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Chapter 5 section 3
 

Chapter 5 section 3

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    Chapter 5 section 3 Chapter 5 section 3 Presentation Transcript

    • By PresenterMedia.comCHAPTER 5 SECTION 3Democracy and Greece’s Golden AgeVocabulary and Assessment QuestionsPages 134 - 136
    • VOCABULARYA second line of text could go hereDirect democracyA government in which citizens rule directlyrather than through representatives.
    • Classical art The art of ancient Greece and Rome, in whichharmony, order, and proportion wereemphasized.
    • Tragedy A serious form of drama dealing with thedownfall of a heroic or noble character.
    • Comedy A humorous form of drama that oftenincludes slapstick and satire.
    • Peloponnesian War A war lasting from 431 to 404 B.C., in whichAthenians and allies were defeated by Spartaand its allies.
    • Philosopher A thinker who uses logic and reason toinvestigate the nature of the universe, humansociety, and morality.
    • Socrates Greek philosopher who was a critic ofSophists. He believed that absolute standardsdid exist for truth and justice.
    • PlatoA student of Socrates. He wrote down theconversations of Socrates and TheRepublic, invisioning a perfectly governedsociety: farmers and artisans, wariors, and theruling class.
    • AristotleStudent of Plato. Opened his school “Lyceum.”He questioned the nature of the world and ofhuman belief, thought and knowledge.Invented a method for arguing according to therules of logic.
    • Questions3. What steps did Pericles take to strengthendemocracy in Athens?He made public offices paid positions – morecitizens could take part in government.
    • 4. What were the battle strategies of Athensand Sparta in the Peloponnesian War?Athens: avoid land battles, strike with superiornavy.Sparta: Draw Athenians into a land battle anduse superior army.
    • 5. Why do you think some Athenians found theideas of Socrates so disturbing? They may have thought he threatenedtraditional ways of life by encouraging studentsto question vlues and beliefs.
    • 6. How does the concept of hubris from Greektragedy apply to Poloponnesian War? Athenians were proud of their navy and mayhave underestimated Sparta.
    • 7. Was the rule of Pericles a “golden age” forAthens?Yes. Expansion of democracy and a floweringof arts.No. Destructive war.