CHAPTER 3 ASSESSMENTPeople and Ideas on the Move 2000 B.C.-250 B.C.
TERMS AND NAMES• Indo-Europeans.• They were a group of nomadic peoples who migrated into Europe, India and Southwest Asia and interacted with peoples living there.
Caste• One of the four classes of people in the social system of the Aryans who settled in India—priests, warriors, peasants or traders, and non-Aryans people or craftsmen.
Reincarnation• In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding.
Siddharta Gautama• The founder of Buddhism.• Take a look at his life.• SIDDHARTA GAUTAMA
Minoans• A seafaring and trading people that lived on the island of Crete from about 2000 to 1400 B.C.
Phoenicians• A seafaring people of Southwest Asia, who around 1100 B.C. began to trade and established colonies throughout the Mediterranean region.
Monotheism• A belief in a single god.
Moses• The man who led the Hebrews out of slavery.
Main Ideas• What are the three reasons that historians give to explain why Indo-Europeans migrated? – War – Disease – Climatic change
What are two technologies that helped the Hittites build the empire?• Chariot design• Iron smelting
• How were the Aryans different from the non- Aryans (classes) that they encountered when they migrated to India? – Aryans spoke a different language. – Were physically different. – No system of writing. – Were a pastoral people.
• In Hinduism how are the ideas of karma, reincarnation and moksha connected? – In Hinduism, an individual soul passes from one incarnation to another until it achieves moksha, which is perfect understanding. – A soul’s karma is the sum of its good and bad deeds. – Karma determines the reincarnation (rebirths) a soul will experience.
What did the Minoans export?• Goods such as – Pottery – Swords – Figurines – Architecture – Burial customs – Religious rituals