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The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s
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The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s

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  • 1. Indigenous Peoples NowThe genocide against Mayan peoples in Guatemala
  • 2. Guatemala: historical overview Mayan societies Spanisch colony since the early 1500. Independent republic since 1821 1898-1920: Manuel Estrada Cabrera & The United Fruit Co 1954: CIA backed military coup 1960-1996: civil war
  • 3. The war (1960-1996) The Guatemalan army controls the country:  United States Army Special Forces u. CIA  School of the Americas  USA support Leftit guerrilla-groups fight against the military:  ORPA (Organización del Pueblo en Armas)  EGP (Ejército Guatemalteco de los Pobres)  => URNG (Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca)
  • 4. Human rights during the war The military organizes:  “Orejas”  PAC  Kaibiles 1978 -1982: General Romeo Lucas García 1982-1983: General Efraín Ríos Montt
  • 5. Why did the war end? international pressure  Rigoberta Menchú UNO Intervention 1994: First Peace Talks 1996: Piece Accords
  • 6. Rigoberta Menchú Tum Testimony  Maya-Quiché  Nobel Prize for Peace 1992Rigoberta Menchú (1985):I, Rigoberta Menchú: An Indian Woman inGuatemala.
  • 7. 1998REPORT GUATEMALA: NEVER AGAIN.„Recovery of Historical Memory Project“(REMHI) in Guatemala.Direction: Monsignor Juan José Gerardi
  • 8. Genocide against the Mayan Peoples of Guatemala 160.000 murdered 40.000 disappeared 600 massacres 440 villages destroyed More than 1.000.000 peoples go into exile

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