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EU-NET-ADBStudying internet addictive behaviour        in middle adolscence   Katarzyna Zygmunt-HernandezNobody’s Children...
Problem of Internet Addictive                       BehaviourCharacteristics:                                   Negative  ...
Adolscents as risk group  Searching for                           Internet Addictive    identity                          ...
Previous findingsExcessive use of the internet among children in 27 European countriesQuestion: How often have these thing...
EU-NET-ADB studyProject aims:1                     2                      3                     4                         ...
Study design                     EU-NET-ADB            Quantitative       Qualitative               part               par...
Partners participatingUniversity of                      Landeszentrale für Medien und    Akureyi                        K...
National samples                 2038                 12                                    2000*                         ...
Qualitative Methodology                              Process of recruitment•   School-based (10th grade)•   Cover letters ...
Qualitative Methodology                      Interview schedulePART A:   Warm upPART B:   Internet use and its evolutionPA...
Qualitative Methodology             First Wave        Second Wave         Last Wave            Interview with 5   Intervie...
Quantitative Methodology                           Target populationAll adolescents:  • aged 15-16 years  • resident in th...
Quantitative Methodology                              Administration• Self-administered questionnaires handed out in class...
Quantitative Pilot StudyDevelopment of     Translation               Cognitive              Pilot study inquestionnaire   ...
Quantitative Methodology                     EU-NET-ADB Master Questionnaire DesignSocio-demographic                 Inter...
EU-NET-ADB Timeline                                April-August                 OctoberApril-May                          ...
Sample structure                 Gender & Countries                              Iceland   Greece                         ...
Preliminary Findings            How often do adolescents use the internet?                  <6 days/week   6-7 days/weekAl...
Preliminary Findings                    How often do adolescents use the internet?    Greece                              ...
Preliminary Findings   Adolescent who have profile on Social Networking Sites Female                                   93,...
Preliminary Findings   During the past 12 months,   have you used the internet                  59%   excessively to the e...
Preliminary Findings              Prevalence of internet addictive behaviours                     Borderline internet   In...
Preliminary FindingsProblematic internet behaviour (Internet Addiction Test≥40)         Spain                             ...
Preliminary Findings            Prevelence of computer gaming abuse & addiction         (Scale for the assessment of compu...
Preliminary Findings          Prevelence of computer gaming abuse & addiction        (Scale for the assessment of computer...
Thank you for your attention  Contact with EU-NET-ADB Consortium: Artemis Tsitsika (info@youth-health.gr) Eleni Tzavela (e...
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Zygmunt

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  1. 1. EU-NET-ADBStudying internet addictive behaviour in middle adolscence Katarzyna Zygmunt-HernandezNobody’s Children Foundation, Poland 1
  2. 2. Problem of Internet Addictive BehaviourCharacteristics: Negative Lack of Dominating con- control over role of sequences the internet internet in of internet usage the life on life 2
  3. 3. Adolscents as risk group Searching for Internet Addictive identity BehaviourHuge role of peer group Tendency toexperimenting and risky behaviours 3
  4. 4. Previous findingsExcessive use of the internet among children in 27 European countriesQuestion: How often have these things happened to you?Source: S. Livingstone et al. (2011), Risks and Safety in the Internet, EU Kids Online study 4
  5. 5. EU-NET-ADB studyProject aims:1 2 3 4 Assess Increase Enhance the Evaluate the qualitatively the awareness knowledge baseprevalence and development of among the wider required for thedeterminants of borderline public regarding development of Internet addictive internet addictive strategies addictive Internet use behaviour relating to behaviour among among Internet addictiveamong European European European behaviour among adolescents. adolescents. adolescents youth in Europe.The project is funded by the Safer Internet programme of the European Commission; SI-2010-KEP-4101007 5
  6. 6. Study design EU-NET-ADB Quantitative Qualitative part part N= 140N= 14.000 2000 20 in-depth Questionnaires interviews in each country 6
  7. 7. Partners participatingUniversity of Landeszentrale für Medien und Akureyi Kommunikation Rheinland-Pfalz & Iceland University Medical Center Mainz Germany Nobody’s Children IVO Addiction Foundation Research Institute Poland Netherlands University of Medicine and Pharmacy lasi RomaniaProtegeles Spain Adolescent Health Unit University of Athens Greece 7
  8. 8. National samples 2038 12 2000* 20 2056 1310 20 16Quantitative study sample 1813*Qualitative study sample 20 1604* 20 1495* 10 136 20 128 * Will be completed 8
  9. 9. Qualitative Methodology Process of recruitment• School-based (10th grade)• Cover letters (school, children, parents)• Individual labeled questionnaire sets (IAT≥30)• Invitation to clinic or institution for a 30-50 minutes semi-structured interview 9
  10. 10. Qualitative Methodology Interview schedulePART A: Warm upPART B: Internet use and its evolutionPART C: Needs metPART D: Self-perceived repercussionsPART E: Personal aims in regard to internet use 10
  11. 11. Qualitative Methodology First Wave Second Wave Last Wave Interview with 5 Interview with 5 Interview with participants participants 10 participants EU First stage of First stage of First stage ofPARTNERS analysis analysis analysis translation translation translation In-depth In-depth In-depthUMC Mainz analysis analysis analysis Adaption of Adaption of Final analysis interview- interview- of all interviews AHU structure structure 11
  12. 12. Quantitative Methodology Target populationAll adolescents: • aged 15-16 years • resident in the territory of every participating country • attending school (10th grade) • a nationally representative, randomly selected sample of 2000 adolescent per country 12
  13. 13. Quantitative Methodology Administration• Self-administered questionnaires handed out in classrooms• Anonymous and confidential• Duration – ca. 45 minutes 13
  14. 14. Quantitative Pilot StudyDevelopment of Translation Cognitive Pilot study inquestionnaire testing schools •52 items •2 independent • Focus groups • 1634 in each Participants in •Including transalators country 7 countries IAT and IAS •Back- • Testing • Testing tests translation language and questionnaires cultural and procedure context Conclusions • Adaptation and amelioration of the questionnaire • Estabilishment of the study procedure • Choice of IAT test 14
  15. 15. Quantitative Methodology EU-NET-ADB Master Questionnaire DesignSocio-demographic Internet data Addiction Test South oaks K. Young gambling screen (SOGS) Family Time spent online School Scale for the achievements Achenbach’s Youth Self assessment of Report (YSR) computer game 1. Withdrawal Addiction (AICA-S) 2. Somatic complaints Internet usage 3. Anxiousness and depression Negative 4. Social problems characteristics experience online 5. Thinking problems 6. Attention problems (EU-Kids-Online 7. Deliquent behaviour Questions) Parental control 8. Aggressive behaviour 15
  16. 16. EU-NET-ADB Timeline April-August OctoberApril-May 2012 2012 2011 Data FinalPilot study analysis findings November 2011- May 2012 March 2012 Preliminary Data collection findings 16
  17. 17. Sample structure Gender & Countries Iceland Greece 20% 15% Male Netherlan SpainFemale 48% ds 15% 52% 13% Romania Poland 18% 20% N=10136 17
  18. 18. Preliminary Findings How often do adolescents use the internet? <6 days/week 6-7 days/weekAll youth 39,5% 60,5%Male 35,9% 64,1%Female 42,9% 57,1% 18
  19. 19. Preliminary Findings How often do adolescents use the internet? Greece Not every Iceland week 1 day/week Romania 2-3 Spain days/week Poland 4-5 days/weekNetherlands 6-7 days/week All youth 0% 50% 100% 19
  20. 20. Preliminary Findings Adolescent who have profile on Social Networking Sites Female 93,2% Male 89,8%All youth 91,6% 20
  21. 21. Preliminary Findings During the past 12 months, have you used the internet 59% excessively to the excent of 41% neglecting other activities?During the past 12 months, did 63% you ever try to reduce the hours of internet use? 37% No Yes 21
  22. 22. Preliminary Findings Prevalence of internet addictive behaviours Borderline internet Internet addictive addictive behaviours behaviours (40-69 points) (70-100 points)Spain 19.5% 1.5%Romania 15.0% 1.7%Poland 11.5% 1.3%Netherlands 10.9% 0.9%Greece 9.5% 1.7%Iceland 6.8% 0.8% 22
  23. 23. Preliminary FindingsProblematic internet behaviour (Internet Addiction Test≥40) Spain 20,9% Romania 16,6% Poland 12,8% Netherlands 11,8% Greece 11,2% Iceland 7,5% All youth 13,4% 23
  24. 24. Preliminary Findings Prevelence of computer gaming abuse & addiction (Scale for the assessment of computer game Addiction – AICA-S) Normal use Gaming Abuse Gaming Addiction (<7 points) (7-13 points) (13.5-27 points)All youth 83.3% 13.2% 3.4%Male 78.3% 16.9% 4.7%Female 92.8% 6.4% 0.9% 24
  25. 25. Preliminary Findings Prevelence of computer gaming abuse & addiction (Scale for the assessment of computer game Addiction – AICA-S) Normal Abuse Addiction Poland 80,9% 14,3% 4,9% Greece 84,3% 12,4% 3,3% Romania 82,1% 14,6% 3,3%Netherlands 81,2% 15,6% 3,2% Spain 89,8% 8,4% 1,7% All youth 83,3% 13,2% 3,4% 25
  26. 26. Thank you for your attention Contact with EU-NET-ADB Consortium: Artemis Tsitsika (info@youth-health.gr) Eleni Tzavela (eu.netadb@med.uoa.gr) Szymon Wójcik (szymon.wojcik@fdn.pl) Find more on: www.eunetadb.med.uoa.gr 26
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