From Institutions to Governance
Self-organization is key in complex         adaptive systems
Self-organization is key in complex         adaptive systems
Why does this matter?    Because governance is becomingincreasingly complex, and provides more       space for self-organi...
Global changes in the politicallandscape
Global changes in the politicallandscape   Decentralization
Global changes in the politicallandscape   Decentralization    Public Private Partnerships
Global changes in the politicallandscape   Decentralization    Public Private Partnerships    Non-governmental organizations
Global changes in the politicallandscape   Decentralization    Public Private Partnerships    Non-governmental organizatio...
Centralized decision-makingCentral policy-maker (e.g. environmental      Decision-makingministry)                         ...
Decision-making in complexgovernance systems        International norms, agreements Central policy-maker (e.g. environment...
Adaptive Management Adaptive Co-management Holling (1978): AM, iterated process in the face ofuncertainty, experimentation...
Adaptive ManagementAdaptive Co-management
Adaptive ManagementAdaptive Co-management                   Fikret Berkes and colleagues                       Co-manageme...
Adaptive Governance      Extension of adaptive co-management:* not place bound* can include and explore, several place bou...
Illustrations of adaptive governance
Making Sense of Complexity in Governance      All systems don’t look the same!           Two main approaches              ...
Box typology, example - Urban Governance              Jon Pierre              Participants               Objectives       ...
Box typology, example 1999388 URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW / January - Urban GovernanceTABLE 1:     Models of Urban Governance: De...
Box typology, example 1999388 URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW / January - Urban GovernanceTABLE 1:     Models of Urban Governance: De...
Box typology, example 1999388 URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW / January - Urban GovernanceTABLE 1:     Models of Urban Governance: De...
ii) Network typologies - polycentric systems         Vincent OstromPolycentric systems - manycenters of decision making th...
ocean acidification                         climate changemarine biodiversity
UNEP         World Bank IUCN               UNESCO WorldFish                           Centre Global Forum on Oceans       ...
FAO                WB      World Fish                    UNEP
Other examples            Cybersecurity            Climate policy          Urban governance
What do we want “adaptive governance”            to achieve?         “The Problem of Fit”
CITIES, EUROPEANIZATION AND MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE                         315Figure 1: Structure of Transnational Municip...
CITIES, EUROPEANIZATION AND MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE                         315Figure 1: Structure of Transnational Municip...
From Strong to Weak Polycentricity                   Weakest - only communication                          Self-organizati...
From Strong to Weak Polycentricity                                 Stronger -                    Self-organization and joi...
From Strong to Weak Polycentricity                                 Stronger -                    Self-organization and joi...
From Strong to Weak PolycentricityStrong - high levels of trust, small groupSelf-organization, joint action, conflict      ...
Mini-task, 10 min, 3 and 3 • Same system as before, think about it as a   polycentric system • Nodes - who? what? • type o...
BREAK
Three forces thatare reshaping the      Planet
The Anthopocene Planetary Boundaries“The Great Acceleration
The Anthopocene Planetary Boundaries“The Great Acceleration          Political shifts towards      networked forms of gove...
The Anthopocene Planetary Boundaries“The Great Acceleration          Political shifts towards      networked forms of gove...
Mini-task, 3 and 3, 10 mins            Pick a political area of interest    Try to identify key actors involved in steerin...
From inst to gov part 1
From inst to gov part 1
From inst to gov part 1
From inst to gov part 1
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First part "From institutions to governance"

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From inst to gov part 1

  1. 1. From Institutions to Governance
  2. 2. Self-organization is key in complex adaptive systems
  3. 3. Self-organization is key in complex adaptive systems
  4. 4. Why does this matter? Because governance is becomingincreasingly complex, and provides more space for self-organization! Compare with Folke et al (2005)
  5. 5. Global changes in the politicallandscape
  6. 6. Global changes in the politicallandscape Decentralization
  7. 7. Global changes in the politicallandscape Decentralization Public Private Partnerships
  8. 8. Global changes in the politicallandscape Decentralization Public Private Partnerships Non-governmental organizations
  9. 9. Global changes in the politicallandscape Decentralization Public Private Partnerships Non-governmental organizations International agreements
  10. 10. Centralized decision-makingCentral policy-maker (e.g. environmental Decision-makingministry) Implementation and monitoringRegional or local state authorities Local natural resource users Behavioral response
  11. 11. Decision-making in complexgovernance systems International norms, agreements Central policy-maker (e.g. environmental ministry) Decision-making, implementation, negotiations, Non-state actors partnerships Regional or local state authorities Implementation, monitoring, negotiations, partnerships Decentralization Local natural resource users
  12. 12. Adaptive Management Adaptive Co-management Holling (1978): AM, iterated process in the face ofuncertainty, experimentation, continuous evaluations
  13. 13. Adaptive ManagementAdaptive Co-management
  14. 14. Adaptive ManagementAdaptive Co-management Fikret Berkes and colleagues Co-management! Adaptive, learning, sharing of decision-making btw stakeholders
  15. 15. Adaptive Governance Extension of adaptive co-management:* not place bound* can include and explore, several place boundattempts of ACM at the same time* polycentric* higher levels of social organization, up to global* explorative framework!
  16. 16. Illustrations of adaptive governance
  17. 17. Making Sense of Complexity in Governance All systems don’t look the same! Two main approaches i) Box typologies ii) Network typologies
  18. 18. Box typology, example - Urban Governance Jon Pierre Participants Objectives Instruments Outcomes .....
  19. 19. Box typology, example 1999388 URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW / January - Urban GovernanceTABLE 1: Models of Urban Governance: Defining Characteristics Models of Urban GovernanceDefining Characteristics Managerial Corporatist Progrowth WelfarePolicy objectives Efficiency Distribution Growth RedistributionPolicy style Pragmatic Ideological Pragmatic IdeologicalNature of political exchange Consensus Conflict Consensus ConflictNature of public-private exchange Competitive Concerted Interactive RestrictiveLocal state-citizen relationship Exclusive Inclusive Exclusive InclusivePrimary contingency Professionals Civic leaders Business The stateKey instruments Contracts Deliberations Partnerships NetworksPattern of subordination Positive Negative Positive NegativeKey evaluative criterion Efficiency Participation Growth Equity From Pierre (1999), Urban Affairs Review
  20. 20. Box typology, example 1999388 URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW / January - Urban GovernanceTABLE 1: Models of Urban Governance: Defining Characteristics Models of Urban GovernanceDefining Characteristics Managerial Corporatist Progrowth WelfarePolicy objectives Efficiency Distribution Growth RedistributionPolicy style Pragmatic Ideological Pragmatic IdeologicalNature of political exchange Consensus Conflict Consensus ConflictNature of public-private exchange Competitive Concerted Interactive RestrictiveLocal state-citizen relationship Exclusive Inclusive Exclusive InclusivePrimary contingency Professionals Civic leaders Business The stateKey instruments Contracts Deliberations Partnerships NetworksPattern of subordination Positive Negative Positive NegativeKey evaluative criterion Efficiency Participation Growth Equity From Pierre (1999), Urban Affairs Review
  21. 21. Box typology, example 1999388 URBAN AFFAIRS REVIEW / January - Urban GovernanceTABLE 1: Models of Urban Governance: Defining Characteristics Models of Urban GovernanceDefining Characteristics Managerial Corporatist Progrowth WelfarePolicy objectives Efficiency Distribution Growth RedistributionPolicy style Pragmatic Ideological Pragmatic IdeologicalNature of political exchange Consensus Conflict Consensus ConflictNature of public-private exchange Competitive Concerted Interactive RestrictiveLocal state-citizen relationship Exclusive Inclusive Exclusive InclusivePrimary contingency Professionals Civic leaders Business The stateKey instruments Contracts Deliberations Partnerships NetworksPattern of subordination Positive Negative Positive NegativeKey evaluative criterion Efficiency Participation Growth Equity From Pierre (1999), Urban Affairs Review
  22. 22. ii) Network typologies - polycentric systems Vincent OstromPolycentric systems - manycenters of decision making that areformally independent of each other.“Many elements are capable ofmaking mutual adjustments forordering their relationships withone another within a generalsystem of rules where eachelement acts with independence ofother elements.”
  23. 23. ocean acidification climate changemarine biodiversity
  24. 24. UNEP World Bank IUCN UNESCO WorldFish Centre Global Forum on Oceans Coasts and Islands ICES FAO UN OceanICRI GPA-Marine PacFa
  25. 25. FAO WB World Fish UNEP
  26. 26. Other examples Cybersecurity Climate policy Urban governance
  27. 27. What do we want “adaptive governance” to achieve? “The Problem of Fit”
  28. 28. CITIES, EUROPEANIZATION AND MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE 315Figure 1: Structure of Transnational Municipal NetworksSource: Authors’ own data. From Kern & Bulkeley (2009), JCMS
  29. 29. CITIES, EUROPEANIZATION AND MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE 315Figure 1: Structure of Transnational Municipal Networks1,400 European cities in city networksSource: Authors’ own data. From Kern & Bulkeley (2009), JCMS
  30. 30. From Strong to Weak Polycentricity Weakest - only communication Self-organization Not necessarily non-hierarchical
  31. 31. From Strong to Weak Polycentricity Stronger - Self-organization and joint action by core
  32. 32. From Strong to Weak Polycentricity Stronger - Self-organization and joint action by core
  33. 33. From Strong to Weak PolycentricityStrong - high levels of trust, small groupSelf-organization, joint action, conflict resolution
  34. 34. Mini-task, 10 min, 3 and 3 • Same system as before, think about it as a polycentric system • Nodes - who? what? • type of links - collaboration or just communication?
  35. 35. BREAK
  36. 36. Three forces thatare reshaping the Planet
  37. 37. The Anthopocene Planetary Boundaries“The Great Acceleration
  38. 38. The Anthopocene Planetary Boundaries“The Great Acceleration Political shifts towards networked forms of governance
  39. 39. The Anthopocene Planetary Boundaries“The Great Acceleration Political shifts towards networked forms of governance Mass-Self Communication Information Revolution
  40. 40. Mini-task, 3 and 3, 10 mins Pick a political area of interest Try to identify key actors involved in steering What is their objective?Could be local, could be global, could be multilevel.
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