Governance assessment for the
Deforestation and fire in the
Amazon rainforest
Matilda Lenell, Kate Williman, Fernando Remo...
Amazon rainforest
TOTAL AMAZON
12 macrobasins
33 million people
385 indigenous groups
8 countries
1 colony
1497 municipali...
Why Brazil? Majority of Amazon

RAISG Amazonian Network of Georeferenced Socio-Environmental Information. (2012).
Amazonia...
Why Brazil? Majority of Deforestation

Percentage lost
between 2000 and 2010
Country

% 2010

Bolivia
Brazil

6,2

Colombi...
After a decade of reducing deforestation
rates, Brazil reported a 28% increase in
2013, compared with 2012

Reuters - http...
Why Brazil? Driest, most prone to
drought and fires
Venezuela

Colombia
Peru

Brazil

Bolivia
Fires in the Amazon rainforest
Balch, J. K. (2014). Nature, 506, 41.
Range is local to global…
and many interactions are reinforcing.

Adapted from Davidson et al (2012). The Amazon basin in ...
Roads + deforestation pattern
Main institutions regulating the
Amazon rainforest
Global/International/Transnational Level:
• United Nations Environmenta...
Relevant actors at multiple levels
Government
Inter/Transnational

Research
organisations

Secretariat of the Convention
o...
Problem of fit
Mismatches between the scale of the
system, and the scale of the institutions that
govern it

Threshold/cas...
Institutions
Conflict of objectives
•Development (Brazilian national policy, Ministry
for Agriculture) vs conservation (fr...
Missing parts
• Possible perception of national sovereignty
loss due to the “intervention” of countries
that are not part ...
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Amazon rainforest updated

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Amazon rainforest updated

  1. 1. Governance assessment for the Deforestation and fire in the Amazon rainforest Matilda Lenell, Kate Williman, Fernando Remolina
  2. 2. Amazon rainforest TOTAL AMAZON 12 macrobasins 33 million people 385 indigenous groups 8 countries 1 colony 1497 municipalities 68 provinces/states/departments 610 Protected areas 2344 Indigenous Territories RAISG Amazonian Network of Georeferenced Socio-Environmental Information. (2012). Amazonia Under Pressure.
  3. 3. Why Brazil? Majority of Amazon RAISG Amazonian Network of Georeferenced Socio-Environmental Information. (2012). Amazonia Under Pressure.
  4. 4. Why Brazil? Majority of Deforestation Percentage lost between 2000 and 2010 Country % 2010 Bolivia Brazil 6,2 Colombia 2,8 Ecuador 2,4 French Guiana 0,2 Guiana 1,4 Peru 6,2 Suriname 0,5 Venezuela University of Maryland global forest change http://earthenginepartners.appspot.com/science-2013-global-forest 3,2 2,2
  5. 5. After a decade of reducing deforestation rates, Brazil reported a 28% increase in 2013, compared with 2012 Reuters - http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/11/14/us-brazil-amazon-idUSBRE9AD1BM20131114
  6. 6. Why Brazil? Driest, most prone to drought and fires Venezuela Colombia Peru Brazil Bolivia
  7. 7. Fires in the Amazon rainforest
  8. 8. Balch, J. K. (2014). Nature, 506, 41.
  9. 9. Range is local to global… and many interactions are reinforcing. Adapted from Davidson et al (2012). The Amazon basin in transition. Nature, 481(7381)
  10. 10. Roads + deforestation pattern
  11. 11. Main institutions regulating the Amazon rainforest Global/International/Transnational Level: • United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) • The Amazon Region Protected Areas (ARPA) program National/Local Level: • Conservation Units and Recognition of Indigenous Land • Brazil Forest Code
  12. 12. Relevant actors at multiple levels Government Inter/Transnational Research organisations Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP) University of Maryland Local Greenpeace, WWF, TNC, Rainforest Foundation, etc Amazonian Network of Georreferenced of Social Environmental Information (RAISG) Amazon region National NGOs National Ministeries of the Environment Municipalities, states / departments / provinces, Protected Areas, Indigenous Territories National Research Centres National of Amazonian Studies Foundation of the (IPAM, IIPA, Indian (Brazil) SINCHI,CEDAMAZ) Farmers, timber companies, settlers, indigenous groups Association of the Indigenous Land of Xingu -ATIX-. Puerto Rastrojo
  13. 13. Problem of fit Mismatches between the scale of the system, and the scale of the institutions that govern it Threshold/cascading mismatch: • Deforested area = regime shift  nonrainforest • Flip from a sink to a source
  14. 14. Institutions Conflict of objectives •Development (Brazilian national policy, Ministry for Agriculture) vs conservation (from international institutions, Ministry for Environment) • Integrated ecosystem spatial planning vs Local focus (indigenous or conservation) Efficacy of protective institutions •Depends on type of protected area •Resources for implementation
  15. 15. Missing parts • Possible perception of national sovereignty loss due to the “intervention” of countries that are not part of the Amazon rainforest. • Consideration of other countries would be more complex as the causes of deforestation and fires vary according to the country – oil and gas, mining as well as agriculture.
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