How To Foster Autonomy Ppp.Version 1

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Presentation Back to College

Presentation Back to College

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Transcript

  • 1. HOW TO FOSTER AUTONOMY IN THE CLASSROOM
  • 2.
    • “ You can lead a horse to water but you can’t make him drink.”
    • Actually…
    • … You can!
    • How?
    • FIRST-
    • MAKE HIM THIRSTY!!
  • 3. You can lead a student to English but you can’t make him think.”
    • Actually… You can!
    • How?
    • FIRST-
    • MAKE HIM INTERESTED/CURIOUS!!
  • 4. Understanding Autonomy
    • ‘ However good a teacher be, students will never learn a language – or anything else – unless they aim to learn outside as well as during class time’.
    • Jeremy Harmer
  • 5. REASONS TO PROMOTE AUTONOMOUS LEARNING
    • Language is too complex and varied.
    • It takes a long time before they have had the kind of exposure for real progress.
    • A teacher will not always be around to help.
  • 6. How can we develop learner autonomy?
    • Identify your students’ learning strategies.
      • Questionnaires, charts, will be helpful.
    • Help your students develop different learning strategies.
      • Note taking, organizing their homework assignments, how to use a dictionary, etc.
  • 7. LEARNING STRATEGIES
    • TECHNIQUES STUDENTS USE TO LEARN:
    • METACOGNITIVE STRATEGIES:
    • Planning, evaluating and monitoring.
    • COGNITIVE STRATEGIES:
    • Actually doing the learning, guessing words, repeating.
    • SOCIAL STRATEGIES:
    • Working with others, asking for help etc.
  • 8. Learner Training
    • In the classroom:
    • Have reflection time on the way they learn.
    • Give them strategies for dealing with different kinds of activities (e.g. ‘ Read the title… what is the listening/reading about?’ )
    • Ask students to describe their favorite lessons. Say which lessons or parts of lessons they found the easiest or most difficult and why.
  • 9. Learner Training
    • Outside the classroom:
      • Students create their own vocabulary notebook.
      • Staying in touch with the language:
        • TV, radio, movies, magazines, books, etc.
      • Show your students how they can use different websites.
  • 10. Learning a foreign language without good guidance is similar to sailing without a good map. When teachers are aware of the importance of learning styles and learning strategies, they can provide a good map to their students.
  • 11.
    • LEARNER TRAINING
    • Reflection- helps students reflect on the way they learn.
    • HOMEWORK
    • Make sure they are student-driven.
    • LEARNING JOURNALS
    • Diaries of their learning experiences so they can reflect on their lessons “we hope”.
    POINTS TO REMEMBER
  • 12. POINTS TO REMEMBER
    • SELF-ACCESS CENTER
    • To use as part of the course or in their spare time.
    • WHEN THE COURSE ENDS….
    • *Explain why they should stay in touch with the language. Give ideas: read a magazine, see a movie, use the internet “all in ENGLISH”.
  • 13. AND REMEMBER… *A good teacher is not a person who can develop a student’s memory so that he can repeat facts and pass tests. *A good teacher is a person who teaches students to question, to think, and to reason. *Teaching is a helping profession. It is a commitment to making a difference in students’ lives. * Teaching is primarily a matter of love.
  • 14.
    • THANKS FOR THE INVITATION !!!
    • [email_address]