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    Koreja Koreja Presentation Transcript

    • EDUCATING PARENTS WITHCHILDREN WHO USE THE INTERNET :KOREA-SPECIFIC APPROACH Kyunghwa Lee, Ph.D President Parents’ Union on Net Date: May 16, 2012 Venue: Golden Bay Beach Hotel, Larnaca, Cyprus
    • PREVALENCE OF INTERNET USE IN KOREA World ranking 2nd (ITU, 2010) Average connection speed 1st (www.pingdong.com) 98% of teens are internet users (2011) Approximately 78% of the Korean population use the internet (KISA, 2010) Teens are 10% of all smart phone holders (about 2 million teens)
    • AT RISK TEENS(1)10% of school-aged teens: internet game addiction (KADO, 2011) Adult sites are a means for vulnerable teens’ sexual violence (Daegu, 2008)  -In 2008 a central city in Korea, Daegu, experienced 8 3rd graders being sexuall attacked by several 6th graders. The attackers stated to the police that they just copied the obscene acts that they saw online.
    • AT RISK TEENS(2) Partners for one night stand is found at chatting café (Association of Women, 2008).  Runaway teens are involved in sex trafficking for money, either alone or co-ed Negative reply is related to suicide  Cyber-bullying is taking place on online cafe Anti-café about mom, teachers  ‘Your mom is bad because she likes money’  ‘Get together if you want to kill your homeroom teacher’
    • AT RISK TEENS (3) IT makes it possible for teens to be the victim or the offender  Sexual harassment, sex trafficking IT makes teens illegal users  Illegally downloading music, movie, and games IT makes teens abuse parents’ ID  Parents allow kids to use their ID  Kids have access to inappropriate contents, regardless of ratings put in place to protect them IT makes teens addicted.  Online games, chatting Recently teens who are member of ‘ocult’ club killed a young man because of different views(2012.5)
    • PARENTS’ BELIEFS REGARDING IT Parents’ beliefs:  technology is a convenient tool for child’s social relations, daily schedule and for catching the social flow.  Smart phone is the best gift.  Technology is doubtful for studying. Kids’ environment: - TV watching and internet games are fun - Afterschool programs focus on studying only - Have easy internet access at home.
    • BACKGROUND OF PARENT EDUCATION Parent education programs containing well-known good parenting ideas are not adequate in an IT environment  Parents have poor IT utilization skillsStress about childrearing Parents have no knowledge about the traits of the internet - Kids’ stress from item theft or event fraud - Free game programs have adult site ads. - Parents’ ID enables kids to have access to improper games. - Parents are embarrassed of cell phone data usage overcharge
    • BACKGROUND OF CHILD PROTECTION Beliefs that encouraged Child Protection  Internet is a sea of obscenity.  Internet is a hot bed of sex trafficking.  Internet is an illegal tool to download or upload music, movies, and games  Internet is insulting words,  Internet is an uncontrollable tool. So, internet requires timely parenting as well as policies
    • CHILD PROTECTION POLICY: GOVERNMENT Manufacture filtering software and disseminate to home PCs for free.  Block obscene webs and blogs - 100~200 sites per month Install ‘shut down’ software on home PCs & cyber cafés by law - Prevention of Game addiction - Education for kids and parents Attendance of education programs: parents’ participation gives their children’ volunteer work credit . Request account deletion Trial and error case: awards were given to those reporting illegal and harmful to minors information(2003-2005) This program is not implemented any more
    • CHILD PROTECTION POLICY:ENTREPRENEURS Operation of Report center Keep Appointee for child protection by law  Portal sites were held responsible to protect children. They were expected to keep an appointee who was in charge of this. Educate cyber ethics for parents & teens Operate Teens’ Zones Manufacture filtering software Use ‘adult authentication’  Under age 19, they need parents’ consent before they have access to adult sites
    • PARENTS’ UNION ON NET (P.U.N.) The only NGO which has been established under the purpose for online child protection in Korea. - Number of staff: 5(full time), 2(part time) - Number of regional staff: 30 Cooperating with government and industry for funding in addition to donation  Yearly budget: 150,000Euro + 3 directions:  Monitoring  Educating  Cultivating Major themes: cyber ethics, childrearing techniques, sound behaviors
    • MAJOR ACTIVITIES OF P.U.N Information Communication Ethics - Guide installment of filtering software - Inform parents of item fraud, identity theft Educate parents about prevention skills of game addiction Support “shut down” software which stops game playing from midnight to 6 AM. Global parenting network  Humanity Forum for parents Global leadership training for teens in regional child center.
    • WHAT P.U.N. DO  Watch PUN’s video  In 2011
    • PARENT EDUCATION ACTIVITIES OF P.U.N. P.U.N. implements giving lectures, both large- and small-sized (# of persons in a class: 10 to 400) - Themes: cyber ethics, prevention of game addiction, danger of adult sites - Personal information protection, copyrights, and internet fraud such as item, giveaways, phishing P.U.N. implements monitoring smart phones, websites, TVs, and internet games  Violence, obscene, game rating, compliance of shutdown program
    • KOREAN PARENTS’ SPECIFIC PARENTING(1) IT is just a tool for reduce kids’ stress - For instance, game playing, chatting and surfing Parents design a full studying climate, sending kids either to private learning center or local child center.  kids stay there until late night  parents allow kids online access in spare time
    • KOREAN PARENTS’ SPECIFIC PARENTING(2) Parents are reluctant to communicate with kids to resolve conflict when parents encounter excessive or improper use of IT .  Instead they prefer technological regulation, filtering software  Even when they communicate with kids, it is perceived as nagging.
    • FUTURE DIRECTION FORPARENT EDUCATION Parent education for housewives needs to be expanded for low-SES parents and parents who work full-time. Fathers should be educated Parent education needs to emphasize the value of learning skills  Currently, learning for divergent thinking is not encouraged, only studying for high academic grades.  Variety of learning skills can give teens global leadership awareness.
    • CONTINUED Parents need to be taught characteristics of IT  Korean parents underestimate effect of IT utilization. Parent education needs to include humanity issues.  Concepts like digital native, prosumer which are imposed on teens can make teens be inhumane or technology dependent.  Side effects: isolation, covert relation, power bloggers’ unethical business, information overload, ceaseless surfing  Help parents raise kids as sound humans who can control technology as well as use it properly.