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A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)
 

A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)

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"A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)", presented on 6th. October 2010 at the British Computer Society Geospatial Specialist Group in Covent Garden, London, UK.

"A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)", presented on 6th. October 2010 at the British Computer Society Geospatial Specialist Group in Covent Garden, London, UK.

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  • But what to talk about? I was being gently encouraged to provide a title and theme for this talk by a certain Mr Andrew Larcombe.
  • … so with that in mind, and after using a short geo-timeline in my talk last week at the AGI’s GeoCom and watching Chris Osborne do something similar I decided to try and address both of these questions
  • So ifyou read the tech press and blogs you’d think that location is a relatively recent invention, coincident with the rise of the smartphone, it’s certainly a hot topic but …
  • … let’s see. Jump intoyour personal location time machine and see how far back location really goes
  • And join me in a (mostly) complete and (mostly) accurate history of location (abridged)
  • Well not quite, but the greekmathemetician used long/lat to uniquely identify a location on the Earth’s surface
  • Earliest noted use on China's Great Wall to alert of enemy attacks. Message could be transmitted as far away as 300 miles in a few hours.
  • Persian Scholar Al Biruni proposed earth rotated on its axis
  • First astrolabe invented by Ramon Llull, a Majorcan Astronomer, to determine latitude
  • If the Mappa Mundi looks a bit odd it’s because early maps used the convention of north at the bottom and south at the top. It’s a little bit more recognisable if you flip it 180 degrees
  • Maps are easyWe’ve been making them for 1000’s of yearsLots of established standards and principles
  • Octant (and later sextant) jointly invented by John Hadley (UK) and Thomas Godfrey (US) … enables the latitude to be calculated accurately … but not the longitude, that needed a standard time reference
  • … that had to wait ‘till 1760 when John Harrison invented the marine chronometer, allowing both longitude and latitude to be correctly calculated
  • .. Co-founded by Dennis Crowley … of whom we’ll hear more about in a while …
  • 5 months later the Google Maps API launches
  • One of the first mass market GSM phones with GPS capability
  • So what does this all mean?
  • There’s a lot of hyperbole around place, POIs and check-ins
  • Places are geo-tagged POIs with rich, high quality content and up-to-date information. But there is a rush to “own” places on at the moment and it’s accelerating
  • But who wins? … the early adoptors and early entrants into this space aren’t always the most successful …

A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged) A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged) Presentation Transcript

  • A (Mostly) Complete & (Mostly) Accurate History Of Location (Abridged)
    Gary Gale, Director Ovi Places Registry
    gary.gale@nokia.com
    twitter.com/vicchi
    BCS GeoSpatial SG
    London, October 2010
    51° 30' 39.6936”, 0° 7' 18.9582"
  • KELLYLEEBARRETT on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/kellylee/4177529745/
  • Gary Gale on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/vicchi/4414198544/
  • Twitter Hashtag
    #gssg
  • Changua Coast Conservation Action on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/waders/3177090710/
  • Nad on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/nad/386051891/
  • OI. TALK TITLE. NOW!!!
  • “This location stuff’s only recent isn’t it?”
  • “I can’t keep up with this geo stuff, it’s all moving too fast, where’s it going?”
  • Location Is All About These … Right?
  • A (Mostly) Complete And (Mostly) Accurate History
    Boson Nova on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/bosonnova/3250298799/
  • 3200 BC – Celestial Navigation
    ohad* on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/ohadby/4119933035/
  • 1100 BC– Magnetic Compass
    Sebastian Niedlicj (Grabthar) on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/42311564@N00/2292118012/
  • 1000 BC – Homing Pigeons
    Adelaide Archivist on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/adelaide_archivist/3172908079/
  • 300 BC – Eratosphenes Proposes Longitude and Latitude
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Portrait_of_Eratosthenes.png
  • 200 BC – Hipparchos Invents Geocoding
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hipparchos_1.jpeg
  • 5 BC – Smoke Signals
    Newsbie Pix on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/newsbiepix/4235304729/
  • 1100 – Al Biruni Proposes Earth’s Axial Rotation
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Iran_Biruni.jpg
  • 1295 – First Astrolabe
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Astrolab.JPG
  • 1300 – Mappa Mundi
    elefthis1 on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/61288890@N00/2141540887/
  • Circa 1600 - Maps
    normanbleventhalmapcenter on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/normanbleventhalmapcenter/2674855383/
  • caveman on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/caveman_92223/3185534518/
  • perpetualplum on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/perpetualplum/2866054138/
  • 1730 – Octant Invented
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Oktant.jpg
  • 1761 – Marine Chronometer
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Harrison_H4_clock_in_The_principles_of_Mr_Harrison%27s_time-keeper_1767.jpg
  • 1900 – Radio Triangulation
    Happychopper on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/happychopper/345096825/
  • 1960s – First Navigation Satellites
    Joe Hastings on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/joehastings/370714654/
  • 1967 – MapQuest Founded
  • 1984 – Tele Atlas Founded
  • 1987 – Navteq Founded
  • 1989 – First GPS Satellite
    John_Dulaneyon Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/15046584@N08/1562794445/
  • 1990 – Portable GPS Units
    2Tales on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stigster/3761714132/
  • 1996 – MapQuest.com Launched
  • 2000 – Dodgeball Founded
    Dennis Crowley on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/dpstyles/4821474454/
  • 2000 – “Smart” Phones
  • December 2001 – KDDI Launches First GPS Phone
  • July 2004 – OpenStreetMap Launches
    http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Logo
  • January 2005 – Loopt Launches
    http://www.crunchbase.com/assets/images/resized/0000/5515/5515v3-max-450x450.png
  • February 2005 – Google Maps Launches
    Adam Burt on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/aburt/244778461/
  • September 2006 – Nokia N95 Launches
    Irish Typepad on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/irisheyes/1282719713/
  • May 2007 – Google Streetview Launches
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Deansgate_St_John_St.png
  • November 2007 – Google Maps for Mobile Launches
    Justin Lee on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lis186/222048525/
  • 2007 – TomTom Acquires Tele Atlas, Nokia Acquires Navteq
  • 2008 – Waze founded
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wazeiphone.png
  • May 2008 – Brightkite Launches
    Tom Raftery on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/traftery/4400475227/
  • June 2008 – iPhone 3G Launches
    theleetgeeks on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/theleetgeeks/2662322865/
  • August 2008 – Gowalla Launches
  • August 2008 – Yahoo! Fire Eagle Launches
    Laughing Squid on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/laughingsquid/2313476788/
  • February 2009 – Google Latitude Launches
    Matt Jones on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/blackbeltjones/3253226650/
  • March 2009 – Foursquare Launches
    52
  • June 2009 – W3C Geolocationin Firefox
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Firefox_3.5_logo.png
  • August 2009 – Twitter Launches Geotagging
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Twitter_2010_logo.svg
  • October 2009 – Google Launches Free Navigation
    arrayexception on Flickr : http://www.flickr.com/photos/arrayexception/4053931102/
  • 2010 – Nokia Launches Free Navigation
  • 2010 – Facebook Places launched
  • Marco Bellucci on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458/
  • http://twitter.com/vicchi/status/19113610835
  • Check-in + Rewards
    Google Places for Android
    Twitter Places
    Adds Check-In
    Jan 10 Feb 10 Mar 10 Apr 10 May 10 June 10 July10 Aug10
    Facebook
    Places
    Launched
    BooyahMyTown adds Product Check-in
  • Loopt Pulse (events/places)
    Developer Programme
    Boost Mobile
    iPhone
    Android
    FB Connect launched
    Sprint
    FB Connect announcement
    Loopt Mix
    Unifies service across networks
    Loopt Mix as separate app
    ATT
    Java, iPhone
    Tweetsii
    Samsung
    Unicom
    S60
    Web
    Gypsii Connect
    Dopod
    China Mobile
    Android
    Location sharing API
    Buzz
    History & Alerts
    Latitude
    API
    iPhone
    App Gallery
    Android
    API
    Upgrade
    Business Analytics
    Raw Version
    iPhone 1.2
    API
    Android
    iPhone
    iPhone 2.0
    Launch
    iPhone 3 .0
    BB version
    Universal check-in
    Android
    iPhone
    Launch
    Merges with Limbo
    AR app on Layar
    API beta
    2.0
  • Thank you
    Gary Gale, Director Ovi Places Registry
    gary.gale@nokia.com
    twitter.com/vicchi