General Objective: To elaborate and use different teaching materials in order to enrich English classes and to be able to help students learn the language more effectively.
The most basic piece of pair equipment in a classroom. It supports the class with diagrams tables and written information. Basic prequisites: 1. Start with a clean board. 2. Write legibly. 3. Use the right implement. (chalk, color, etc.) Board
to help students get into characters when acting out a dialogue
or doing a role play.
as props for dialogue or story role play (money).
aids for various games.
Suggestion: keep a box in a corner of your room with different
Kinds of material for an interesting class.
Advantage: they add some significant reality to the classroom
They’re specially useful and important for teaching children.
Advanced class: use realia to describe objects in detail (size,
This material has the advantage that it can be prepared at home and be more attractive than the board, they also cut down greatly on time. Flashcards can be double sided with picture on one side and the word on the other side or opposites. Word flashcards are used for structure practice (unscramble the word or sentence) use pocket charts for this activity. The disadvantage is that they can’t be used again, most of the time. The solution is to make reusable flashcards by covering them with contact paper and using water markers on them (if necessary). Flashcards
Write the first part of the information on one side of the card. For example, you could write 1+1= for a math problem, or the vocab word you want to study. If you are using the flashcards to learn trivia, write the question on the card.
Turn the card over and write the answer to the question, math problem, or the definition of the word. This information will let you check your answers as you study using the flash cards.
They are one of the most useful visual aids available for teachers.
provide a variety of options to be used.
stimulating and colorful.
cheap and easy to find.
Magazine pictures can be organized categorizing and
classifying the pictures as you need them.
There are two kinds of visuals:
Visuals to talk with: Board.
Visuals to talk about: Magazines.
Visuals that are big enough to be observed by all the class they are designed to be used in a more permanent way than flashcards. Can be used for academic ojectives, discipline or integration. (birthday, weather, growth chart colors, months, etc.) Wall Chart
Readability is a measure of how easily the ideas flow from one item to the next. Text that has lots of grammatical problems, complex or passive sentence structure, and misspellings is "hard to read".
If a text is legible, it can be deciphered. A common error in poster presentations is use of fonts that are too small to be read from 6-10 feet away, a typical distance for reading a poster.
well organized, and
Spatial organization makes the difference between reaching 95% rather than just 5% of your audience: time spent hunting for the next idea or piece of data is time taken away from thinking about the science.
Used to accustom students to a voice other than yours.
to provide concreted drills.
to expose them to different accents.
Audio cassettes should be recorded:
Clear, at an appropiate speed, realistic.
Remember to strike a balance between convinence and
Can be used for presenting a new theme (engage), give a background to a topic, playing various forms of dialogues, instructions. Video loosses it’s impact when overused. Students intelectual skills to focus diminish. Disadvantage of videos: it isn’t as clear as the original when it is a copy. Video
Video cameras has two main uses: 1. Teacher records students doing an activity and diagnose problems. 2. Students record their own video interview advertisement weather or news report, etc. In the planning and execution of these activities great deal of language is learned. To use a video camera you must : know how to use it properly. Another problem might be that some students don’t take the situation seriously and start playing in front of a camera, or a student get stuck behind the camera and doesn’t participate.
A competitive activity that involves certain skills and it is played under a set of rules for the amusement of the players, which compete for points or other advancements that indicate that they are outperforming other players.
Curious Owl. Student 1 will ask student 2 How old are you? Student 2 will answer. Student 3 will ask student 4: How old is she? Referring to student 2, student 4 will answer. Student 5 will begin again with How old are you to student 6.
I’m thinking of : The teacher or student (game leader) will choose an item (number, name, date, month, etc.) from among these, the class has been studying. The teacher or leader will whisper the item to another student so that there will be someone to verify the answer. The teacher or leader will call to guess the correct item.
Statistics show that people who rely too much on statistics lead boring, mundane lives with no purpose. Those with a more open mind about instructional techniques, meanwhile, are likely to have spouses who adore them, children who worship them, and employers who look for every opportunity to praise and promote them.
Among other benefits, framing instructional material in a humorous way and joking with and about yourself, your profession, and your learners is an excellent way to relieve tension and alleviate stress in the classroom, establish a more human relationship between teachers and students, and potentially increase retention of instructional material.
Humor can innervate a lesson regardless of the subject matter being taught
Humor needs not be specifically relevant to the subject, attracting and maintaining the learners’ attention and interest, and transferring the material in a creative way, makes the educational process more engaging and thus more likely to succeed.
SATIRE Satire, too, can be a powerful instructional aid.
The most obvious and most common form of material support for language instruction.
New teachers your first concern is to creatively use the textbook that has been handed to you by your supervisor. Sometimes new teachers, in their zeal for creating wonderful, marvelous written material for their students, neglect the standard textbook prescribed by the school curriculum and fail to see that this resource may actually be quite useful.
Texts are any of a wide variety of types of genres of linguistic forms. Text can be spoken or written. Among written texts, the range of possibilities extend from labels and forms and charts to essays and manuals and books.
Textbooks are one type of text, a book for use in an educational curriculum