EDUCATING PARENTS WITHCHILDREN WHO USE THE INTERNET :KOREA-SPECIFIC APPROACH Kyunghwa Lee, Ph.D President Parents’ Union on Net Date: May 16, 2012 Venue: Golden Bay Beach Hotel, Larnaca, Cyprus
PREVALENCE OF INTERNET USE IN KOREA World ranking 2nd (ITU, 2010) Average connection speed 1st (www.pingdong.com) 98% of teens are internet users (2011) Approximately 78% of the Korean population use the internet (KISA, 2010) Teens are 10% of all smart phone holders (about 2 million teens)
AT RISK TEENS(1)10% of school-aged teens: internet game addiction (KADO, 2011) Adult sites are a means for vulnerable teens’ sexual violence (Daegu, 2008) -In 2008 a central city in Korea, Daegu, experienced 8 3rd graders being sexuall attacked by several 6th graders. The attackers stated to the police that they just copied the obscene acts that they saw online.
AT RISK TEENS(2) Partners for one night stand is found at chatting café (Association of Women, 2008). Runaway teens are involved in sex trafficking for money, either alone or co-ed Negative reply is related to suicide Cyber-bullying is taking place on online cafe Anti-café about mom, teachers ‘Your mom is bad because she likes money’ ‘Get together if you want to kill your homeroom teacher’
AT RISK TEENS (3) IT makes it possible for teens to be the victim or the offender Sexual harassment, sex trafficking IT makes teens illegal users Illegally downloading music, movie, and games IT makes teens abuse parents’ ID Parents allow kids to use their ID Kids have access to inappropriate contents, regardless of ratings put in place to protect them IT makes teens addicted. Online games, chatting Recently teens who are member of ‘ocult’ club killed a young man because of different views(2012.5)
PARENTS’ BELIEFS REGARDING IT Parents’ beliefs: technology is a convenient tool for child’s social relations, daily schedule and for catching the social flow. Smart phone is the best gift. Technology is doubtful for studying. Kids’ environment: - TV watching and internet games are fun - Afterschool programs focus on studying only - Have easy internet access at home.
BACKGROUND OF PARENT EDUCATION Parent education programs containing well-known good parenting ideas are not adequate in an IT environment Parents have poor IT utilization skillsStress about childrearing Parents have no knowledge about the traits of the internet - Kids’ stress from item theft or event fraud - Free game programs have adult site ads. - Parents’ ID enables kids to have access to improper games. - Parents are embarrassed of cell phone data usage overcharge
BACKGROUND OF CHILD PROTECTION Beliefs that encouraged Child Protection Internet is a sea of obscenity. Internet is a hot bed of sex trafficking. Internet is an illegal tool to download or upload music, movies, and games Internet is insulting words, Internet is an uncontrollable tool. So, internet requires timely parenting as well as policies
CHILD PROTECTION POLICY: GOVERNMENT Manufacture filtering software and disseminate to home PCs for free. Block obscene webs and blogs - 100~200 sites per month Install ‘shut down’ software on home PCs & cyber cafés by law - Prevention of Game addiction - Education for kids and parents Attendance of education programs: parents’ participation gives their children’ volunteer work credit . Request account deletion Trial and error case: awards were given to those reporting illegal and harmful to minors information(2003-2005) This program is not implemented any more
CHILD PROTECTION POLICY:ENTREPRENEURS Operation of Report center Keep Appointee for child protection by law Portal sites were held responsible to protect children. They were expected to keep an appointee who was in charge of this. Educate cyber ethics for parents & teens Operate Teens’ Zones Manufacture filtering software Use ‘adult authentication’ Under age 19, they need parents’ consent before they have access to adult sites
PARENTS’ UNION ON NET (P.U.N.) The only NGO which has been established under the purpose for online child protection in Korea. - Number of staff: 5(full time), 2(part time) - Number of regional staff: 30 Cooperating with government and industry for funding in addition to donation Yearly budget: 150,000Euro + 3 directions: Monitoring Educating Cultivating Major themes: cyber ethics, childrearing techniques, sound behaviors
MAJOR ACTIVITIES OF P.U.N Information Communication Ethics - Guide installment of filtering software - Inform parents of item fraud, identity theft Educate parents about prevention skills of game addiction Support “shut down” software which stops game playing from midnight to 6 AM. Global parenting network Humanity Forum for parents Global leadership training for teens in regional child center.
PARENT EDUCATION ACTIVITIES OF P.U.N. P.U.N. implements giving lectures, both large- and small-sized (# of persons in a class: 10 to 400) - Themes: cyber ethics, prevention of game addiction, danger of adult sites - Personal information protection, copyrights, and internet fraud such as item, giveaways, phishing P.U.N. implements monitoring smart phones, websites, TVs, and internet games Violence, obscene, game rating, compliance of shutdown program
KOREAN PARENTS’ SPECIFIC PARENTING(1) IT is just a tool for reduce kids’ stress - For instance, game playing, chatting and surfing Parents design a full studying climate, sending kids either to private learning center or local child center. kids stay there until late night parents allow kids online access in spare time
KOREAN PARENTS’ SPECIFIC PARENTING(2) Parents are reluctant to communicate with kids to resolve conflict when parents encounter excessive or improper use of IT . Instead they prefer technological regulation, filtering software Even when they communicate with kids, it is perceived as nagging.
FUTURE DIRECTION FORPARENT EDUCATION Parent education for housewives needs to be expanded for low-SES parents and parents who work full-time. Fathers should be educated Parent education needs to emphasize the value of learning skills Currently, learning for divergent thinking is not encouraged, only studying for high academic grades. Variety of learning skills can give teens global leadership awareness.
CONTINUED Parents need to be taught characteristics of IT Korean parents underestimate effect of IT utilization. Parent education needs to include humanity issues. Concepts like digital native, prosumer which are imposed on teens can make teens be inhumane or technology dependent. Side effects: isolation, covert relation, power bloggers’ unethical business, information overload, ceaseless surfing Help parents raise kids as sound humans who can control technology as well as use it properly.