The Genocide against Mayan Peoples in Guatemala during the 80s

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  • 1. Indigenous Peoples NowThe genocide against Mayan peoples in Guatemala
  • 2. Guatemala: historical overview Mayan societies Spanisch colony since the early 1500. Independent republic since 1821 1898-1920: Manuel Estrada Cabrera & The United Fruit Co 1954: CIA backed military coup 1960-1996: civil war
  • 3. The war (1960-1996) The Guatemalan army controls the country:  United States Army Special Forces u. CIA  School of the Americas  USA support Leftit guerrilla-groups fight against the military:  ORPA (Organización del Pueblo en Armas)  EGP (Ejército Guatemalteco de los Pobres)  => URNG (Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca)
  • 4. Human rights during the war The military organizes:  “Orejas”  PAC  Kaibiles 1978 -1982: General Romeo Lucas García 1982-1983: General Efraín Ríos Montt
  • 5. Why did the war end? international pressure  Rigoberta Menchú UNO Intervention 1994: First Peace Talks 1996: Piece Accords
  • 6. Rigoberta Menchú Tum Testimony  Maya-Quiché  Nobel Prize for Peace 1992Rigoberta Menchú (1985):I, Rigoberta Menchú: An Indian Woman inGuatemala.
  • 7. 1998REPORT GUATEMALA: NEVER AGAIN.„Recovery of Historical Memory Project“(REMHI) in Guatemala.Direction: Monsignor Juan José Gerardi
  • 8. Genocide against the Mayan Peoples of Guatemala 160.000 murdered 40.000 disappeared 600 massacres 440 villages destroyed More than 1.000.000 peoples go into exile