Case study seminar part 1
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Case study seminar part 1 Presentation Transcript

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  • 18. ” Let's open up for discussion” Other scales than local - global? Does applying a model make conclusions generalisable? Effects of increased connectivity?
  • 19. Human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) a neglected disease
  • 20. Global distribution of HAT  Source: Wikipedia.org
  • 21. Source: http://www.infektionsbiologie.ch/seiten/modellparasiten/seiten/trypanosoma/steckbrief_tryps.html     T. b. gambiense -human reservoir important  -long incubation  T. b. rhodesiense   -animal reservoir important -short incubation
  • 22. Source: http://www.infektionsbiologie.ch/seiten/modellparasiten/seiten/trypanosoma/steckbrief_tryps.html  
  • 23. Source: Berrang-Ford et al., 2005: "Sleeping Sickness in Southeastern Uganda: A Systems Approach"
  • 24.    Past social-ecological drivers  
    • • Human and livestock population size
    • • Human and livestock movement
    • • Habitat change
    • • Homogenisation of land use and livestock varieties
    • • Coevolution of livestock and parasites
    • •… but there is potential to control the disease through good governance
  • 25.  
  • 26. source: vaniqa.com
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  • 34. Institutions
    • Drugs for neglected diseases initiative
    • (DNDI)
    • creates new institutions such as public-private partnership
    • own rules, norms and strategies
    • guarantees medicine production
    • replacing market failure
    • institutions (Buse & Walt
    • 2002)
    • Government prophylaxis policy
    • Intended institution:
      • Prophylaxis for cattle recommended on a regular basis
      • Cattle control at markets
    • (Mis)interpreted local institution:
      • Local authorities distribute antibiotics on routine
      • Drug resistance among cattle
      • (Menong, 2002)
  • 35. Thank you!
    • Discussion!
  • 36. Changing Agricultural Landscape in Bali Anders Diseberg Daniel Ospina
  • 37. Problem at hand
      • Preservation of traditional Balinese culture
    ? ?
      • When is  change  a problem?
      • Land-use change (tourism and urbanisation), and a trend to non-agricultural activities.
        • Loss of rice production
        • Cultural homogenisation
  • 38.
      • Main internal stress: 
      • Reduced soil fertility
        • Subak meetings are arenas to discuss such issues, but... 
        • 'threshold misfit'?
  • 39.
      • Local dynamics are increasingly defined by external factors:
        •   Fluctuating markets
        •   Tourism industry 
        •   Cultural diffusion of Western values
      • ‘ Spatial misfit’ in relation to Subak?
      • Lack of institutions dealing with these stresses?
  • 40.  
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  • 42. Protect cultural values Ensure viable rice farming  Taking multiple issues into account (eg. tourism, agriculture, infrastructure)
  • 43.
      • World Heritage Cultural Landscape
      • The committee working on this acts as a bridging organisation
      • Management Plan
      • Recognition of customary organisations and institutions:
        • polycentric   system
        • diversity of institutions
      • Other actors involved: NGOs? Public-Private partnership?
  • 44. Thanks!