa <ul><li>Scientists Search for Human Origins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archeologists study artifacts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence found through archeological diggings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzing bones and artifacts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones reveal what people looked like, the food they ate, diseases and their age. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts are human-made objects such as tools and jewelry and give information about their work and their Gods. (culture) </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Paleontologists study fossils. </li></ul><ul><li>Fossils are evidence of early life preserved in rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Small fragments of teeth, skills or other bones. </li></ul><ul><li>Antropologists work as team to make discoveries. </li></ul>
  • 9. Culture : the way of life of a group of people. <ul><li>Common ways of dressing </li></ul><ul><li>Similar hunting practices </li></ul><ul><li>Favorite animals to eat </li></ul><ul><li>See page 6: Components of Culture </li></ul>
  • 10. Early footprints found <ul><li>Mary Leakey looked for clues about human origins in Laetoly, Tanzania, East Africa in 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>Found footprints preserved in volcanic ash. </li></ul><ul><li>Australpithecines: humanlike beings also called hominids. </li></ul><ul><li>3,600,000 years ago a man’s ancestor walked fully upright. </li></ul>
  • 11. The Discovery of “Lucy” <ul><li>1974 in Ethiopia a complete skeleton of an adult female hominid was found, they named her Lucy after the song. </li></ul><ul><li>She livd 3.5 million years ago. </li></ul>
  • 12. Hominids walk Upright <ul><li>To travel distances more easily. </li></ul><ul><li>To spot threatening animals </li></ul><ul><li>To carry food and children. </li></ul><ul><li>They also developed opposable thumb to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick up small objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making tools </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. THE OLD STONE AGE BEGINS <ul><li>Paleolitic Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.5 million to 8000 B.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Achievements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invention of tools: stone chopping tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mastery over fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of language </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Neolithic Age </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From 8000 B.C. to 3000 B.C </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ice Age </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Glaciers advances and retreated 18 times. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achievements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Polish stone tools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make pottery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grow crops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raise animals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 15. HOMO HABILIS MAY HAVE USED TOOLS <ul><li>Louis and Mary Leakey discovered a hominid fossil and named it Homo habilis. </li></ul><ul><li>Homo habilis means man of skill. </li></ul><ul><li>Tools made of lava rocks used to cut meat and crack open bones. </li></ul>
  • 16. HOMO ERECTUS DEVELOPS TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Homo erectus means “upright man.” </li></ul><ul><li>More intelligent and adaptable. </li></ul><ul><li>Used intelligence to develop technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Skillful hunters. </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated to India, China, Southeast Asia, and Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Used fire to keep them warm, cook, and frighten animals. </li></ul>
  • 17. THE DAWN OF MODERN HUMANS <ul><li>Homo sapiens means “wise man.” </li></ul><ul><li>Had larger brains. </li></ul><ul><li>Neanderthals were not ancestors of modern humans. </li></ul><ul><li>Cro-Magnons competed for land and food with Neanderthals. </li></ul>
  • 18. Neanderthals’ Way of Life <ul><li>Europe and Southwest Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerfully built. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy slanted brows and well-developed muscles, and thick bones. </li></ul><ul><li>Lived between 200,000 and 30,000 years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to control their world. </li></ul><ul><li>Developed religoius beliefs and rituals. </li></ul>
  • 19. Cro-Magnons Emerge <ul><li>40,000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated from North Africa to Europe and Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Made new tools and planned their hunts. </li></ul><ul><li>Populations grew faster an replaced the Neanderthals. </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced in spoken language. </li></ul>
  • 20. Fossils, Tools, and Cave Paintings <ul><li>Fossils found in Chad and Kenya. </li></ul><ul><li>6 and 7 million years old resembled to hominids. </li></ul><ul><li>A bone flute 43,000 to 82,000 years ago suggests Neanderthals talent, musical expression. </li></ul><ul><li>Paintings give information on daily activities. </li></ul>

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