Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Hindu Dharma for Beginners
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Hindu Dharma for Beginners

500

Published on

Teaching Resource Term 1 for " Hindu Dharma for Beginners " by "Vishva Hindu Parishad of Australia Inc. (World Hindu Council of Australia Inc) (ABN: 78862155168, Reg No: Y2898719, Charity No: …

Teaching Resource Term 1 for " Hindu Dharma for Beginners " by "Vishva Hindu Parishad of Australia Inc. (World Hindu Council of Australia Inc) (ABN: 78862155168, Reg No: Y2898719, Charity No: CFN10709) GPO Box 1374, Sydney 2001- WWW.VHP.ORG.AU "

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
500
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
25
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Hindu Dharma for Beginners Teaching Resource Term 1 Vishva Hindu Parishad of Australia Inc. (World Hindu Council of Australia Inc)(ABN: 78862155168, Reg No: Y2898719, Charity No: CFN10709) GPO Box 1374, Sydney 2001-WWW.VHP.ORG.AU 1
  • 2. For Beginners Term 1Term outcomesConcepts God is one, but has many formsReligious symbols Aum, Swasthika, Siva Linga, DipaFestivals Pongal, Ugadi, Shivrathri, Rama NavamiValues Respect for parents, elders, laws, environmentGeneral Notes to Teachers:Common mother land.All the Hindus migrated from different countries and settled in Australia. We all havecommon forefathers and ancestors who lived in Bharat (India). The all share the history of thesame land and in their holy books recognize Bharat as their motherland.The main philosophical ideas of all branches of Hinduism are based on the Vedic literature.Hindus and the Environment: How we promote peace and harmony in the societyWhile teaching the river slokas we need explain these things.Hindus and in Hindu culture: Respect the environment.Hindus care for and protect the environment.The rivers - we call river as our mother - Ganga Maatha.Hindus offer lights /lamps in the river and do namaskarams and do Aarti to the rivers.This practice proves that Hindus treat the river as a person and not as an object.The whole universe is created by Bhagwan and everything has given to us.In this world everything is holy and we respect each other.We are all the same. The differences are to enjoy, create novelty in the world, like differentcolours of flowers in the garden.Our motto "THE WHOLE UNIVERSE IS ONE BIG FAMILY"Most of the time we need to take combined classes like k - year 2 and year 3 to 6In these circumstances, please follow the curriculumAnd general rule - K TO YEAR 2 - RamayanamYEAR 3 TO 6 Bhagavatam -all the classes Please go through the greatness of two authors,Rishi Veda Vyasa and Rishi Valmiki and their contributions to Hindu Culture and ourliterature. 2
  • 3. Hindu Scripture Syllabus - Year 1 to 4In year 1 and 2 we introduce the concept and in year 3 and 4 we build it strongly with more activities.Term I Kindy &Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4Wk 1 Lord Ganesha ─ Prayer, Lord Ganesha ─ Prayer, Lord Ganesha ─ Prayer, Lord Ganesha ─ Prayer, Colouring, Chanting Colouring, Chanting Colouring, Chanting Colouring, ChantingWk 2 Slokas chanting Lord Slokas chanting Lord Slokas chanting Lord One God, many forms of Ganeshas family -Lords Ganeshs family -Lords Ganeshs family -Lords God- Slokas chanting Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvathi, Shiva, Goddess Parvathi, Shiva, Goddress Parvathi, Ganeshas family -Lords Lord Muruga - Introduction Lord Muruga - Introduction Lord Muruga - Introduction Shiva , Goddess Parvathi, Lord Muruga.Wk 3 Many forms of God & Many forms of God & Many forms of God & Many forms of God & Importance of Guru _ Importance of Guru _ Importance of Guru _ Importance of Guru _ Slokam. Respect to teachers- Slokam. Respect to teachers- Slokam. Respect to teachers- Slokam. Respect to teachers- Learn to do namaskarams Learn to do namaskarams Learn to do namaskarams Learn to do namaskaramsWk 4 Many forms of God & Many forms of God & Many forms of God & Many forms of God & Importance of Guru _ Importance of Guru _ Importance of Guru _ Importance of Guru _ Slokam. Respect to teachers- Slokam. Respect to teachers- Slokam. Respect to teachers- Slokam. Respect to teachers- Learn to do namaskarams Learn to do namaskarams Learn to do namaskarams Learn to do namaskaramsWk 5 Chanting. Respect for father, Respect for father, mother, Respect for father, mother, Respect for father, mother, mother, elders elders elders eldersWk 6 Chanting. Respect for father, Chanting. Respect for father, Chanting. Respect for father, Chanting. Respect for father, mother, elders mother, elders mother, elders mother, elders Stories - Lord Ganesha and Stories - Lord Ganesha and Stories - Lord Ganesha and Stories - Lord Ganesha and Mango story Mango story Mango story Mango story 3
  • 4. Wk 7 Festivals – Shivarathri. Festivals – Shivarathri. Festivals – Shivarathri. Festivals – Shivarathri. Spot the difference sheets. Spot the difference sheets. Spot the difference sheets. Spot the difference sheets. Introduce art and musicWk 8 Festivals – Shivarathri. Festivals – Shivarathri. Festivals – Shivarathri. Festivals – Shivarathri. Spot the difference sheets. Spot the difference sheets. Spot the difference sheets. Spot the difference sheets.Wk 9 Religious symbols - Aum, Religious symbols - Aum, Religious symbols - Aum, Religious symbols - Aum, Swastika. Swastika. Swastika. chanting Lord Swastika. Lord Shiva chanting slokam Lord Shiva chanting slokam Shiva slokam Lord Shiva chanting slokamWk 10 Revision, chanting, others Revision, chanting, others Revision, chanting, others Revision, chanting, others 4
  • 5. Term II Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4Wk 1 Ramayanam. Ramayanam. Ramayanam. Ramayanam. Sri Rama Slokams Sri Rama Slokams Sri Rama Slokams Sri Rama SlokamsWk 2 Ramayanam. Ramayanam. Ramayanam. Ramayanam. Sri Rama Slokams Sri Rama Slokams Sri Rama Slokams Sri Rama Slokams Quiz+ Cradle GamesWk 3 Stones - King Dasaratha Stones - King Dasaratha Stones - King Dasaratha Stories, story telling - DiscussionWk 4 Good habits – kindness. Good habits – kindness. Good habits – kindness. Good habits – kindness. Lord Rama’s life. Lord Rama’s life. Lord Rama’s life. Lord Rama’s life. Compassion Compassion Compassion CompassionWk 5 Good habits – kindness. Good habits – kindness. Hindus and the Environment. Hindus and the Environment. Lord Rama’s life. Lord Rama’s life. Chanting River slokams. Chanting River slokams. Compassion. Compassion. Value based Stories. Truth - Value based Stories. Truth - Harichandra story Harichandra storyWk 6 Religious symbols. Religious symbols. Religious symbols. Religious symbols. Hindu greetings Hindu greetings Hindu greetings Hindu greetingsWk 7 Rangoli Rangoli Rangoli RangoliWk 8 Festivals -Holy - Colour Festivals-Holy Colour Festivals -Holy- Colour Festivals _holy Colour festivals festivals festivals festivalsWk 9 Chanting – Saraswati Slokas Chanting – Saraswati Slokas Chanting – Saraswati Slokas Chanting – Saraswati SlokasWk 10 Sum up, quiz, trivia 5
  • 6. Term III Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4Wk 1 Dharma Dharma Dharma DharmaWk 2 Hindus and the Environment. Hindus and the Environment. Hindus and the Environment. Hindus and the Environment. Chanting River slokams. Chanting River slokams. Chanting River slokams. Chanting River slokams.Wk 3 Values - truth Values - truth Values – truth Values - truthWk 4 Values - honesty Values - honesty Values – honesty Values - honestyWk 5 Ganesha Ganesha Ganesha GaneshaWk 6 Festivals - Ganesh Festivals - Ganesh Festivals - Ganesh Festivals - Ganesh Chathurthi Chathurthi Chathurthi ChathurthiWk 7 Festival - Janmashtami- Lord Festival - Janmashtami- Lord Festival - Janmashtami- Lord Festival - Janmashtami- Lord Krishnas story- colouring Krishnas story - colouring Krishnas story- colouring Krishnas story- colouring picture picture picture-children can write the picture- Baby Krishna and story half page Vasudeva- children can write the story from the pictureWk 8 Hindu worship - family altar, Hindu worship family altar, Hindu worship family altar, Hindu worship family altar, rangoli, lamp, garland, puja rangoli, lamp, garland, puja rangoli, lamp, garland, puja rangoli, lamp, garland, pujaWk 9 Tcmples -show the picture of Temples. Importance Temples. Request the Temples. Different country temples -visual children to share the temple Temples. SriLanka, they visited recently Malaysia, Fiji.Wk 10 Temples. Temples. Temples. Temples. sum up, party, trivia etc sum up, party, trivia etc sum up, party, trivia etc sum up, party, trivia etc 6
  • 7. Term IV Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4Wk 1 Values - healthy food, good Values - healthy food, good Values - healthy food, good Values - healthy food, good habits bhojan habits, bhojan mantra, habits bhojan mantra, habits bhojan mantra, mantra, (prayer before food) meditation etc meditation etc meditation etc meditation etcWk 2 Goddesses - Lakshmi Goddesses - Lakshmi Many names of Lakshmi Many names of LakshmiWk 3 Goddesses Saraswathi Goddesses Saraswathi Many names of Saraswathi Many names of SaraswathiWk 4 Goddesses Parvathi Goddesses Parvathi Many names of Parvathi Many names of ParvathiWk 5 Family, community - Unity in diversity - Variety of Traditions, custom of Bindhi, bangle, saree etc-common mother land - Show the photos of saree, bangles, jewellery etc to the childrenWk 6 -do- -do- -do- -do-Wk 7 Festivals - Navarathri Festivals - Navarathri Festivals - Navarathri Festivals - NavarathriWk 8 Deepavali Deepavali Deepavali DeepavaliWk 9 Group discussion How the Group discussion How the Group discussion How the Group discussion How the children celebrated children celebrated children celebrated children celebrated Deepavali Deepavali Deepavali DeepavaliWk 10 Celebration, party etc Celebration, party etc Celebration, party Celebration, party etc Etc 7
  • 8. Primary School Hindu Scripture Syllabus - Year 5 & 6Term I:Concepts, truths and valuesWeek Year 5 Year 61 Temples. Temples. sum up, party, trivia etc sum up, party, trivia etc2 One God, many forms One God, many forms3 The glory of Hindu Culture The glory of Hindu Culture How Hindu culture promotes How Hindu culture promotes peace and harmony in the peace and harmony in the society Society4 Hindu values - Dharma Hindu values - Dharma5 Introduce Bhagavatha Purana - Introduce Bhagavatha Purana6 Hindu symbols and temples. Hindu symbols and temples. Revision and questions about Revision and questions about Bhagavatha Purana Bhagavatha Purana7 -do- -do-8 Reincarnation, Avatar, Concept Reincarnation, Avatar, Concept of soul (atman) of soul (atman)9 Hindu symbols and temples. Hindu symbols and temples. Revision and questions about Revision and questions about Bhagavatha Purana Bhagavatha Purana10 Hindu symbols and temples. Hindu symbols and temples. Revision and questions about Revision and questions about Bhagavatha Purana. Bhagavatha Purana. Chanting, revision Chanting, revision 8
  • 9. Term IIFamily, Community, tradition and worshipWeek Year 5 Year 61 Family+ Friends + community= Family+ Friends + community= VHPs motto = Vasudeva VHPs motto = Vasudeva Kudumbakam = The whole Kudumbakam = The whole Universe is one family Universe is one family2 -do-class discussion + encourage - do-class discussion + encourage children to talk or write about the children to talk or write about the above + how to develop up this above3 Community+ Environment- Community + Environment Service to Humanity is service to Service to Humanity is service to God God4 Meaning of Hinduism- Means Meaning of Hinduism- Means Service to Humanity. Many Service to Humanity. Many Hindu Practices – discuss Hindu Practices - discuss5 Hindu ancient Tradition = discuss Hindu ancient Tradition = discuss different family tradition different family tradition6 -do- -do- chanting before food, before bed, chanting before food, before bed, early in the morning early in the morning7 The greatness of Veda Vyaasa + Worship- The greatness of Veda his work + (mention his work Vyaasa + his work + (mention his Mahabharata. epic is the longest work Mahabharata _ epic is the poem in the world- Guinneess longest poem in the world- book record Guinneess book record8 -do-children write a page -do- children write a page about Sage Veda Vyaasa about Sage Veda Vyaasa + Bhagavatha purana9 -do- -do-10 Sum up, quiz, trivia Sum up, quiz, trivia 9
  • 10. Term IIIMusic, art, yoga, meditationBhagavatha Puranam -at least two avatar in one term - compete all the slokasDiscuss important values learnt from Bhagavatha PuranamHindu Practices - Why do we doNamaskarams and Namasthe - meaning and significanceTerm IVGlory of Hinduism - Hindu art, tradition and culture, different food, costumes , (refer thephotos), Hindu RishisImportance of Tulasi Plant-Scientific benefitsIntroduction of Vedas. Four vedas. Complete at least two avatar from Bhagavatha Puranam. 10
  • 11. Hindu Scripture for Primary classes Term 1In year 1 and 2 we introduce the concept and in year 3 and 4 we build it strongly with more activities.Term I Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6Wk 2 One God - Many One God - Many One God - Many One God, many Hindu concepts - God is one, known by forms of God forms of God forms of God forms of God many names Karma, atman, rebirthWk 3 Many forms of Many forms of God Many forms of Many forms of God -do- God GodWk 4 Hindu values Hindu values Hindu values Hindu values Hindu values - hows and whys of many valuesWk 5 Respect for Respect for father, Respect for father, Respect for father, -do- father, mother, mother, elders, mother, elders, mother, elders, elders,Wk 6 - do- Stories - do- - do- - do- Hindu worship, personal worship, Public Stories Stories Stories worship, Puja, Festivals, Pilgrimage, Havan yagnaWk 7 Festivals - Festivals - pongal, Festivals - Festivals - introduce -do- pongal, ugadi ugadhi introduce art and art and music musicWk 8 Religious Religious symbols - Religious symbols Religious symbols - Religious symbols - more meaning and symbols - Aum, Aum, Swastika - Aum, Swastika Aum, Swastika significance SwastikaWk 9 11
  • 12. GOD IS ONE BUT FORMS ARE MANYGod is one but He has many forms.When He does the job of creating He is called BrahmaWhen He does the job of preserving He is called VishnuWhen He does the job of destroying evils He is ShivacalledWhen He does the job of destroying obstacles He Vinayakais calledWhen God (Goddess) gives knowledge She is SaraswathicalledWhen She gives us wealth She is LakshmiWhen She took the form to kill asuras DurgaWhen Lord Shiva took the dancing posture He is NatarajacalledWhen he was born to bill Kamsa and help KrishnaPandavasWhen He was born to kill Ravana RamaWhen He was born as a son of Shiva and Parvathi KarthikeyaWhen He took the form to help Rama HanumanWrite in the space the other forms of God that you may know. 12
  • 13. When God takes up different forms to do different jobs He is known by different names. Canyou identify the names of the following forms of God?Name: Name:Other names: Other names:Festivals for this God: Festivals for this God:Name: Name:Other names: Other names:Festivals for this God: Festivals for this God: 13
  • 14. Name: Name:Other names: Other names:Festivals for this God: Festivals for this God:Name: Name:Other names: Other names:Festivals for this God: Festivals for this God: 14
  • 15. Name: Name:Other names: Other names:Festivals for this God: Festivals for this God:Name: Name:Other names: Other names:Festivals for this God: Festivals for this God: 15
  • 16. Write down the name of this God ………………………………………….(GASHANE)Other names of this God are: (1) …………………………………………………………………… (GAPANATHI) (2) ……………………………………………………………………..(PIYARLLAI) (3) ………………………………………………………………………(VIYANAKA) (4) ………………………………………………………………………(VIGSHNE) (5) ……………………………………………………………………....(MASHHE) 16
  • 17. What is this God doing? How do you know what God is this?What is the name of this God:Write what are same in these two pictures.What are the differences in these twopictures.Write the name of this God. What is this God doing? 17
  • 18. Many forms of GodEvery person is known by different names by different people.A man called Ramachandra Kulkarni may be called as Mr Kulkarni at work, Ramu by hissiblings, Rama by his friends,Chandra by neighbors, Darling or sweetie pie by his parents,dad by his kids etcSimilarly God is one but known by many names when He does different job.Write down as many different names of God as you can.Share a story on any form of God that you may know with your friends. 18
  • 19. Draw a line to match the meaning given in the first column to the word in the second column.God creates everything, he is a FriendGod helps us in our need, he is a MercifulGod looks after all of us, he is a PerfectGod is kind, he is CreatorGod does not make mistakes, he is PreserverWrite a short story to explain why there are many forms of God. 19
  • 20. Forms of God God is one but He has many forms. When he does the job of creating he is called Brahma When he does the job of preserving he is called Vishnu When he does the job of destroying evils he is called Shiva When he does the job of destroying obstacles he is called Vinayaka When God (Goddess) imparts knowledge she is called Saraswathi When she gives us wealth she is Lakshmi As God does so many jobs he cannot be fully defined. Total knowledge of God is beyond human understanding. So for this reason Hinduism allows use of various terms, names, symbols and images to allow people to discover God in whichever way they want to. This freedom of thought and form of worship is unique to Hinduism.A man called Ramachandra Kulkarni may be called as Mr Kulkarni at work, Ramu by hissiblings, Rama by his friends, Chandra by neighbors, Darling or sweetie pie by his parents,dad by his kids etc. He exhibits different qualities as he plays different role.Name Responsibilities / Qualities JobsMr KulkarniRamuDadChandraSweetie pieDarlingRamachandraKulkarni 20
  • 21. In the following table in the first column write the different forms of God. For each form ofGod, write what duty does He fulfill and the qualities needed to fulfill His duties.Forms of God Duties Qualities - 21
  • 22. Color this picture of Ganapathy 22
  • 23. Name of this God is KRI__N_ This God has a F _ _ T _ in his hand. He has a peacock F_ A _ H_R on his head. He likes to eat __________Who is this God? 23
  • 24. M ORE IDEASYou can start every lesson with few payers and few minutes of meditation. Asking thechildren to sit down on the floor, fold their legs, close their eyes and think of their favouriteGod is an easy start of the lesson.Depending on the day, if the children are alert and eager to learn or restless, you can teachappropriate bhajan songs, dance etcChildren usually like to do things rather than listening long lectures / information dumping.So try to incorporate as many activities as possible in every lesson planning.Story telling by the teachers or the children can also be made interesting if you show picturesand involve the children.Teachers can go in Indian traditional clothes when teaching about festivals.M AKE A G ANESHA MASKMAKE A K RISHNA MOBILEM AKE A ICON OF GANESHA USING A MOULD .M AKE A SWEET FOR LORD G ANESHAC ELEBRATE ANY FESTIVAL IN THE SCHOOL.(you probably can involve the whole school, ask permission before doing so.)TEACH SLOKASTEACH ANY YOGAC ROSS WORD PUZZLESWORD SEARCHCRAFT WORKCOLOURING INGAMES BASED ON HINDU THEME . 24
  • 25. 25
  • 26. Respect for Mother - Mathru Devo BhavaIn Hindu culture mother is worshipped and respected. Our respects are first due to ourmother, then to father, afterwards to our teachers and finally to God.Your mother loves you and all of us love our mother.Year 1 and Year 2What does your mother do for you?Write or draw pictures to show how does a mother takes care of her children from childhood. 26
  • 27. Year 3 and 4Instead of the previous activity talk about Mathru devo bhava and respect for mothers. Tellthe story of Shravanakumar and discuss the following.In Indian culture we treat anything that protect and feed us as mother.Mother nature Vedas are worshipped as Veda Mata – Mother Veda. Vedas are called Shruti in Sanskrit. Cow is worshipped as mother. It provides milk and is the source for all milk products such as cheese, yoghurt. We respect the laws of the adapted country and worship it as mother country. 27
  • 28. By worshipping the earth as mother, Hindus areaware of our environment and earth’s resources. 28
  • 29. Mother Means LoveT E L L S T O R I E S C A R EE G I V E R C H D K K O A W DA O U L Q X H A W M K M M C GC A P B H T A C H A F F L U QH E L O B Z M O A T E O C O RU G O L T E M O T H E R Y Y AG X V A B E A K S A D T Y L KK V E Y G H K I S S I N G C SI J K I W H X B T W N I Y N FM R D F G D T D R B U E T U YWord BankAMMA HELP MOTHERCARE HUG PLAYCOMFORT KIND SINGCOOK KISS TEACHFEED LOVE TELL STORIESGIVE MATHA 29
  • 30. FORMS ARE MANY BUT GOD IS ONEWe as Hindus beliieve in God. We believe that He is present everywhere. Like the air which iseverywhere yet we cannot see it, god is present everywhere.Creator God is the creator of everything: universe, living and non living things, animals and plantsPreserver He looks after his creation - preserves the plants, animals and all living things.Destroyer Destroys evilEternal God is eternal. He has always been there and will always be there.Perfect God is perfect and pure.Forgiving: God forgives our mistakesMerciful: God is kind, merciful and lovingFriend: God is our friend, he is the best and true friend and He helps us in need and protects us.All knowing God knows everythingOmnipotent All powerfulOmnipresent He is everywhere and is present in all things at all timesLoveable and all bliss God loves his creation. Whoever truly loves him and have faith in him can attain him. 30
  • 31. Write in each bubble, what you think God is. 31
  • 32. One God. Many Forms.God is one, he performs different jobs and hence has many different names. The forms ofGod can be male, female, child or even nature.WE as Hindus believe God. We believe that he is present everywhere. Like the air which iseverywhere yet we cannot see it, god is present everywhere.One can use the following words to describe God.Creator: God is the creator of everything: universe. Living and non living things, animalsand plantsPreserver: he looks after his creation - preserves the plants, animals and all living things.Destroyer: Destroys evil. Omnipotent, all powerfulOmnipresent: He is everywhere and is present in all things at all times.All knowing: God knows everything, he knows the universe.Eternal: God is eternal, He has always been there and will always be there. He has nobeginning and no end.Perfect: God is perfect and pure,Lovable and all bliss: God loves his creation. Whoever truly loves him and has faith in himgets his love and mercy.Forgiving: god forgives our mistakesMerciful: god is kind, merciful and lovingFriend: God is our friend, he is the best and true friend, he helps us in need and protects us.You can visualize God any form you like and should pray with complete dedication.What is your favorite form of God and Why? 32
  • 33. Try matching the following two columns. Draw a line that matches theDescription NameGod creates eveiything, he is a FriendGod helps us in our need, he is a OmnipresentGod looks after all of us, he is a PerfectGod is kind, he is OmnipotentGod does not make mistakes, he is EternalGod is everywhere, he is CreatorGod is al powerful, he is DestroyerGod knows everything, he is MercifulGod has no beginning or end, he is All knowingGod dissolves evil, he is a Preserver 33
  • 34. Prayer before eating foodBhoajana Mantrabrahmaarpanam brahma havirbrahmaagnau brahmanaa hutambrahmaiva tena gantavyambrahma karma samaadhinahaSanskrit to English Word Meaningbrahma - Brahman; arpanam - the means of offering; brahma - Brahman; havih - oblation;brahmagnau - unto the fire that is Brahman; brahmana - by Brahman; hutam - is offered;brahma - Brahman; eva - indeed; tena - by him; gantavyam - to be reached; brahma-karma-samadhina - by the one who is abiding in BrahmanTranslationAny means of offering is Brahman, the oblation is Brahman, the fire in which the offering ismade is Brahman, the one who offers is also Brahman. Indeed Brahman is gained by such aperson who abides in Brahman.Brief ExplanationThis verse from the Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 4, verse 24) is commonly chanted before meals.Brahman is the name for the Lord, the cause of the whole creation. Looking at the wholecreation as an effect, Brahman is seen as the cause of everything. The effect does not existseparate from its cause. For example, a golden chain (effect) does not exist separate fromgold (its cause). In fact, from the standpoint of its reality, the chain is only a name given to aparticular form of gold; what is, is only gold. 34

×