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Dr. Waqas Nawaz …

Dr. Waqas Nawaz
PMAS arid agriculture university rawalpindi

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  • 1. Dr.ZeeshanakbarMuhammad arslan 11-arid-948Muhammad farid 11-arid-949Muhammad alikokab 11-arid-945Muhammad ali 11-arid-944Muhammad Adnan khan 11-arid-943Muhammadammardilawar11-arid-947
  • 2. The systemic arteries may describe in the following way, easier to understand.1)Arteries cranial to heart2)Branches of thoracic aorta3)Branches of abdominal aorta4)Arteries of thoracic limb5 )Major arteries of the pelvic limbARTERIES CRANIAL TO HEARTNAME OF ORIGIN AREA OFARTERY DISTRIBUTION1)CORONARY ARTERY ASCENDING AORTA HEART MUSCLE2)BRACHIO-CEPHALIC AORTA ARTERY HEART MUSCLEARTERY3)LEFT SUBCLAVIAN AORTIC ARCH HEART MUSCLEARTERY4)RIGHT SUBCLAVIAN BRACHIO-CEPHALIC HEART MUSCLEARTERY TRUNK5)DORSAL CERVICAL SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY I INTERCOSTALARTEY MUSCLE,MUSCLES OF BASE OF NECK,DORSAL THORACIC VERTEBRAE6)DEEP CERVICAL SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY BASE OF NECK ANDARTERY ADJACENT SCAPULAR REGION7)VERTEBRAL ARTERY SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY SURVICAL MUSCLES AND SPINDAL CORD
  • 3. 8)EXTERNL THORACIC SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY PECTORAL MUSCLESARTERY9)AXILLARY ARTERY SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY MUSCLAE OF THORACIC LIMB10)INTERNAL THORACIC SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY MUSCLES OF STERNUMARTERYBRANCHES OF THORACIC AORTANAME OF ORIGIN AREA OFARTERY DISTRIBUTION1BRONCHIAL ARTERY THORACIC AORTA PULMONARY TISSUE2)ESOPHAGEAL ARTERY THORACIC AORTA ESOPHAGUS3)INTERCOSTAL ARTEY THORACIC AORTA ESOPHAGUS,INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES4)PHRENIC ARTERY MAY ARISE FROM DIAPHRAGM AORTA,CEOLIC ARTERYBRANCHES OF ABDOMINAL AORTANAME OF ORIGIN AREA OFARTERY DISTRIBUTION1)CEOLIC ARTERY ABDOMINAL AORTA1)HEPATIC ARTERY CEOLIC ARTERY LIVER2)RIGHT RUMINAL CEOLIC ARTERY BOTH SURFACES OF RUMEN3)LEFT RUMINAL CEOLIC ARTERY LEFT FACE OF RUMEN4)OMASO-ABOMASAL CEOLIC ARTERY OMASUM AND ABOMASUM
  • 4. 5)SPLENIC ARTERY CEOLIC ARTERY SPLEEN2)ANTERIOR MESENTERIC ABDOMINAL AORTA ANTERIOR PART OFARTERY SMALL INTESTINE3) RENAL ARTERY ABDOMINAL AORTA RIGHT AND LEFT KIDNEY4)SPERMATIC ARTERY(IN ABDOMINAL AORTA OVARIES,HORNS ANDMALE) UTERO-VARIAN(IN BODY OF UTERUSFEMALE)5)LUMBER ARTERY ABDOMINAL AORTA INTERSPINOUS AND INTERTRANVERSE SPACES OF LUMBER VERTEBRAE6)POST MESENTERIC ABDOMINAL AORTA TERMINAL PART OFARTERY RECTUM AND COLON7)EXTERNAL ILIAC ABDOMINAL AORTAARTERY8)INTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY ABDOMINAL AORTA PERIANAL REGION9)MIDDLE SACCRAL ABDOMINAL AORTA TAIL REGION ANDARTERY COCCEGEOS MUSCLESARTERIES OF THE THORACIC LIMBNAME OF ORIGIN AREA OF DISTRIBUTIONARTERY1)SUPRASCAPULA ANTERIOR SHOULDER JOINT AND PROXIMAL END OFR ARTERY BORDER OF HUMERUS SUBSCAPULARI S2)SUBSCAPULAR SUBSCAPULARI SCAPULA,INFRASPINATUD,SUBSCAPULARIARTERY S MUSCLE Sa)THORACO- TRICEPS,ABDOMINALDORSAL ARTERY CUTANEOUS,AXILLARY LYMPH GLANDSb)POSTERIOR SKIN OF LATERAL SIDE OF SHOULDARCIRCUMFLEX CIRCUMFLEX AARTERYARTERY oFHUMERUSc) CIRCUMFLEX SCAPULA,SUPRASPINATUS,INFRASPINATUSARTERY OFSCAPULA3)ANTERIOR TERES MAJOR HUMERUS,BICEPS,BRACHIOCEPHALICUSCIRCUMFLEX
  • 5. ARTERY OFHUMERUS4)DEEP BRACHIAL MIDDLR OF TRICEPS,TENSOR FASIAEARTERY HUMERUS5)MUSCULAR TERES MAJOR ,CORACO-BRCHIALISBRANCH6)ULNAR ARTERY DISTAL END OF SUPERFICIAL PECTORAL,CUBITAL LYMPH COROCO- GLANDS,CUTANEOUS AND SKIN BRACHIALIS7)NUTRIENT NUTRIENTFORAMEN OF HUMERUSARTERY OFHUMERUS8)THE ANTERIOR BICEPS,BRACHIALIS,EXTENSOR OFRADIAL ARTERY CARPUS AND DIGIT
  • 6. The main artery is brachial artery whose chief branches areSuprascapular artery: Arise near anterior boarder of subscapularis and run dorsally and supply toshoulder joint and proximal end of humerusSubscapular artery: Arise at posterior boarder of subscapularis muscle.it ascend in intersticebetween that muscle and teres major. Itgive following branchesThoraco dorsal: Give branches to triceep and axillary lymph glands.Circumflex artery of scapula: Arise from above shoulder joint pass forward to posterior boarder of scapula.Posterior circumflex artery of humerus: Give branch to joint capsule,muscle of skin.Anterior circumflex artery of humerus: Arise at anterior boarder of teremajor.It give branch to deep pectoraland end inupper part of biceepsDeep brachial artery: Arise from middle of humerus.It supply triceeps,antibrachii,brachialis.Muscular branches: Distributed to teresmajor,deep pectoralUlnar artery:
  • 7. Arise at distal end of coraco-brachialis and pass downward and back alongventral edge of medial head.It give branches to these muscles posterior super-ficialpectoral,lymph gland and skin.Nutrient artery of humerus: Arise from ulnar and enter nutrient foramen of humerus.Anterior radial artery: Pass downward and little outward on anterior face of humerus under cover ofbiceeps in front of elbow joint.It supply biceeps,extensor of carpus. THE MEDIAN ARTERY It is direct continuation of brachial.It is accompanied by median nerve lies infront of artery at its origin.Articular branch: Supply to elbow joint.Muscular branch: Go to flexor of carpus and digit,the largest of these arise at proximal 3rd offorearm.Common interosseous artery: Arise at level of interosseous space through which it passoutward.It supply tonutrient artery of radius and ulna.Artery of rete carpi volare: Arise at distal 3rd of forearm and desend on radius to posterior surface ofcarpus.Lateral volar metacarpal artery: Arise just above carpusMedial volar metacarpal artery:
  • 8. Is given off median at acute angle,pass down medial side of carpus behindtendom of flexor.It supply nutrient artery to large metacarpal bone. THE DIGITAL ARTRIESArtery of 1stphalanx: It rises at right angle about middle of 1st phalanx 1)Dorsal branch 2)Volar branchArtery of digital cushion: Arise at proximal boarder of cartilage of 3rd phalanx and pass down to ramify indigital cushion.Dorsal artery of 2nd phalanx: Arise little above distal sesamoid bone and pass forward under cover of cartilageof third phalanx and give branch to skin,coffin,joint and coronary corium of hoof.Volar artery of 2nd phalanx: It pass above proximal boarder of distal sesamoid bone and unite with oppositeartery.Dorsal artery of 3rd phalanx: Arise at deep face of angle of 3rd phalanx passing through notch and runforward in groove on dorsal surface give off branches which ramify in corium of wall ofhoof.
  • 9. IN ADDITION TO THE CORONARY ARTERIES AND COMMON BRACHIO-CEPHALICTRUNK, THE THORACIC PART OF AORTA GIVES OFF BRANCHES TO THETHORACIC WALLS AND VISCERA AND TO SPINAL CORD AND ITS MEMBRANE.(1).VISERAL BRANCHES…………….BRONCHIAL AND OESOPHAGEAL(2).PARIETAL BRANCHES…………..INTERCOSTAL AND PHRENIC(1) VISCERAL BANCHESBRONCHIAL-OESOPHAGEAL ARTERY:ORIGIN:ARISES AT THE SIXTH THORACIC VERTEBRA FROM AORTA-IT DESCENDS OVERTHE RIGHT FACE OF THE AORTA TOWARDS BIFURCATION OF TRACHEA ANDDIVIDED INTO BRONCHIAL ANAOESOPHAGIAL BRANCHES.BRONCHIAL ARTERY:IT CROSSES THE LEFT FACE OF OESOPHAGOUS TO THE BIFURCATION OFTRACHEA WHERE IT DIVIDES INTO RIGHT AND LEFT BRANCHES.EACH ENTERINTO HILUS OF CORRESPONDING LUNG.OESOPHAGEAL ARTERY:IT IS SMALL VESSEL WHICH PASSES BACKWARD DORSAL TO THE OESOPHAGOUSIN THE POSTERIOR MEDIASTINUM AND ANASTOMOSIS WITH THE OESOPHAGEALBRANCH OF THE GASTRIC ARTERY AND GIVES OFF BRANCHES WHICH PASSESBETWEEN THE LAYERS OF LIGAMENT OF THE LUNGS.PARIETAL BRANCHES:
  • 10. INTERCOSTAL ARTERIES:*FIRST ARISE FROM DEEP CERVICLE ARTERY*NEXT THREE ARISE FROM SUBCOSTAL BRANCH OF DORSAL ARTERY*REMAINDER ARISE FROM AORTA1.AORTICINTERCOSTALS ARTERIES:ARISE FROM AORTA IN PAIRES CLOSE TOGETHER. THE FIFTH AND SIXTHSPRINGS FROM A COMMON STEM. EACH PASSES THE BODY OF VERTEBRA TOINTERCOSTALS SPACE. IT DIVIDES INTO A) DORSAL BRANCHES B) VENTERAL BRANCHES A) DORSAL BRANCHES: IT GIVES OFF SPINAL BRANCHES WHICH PASSES THROUGH INTERVERTEBERALFORAMEN.A MUSCULAR BRANCH PASSES TO MUSCLE AND SKIN OF BACK. B) VENTERAL BRANCHES: IT IS MUCH LARGE. ORIGIN: IT DESCEND IN MIDDLE OF INTERCOSTALS SPACE BETWEEN INTRCOSTAL MUSCLES. SUPPLIES:IT SUPPLIES INTERCOSTALSMUSCLE,THERIBS,AND PLEURAPHARENIC ARTERIES:ORIGIN: TWO OR THREE SMALL BRANCHES WHICH ARISE AT HIATUS AORTICUSFROM VENTERAL ASPECT OF AORTA.SUPPLIES: THEY SUPPLIES CRURA OF DIAPGRAM.
  • 11. BRANCHES OF ABDOMINAL AORTA:THESE BRANCHES SUPPLIES (1) WALLS OF ABDOMINAL CAVITY (2) SOME BRANCHES SUPPLIES SPINAL CORD (3) SOME EXTEND INTO PELVIS AND SACROTUM VISCERAL BRANCHES(1).COELIAC ARTERYIT IS UN PAIRED VESSELORIGIN: ARISE FROM VENTERAL ASPECT OF AORTAIT IS FURTHER DIVIDED INTO THREE BRANCHES (A) GASTRIC ARTERYIT GIVES OFF OESOPHAGOUS AND PANCREATIC BRANCHESIT DIVIDED BEHIND THE CARDIA INTO ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR BRANCHESANTERIOR BRANCHES:THEY SUPPLIES THE PARIETAL SURFACE OF STOMACHPOSTERIOR BRANCHES:THEY SUPPLIES THE VISCERAL SURFACE OF STOMACHOESOPHGEAL BRANCHES: IT PPASSES THROUGH HIATUS OESOPHAGOUS INTO THORACIC CAVITY ABOVETHE OESOPHAGOUS AND ANASTOMOSES WITH THE OESOPHAGEAL BRANCH OFBRONCHO-OESOPHAGEAL CAVITY. (B) HEPATIC ARTERY: LARGER THAN GASTRIC IT PASSES FORWARD AND TO THE RIGHT AND VENTERALLY ON DORSAL SURFACE OF PANCREAS
  • 12. IT DIVIDED INTO 3-4 BRANCHES WHICH ENTER THE PORTAL FISSURE OF LIVER IT ALSO GIVES OFF CO-LATERAL BRANCHES PANCREATIC BRANCHES: GIVES OFF AN ARTERY CROSSES THE PANCREAS PYLORIC ARTERY: ORIGIN: ARISE FROM DUOENUM AND GIVES OFF ITS BRANCHES TO PYLORUS. GASTRO-DUODENAL ARTERY: ORIGIN: IT ALSO ARISE FROM DUODENUM IT ALSO GIVES TWO BRANCHES. RIGHT GASTRO EPIPLOIC ARTERY: IT SUPPLIES STOMACH AND DUODENUM PANCREATIC-DUEDENAL ARTERY: IT SUPPLIES PANCREAS AND DUEDENUM SPLENIC ARTERY: LARGEST BRNCH OF CORLIAC ARTERY. IT PASSES THE LEFT EXTRIMITY OF PANCRAS AND CROSS THE STOMACH. IT GIVES OFF PANCREATIC BRANCHES: SUPPLIES: THEY SUPPLIES THE LEFT EXTRIMITY OF PANCREAS SPLENIC BRANCHES: SUPPLIES: THEY SUPPLIES THE SPLEEN SHORT GASTRIC BRANCHES: SUPPLIES:IT SUPPLIES YHE GREATER CURVATURE OF STOMACH LEFT GATRO EPIPLOIC ARTERY: IT IS CONTINUATION OF SPLENIC ARTERY SUPPLIES:IT SUPPLIES THE GREATER CURVATURE OF STOMACH(2) ANTERIOR MESENTRICORIGIN:ARISE FROM VENTERAL FACE OF AORTA AT FIRST LUMBER VERTEBRA.
  • 13. IT IS LARGE UNPAIRED TRUNK IT PASSES VENTERALLY BETWEEN VANA CAVAAND ADRENALIT GIVES OFF BRANCHESLEFT BRANCH:IT GIVES OFF 15-20 BRANCHES OF SMALL INTESTINERIGHT BRANCHES:IT GIVES OFF SMALL BRANCHESILEAL: IT PASSES THE TERMINAL PART OF ILEUMLATERAL COCCYGEAL ARTERY: IT PASSES BETWEEN COECUM AND ORIGIN OFCOLONMEDIAL COCCYGEAL ARTERY: IT PASSES ALONG THE APEX OF COECUMVENTERAL COLIC ARTERY: IT PASSES THE VENTERAL SURFACE OF COLONWHERE IT UNITES WITH DORSAL COLIC ARTERYANTERIOR BRANCHES :IT GIVES OFFDORSAL COLIC ARTERY: IT PASSESS THE GREATER COLON AND JOINS THEVENTERAL COLIC ARTERYMEDIAL COLIC ARTERY:IT PASSES THE SMALL COLON AND ENTER THE COLICMESENTRY (3) RENALRIGHT & LEFT ARE RELATIVELY LARGE NESSELS WHICH ARISES FROM AORTANEAR THE ANTERIOR MESENTRIC.RIGHT ARTERY: IT IS LONGER OF THE TWO; ※ IT CROSS THE DORSAL SURFACE OF VENA CAVA ※ AT RENAL HILUS IT DIVIDES INTO SEVERAL BRANCHES LEFT ARTERY: IT IS SHORTER; ※ IT PASSES DIRECTLY OUTWARD TO THE KIDNEY ※ SOME CO-LATERAL BRANCHES SUPPLIED & UTERUS , PERITONIAL FAT, RENAL LYMPH GLAND & ADRENAL.
  • 14. (4)POSTERIOR MESENTRIC ※ IT IS AN UNPAIRED VESSEL WHICH ARISES FROM VENTRAL SURFACE OF AORTA AT THE 4TH LUMBER VERTEBRA. ※ IT SUPPLIES THE SMALL COLON & RECTUM o ANTERIOR BRANCH o POSTERIOR BRANCH(5)INTERNAL SPERMATIC/UTERO-OVARIANIT ARISES FROM AORTA NEAR THE POSTERIOR MESENTRIC & SUPPLY THETESTICLE AND EPIDIDYMUS.EACH PASSES BACKWARD IN A NARROW FOLD OF PERITONIUM TO THE INTRNALINGUANUL RING & DESENDS THOUGH INGUINAL CANAL TO THE SACROTUM.THE UTERO-OVERIAN ARTRIES:IN THE FEMALE IT DIVIDES INTO ※ OVERIAN---supplies overies ※ UTERINE BRANCHES---supplies uterusLUMBER ARTRIES: SIX ARTRIES OF LUMBER ARTERIES ; ※ FIVE PAIR ARISES FROM AORTA ※ 6TH PAIR ARISES FROM INTERNAL ILIAC EACH PASSES ACROSS THE BODY OF LUMBER VERTEBRA TO THE INTERTRANSVERSE SPACE GIVES THE BRANCHES TO THE SUB_LUMBER MUSCLES DIVIDES INTO DORSAL BRANCHES VENTRAL BRANCHESTHE INTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY:INTERNAL ILIAC OR HYPOGASTRIC ARTTRIES RESULTS FROM THE BIFURCARTIONOF THE AORTA UNDER THE 5TH OR 6TH LUMBER VERTEBRACHIEF BRANCHES LUMBER ARTERIES INTERNAL PUDIC ARTERY
  • 15. LUMBER ARTERIES: IT PASSES THROUGH THE FORAMIN AT THE JUNCTION OFTHE LAST LUMBER VERTEBRA & SACRUM.INTERNAL PUDIC ARTERIES: IT ARISES FROM THE INTERNAL ILIAC .ITS CHIEF BRANCHES UMBELICAL ARTERIES: ORIGIN: IT PASSES THROUGH THE UMBLICAL OPENNING & BECOMES COOMPONENT OF THE UMBLICAL CORD. SUPPLIES: IT GIVES OFFSMALL VESSICAL BRANCHES TO THE BLADDER & PROSTATE & DUCTUS DEFRENS. MIDDAL HEAMORRHOIDAL ARTERY: ORIGIN: MALE__IT ARRISES FROM NEAR THE PROSTATE SUPPLIES: MALE__IT SUPPLIES RECTUM,BLADDER,URETHRA& ACCESORRY GENITAL GLAND FEMALE__IT GIVES SUPPLIES TO THE UTERUS PERINEAL ARTERY: ORIGIN: IT DESSENDS FROM ANUS SUPPLIES: IT SUPPLIES THE BULBO CAVERNOSUS MUSCLES & SKIN OF PERINEUM FEMALE__IT SUPPLIES THE VESTIBLAR BULB ARTERY OF BULB:ORIGIN: IT IS CONTINUATON OF INTERNAL PUDIC ARTERY IN MALESUPPLIES: IT SUPPLIES THE URETHRA ARTERY OF CLITORIS: ORIGIN: VENTRAL SURFACE OF VALVA SUPPLIES: IT SUPPLIES TO THE CLITORIS PARIETAL BRANCHES
  • 16. THESE ARE LUMBER ARTERIES 3.LATERAL SACRAL ARTERY ARISE FROM LUMBO SACRAL ARTERICULATION. ITS BRANCHES ARE SPINAL BRANCHES: IT ENTERS THE SACRAL FORAMEN IT GIVES BRANCHES TO SPINAL CORD MIDDLE COCCYGEAL ARTERY: ORIGIN: ARISE FROM RIGHT AND LEFT LATERAL SACRAL OR FROMLATERAL COCCYGEAL ARTERY SUPPLIES: IT SUPPLIES THE SKIN AND MUSCLES OF TAIL POSTERIOR GLUTEAL ARTERY ORIGIN:IT ARISE FROM UPPER PART OF SACRO-SCIATIC LIGAMENT SUPPLIES: IT SUPPLIES THE MUSCLES OF HIND LIMB 1.SEMITENDINOUS 2.SEMII-MEMBRANOUS 3.SUPERFICIAL GLUTEOUS (d) LATERAL COCCYGEAL ARTERY: IT SUPPLIES THE SKIN AND MUSCLES OF TAIL. 4. ILIO-LUMBER ARTERY ORIGIN:ARISE FROM INTERNAL ILIAC SUPPLIES:ITGIVES BRANCHES TO ILEOPSOAS MUSCLE AND LONGISSIMUS
  • 17. 5.ANTERIOR GLUTEAL ARTERY: ORIGIN: ARISE FROMGREATER SCAITIC FORAMEN SUPPLIES:IT SUPPLIES THE GLUTEAL MUSCLES 6.ILIACO-FEMORAL ARTERY: ORIGIN:ITPASSES BETWEEN SHAFT OF ILEUM AND THE GLTEUS MEDIUSDORSALLY SUPPLIES: IT SUPPLIES THE NUTTENT ARTERY OF ILEUM 7. OBTURATER ARTERY: ORIGIN: IT ARISE FROM THE OBTURATER FORAMEN BEHIND THEOBTURATER EXTERNUS SUPPLIES: IT SUPPLIES THE ADDUCTER SEMI-MEMBRANOUS BICEPS SEMI-TENDINOUS
  • 18. PULMONARY VEINS: They return blood from lungs to left atrium of the heartCARDIAC VEINS: The coronary sinus is a very short ,bulbous trunk which receives most of theblood from the wall of the heart.it is situated just below the posterior vena cava. Itopens into the right atrium just below the union of two tributaries.the great cardiac orleft coronary vein ascends in the left longitudinal groove & turns backward in thecoronary groove in which it winds around the posterior border of the heart to the rightside&joins the coronary sinus.the middle cardiac or right coronary vein ascends in theright longitudinal groove & joins the sinus or opens separately into the atrium just infront of the orifice of the great cardiac vein so that a common trunk doesn’t thenexist.quite commonly two veins accompany the artery in the right groove&unite atcoronary groove.the small cardiac veins 3 to 5 in no. are small vessels which returnsome blood frm the right ventricle &atrium;they open into the latter near the coronarygroove in spaces between the musculipectinati.. THE ANTERIOR VENA CAVA : The anterior vena cava returns to da heart blood frm da head, neck thoraciclimbs & greater part of da thoracic inlet by the confluence of the two jugular& 2brachial veins.it deviates to the right of da brachiocephalic trunk & opens into da rightatrium opposite to 4th rib .the thoracic duct opens through the dorsal wall of the originof the vena cava .it receives in addition to small pericardial &mediastinal veins ,thefollowing tributaries
  • 19. 1: The internal thoracic vein; it is a satellite of artery of that name .it opens into the anterior vena cava at da1strib.the ventral intercostals veins open into the internal thoracic andmusculophrenic veins 2:The vertebral vein; It corresponds to the homonymous artery .on the right side it terminates eitherin front of the deep cervical vein or by a short common trunk with it .on the left side itusually unites with the deep cervical veins to form a common trunk 3: The deep cervical vein; On the right side passes downward & backward across the right face of thetrachea& opens into the vena cava.it receives the 1stintercostals vein 4:Dorsal vein; Corresponds to the artery .it crosses the right face of the trachea & opens intothe vena cava.on the left side it usually joins the deep cervical &vertebral to form ashort common tunk which crosses the left face of the intrathoracic part of the brachialarteryVEIN OF THE HEAD & NECK1:JUGULAR VEINS: Right & left jugular veins arise behind the ramus of the mandible, about 2&half inches below the temporo- mandibular articulation by the union of the superficialtemporal & internal maxillary veins its tributaries r as followsi)Internalmaxilarry vein It may be considered to begin as the continuation backward of the buccinatorsvein where that vessel crosses the alveolar border of the mandible .its principalradicals r the following;
  • 20. The dorsal lingual vein It is not a sattelyte of any artery but is in company with the lingual nerve itreceives the tributains from the tongue & soft palate.The mendibular or inferior alveolar vein It is a satellite of the corresponding artery it often unites with the preceedingThe middal meningeal vein It emerges through the foramen lassirumantevious…Pterygoid vein It rami pterygoidieThe posterior deep temporal vein It is a large vessel which receievestributanis from the temporalismussle&ammisanis from temporal canal..2)THE SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL VEIN: It is formed by the confluence of the anterior emmicular& transverse facial vein3)THE MESSETANIC VEIN: It joins a jugular vein at the upper border of the sternosaphalicis tendon4)THE GREATER AVICULAR VEIN: It is a satellite of the posterior emmicular artery but joins the jugular a variabledistance below & behind the origin of the artery5)THE OCCIPITAL VEIN: The anterior radical is the ventral caudal vein & the posterior radical is formedby the confluence of muscular spinal branch6)THE EXTERNAL MAXILLARY VEIN:The chief difference ion the tributains of the vein as compared with the branches ofthe corresponding artery or as follows
  • 21. The label veins: superior & inferior are near the free edges of the lips…..alittle lower is the large this passes back under the upper part of the massiter itreceives a following tributains The greater palltine vein passes in the groove b/w tuber maxillar& palate bone The satellite of the artery it forms a rich plexus of the valve The infra orbital vein is also a satellite of the artery. The ophthalmic veinis a short trunk which is connected on front with thecavernous sinnus through the foramen orbitale.The buccinators vein : it extends backward from the external maxillaryThe lingual vein: it is formed at the side of the lingual process of the hyoid bone by theconfluence of severel veins.The sublingual vein: it is smaller than the preceeding it receives the vein from themuscles of the mendibular space & sublingual & gums7)THE THYROID VEIN: It is a large vessel which joins the jugular near the external maxillary vein.itreceives anterior thyroid…….8)MUSCULAR,TRACHEAL,OSOPHAGEAL& PAROTID VEINS:9)THE CEPHALIC VEIN: It enters the jugular near its termination…10)THE INFERIOR CERVICAL VEIN: THE VEINS OF THE CRANIUM Accompanies the ascending branch of the arteryCerebral veins:::they lie on the surface of the brain and the sub-arachnoid spaceThe ascending cerebral vein:::drain moist of the convex & medial surface of thecerebral hemispheresThe descending cerebral veins:::they come from the ventral part of the convex surfaceof the cerebrum..
  • 22. The basal cerebral veins:::they converge to a large common trunk thevanarhinalisposterior.this begins at the anterior end of the periform lobe.The deep cerebral veins:::they issue from the central ganglionic parts of the brain atthe transverse fissure. They unites o or the internal; cerebral veins which backward inthe roof of the 3rdventrical& unite to form the great cerebral vein..The dorsal cerebeller vein:::they are on the upper surface of the cerebelum.The ventral cerebellum veins:::they are larger & go chiefly to the basiler plexus.The meningeal veins:::itarrises from the capillary & deep faces of the dura matter…The diploic vein:::they are present at the spongy substance of the cranial bone..Vertebral & spinal veins:::two venous trunks the longitudinal sinuses extends along tefloor of the vertebral canal on either side of the dorsal longitudinal ligament.. these arecontinuous in front with the basal plexus..they lie in the grooves of the body of thevertebrae & are connected by the series of vertebrae & the longitudinal ligament in thebone.
  • 23. Brachial vein: Is the satellite of the extra thoracic of the brachial artery . It arises from the medial side of the distal end of the shaft of the humerus andascends In the arm behind the artery under cover of layer of fascial and the posteriorsuperficial pectoral muscle.Dorsal vein: Often join the external thoracic or brachial pain. External thoracic vein: Is the large vessel which arise in the vental wall of abdomen passes forwadalong the lateral border of the posterior deep pectoral muscel.Cephalic muscel: Arise from the middle side of the carpus as the continuation of the medialmetacarpal vein. large medial cobital vein which passes upward and backward overthe medial intersection of the biceps & the medial artery & vein or nurve and join thebrachial vein.Accessory cephalic vein: Which arises from the network of carpel runs upward on the deep fascia alongit.Common interosseous vein: Join the posterior satellite.Interior radial vein:
  • 24. It is the satellite of the artery.Ulnar vein: It is usually double at its proximal end and communicates with the deepbrachial vein.Three chief metacarpal veinMedial metacarpal vein: Also called comman digital vein.arises from the volar venous arch above thefetlock.Lateral metacarpal: Arises from the venous arch above the fetlock and passes upward behind thelateral border of the suspensory ligament in front of the lateral volar nerve andaccompanied by a small artery.Deep Metacarpal vein: Arises from the venous arch passes farward between the two branches of thesuspensory ligament and ascends on tne posterior surface of the large metacarpalbone.Digital vein: Arises at the proximaledge of the cartilage of the third phalanx and ascend infront of the corresponding arteries.POSTERIOR VENA CAVAPHRENIC VEIN: Two or three return the blood from the diaphragm.Lumber vein: Corresponds to the arteries .five pairs usually empty into the posteriorvenacava.
  • 25. Internal spermartic vein: Accompany the arteries of like name .In the spermatic cord they form a veryrich network the paminiform plexus.Utero ovarian vein: Much larger and are satellite of the arteries in the blood ligament.RENAL VEIN: SATELLITE OF ARTERIES AND OF LARGE CALIBAR AND THIN WALLED.ADRENAL VEIN: Open directly into the venacava.HEPATIC VEIN: Return the blood from the liver and open into the venacava as it lies in thegroove in the liver. PHRENIC AND LUNBER VEIN ALSO NAME AS PARIETAL RADICLES ANDVISCERAL RADICLES.PORTAL VEINANTERIOR MESENTERIC VEIN: It is the largest of the portal radicles. It is situatied to the right of the artery.POSTERIOR MESENTRIC VEIN: IT IS THE SMALLEST OF THE PORTAL RADICLES. IT ACCOMPANIES THEARTERY IN THE COLIC MESENTRY AND ITS RECTRAL BRANCHES .ANASTMOSEWITH THOSE OF THE INTERNAL PUDIC VEIN. SPLENIC VEIN: It is the very large satellite of the splenic artery.it is formed by the union of thetwo radicles at the base of the spleen. POSTERIOR GASTRIC VEIN:
  • 26. It join with spleenic . COLLECTION TRIBUTARIES OF THE PORTAL VEIN PANCEREATIC VEIN:(rami pancreatic) GASTRO DUODENAL VEIN: WHEN PRESENT CORRESPONDS MANILY TO THE extrahepatic branches ofthe hepatic artery but in most cases it does not exist and the right gastroepipolic veinand duodenal vein open directly into the portal vein. ANTERIOR GASTRIC VEIN: JOINS THE PORTAL VEIN AT THE PORTAL FISSURE. COMMON ILIAC VEIN LUMBER VEIN CIRCUMFLEX ILIAC VEINS:are the two satellite of the corresponding artery.open into the posterior vena cava or into the external iliac vein. ILIO LUMBER VEIN: MAY OPEN into the common iliac the external iliac or the internal iliac vein.