Ch 3 assessment 1 14
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  • 1. CHAPTER 3 ASSESSMENTPeople and Ideas on the Move 2000 B.C.-250 B.C.
  • 2. TERMS AND NAMES• Indo-Europeans.• They were a group of nomadic peoples who migrated into Europe, India and Southwest Asia and interacted with peoples living there.
  • 3. Caste• One of the four classes of people in the social system of the Aryans who settled in India—priests, warriors, peasants or traders, and non-Aryans people or craftsmen.
  • 4. Reincarnation• In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding.
  • 5. Siddharta Gautama• The founder of Buddhism.• Take a look at his life.• SIDDHARTA GAUTAMA
  • 6. Minoans• A seafaring and trading people that lived on the island of Crete from about 2000 to 1400 B.C.
  • 7. Phoenicians• A seafaring people of Southwest Asia, who around 1100 B.C. began to trade and established colonies throughout the Mediterranean region.
  • 8. Monotheism• A belief in a single god.
  • 9. Moses• The man who led the Hebrews out of slavery.
  • 10. Main Ideas• What are the three reasons that historians give to explain why Indo-Europeans migrated? – War – Disease – Climatic change
  • 11. What are two technologies that helped the Hittites build the empire?• Chariot design• Iron smelting
  • 12. • How were the Aryans different from the non- Aryans (classes) that they encountered when they migrated to India? – Aryans spoke a different language. – Were physically different. – No system of writing. – Were a pastoral people.
  • 13. • In Hinduism how are the ideas of karma, reincarnation and moksha connected? – In Hinduism, an individual soul passes from one incarnation to another until it achieves moksha, which is perfect understanding. – A soul’s karma is the sum of its good and bad deeds. – Karma determines the reincarnation (rebirths) a soul will experience.
  • 14. What did the Minoans export?• Goods such as – Pottery – Swords – Figurines – Architecture – Burial customs – Religious rituals