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A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)

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"A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)", presented on 6th. October 2010 at the British Computer Society Geospatial Specialist Group in Covent Garden, London, UK.

"A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)", presented on 6th. October 2010 at the British Computer Society Geospatial Specialist Group in Covent Garden, London, UK.

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  • But what to talk about? I was being gently encouraged to provide a title and theme for this talk by a certain Mr Andrew Larcombe.
  • … so with that in mind, and after using a short geo-timeline in my talk last week at the AGI’s GeoCom and watching Chris Osborne do something similar I decided to try and address both of these questions
  • So ifyou read the tech press and blogs you’d think that location is a relatively recent invention, coincident with the rise of the smartphone, it’s certainly a hot topic but …
  • … let’s see. Jump intoyour personal location time machine and see how far back location really goes
  • And join me in a (mostly) complete and (mostly) accurate history of location (abridged)
  • Well not quite, but the greekmathemetician used long/lat to uniquely identify a location on the Earth’s surface
  • Earliest noted use on China's Great Wall to alert of enemy attacks. Message could be transmitted as far away as 300 miles in a few hours.
  • Persian Scholar Al Biruni proposed earth rotated on its axis
  • First astrolabe invented by Ramon Llull, a Majorcan Astronomer, to determine latitude
  • If the Mappa Mundi looks a bit odd it’s because early maps used the convention of north at the bottom and south at the top. It’s a little bit more recognisable if you flip it 180 degrees
  • Maps are easyWe’ve been making them for 1000’s of yearsLots of established standards and principles
  • Octant (and later sextant) jointly invented by John Hadley (UK) and Thomas Godfrey (US) … enables the latitude to be calculated accurately … but not the longitude, that needed a standard time reference
  • … that had to wait ‘till 1760 when John Harrison invented the marine chronometer, allowing both longitude and latitude to be correctly calculated
  • .. Co-founded by Dennis Crowley … of whom we’ll hear more about in a while …
  • 5 months later the Google Maps API launches
  • One of the first mass market GSM phones with GPS capability
  • So what does this all mean?
  • There’s a lot of hyperbole around place, POIs and check-ins
  • Places are geo-tagged POIs with rich, high quality content and up-to-date information. But there is a rush to “own” places on at the moment and it’s accelerating
  • But who wins? … the early adoptors and early entrants into this space aren’t always the most successful …
  • Transcript

    • 1. A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)
      Gary Gale, Director Ovi Places Registry
      gary.gale@nokia.com
      twitter.com/vicchi
      BCS GeoSpatial SG
      London, October 2010
      51° 30' 39.6936”, 0° 7' 18.9582"
    • 2. KELLYLEEBARRETT on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/kellylee/4177529745/
    • 3. Gary Gale on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/vicchi/4414198544/
    • 4. Twitter Hashtag
      #gssg
    • 5.
    • 6. Changua Coast Conservation Action on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/waders/3177090710/
    • 7. Nad on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/nad/386051891/
    • 8. OI. TALK TITLE. NOW!!!
    • 9. “This location stuff’s only recent isn’t it?”
    • 10. “I can’t keep up with this geo stuff, it’s all moving too fast, where’s it going?”
    • 11. Location Is All About These … Right?
    • 12.
    • 13. A (Mostly) Complete And (Mostly) Accurate History
      Boson Nova on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/bosonnova/3250298799/
    • 14. 3200 BC – Celestial Navigation
      ohad* on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/ohadby/4119933035/
    • 15. 1100 BC– Magnetic Compass
      Sebastian Niedlicj (Grabthar) on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/42311564@N00/2292118012/
    • 16. 1000 BC – Homing Pigeons
      Adelaide Archivist on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/adelaide_archivist/3172908079/
    • 17. 300 BC – Eratosphenes Proposes Longitude and Latitude
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Portrait_of_Eratosthenes.png
    • 18. 200 BC – Hipparchos Invents Geocoding
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hipparchos_1.jpeg
    • 19. 5 BC – Smoke Signals
      Newsbie Pix on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/newsbiepix/4235304729/
    • 20. 1100 – Al Biruni Proposes Earth’s Axial Rotation
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Iran_Biruni.jpg
    • 21. 1295 – First Astrolabe
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Astrolab.JPG
    • 22. 1300 – Mappa Mundi
      elefthis1 on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/61288890@N00/2141540887/
    • 23. Circa 1600 - Maps
      normanbleventhalmapcenter on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/normanbleventhalmapcenter/2674855383/
    • 24. caveman on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/caveman_92223/3185534518/
    • 25. perpetualplum on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/perpetualplum/2866054138/
    • 26. 1730 – Octant Invented
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Oktant.jpg
    • 27. 1761 – Marine Chronometer
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Harrison_H4_clock_in_The_principles_of_Mr_Harrison%27s_time-keeper_1767.jpg
    • 28. 1900 – Radio Triangulation
      Happychopper on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/happychopper/345096825/
    • 29. 1960s – First Navigation Satellites
      Joe Hastings on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/joehastings/370714654/
    • 30. 1967 – MapQuest Founded
    • 31. 1984 – Tele Atlas Founded
    • 32. 1987 – Navteq Founded
    • 33. 1989 – First GPS Satellite
      John_Dulaneyon Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/15046584@N08/1562794445/
    • 34. 1990 – Portable GPS Units
      2Tales on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stigster/3761714132/
    • 35. 1996 – MapQuest.com Launched
    • 36. 2000 – Dodgeball Founded
      Dennis Crowley on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/dpstyles/4821474454/
    • 37. 2000 – “Smart” Phones
    • 38. December 2001 – KDDI Launches First GPS Phone
    • 39. July 2004 – OpenStreetMap Launches
      http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Logo
    • 40. January 2005 – Loopt Launches
      http://www.crunchbase.com/assets/images/resized/0000/5515/5515v3-max-450x450.png
    • 41. February 2005 – Google Maps Launches
      Adam Burt on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/aburt/244778461/
    • 42. September 2006 – Nokia N95 Launches
      Irish Typepad on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/irisheyes/1282719713/
    • 43. May 2007 – Google Streetview Launches
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Deansgate_St_John_St.png
    • 44. November 2007 – Google Maps for Mobile Launches
      Justin Lee on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lis186/222048525/
    • 45. 2007 – TomTom Acquires Tele Atlas, Nokia Acquires Navteq
    • 46. 2008 – Waze founded
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wazeiphone.png
    • 47. May 2008 – Brightkite Launches
      Tom Raftery on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/traftery/4400475227/
    • 48. June 2008 – iPhone 3G Launches
      theleetgeeks on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/theleetgeeks/2662322865/
    • 49. August 2008 – Gowalla Launches
    • 50. August 2008 – Yahoo! Fire Eagle Launches
      Laughing Squid on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/laughingsquid/2313476788/
    • 51. February 2009 – Google Latitude Launches
      Matt Jones on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/blackbeltjones/3253226650/
    • 52. March 2009 – Foursquare Launches
      52
    • 53. June 2009 – W3C Geolocationin Firefox
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Firefox_3.5_logo.png
    • 54. August 2009 – Twitter Launches Geotagging
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Twitter_2010_logo.svg
    • 55. October 2009 – Google Launches Free Navigation
      arrayexception on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/arrayexception/4053931102/
    • 56. 2010 – Nokia Launches Free Navigation
    • 57. 2010 – Facebook Places launched
    • 58. Marco Bellucci on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458/
    • 59. http://twitter.com/vicchi/status/19113610835
    • 60. Check-in + Rewards
      Google Places for Android
      Twitter Places
      Adds Check-In
      Jan 10 Feb 10 Mar 10 Apr 10 May 10 June 10 July10 Aug10
      Facebook
      Places
      Launched
      BooyahMyTown adds Product Check-in
    • 61. Loopt Pulse (events/places)
      Developer Programme
      Boost Mobile
      iPhone
      Android
      FB Connect launched
      Sprint
      FB Connect announcement
      Loopt Mix
      Unifies service across networks
      Loopt Mix as separate app
      ATT
      Java, iPhone
      Tweetsii
      Samsung
      Unicom
      S60
      Web
      Gypsii Connect
      Dopod
      China Mobile
      Android
      Location sharing API
      Buzz
      History & Alerts
      Latitude
      API
      iPhone
      App Gallery
      Android
      API
      Upgrade
      Business Analytics
      Raw Version
      iPhone 1.2
      API
      Android
      iPhone
      iPhone 2.0
      Launch
      iPhone 3 .0
      BB version
      Universal check-in
      Android
      iPhone
      Launch
      Merges with Limbo
      AR app on Layar
      API beta
      2.0
    • 62. Thank you
      Gary Gale, Director Ovi Places Registry
      gary.gale@nokia.com
      twitter.com/vicchi