Let's face it part-02


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This presentation is about Skin Care and prepared by Dr. T. A. Rana.

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Let's face it part-02

  1. 1. <ul><li>Dr. T.A. RANA </li></ul><ul><li>MBBS, M.D. (Skin & VD) </li></ul><ul><li>Dermatologist & Cosmetic Laser Surgeon </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant at Shri Ram Hospital & Heart Institute, Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Vinayak Hospital, Sec-27, Noida (U.P.) </li></ul><ul><li>Panchsheel Hospital, Yamuna Vihar, Delhi </li></ul>
  2. 2. Acne <ul><li>Acne is a skin condition, which is most common in adolescents but may </li></ul><ul><li>persist into late adult life. </li></ul><ul><li>Acne results in pimples, redness, swelling & scarring, which </li></ul><ul><li>could be painful & discomforting. </li></ul><ul><li>It particularly affects the face, back, and chest. </li></ul><ul><li>Both male & female are affected by Acne. </li></ul><ul><li>Acne cannot be avoided </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>can be controlled & managed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Acne not only affects the skin but also mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Study shows that – </li></ul><ul><li>39 % of teenagers avoid going out with friends owing to the embarrassment of Acne. </li></ul>Acne
  4. 4. How do Acne occur? <ul><li>In people with acne, oil glands produce too much oil (sebum). </li></ul><ul><li>The cells in the pores of the skin become </li></ul><ul><li>abnormally sticky leading to blockage of the pore. </li></ul><ul><li>The trapped oil becomes infected, leading to </li></ul><ul><li>pustules (pus spots) & pimple formation. </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid scarring, </li></ul><ul><li> it’s best not to squeeze Acne. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How do we visually identify Acne ? <ul><li>Excessively greasy skin </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarged follicles </li></ul><ul><li>Small pimples </li></ul><ul><li>Large pustules (pus spots) </li></ul><ul><li>Painful swollen cysts </li></ul><ul><li>Comedones : Whiteheads </li></ul><ul><li>Comedones : Blackheads </li></ul>COMEDONES are the primary sign of Acne, consisting of a dilated (widened) hair follicle filled with keratin squamae (skin debris), bacteria, and sebum (oil). When the follicles are open, these are called &quot; blackheads . When they are almost closed, they are called &quot; whiteheads .
  6. 6. Enlarged pores in Acne <ul><li>Larger pores indicate larger oil glands & more oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Skin surface sebum increases with pore size. </li></ul><ul><li>Sebum breakdowns to Free Fatty Acids causing skin roughness, inflammation & acne. </li></ul><ul><li>Skin with enlarged pores has increased TEWL (Trans Epidermal Water Loss). </li></ul><ul><li>Thus invariably oily skin in acne gets prone </li></ul><ul><li>to dryness & further damage. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What causes Acne? Usually Acne are caused by increase in the Male Hormone called Androgen, which stimulates the Sebum (oil) production; resulting in Acne. But there are lot of other reasons, which could cause or stimulate Acne. Like; Medical –Genetics, Skin type, level of Immunity, Menstrual cycle, Steroids, etc… Environmental –Heat & humidity, seasonal changes, etc… Psychological –Stress, etc…
  8. 8. Managing Acne <ul><li>Lifestyle modification – </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>healthy balanced diet ensuring intake of required nutrients, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>good sleep, and protection from UV rays can do wonders for </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>your skin etc… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Good compliance - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular Skin Care Routine is extremely important & helpful in managing Acne. Regular skin care will not only ensure cleaned skin but will also help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduce sebum production </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>presence of harmful bacteria </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Managing Acne -Cleansing <ul><li>It is very important to keep Acne prone & oily skin clean. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper cleansing regime controls, manages & help </li></ul><ul><li>avoid occurrence of Acne & pimples. </li></ul><ul><li>Dirt and oil on the surface of the skin do not </li></ul><ul><li>cause acne, but clogging of pore openings. </li></ul><ul><li>Warm water dissolves skin oil better than lukewarm or cold water. But avoid hot </li></ul><ul><li>water. </li></ul><ul><li>Face washing should be limited to two or three times a day. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Managing Acne - Cleansing <ul><li>Too much washing stimulates the skin to produce more oil due to severe </li></ul><ul><li>depletion of oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to moisturize after washing. </li></ul><ul><li>Select right kind of skin care products, meant for Acne, Acne prone </li></ul><ul><li>skin, which help control & manage oily skin, Acne, pimples. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance, There are products available in the </li></ul><ul><li>market meant for oily skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Like face wash, moisturizer for oily skin, </li></ul><ul><li>acne control cream / lotion, etc…. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Acne is related to sexual activity - FALSE </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent scrubbing will keep the –skin clean - FALSE </li></ul><ul><li>& remove bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Too frequent face washing will help keep - FALSE </li></ul><ul><li>skin clean </li></ul><ul><li>Hot water helps wash away dirt properly- FALSE </li></ul>Acne - Myths & Misconceptions
  12. 12. Myths & Misconceptions <ul><li>Oily skin doesn’t need any – FALSE </li></ul><ul><li>moisturizer </li></ul><ul><li>Oily food consumption causes - DEPENDS </li></ul><ul><li>acne </li></ul><ul><li>Complete oil removal is - FALSE </li></ul><ul><li>mandatory </li></ul><ul><li>Chocolates worsen acne - DOCTORS DON’T SUPPORT IT </li></ul>
  13. 13. Caring for Dry & Combination Skin <ul><li>Hot water should be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh soaps are potentially dangerous. </li></ul><ul><li>Moisturizing soaps are recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>Moisturizing the skin regularly is very </li></ul><ul><li>important. </li></ul><ul><li>T Zone to be thoroughly cleansed, in case of </li></ul><ul><li>combination skin. </li></ul><ul><li>T Zone to be toned with the toner as it is more </li></ul><ul><li>prone to acne. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Oily Skin <ul><li>In case of oily skin, the oil oozes out and gives </li></ul><ul><li>the skin greasy & unwanted shine. </li></ul><ul><li>The enlarged pores & the skin has a coarse look. </li></ul><ul><li>Oily skin is prone to black heads, Acne & pimples. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors, which could aggravate or stimulate oil production: </li></ul><ul><li>Medical – Genetics, medicines, hormonal imbalance, Periods etc, </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental – Heat & humidity, seasonal changes, etc…. Diet, </li></ul><ul><li>wrong cosmetics, etc.. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Soaps & Skin <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most commonly used method to cleanse face </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>or body. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General soaps can be very harmful </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> owing to the chemicals used in them. </li></ul><ul><li>Soap can dry out your skin and can aggravate </li></ul><ul><li>skin problems. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be very harsh and cause your skin to </li></ul><ul><li>age prematurely. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>To avoid any further harm use soaps bars, which are meant for </li></ul><ul><li>face skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Always read the label of the soap bar to find out it’s ingredients. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s best to avoid soaps containing chemicals like, DEA, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Select soaps, which are specifically designed for </li></ul><ul><li>particular skin type & are meant for face cleansing. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Excessive Exposure to sun rays as a damaging </li></ul><ul><li>effect on the skin. Like; </li></ul><ul><li>Skin ages faster. </li></ul><ul><li>Dry skin gets drier & Oily skin gets oilier. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunrays can lead to outburst of Acne. </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful UV rays can cause sun burn marks, pigmentation & blemishes. </li></ul><ul><li>In extreme case, sun exposure can also lead to skin cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Protect from Sun rays as much as possible. </li></ul>Exposure to Sun - U V Rays
  18. 18. Cleanse Daily Tone Daily Exfoliate Weekly Moisturize Daily Mask Weekly Special Skin requirement Skin Care Regime
  19. 19. It’s essential to cleanse daily to remove dust & dirt to avoid clogging of pores. It’s important to select cleanser carefully to ensure that it doesn’t damage Keratin protein & lipids in the skin. Moisturize daily. Exfoliate weekly to remove dead cells but avoid using rough products. Most Important - Do follow a routine. Skin Care Regime
  20. 20. Reference slide Comedones
  21. 21. THANK YOU