IRREGULAR VERBS show showed showed/shown shrink shrank shrunk shut shut shut sing sang sung sink sank sunk sit sat sat
IDIOMS 61 TO 64 IDIOM MEANING 61 My two cents worth. My humble opinion. 62 Hang out. Be together, spend time with each other. 63 A change of heart. A changed opinion. 64 Get something off your chest. Explain something that is bothering you.
IDIOMS 65 TO 68 IDIOM MEANING 65 Don’t count your chickens before the egg has hatched. Do not make plans for something that might happen. 66 A chip on his shoulder. He is angry about something. 67 Come full circle. A process has been completed. 68 Squeaky clean. Legitimate and proper
A DINNER OF SMELLS p. 153 Write each of these events in the correct order.
A mullah offers to pay the owner.
A poor man smells the food at a restaurant.
The mullah says the sound of money pays for the smell of food.
The mullah shakes a bag of coins.
The owner demands payment for the smell of the food.
THINK IT THROUGH
How does Nasrudin solve the poor man’s problem?
Do you think it is fair? Why?
What was the lesson?
VARYING SENTENCE LENGTH p. 69
Length of sentences makes writing lively and interesting.
Ex. After he left work, Dad had to stop at the bank, and he also had to shop for groceries.
VARYING SENTENCE BEGINNINGS p. 70
Sentence beginnings can be varied by revising the traditional subject-verb order or starting the sentence with an adverb or phrase.
Ex. Fortunately, vegetables are easy to grow in a city.
CORRECTING FRAGMENTS p. 71
A fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought.
Ex. Want to go home.
CORRECTING CLAUSE FRAGMENTS
A subordinate clause should not be capitalized and punctuated as if it were a sentence.
Ex. That are about teens
I like to watch shows that are about teens.
A run-on is a two or more complete sentences that are not properly joined or separated. (fused and comma splice)
Ex. She talked in a loud voice everyone turned and look.